RTU Syllabus Mechanical Engineering 8th Semester
LAWS FOR ENGINEERS
Constitutional Law: The Preamble; Fundamental Rights; Directive principles of State policy; Fundamental Duties; Emergency provisions
– kinds, legal requirements and legal effects. General Principles of Contract under Indian Contract Act, 1872: General principles of contract- Sec. 1 to 75 of Indian Contract Act and including Government as contracting party, Kinds of government contracts and dispute settlement, Standard form contracts; nature, advantages, unilateral character, principles of protection against possibility of exploitation, judicial approach to such contracts, exemption clauses, clash between two standard form contracts.
Introduction to Human Rights: Theoretical foundation, Historical development of human rights; Human Rights in Indian tradition and
Western tradition; Covenant on Civil & Political Rights 1966 including Optional Protocol – I (Individual Complaint Mechanism) & Optional Protocol – II (Abolition of Death Penalty); Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 including Optional Protocol- I (2002);
Enforcement of Human Rights in India including Supreme Court, High Courts, Statutory Commissions- NHRC, NCW, NCM, NC-SC/ST etc. Labour Laws: Industrial Disputes Act, 1947; Collective bargaining; Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946; Workmen”s Compensation Act, 1923.
Right to Information Act, 2005: Evolution and concept; Practice and procedures• Official Secret Act 1923• Indian Evidence Act, 1872• Information Technology- legislation and procedures, Cyber crimes – issues and investigations. Law relating to Intellectual property: Introduction-meaning of intellectual property, main forms of IP, Copyright, Trademarks, Patents and Designs, Secrets; Intemational instruments on IP -Beme convention, Rome convention, TRIPS, Paris convention and international organizations relating IPRs, WTO etc.
Law relating to Copyright in India, Meaning of copyright – literary, dramatics and musical works, sound records and cinematographic films, computer programs, Ownership of copyrights, Criteria of infringement, Piracy in Intemet – Remedies and procedures in India; Law relating to Trademarks under Trademark Act, 1999 including Rationale of protection of trademarks as Commercial aspect and Consumer rights, Trademarks, registration, procedures, Distinction between trademark and property mark, Doctrine of deceptive similarity, Passing off an infringement and remedies; Law relating to Patents under Patents Act, 1970, Patentable inventions with special reference to biotechnology products, Patent protection for computer programs, Process of obtaining patent -application, examination, opposition and sealing of patents, Patent cooperation treaty and grounds for opposition, Rights and obligations of patentee, Duration of patents – law and policy considerations, Infringement and related remedies.
Corporate Law: Meaning of corporation; Law relating to companies, public and private (Companies Act, 1956) general provisions; Law and multinational companies – International norms for control, FEMA 1999, Corporate liability, civil and criminal. Election provisions under Indian Constitution (Art.324-329): Representation of Peoples Act and Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; Superintendence, directions and control of elections to be vested in Election Commission; Election to the house of people and to the legislative assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage. Candidate electoral rights.
Reference Books :
1 D.D. Basu, Shorter Constitution of India, Prentice Hall of India
2 M.P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co.
3 S.K. Awasthi & R.P. Kataria, Law relating to Protection of Human Rights, Orient Publishing
4 S.K. Kapur, Human Rights under Intemational Law and Indian Law, Central Law Agency
5 Avtarsingh, Law of Contract, Eastern Book Co
6 Wadhera, Intellectual Property Rights, Universal Law Publishing Co
7 T. Ramappa, Intellectual Property Rights Law in India, Asia Law House
8 O.P. Malhotra, Law of Industrial Disputes, N.M. Tripathi Publishers
Introduction to economics of power generation: Load duration curves, location of power plants, power plant economics.
Analysis of Steam Power Plants (SPP): Components of steam power plants, Effect of variations, variation of steam condition on thermal
efficiency of steam power plant. Typical layout of SPP. Efficiencies in a SPP.
Analysis or Hydroelectric Power Plants (HEPP): Components of HEPP, Typical layout of HEPP, Performance of turbines and comparison.
Analysis or Diesel and Gas Turbine Power Plants: General layout of Diesel and Gas Turbine power plants, Performance of Diesel and Gas Turbine power plants, comparison with other types of power plants.
Wind Energy: Wind energy potential measurement, general theories of wind machines, basic laws and concepts of aerodynamics, aerofoil design; wind mill and wind electric generator. Description and performance of the horizontal-axis wind machines. Description and performance of the vertical-axis wind machines. The generation of electricity by wind machines.
Solar radiation: its measurement and prediction. Flat plate collectors, liquid and air type. Theory of flat plate collectors, advanced collectors, optical design of concentrators, selective coatings, solar water heating, thermal storage. Conversion of heat into mechanical energy. Solar cells, photovoltaic effect, performance of a solar cell, P-V material, performance of solar cells, P-V modules. Solar P-V plants, Economies of solar photovoltaic’s.
Text Books :
1. P.K.Nag, Power Plant Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill
Reference Books :
1 Hau E., Wind Turbines: Fundamentals, Technologies, Application and Economics, Springer
2 Mathew S.,Wind Energy: Fundamentals, Resource Analysis and Economic s, Springer
3 Burton T. Sharpe D. Jenkins N. and Bossanyi E.,Wind Energy Handbook, John Wiley
4 Jiandong T. (et al.) Mini Hydropower John Wiley
5 Duffie J. A. and Beckman W. A. ,Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, John Wiley
6 Goswami D. Y. Kreith F. and Kreider J. F. Principles of Solar Engineering, Taylor and Francis
7 Garg H. P. and Prakash S.Solar Energy: Fundamental and Application, Ta ta McGraw Hill
8 Green M.,Third Generation Photovoltaics: Advance Solar Energy, Springer
9 Tiwari G. N.,Solar Energy: Fundamentals, Design, Modeling and Applicati ons, Narosa
10 Johnson G. L.Wind Energy Systems (Electronic Edition), Prentice Hall
PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND LAUNCHING
Importance or New Product: Definition-importance-Development Process, Importance of new product for growth of enterprise, Defmition of product and new product, Responsibility for new product development, Demands on product development team, Classification of products from new product development point of view- Need based/Market pull products, Tech. push, Platform based, Process based and customized products, New product development process and organization, Generic product development process for Market Pull Products, Modification of this process for other types of products.
Need ADalyais: Problem Formulation Establishing economic existence of need, Need Identification and Analysis, Engineering Statement of Problem, Establishing Target Specification.
Generation or Alternatives and Concept Selection: Concept generation- a creative process, Creativity, Road Elects to creative thinking-Fear of criticism and Psychological set, Tools of creativity like brain storming, Analogy, Inversion etc., Creative thinking Process, Concept feasibility and Concept Selection, Establishing Engineering Specification of Products.
Preliminary and Detailed Design: Design Review Preliminary design- Identification of subsystems, Subsystem specifications, Compatibility, Detailed design of subsystems, component design, Preparation of assembly drawings, Review of product design from point
of view of Manufacturing, Ergonomics and aesthetics.
Management or New Product: Development and Launch New Product Management’s Challenges, Maintaining focus, Promotion of Right
Culture, Management of Creativity, Top Management attention, Design Team Staffing and Organization, Setting key mile stone, Identification of Risk Areas, Project Execution and Evaluation Product Launch Strategies.
Text Books :
1 Product Design and Manufacturing, Chitale and Gupta. McGraw Hill.
Reference Books :
1 Product Design and Development, Ulrich and Eppinger, McGraw Hill
2 Project Management in New Product Development, Barkley B.T., Tata McGraw Hill.
3 Product Management, Anandan C., McGraw Hill.
4 Engineering Design Methods, Cross, Nigel, John Wiley and Sons.
5 Product Design and Manufacture, Lindbeck, J.R., Prentice Hall of India.
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS
Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics and Principles or Conservation: Conservation of mass, linear momentum: Navier-Stokes equation, Conservation of Energy, General scalar transport equation, Reynolds transport theorem, Clauiftcation of Partial Dift’erential Equations and Physical Behaviour: Elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic partial differential equations Appro.dmate Solutions of Differential Equations: Error Minimization Principles, Approximate solutions of differential equations, variational approach, Weighted residual approach: trial function and weighting function, Essential and natural boundary conditions, Least square method, Galerkin’s method, Rayleigh-Ritz method.
Fundamentals of Discretization: Pre-processing, Solution, Post- processing, Finite Element Method, Finite difference method, Well posed boundary value problem, Conservativeness, Boundedness, Transportiveness, Finite volume method (FVM), 1-D steady state heat conduction without and with constant source term Finite Volume Method: FV Discretization of a 1-D steady state diffusion type problem, Composite material with position dependent thermal conductivity, Source term linearization, Implementation of boundary conditions, 1-D unsteady state diffusion problems: implicit, fully explicit and Crank-Nicholson scheme.
Solution or Systems or Linear Algebraic Equations: Solution techniques for systems of linear algebraic equations: Elimination, Iteration and Gradient Search method, L-U decomposition technique, TridiB.R:onal matrix alJ?;orithm (TDMA): Thomas alJ?;orithm Iteration methods: Generalized analysis of the iterative methods, Sufficient condition for convergence, Scarborough criteria of for convergence Relaxation methods, Preferential characteristics of iterative methods, Multigrid method, Line by line TDMA, Alternating direction implicit method, Gradient search methods: Steepest descent method, ConjuJ?;ate J?;radient method
Discretization of Convection-Diffusion Equations: A Finite Volume Approach: Central difference scheme, Upwind scheme, Exponential scheme and Hybrid scheme, Power law scheme, Generalized convection-diffusion formulation, The concept of false diffusion, QUICK scheme. Discretization of Navier Stokes Equationa: Discretization of the Momentum Equation: Stream Function-Vorticity approach and Primitive variable approach, Staggered grid and Collocated grid, SIMPLE Algorithm, SIMPLER Algorithm.
Introduction to Turbulence Modeling: Vorticity transport equation, Homogeneous turbulence and isotropic turbulence, Reynolds average Navier stokes (RANS) equation, Necessity of turbulence modeling, Turbulence model: Eddy viscosity, Mixing length, The K-e model, RNG K-e model, K-c.J model, Reynolds stress model (RSM),Large eddy Simulation (LES) Direct numerical simulation (DNS)
The basic structure of a CFD code: Pre-processor, Solver and Post- processor, User-defined-subroutines, Solution to some basic problems in heat transfer and fluid flow.
Text Books :
1. Computational Fluid Dynamics, John Anderson, McGraw Hill Publication
Reference Books :
1 Computational Fluid Dynamics, Jiynan Tu, Butter Worth Henman.
2 Computational Fluid and Heat Transfer, Anderson & Tannehill, Taylor & Francis Publication.
3 Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Joel H. Ferziger, Springer Publication.
4 Computational Heat Transfer, Jaluria Y., Taylor and Francis Publication.
5 Computational Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Murlidhar and T. Sunder Rajan, Narosa Publications
TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Introduction to TQM: Definition, Basic approach, Guru’s of TQM, TQM framework, benefits. Leadership: Characteristics of Quality Leadership, Leadership Concepts, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, The Deming Philosophy, The Role of TQM Leaders, Quality Council, Core Values, Concepts, and Framework, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning Communications, Decision Making.
Customer Satisfaction: Introduction, Customer Perception of Quality, Feedback, Using Customer Complaints, Service Quality, Translating
Needs into Requirements, Customer Retention.
Continuous Process Improvement: Introduction, Process, The Juran Trilogy, Improvement Strategies, Types of Problems PDSA Cycle, Problem-Solving Method, DMAIC, Kaizen, Reengineering.Supplier Partnership: Principles of Customer/Supplier Relationship Partnering, Sourcing Supplier, Selection ,Supplier Certification Supplier Rating, Relationship Development. Performance Measures: Basic Concepts, Strategy, performance measure presentation, Cost of Quality, Malcolm Baldrige and Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award, Balanced Score Card.
Lean Enterprise: Historical Review, Lean Fundamentals, Value Stream Map, Implementing Lean Benefits. Six Sigma: Statistical Aspects, Improvement Methodology, Organizational Structure Benefits. Benchmarking: Benchmarking Defmed, Reasons to Benchmark, Process, deciding what to benchmark, Pitfalls and Criticisms.
Quality Management Systems: Benefits of ISO Registration, ISO Series of Standards, Sector-specific Standards, ISO 9001 Requirements, Implementation, Documentation, Writing the Documents, Internal Audits Registration. Environmental Management Systems: ISO 14000 Series Standards, Concepts ofiSO 14001, ISO 14001, Requirements, Benefits, Integrating QMS and EMS. Other EMS Systems, Relationship to Health and Safety Quality Function Deployment: The QFD Team, Benefits, the voice of the Customer, Organization of Information, House of Quality, Building a House of Quality, QFD Process. Developing Plans, Autonomous Work Groups.
Management Tools: Forced Field Analysis, Nominal Group Technique, Affinity Diagram, Interrelationship Digraph, Tree Diagram, Matrix Diagram, Prioritization Matrices, Process Decision Program Chart, Activity Network Di am Experimental Design: Introduction, Basic Statistics, Hypothesis, t Test F Test. One Factor at a Time Orthogonal Design, Point and lnteiVal Estimate, Two Factors Full Factorials.
Taguchi’s Quality Engineering: Introduction, Loss Function, Orthogonal Arrays, Signal-to-Noise Ratio, Parameter Design, Tolerance
Design, Casestudy .
Text Books :
1. D. H. Besterfield, G. H Besterfield, Hemant Urdhwareshe, Total Quality Management: Revised Third Edition Pearson Higher Education
Reference Books :
1 Total Quality Management: text with cases, Jolm s Oakland, Butterworth-Heinemann
2 Total Quality Management for Engineers, Zaire, M., Wood Head Publishing Ltd.
3 Total Quality Control Feigenbaum. Armand V., McGraw Hill
4 The Management and Control of Quality,(Sth Edition), James R.Evans and William M.Lidsay, South-Western (Thomson Learning)
1 Introduction and different features of the CAD Software.
2 2-D Drafting.
3 3-D Modeling.
4 3-D Advanced Modeling.
5 Assembly modeling.
6 Feature Modification and Manipulation
8 Sheet Metal Operations.
9 Surface Modeling
10 One Dimensional problems of Finite Element Method
Note: (These exercises may be performed by any of the following Advanced CAD Software such as Pro E /Unigraphicsf AotoCAD Inventor)
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING LAB-II
1 Determination oftime standard for a given job using stopwatch time- study.
2 Preparation of flow process chart, operation process chart and man- machine charts for an existing setup and development of an improved process.
3 Study of existing layout of a workstation with respect to controls and displays and suggesting improved design from ergonomic viewpoint.
4 To carry out a work sampling study.
5 To conduct process capability study for a machine in the workshop.
6 To design a sampling scheme based on OC curve.
7 To conduct Shewart’s experiments on known population
8 Generation of random numbers for system simulation such as facility planning, job shop scheduling etc.
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