VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester: The latest Electronics Communication Engineering Syllabus and marking scheme will provide you the idea about the important chapters and concepts to be covered in all subjects. To prepare the 4th semester EC exam correctly, you should have the latest syllabus and marking scheme. It will also help you to improve your preparation for the 3rdsemester exam.
If you are planning to crack the various competitive exams like Gate, IES with depth knowledge in every topic of VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester 2020.
Here we are providing you the complete guide on VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester 2020 and Marking Scheme.
VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester 2020
You can know the important sections and their respective weightage with the latest Electronics Communication Engineering Syllabus for the 4th semester. It will also help you to create the right preparation plan and score a better mark in all subjects in the semester exam.
You must have Electronics Communication 4th semester books & study materials, Previous years questions paper along with the latest Electronics Communication 4th semester Syllabus to enhance your semester exam preparation,
Before starting the complete guide on VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester 2020, let’s check the highlights of VTU from the table below.
VTU Belgaum Highlights
Established year  1998 
Approvals  AICTE, UGC, COA( Council of Architecture) 
Courses  UG(35), PG(94), Ph.D & Research(592 departments) Quality Improvement Program(13) 
Official website  www.vtu.ac.in 
Number of Students  +325000 
Collaborations  Bosch Rexroth AGGermany
Virginia Commonwealth University University of California Deshpande FoundationStartup Center India Electronics and Semiconductor Association IBM India Ltd. Bengaluru Intel Asia. Bengaluru 
Check the latest syllabus for VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th semester from below.
COMPLEX ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY AND STATISTICAL METHODS 

Course Code  18MAT41  CIE Marks  40  
Teaching Hours/Week (L:T:P)  (2:2:0)  SEE Marks  60  
Credits  03  Exam Hours  03  
Course Learning Objectives:
· To provide an insight into applications of complex variables, conformal mapping and special functions arising in potential theory, quantum mechanics, heat conduction and field theory. · To develop probability distribution of discrete, continuous random variables and joint probability distribution occurring in digital signal processing, design engineering and microwave engineering. 

Module1  
Calculus of complex functions: Review of function of a complex variable, limits, continuity, and differentiability. Analytic functions: CauchyRiemann equations in Cartesian and polar forms and consequences.
Construction of analytic functions: MilneThomson methodProblems. 

Module2  
Conformal transformations: Introduction. Discussion of transformations: = , = , = +
, ≠ 0 .Bilinear transformations Problems. Complex integration: Line integral of a complex functionCauchy’s theorem and Cauchy’s integral formula and problems. 

Module3  
Probability Distributions: Review of basic probability theory. Random variables (discrete and continuous), probability mass/density functions. Binomial, Poisson, exponential and normal distributions problems (No derivation for mean and standard deviation)Illustrative examples.  
Module4  
Statistical Methods: Correlation and regressionKarl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation and rank correlation
problems. Regression analysis lines of regression –problems. Curve Fitting: Curve fitting by the method of least squares fitting the curves of the form = + , = = + + !. 

Module5  
Joint probability distribution: Joint Probability distribution for two discrete random variables, expectation and covariance.
Sampling Theory: Introduction to sampling distributions, standard error, TypeI and TypeII errors. Test of hypothesis for means, student’s tdistribution, Chisquare distribution as a test of goodness of fit. 

Course Outcomes:
At the end of the course the student will be able to: · Use the concepts of analytic function and complex potentials to solve the problems arising in electromagnetic field theory. · Utilize conformal transformation and complex integral arising in aerofoil theory, fluid flow visualization and image processing. · Apply discrete and continuous probability distributions in analyzing the probability models arising in engineering field. · Make use of the correlation and regression analysis to fit a suitable mathematical model for the statistical data. · Construct joint probability distributions and demonstrate the validity of testing the hypothesis. 

Question paper pattern:
5. The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. 6. Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub questions) from each module. 

Sl. No.  Title of the Book  Name of the  Name of the  Edition and Year 
Author/s  Publisher  
Textbooks  
1  Advanced Engineering
Mathematics 
E. Kreyszig  John Wiley & Sons  10^{th} Edition,2016 
2  Higher Engineering
Mathematics 
B. S. Grewal  Khanna Publishers  44^{th} Edition, 2017 
3  Engineering Mathematics  Srimanta Pal et al  Oxford University
Press 
3^{rd} Edition,2016 
Reference Books  
1  Advanced Engineering
Mathematics 
C. Ray Wylie,
Louis C.Barrett 
McGrawHill  6^{th} Edition 1995 
2  Introductory Methods of
Numerical Analysis 
S.S.Sastry  Prentice Hall of
India 
4^{th} Edition 2010 
3  Higher Engineering Mathematics  B. V. Ramana  McGrawHill  11^{th} Edition,2010 
4  A Text Book of Engineering
Mathematics 
N. P. Bali and
Manish Goyal 
Laxmi Publications  2014 
Web links and Video Lectures:
1. http://nptel.ac.in/courses.php?disciplineID=111 2. http://www.classcentral.com/subject/math(MOOCs) 4. VTU EDUSAT PROGRAMME – 20 
ANALOG CIRCUITS 

Subject Code  18EC42  CIE Marks  40  
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  3+2 (Tutorial)  SEE Marks  60  
Exam Hours  03  
CREDITS – 04  
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
· Explain various BJT parameters, connections and configurations. · Design and demonstrate the diode circuits and transistor amplifiers. · Explain various types of FET biasing, and demonstrate the use of FET amplifiers. · Construct frequency response of FET amplifiers at various frequencies. · Analyze Power amplifier circuits in different modes of operation. · Construct Feedback and Oscillator circuits using FET. 

Modules  RBT Level  
Module 1  
BJT Biasing: Biasing in BJT amplifier circuits: The Classical Discrete circuit bias (Voltage divider bias), Biasing using a collector to base feedback resistor.
Small signal operation and Models: Collector current and transconductance, Base current and input resistance, Emitter current and input resistance, voltage gain, Separating the signal and the DC quantities, The hybrid Π model. MOSFETs: Biasing in MOS amplifier circuits: Fixing V_{GS}, Fixing V_{G}, Drain to Gate feedback resistor. Small signal operation and modeling: The DC bias point, signal current in drain, voltage gain, small signal equivalent circuit models, transconductance. [Text 1: 3.5(3.5.1, 3.5.3), 3.6(3.6.1 to 3.6.6), 4.5(4.5.1, 4.5.2, 4.5.3), 4.6(4.6.1 to 4.6.6) ] 
L1, L2,L3  
Module 2  
MOSFET Amplifier configuration: Basic configurations, characterizing amplifiers, CS amplifier with and without source resistance R_{S,} Source follower.
MOSFET internal capacitances and High frequency model: The gate capacitive effect, Junction capacitances, High frequency model. Frequency response of the CS amplifier: The three frequency bands, high frequency response, Low frequency response. Oscillators: FET based Phase shift oscillator, LC and Crystal Oscillators (no derivation) [Text 1: 4.7(4.7.1 to 4.7.4, 4.7.6) 4.8(4.8.1, 4.8.2, 4.8.3), 4.9, 12.2.2, 12.3.1, 12,3,2] 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 3  
Feedback Amplifier: General feedback structure, Properties of negative feedback, The Four Basic Feedback Topologies, The seriesshunt, seriesseries, shuntshunt and shuntseries amplifiers (Qualitative Analysis).
Output Stages and Power Amplifiers: Introduction, Classification of output stages,, Class A output stage, Class B output stage: Transfer Characteristics, Power Dissipation, Power Conversion efficiency, Class AB output stage, Class C tuned Amplifier. [Text 1: 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4.1, 7.5.1, 7.6 (7.6.1 to 7.6.3), 13.1, 13.2, 13.3(13.3.1, 13.3.2, 13.3.3, 13.4, 13.7)] 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 4  
OpAmp with Negative Feedback and general applications
Inverting and Non inverting Amplifiers – Closed Loop voltage gain, Input impedance, Output impedance, Bandwidth with feedback. DC and AC Amplifiers, Summing, Scaling and Averaging Amplifiers, Instrumentation amplifier, Comparators, Zero Crossing Detector, Schmitt trigger. [Text 2: 3.3(3.3.1 to 3.3.6), 3.4(3.4.1 to 3.4.5) 6.2, 6.5, 6.6 (6.6.1), 8.2, 8.3, 8.4] 
L1,L2, L3  
Module 5 
OpAmp Circuits: DAC – Weighted resistor and R2R ladder, ADC Successive approximation type, Small Signal half wave rectifier, Active Filters, First and second order lowpass and high pass Butterworth filters, Bandpass filters, Band reject filters.
555 Timer and its applications: Monostable and a stable Multivibrators. [Text 2: 8.11(8.11.1a, 8.11.1b), 8.11.2a, 8.12.2, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 7.8, 7.9, 9.4.1, 9.4.1(a), 9.4.3, 9.4.3(a)] 
L1, L2, L3 
Course Outcomes:At the end of this course students will demonstrate the ability to
· Understand the characteristics of BJTs and FETs. · Design and analyze BJT and FET amplifier circuits. · Design sinusoidal and nonsinusoidal oscillators. · Understand the functioning of linear ICs. · Design of Linear IC based circuits. 

Question paper pattern:
· Examination will be conducted for 100 marks with question paper containing 10 full questions, each of 20 marks. · Each full question can have a maximum of 4 sub questions. · There will be 2 full questions from each module covering all the topics of the module. · Students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module. · The total marks will be proportionally reduced to 60 marks as SEE marks is 60. 

Text Books:
1. Microelectronic Circuits, Theory and Applications, Adel S Sedra, Kenneth C Smith, 6^{th} Edition, Oxford, 2015.ISBN:9780198089131 2. OpAmps and Linear Integrated Circuits, Ramakant A Gayakwad, 4^{th} Edition. Pearson Education, 2000. ISBN: 8120320581 

Reference Books:
1. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Robert L Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, 11^{th} Edition, Pearson Education, 2013, ISBN: 9789332542600. 2. Fundamentals of Microelectronics, BehzadRazavi, 2^{nd} Edition, John Weily, 2015, ISBN 9788126571352 3. J.Millman&C.C.Halkias―Integrated Electronics, 2^{nd} edition, 2010, TMH. ISBN 0074622455 
CONTROL SYSTEMS 

Course Code  18EC43  CIE Marks  40  
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  3  SEE Marks  60  
Total Number of Lecture Hours  40 (08 Hours per Module)  Exam Hours  03  
CREDITS – 03  
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
· Understand the basic features, configurations and application of control systems. · Understand various terminologies and definitions for the control systems. · Learn how to find a mathematical model of electrical, mechanical and electro mechanical systems. · Know how to fin d time response from the transfer function. · Find the transfer function via Mason s’ rule. · Analyze the stability of a system from the transfer function. 

Modules  RBT Level  
Module – 1  
Introduction to Control Systems: Types of Control Systems, Effect of Feedback System s, Differential equation of Physical Systems –Mechanical Systems, Electrical Systems, Electromechanical systems, Analogous Systems.  L1, L2, L3  
Module – 2  
Block diagrams and signal flow graphs: Transfer functions, Block diagram algebra and Signal Flow graphs.  L1, L2, L3  
Module – 3  
Time Response of feedback control systems: Standard test signals, Unit step response of First and Second order Systems. Time response specifications, Time response specifications of second order systems, steady state errors and error constants. Introduction to PI, PD and PID Controllers (excluding design).  L1, L2, L3  
Module – 4  
Stability analysis: Concepts of stability, Necessary conditions for Stability, Routhstability criterion, Relative stability analysis: more on the Routh stability criterion.
Introduction to RootLocus Techniques, The root locus concepts, Construction of rootloci. Frequency domain analysis and stability: Correlation between time and frequency response, Bode Plots, Experimental determination of transfer function. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module – 5  
Introduction to Polar Plots, (Inverse Polar Plots excluded) Mathematical preliminaries, Nyquist Stability criterion, (System s with transportation lag excluded)
Introduction to lead, lag and lead lag compensating networks (excluding design). Introduction to State variable analysis: Concepts of state, state variable and state models for electrical systems, Solution of state equations. 
L1, L2, L3 
Course Outcomes: At the end of the course, the students will be able to
· Develop the mathematical model of mechanical and electrical systems. · Develop transfer function for a given control system using block diagram reduction techniques and signal flow graph method. · Determine the time domain specification s for first an d second order systems. · Deter mine the stability of a system in the time domain using RouthHurwitz criterion and Rootlocus technique. · Determine the s stability of a system in the frequency domain u sing Nyquist and bode plots. 
Question paper pattern:
· Examination will be conducted for 100 marks with question paper containing 10 full questions, each of 20 marks. · Each full question can have a maximum of 4 sub questions. · There will be 2 full questions from each module covering all the topics of the module. · Students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module. · The total marks will be proportionally reduced to 60 marks as SEE marks is 60. 
Text Book:
J. Nagarath an d M.Gopal, “ Control System s Engineering”, New Age International(P) Limited, Publishers, Fifthedition 2005,ISBN: 81 – 224 – 20087. 
Reference Books:
1. “Modern Control Engineering,” K.Ogata, Pearson Education Asia/ PHI,4th edition, 2002. ISBN 978 – 81 – 203 – 4010 – 7. 2. “Automatic Control Systems”, Benjamin C. Kuo, JohnWiley India Pvt. Ltd.,8th edition, 2008. 3. “Feedback and Control System,” Joseph J Distefano III et al., Schaum’sOutlines, TMH, 2 n d Edition 2007. 
ENGINEERING STATISTICS and LINEAR ALGEBRA 

Course Code  18EC44  CIE Marks  40  
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  03  SEE Marks  60  
Total Number of Lecture Hours  40 (8 Hours per Module)  Exam Hours  03  
CREDITS – 03  
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
· Understand and Analyze Single and Multiple Random Variables, and their extension to Random Processes. · Familiarization with the concept of Vector spaces and orthogonality with a qualitative insight into applications in communications. · Compute the quantitative parameters for functions of single and Multiple Random Variables and Processes. · Compute the quantitative parameters for Matrices and Linear Transformations. 

Module1  RBT Level  
Single Random Variables: Definition of random variables, cumulative distribution function continuous and discrete random variables; probability mass function, probability density functions and properties; Expectations, Characteristic functions, Functions of single Random Variables, Conditioned Random variables. Application exercises to Some special distributions: Uniform, Exponential, Laplace, Gaussian; Binomial, and Poisson distribution.
(Chapter 4 Text 1) 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 2  
Multiple Random variables: Concept, Two variable CDF and PDF, Two Variable expectations (Correlation, orthogonality, Independent), Two variable transformation, Two Gaussian Random variables, Sum of two independent Random Variables, Sum of IID Random Variables – Central limit Theorem and law of large numbers, Conditional joint Probabilities, Application exercises to Chisquare RV, StudentT RV, Cauchy and Rayleigh RVs. (Chapter 5 Text 1)  L1, L2, L3  
Module3  
Random Processes: Ensemble, PDF, Independence, Expectations, Stationarity, Correlation Functions (ACF, CCF, Addition, and Multiplication), Ergodic Random Processes, Power Spectral Densities (Wiener Khinchin, Addition and Multiplication of RPs, Cross spectral densities), Linear Systems (output Mean, Cross correlation and Auto correlation of Input and output), Exercises with Noise. (Chapter 6 Text 1)  L1, L2, L3  
Module 4  
Vector Spaces: Vector spaces and Null subspaces, Rank and Row reduced form, Independence, Basis and dimension, Dimensions of the four subspaces, RankNullity Theorem, Linear Transformations
Orthogonality: Orthogonal Vectors and Subspaces, Projections and Least squares, Orthogonal Bases and Gram Schmidt Orthogonalization procedure. (Refer Chapters 2 and 3 Text 2) 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 5  
Determinants: Properties of Determinants, Permutations and Cofactors. (Refer Chapter 4, Text 2)
Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors: Review of Eigenvalues and Diagonalization of a Matrix, Special Matrices (Positive Definite, Symmetric) and their properties, Singular Value Decomposition. (Refer Chapter 5, Text 2) 
L1, L2, L3 
Course Outcomes: After studying this course, students will be able to:
· Identify and associate Random Variables and Random Processes in Communication events. · Analyze and model the Random events in typical communication events to extract quantitative statistical parameters. · Analyze and model typical signal sets in terms of a basis function set of Amplitude, phase and frequency. · Demonstrate by way of simulation or emulation the ease of analysis employing basis functions, statistical representation and Eigen values. 
Question paper pattern:
· Examination will be conducted for 100 marks with question paper containing 10 full questions, each of 20 marks. · Each full question can have a maximum of 4 sub questions. · There will be 2 full questions from each module covering all the topics of the module. · Students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module. · The total marks will be proportionally reduced to 60 marks as SEE marks is 60. 
Text Books:
1. Richard H Williams, “Probability, Statistics and Random Processes for Engineers” Cengage Learning, 1st Edition, 2003, ISBN 13: 9780534 368883, ISBN 10: 0534368883. 2. Gilbert Strang, “Linear Algebra and its Applications”, Cengage Learning, 4th Edition, 2006, ISBN 97809802327 
Reference Books:
1. Hwei P. Hsu, “Theory and Problems of Probability, Random Variables, and Random Processes” Schaums Outline Series, McGraw Hill. ISBN 10: 007 0306443. 2. K. N. HariBhat, K Anitha Sheela, Jayant Ganguly, “Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes for Engineers”, Cengage Learning India, 2019, ISBN: Not in book 
SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 

Course Code  18EC45  CIE Marks  40  
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  03  SEE Marks  60  
Total Number of Lecture Hours  40 (8 Hours per Module)  Exam Hours  03  
CREDITS – 03  
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
· Understand the mathematical description of continuous and discrete time signals and systems. · Analyze the signals in time domain using convolution sum and Integral. · Classify signals into different categories based on their properties. · Analyze Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems in time and transform domains. 

Module1  RBT Level  
Introduction and Classification of signals: Definition of signal and systems, communication and control system as examples Classification of signals.
Basic Operations on signals: Amplitude scaling, addition, multiplication, differentiation, integration, time scaling, time shift and time reversal. Elementary signals/Functions: Exponential, sinusoidal, step,impulse and ramp functions. Expression of triangular, rectangular and other waveforms in terms of elementary signals. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 2  
System Classification and properties: Linearnonlinear, Time variantinvariant, causalnoncausal, staticdynamic, stableunstable, invertible.
Time domain representation of LTI System: Impulse response, convolution sum, convolution integral. Computation of convolution sum and convolution integral using graphical method for unit step and unit step, unit step and exponential, exponential and exponential, unit step and rectangular, and rectangular and rectangular. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module3  
LTI system Properties in terms of impulse response: System interconnection, Memory less, Causal, Stable, Invertible and Deconvolution, and step response.
Fourier Representation of Periodic Signals: CTF Sproperties and basic problems. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 4  
Fourier Representation of aperiodic Signals: Introduction to Fourier Transform & DTFT, Definition and basic problems.
Properties of Fourier Transform: Linearity, Time shift, Frequency shift, Scaling, Differentiation and Integration, Convolution and Modulation, Parseval’s theorem and problems on properties of Fourier Transform. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 5  
The ZTransforms: Z transform, properties of the region of convergence, properties of the Ztransform, Inverse Ztransform, Causality and stability, Transform analysis of LTI
systems. 
L1, L2, L3  
Course Outcomes: At the end of the course, students will be able to:
· Analyze the different types of signals and systems. · Determine the linearity, causality, timeinvariance and stability properties of continuous and discrete time systems. · Represent continuous and discrete systems in time and frequency domain using different transforms Test whether the system is stable. 
Question paper pattern:
· Examination will be conducted for 100 marks with question paper containing 10 full questions, each of 20 marks. · Each full question can have a maximum of 4 sub questions. · There will be 2 full questions from each module covering all the topics of the module. · Students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module. · The total marks will be proportionally reduced to 60 marks as SEE marks is 60. 

Text Book:
Simon India. 
Haykins and Barry
ISBN 9971512394. 
Van  Veen,  “Signals  and  Systems”,  2nd Edition, 2008, Wiley 
Reference Books:
1. Michael Roberts, “Fundamentals of Signals & Systems”, 2nd edition, Tata McGrawHill, 2010, ISBN 9780070702219. 2. Alan V Oppenheim, Alan S, Willsky and A Hamid Nawab, “Signals and Systems” Pearson Education Asia / PHI, 2nd edition, 1997. Indian Reprint 2002. 3. H.P Hsu, R. Ranjan, “Signals and Systems”, Scham’s outlines, TMH, 2006. 4. B. P. Lathi, “Linear Systems and Signals”, Oxford University Press, 2005. 5. Ganesh Rao and SatishTunga, “Signals and Systems”, Pearson/Sanguine. 
MICROCONTROLLER 

Course Code  18EC46  CIE Marks  40 
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  03  SEE Marks  60 
Total Number of Lecture Hours  40 (8 Hours per Module)  Exam
Hours 
03 
CREDITS – 03  
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
· Understand the difference between a Microprocessor and a Microcontroller and embedded microcontrollers. · Familiarize the basic architecture of 8051 microcontroller. · Program 8051microprocessor using Assembly Level Language and C. · Understand the interrupt system of 8051 and the use of interrupts. · Understand the operation and use of inbuilt Timers/Counters and Serial port of 8051. · Interface 8051 to external memory and I/O devices using its I/O ports. 

Module1  RBT Level  
8051 Microcontroller: Microprocessor Vs Microcontroller, Embedded Systems, Embedded Microcontrollers, 8051 Architecture Registers, Pin diagram, I/O ports functions, Internal Memory organization. External Memory (ROM & RAM) interfacing.  L1, L2  
Module 2  
8051 Instruction Set: Addressing Modes, Data Transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logical instructions, Branch instructions, Bit manipulation instructions. Simple Assembly language program examples (without loops) to use these instructions.  L1, L2  
Module3  
8051 Stack, I/O Port Interfacing and Programming: 8051 Stack, Stack and Subroutine instructions. Assembly language program examples on subroutine and involving loops.
Interfacing simple switch and LED to I/O ports to switch on/off LED with respect to switch status. 
L1, L2, L3  
Module 4  
8051 Timers and Serial Port: 8051 Timers and Counters – Operation and Assembly language programming to generate a pulse using Mode1 and a square wave using Mode 2 on a port pin. 8051 Serial Communication Basics of Serial Data Communication, RS 232 standard, 9 pin RS232 signals, Simple Serial Port programming in Assembly and C to transmit a message and to receive data serially.  L1, L2, L3  
Module 5  
8051 Interrupts and Interfacing Applications: 8051 Interrupts. 8051 Assembly language programming to generate an external interrupt using a switch, 8051 C programming to generate a square waveform on a port pin using a Timer interrupt. Interfacing 8051 to ADC0804, DAC, LCD and Stepper motor and their 8051 Assembly
language interfacing programming. 
L1, L2, L3  
Course outcomes: At the end of the course, students will be able to:
· Explain the difference between Microprocessors & Microcontrollers, Architecture of 8051 Microcontroller, Interfacing of 8051 to external memory and Instruction set of 8051. · Write 8051 Assembly level programs using 8051 instruction set. · Explain the Interrupt system, operation of Timers/Counters and Serial port of 8051. · Write 8051 Assembly language program to generate timings and waveforms using 8051 timers, to send & receive serial data using 8051 serial port and to generate an external interrupt using a switch. 
· Write 8051 Assembly language programs to generate square wave on 8051 I/O port pin using interrupt and C Programme to send & receive serial data using 8051 serial port.
· Interface simple switches, simple LEDs, ADC 0804, LCD and Stepper Motor to 8051 using 8051 I/O ports. 
Question paper pattern:
· Examination will be conducted for 100 marks with question paper containing 10 full questions, each of 20 marks. · Each full question can have a maximum of 4 sub questions. · There will be 2 full questions from each module covering all the topics of the module. · Students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module. · The total marks will be proportionally reduced to 60 marks as SEE marks is 60. 
Text Books:
1. “The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems – using assembly and C”, Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillespie Mazidi and Rollin D. McKinlay; PHI, 2006 / Pearson, 2006. 2. “The 8051 Microcontroller”, Kenneth J. Ayala, 3rd Edition, Thomson/Cengage Learning. 
Reference Books:
1. “The 8051 Microcontroller Based Embedded Systems”, Manish K Patel, McGraw Hill, 2014, ISBN: 9789332901254. 2. “Microcontrollers: Architecture, Programming, Interfacing and System Design”, Raj Kamal, Pearson Education, 2005. 
MICROCONTROLLER LABORATORY 

Laboratory Code  18ECL47  CIE Marks  40 
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  02Hr Tutorial (Instructions)
+ 02 Hours Laboratory 
SEE Marks  60 
RBT Levels  L1, L2, L3  Exam Hours  03 
CREDITS – 02  
Course Learning Objectives: This laboratory course enables students to
· Understand the basics of microcontroller and its applications. · Have indepth knowledge of 8051 assembly language programming. · Understand controlling the devices using C programming. · The concepts of I/O interfacing for developing real time embedded systems. 

Laboratory Experiments  
I. PROGRAMMING
1. Data Transfer: Block Move, Exchange, Sorting, Finding largest element in an array. 2. Arithmetic Instructions – Addition/subtraction, multiplication and division, square, Cube – (16 bits Arithmetic operations – bit addressable). 3. Counters. 4. Boolean & Logical Instructions (Bit manipulations). 5. Conditional CALL & RETURN. 6. Code conversion: BCD – ASCII; ASCII – Decimal; Decimal – ASCII; HEX – Decimal and Decimal – HEX. 7. Programs to generate delay, Programs using serial port and onChip timer/counter. 

II. INTERFACING
1. Interface a simple toggle switch to 8051 and write an ALP to generate an interrupt which switches on an LED (i) continuously as long as switch is on and (ii) only once for a small time when the switch is turned on. 2. Write a C program to (i) transmit and (ii) to receive a set of characters serially by interfacing 8051 to a terminal. 3. Write ALPs to generate waveforms using ADC interface. 4. Write ALP to interface an LCD display and to display a message on it. 5. Write ALP to interface a Stepper Motor to 8051 to rotate the motor. 6. Write ALP to interface ADC0804 and convert an analog input connected to it. 

Course Outcomes: On the completion of this laboratory course, the students will be able to:
· Write Assembly language programs in 8051 for solving simple problems that manipulate input data using different instructions of 8051. · Interface different input and output devices to 8051 and control them using Assembly language programs. · Interface the serial devices to 8051 and do the serial transfer using C programming. 

Conduct of Practical Examination:
· All laboratory experiments are to be included for practical examination. · Students are allowed to pick one experiment from the lot. · Strictly follow the instructions as printed on the cover page of answer script for breakup of marks. · Change of experiment is allowed only once and 15% Marks allotted to the procedure part to be made zero. 
ANALOG CIRCUITS LABORATORY 

Laboratory Code  18ECL48  CIE Marks  40 
Number of Lecture Hours/Week  02Hr Tutorial (Instructions)
+ 02 Hours Laboratory 
SEE Marks  60 
RBT Level  L1, L2, L3  Exam Hours  03 
CREDITS – 02  
Course Learning Objectives: This laboratory course of VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th Semester enables students to
· Understand the circuit configurations and connectivity of BJT and FET Amplifiers and Study of frequency response · Design and test of analog circuits using OPAMPs · Understand the feedback configurations of transistor and OPAMP circuits · Use of circuit simulation for the analysis of electronic circuits. 

Laboratory Experiments  
PART A : Hardware Experiments  
1. Design and setup the Common Source JFET/MOSFET amplifier and plot the frequency response.  
2. Design and set up the BJT common emitter voltage amplifier with and without feedback and determine the gain bandwidth product, input and output impedances.  
3. Design and setup BJT/FET i) Colpitts Oscillator, and ii) Crystal Oscillator  
4. Design active second order Butterworth low pass and high pass filters.  
5. Design Adder, Integrator and Differentiator circuits using OpAmp  
6. Test a comparator circuit and design a Schmitt trigger for the given UTP and LTP values and obtain the hysteresis.  
7. Design 4 bit R – 2R OpAmp Digital to Analog Converter (i) using 4 bit binary input from toggle switches and (ii) by generating digital inputs using mod16 counter.  
8. Design Monostable and a stable Multivibrator using 555 Timer.  
PARTB : Simulation using EDA software (EDWinXP, PSpice, MultiSim, Proteus, CircuitLab or any other equivalent tool can be used)  
1. RC Phase shift oscillator and Hartley oscillator  
2. Narrow Bandpass Filter and Narrow bandreject filter  
3. Precision Half and full wave rectifier  
4. Monostable and A stable Multivibrator using 555 Timer.  
Course Outcomes: On the completion of this laboratory course, the students will be able to:
· Design analog circuits using BJT/FETs and evaluate their performance characteristics. · Design analog circuits using OPAMPs for different applications · Simulate and analyze analog circuits that usesICs for different electronic applications. 

Conduct of Practical Examination:
· All laboratory experiments are to be included for practical examination. · Students are allowed to pick one experiment from the lot. · Strictly follow the instructions as printed on the cover page of answer script for breakup of marks. · Change of experiment is allowed only once and Marks allotted to the procedure part to be made zero. 
Reference Books:
1. David A Bell, “Fundamentals of Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab Manual, 5^{th} Edition, 2009, Oxford University Press. 
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS – II 

Course Code  18MATDIP41  CIE Marks  40  
Teaching Hours/Week (L:T:P)  (2:1:0)  SEE Marks  60  
Credits  0  Exam Hours  03  
Course Learning Objectives:
· To provide essential concepts of linear algebra, second & higher order differential equations along with methods to solve them. · To provide an insight into elementary probability theory and numerical methods. 

Module1  
Linear Algebra: Introduction – rank of matrix by elementary row operations – Echelon form. Consistency of system of linear equations – Gauss elimination method. Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a square matrix. Problems.  
Module2  
Numerical Methods: Finite differences. Interpolation/extrapolation using Newton’s forward and backward difference formulae (Statements only)problems. Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations – NewtonRaphson and RegulaFalsi methods (only formulae) Illustrative examples. Numerical integration: Simpson’s one third rule and Weddle’s rule (without proof) Problems.  
Module3  
Higher order ODE’s: Linear differential equations of second and higher order equations with constant coefficients. Homogeneous /nonhomogeneous equations. Inverse differential operators.[Particular Integral restricted to R(x)= e^{ax} , sin ax /cos ax for f (D )y = R(x). ]  
Module4  
Partial Differential Equations (PDE’s): Formation of PDE’s by elimination of arbitrary constants and functions. Solution of nonhomogeneous PDE by direct integration. Homogeneous PDEs involving derivative with respect to one independent variable only.  
Module5  
Probability: Introduction. Sample space and events. Axioms of probability. Addition & multiplication theorems. Conditional probability, Bayes’s theorem, problems.  
Course Outcomes: At the end of the course of the VTU Syllabus Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th Semester, the student will be able to: CO1: Solve systems of linear equations using matrix algebra.
CO2: Apply the knowledge of numerical methods in modelling and solving engineering problems. CO3: Make use of analytical methods to solve higher order differential equations. CO4: Classify partial differential equations and solve them by exact methods. CO5: Apply elementary probability theory and solve related problems. 

Question paper pattern:
7. The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. 8. Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each 

Sl No  Title of the Book  Name of the Author/s  Name of the Publisher  Edition and Year  
Textbook  
1  Higher Engineering Mathematics  B.S. Grewal  Khanna Publishers  43^{rd} Edition, 2015  
Reference Books 
1  Advanced Engineering Mathematics  E. Kreyszig  John Wiley & Sons  10^{th} Edition, 2015 
2  Engineering Mathematics  N. P. Bali and Manish Goyal  Laxmi Publishers  7th Edition, 2007 
3  Engineering Mathematics Vol. I  Rohit Khurana  Cengage Learning  1^{st} Edition, 2015 
 Download New VTU Electronics And Communication Engineering 4th Sem Syllabus PDF
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