RTU Syllabus for EC
RTU Syllabus for EC
Rajasthan Technical University Syllabus for Electronics and Communication
UNIT 1 : LAPLACE TRANSFORM – Laplace transform with its simple properties, applications to the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to the wave and diffusion equations.
UNIT 2 : FOURIER SERIES & Z TRANSFORM – Expansion of simple functions in fourier series. Half range series, Change of intervals, Harmonic analysis. Z TRANSFORM – Introduction, Properties, Inverse Z Transform .
UNIT3 : FOURIER TRANSFORM – Complex form of Fourier Transform and its inverse, Fourier sine and cosine transform and their inversion. Applications of Fourier Transform to solution of partial differential equations having constant coefficient with special reference to heat equation and wave equation.
UNIT 4 : COMPLEX VARIABLES – Analytic functions, CauchyRiemann equations, Elementary conformal mapping with simple applications, Line integral in complex domain, Cauchy;s theorem. Cauchy’s integral formula.
UNIT 5 : COMPLEX VARIABLES Taylor’s series Laurent’s series poles, Residues, Evaluation of simple definite real integrals using the theorem of residues. Simple contour integration.
BOOKS
 Engineering Mathematics, T Veerarajan, TMH
 Mathematical Techniques, Jordan, Oxford
 Advance Engineering Mathematics, Potter, Oxford
 Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Irvin Kreyszig, Wiley
 Mathematical Methods, Dutta, D., New Age
 Text BOOK Of Engineering Mathematics, Dutta, New Age
UNIT 1 : SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS : Mobility and conductivity, charge densities in a semiconductor, Fermi Dirac distribution, carrier concentrations and fermi levels in semiconductor, Generation and recombination of charges, diffusion and continuity equation, Mass action Law, Hall effect.
UNIT 2 : Junction diodes, Diode as a ckt. element, load line concept, clipping and clamping circuits, Voltage multipliers. Construction, characteristics and working principles of UJT
UNIT 3 : Transistor characteristics, Current components, Current gains: alpha and beta. Operating point. Hybrid model, hparameter equivalent circuits. CE, CB and CC configuration. DC and AC analysis of CE,CC and CB amplifiers. EbersMoll model. Biasing & stabilization techniques. Thermal runaway, Thermal stability.
UNIT 4 : JFET, MOSFET, Equivalent circuits and biasing of JFET’s & MOSFET’s. Low frequency CS and CD JFET amplifiers. FET as a voltage variable resistor.
UNIT 5 : SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS AT LOW FREQUENCY : Analysis of BJT and FET, DC and RC coupled amplifiers. Frequency response, midband gain, gains at low and high frequency. Analysis of DC and differential amplifiers, Miller’s Theorem. Cascading Transistor amplifiers, Darlington pair. Emitter follower, source follower.
BOOKS
 Millman’s Integrated Electronics, Millman &Parekh, TMH
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Salivahanan, TMH
 Millnman’s Electronic Devices And Circuits (Special Indian Edition), Millman & Halkias, TMH
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Bogart, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Circuit Theory, Boylestad, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Cheruku, Pearson
 Electronic Devices, Floyd, Pearson
 Basic Electronics, Ghatak, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Circuits (For Jntu), Rao, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Bell, Oxford
 Semiconductor Devices: Modelling And Technology, Nandita Dasgupta, PHI
 Electronic Devices And Circuits: An Introduction, Allen Mottershead, PHI
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, I.J. Nagrath, PHI
 Electronic Devices And Applications, B. Somanathan Nair, PHI
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Balbir Kumar, PHI
 Electron Devices And Circuits, Chattopadhayay.D, Rakshit, P.C, New Age
 A Text BOOK Of Electronics, Kakani, S.L.Bhandari, K.C, New Age
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, S.K.Sahdev, Na, Dhanpatrai
UNIT 1 : NETWORK THEOREMS AND ELEMENTS :Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s and maximum power transfer theorems. Networks with dependent sources. Inductively coupled circuits – mutual inductance, coefficient of coupling and mutual inductance between portions of same circuits and between parallel branches. Transformer equivalent, inductively and conductively coupled circuits.
UNIT 2 TRANSIENTS ANALYSIS : Impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal response Analysis of first order and second order circuits. Time domain & transform domain (frequency, Laplace) analysis. Initial and final value theorems. Complex periodic waves and their analysis by Fourier analysis. Different kind of symmetry. Power in a circuit.
UNIT 3 : NETWORK FUNCTIONS : Terminals and terminal pairs, driving point impedance transfer functions, poles and zeros. Procedure of finding network functions for general two terminal pair networks. Stability & causality. Hurwitz polynomial, positive real function.
UNIT 4 : TWO pOrt NETWORKS : Two port parameters and their interrelations – zparameters, y parameters, hparameters, ABCD parameters. Equivalence of two ports, transformer equivalent, interconnection of two port networks. Image parameters. Attenuation & phase shift in symmetrical T and n networks.
UNIT 5 : NETWORK SYNTHESIS : RL & RC networks synthesis, Foster First & Second form, Cauer forms.
BOOKS
 Circuits And Networks: Analysis And Synthesis, Sudhakar, TMH
 Network Analysis And Synthesis, Ghosh & Chakrabarti, TMH
 Electrical Networks, Singh, TMH
 Schaum’s Outlines Of Electric Circuits (Sie), Nahvi, TMH
 Eelectronic Circuits: Analysis And Design(Sie), Donald Neamen, TMH
 Electric Circuits & Networks, Suresh Kumar, Pearson
 Electric Circuits, Nilsson, Pearson
 Linear Circuits Analysis, Decarlo, Oxford
 Linear Circuits (Includes Cd), Ramakalyan, Oxford
 Circuits And Network: Analysis, Design, And Synthesis, Sukhija, Oxford
 Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, Irwin, Wiley
 Network Analysis & Synthesis, Kuo, Wiley
 Network Theory: Analysis And Synthesis, Smarjit Ghosh, PHI
 Basic Circuit Theory, Lawrence P. Huelsman, PHI
 Electric Circuit Analysis, Xavier, S.P. Eugene, New Age
UNIT 1 : NUMBER SYSTEMS, BASIC LOGIC GATES & BOOLEAN ALGEBRA: Binary Arithmetic & Radix representation of different numbers. Sign & magnitude representation, Fixed point representation, complement notation, various codes & arithmetic in different codes & their inter conversion. Features of logic algebra, postulates of Boolean algebra. Theorems of Boolean algebra. Boolean function. Derived logic gates: ExclusiveOR, NAND, NOR gates, their block diagrams and truth tables. Logic diagrams from Boolean expressions and vicaversa. Converting logic diagrams to universal logic. Positive, negative and mixed logic. Logic gate conversion.
UNIT 2 : DIGITAL LOGIC GATE CHARACTERISTICS: TTL logic gate characteristics. Theory & operation of TTL NAND gate circuitry. Open collector TTL. Three state output logic. TTL subfamilies. MOS & CMOS logic families. Realization of logic gates in RTL, DTL, ECL, CMOS & MOSFET. Interfacing logic families to one another.
UNIT 3 : MINIMIZATION TECHNIQUES: Minterm, Maxterm, Karnaugh Map, K map upto 4 variables. Simplification of logic functions with Kmap, conversion of truth tables in POS and SOP form. Incomplete specified functions. Variable mapping. QuinnMc Klusky minimization techniques.
UNIT 4 : COMBINATIONAL SYSTEMS: Combinational logic circuit design, half and full adder, subtractor. Binary serial and parallel adders. BCD adder. Binary multiplier. Decoder: Binary to Gray decoder, BCD to decimal, BCD to 7segment decoder. Multiplexer, demultiplexer, encoder. Octal to binary, BCD to excess3 encoder. Diode switching matrix. Design of logic circuits by multiplexers,encoders, decoders and demultiplexers.
UNIT 5 : SEQUENTIAL SYSTEMS: Latches, flipflops, RS, D, JK, Master Slave flip flops.
Conversions of flipflops. Counters : Asynchronous (ripple), synchronous and synchronous decade counter, Modulus counter, skipping state counter, counter design. Ring counter. Counter applications. Registers: buffer register, shift register.
BOOKS
 Modern Digital Electronics,R.P. Jain,TMH
 Digital Principles And Applications (Special Indian Edition),Leach & Malvino,TMH
 2000 Solved Problems In Digital Electronics (Sigma Series),Bali,TMH
 Digital Integrated Electronics,Taub & Schilling,TMH
 Digital Electronics,Kharate,Oxford
 Digital Electronics,D. C. Green,Pearson
 Digital Design 4/E,Mano,Pearson
 Digital Logic & Computer Design,Mano,Pearson
 Digital Logic Design & Principles,Balabanian,Wiley
 Digital Electronics Principles And Integrated Circuit,Maini,Wiley
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION – Difference in measurement at low and high frequencies, Types of indicating instruments, Balance detectors and other auxiliary apparatus used, Shielding and grounding considerations, Noise problem, Effects of physical size of components.
UNIT 2 : PMMC INSTRUMENTS – Moving Iron Instruments; Electrodynamic Instruments: Construction, Torque equation, Shape of scale
Potentiometers: DC Potentiometers: Crompton, Vernier, Brooks deflection and Selfbalancing potentiometer. AC potentiometers: Coordinate and Polar type potentiometers. Calibration of both AC and DC potentiometer.
UNIT 3 : MEASUREMENT OF LUMPED PASSIVE COMPONENTS – Measurement of resistance, capacitance, self inductance, mutual inductance and incremental inductance at audio and radio frequencies, Price’s guard wire and loss of charge methods for high resistance measurements, Introduction to inductively coupled ratio arm bridge, Special consideration for radio frequency bridges, High frequency measurement: Resonance methods of parameters measurements, TwinT and bridgeT networks, Qmeasurements and QMeter.
UNIT 4 : ELECTRONIC VOLTMETERS – Characteristics and specification of Analog electronic voltmeters of different kinds, Circuits of DC voltmeters using tubes, FET’s, BJTs, and IC’s, Analysis of circuit with various configurations to compare sensitivity, stability, linearity and impedance characteristic, Theory of operation and circuits for average, peak, peak to peak and RMS respondingA.C. Voltmeters, Use of compensated multipliers, CMRR and NMRR, RF Voltmeter, Electronic vOm.
UNIT 5 : CATHODE RAY OSCILLOSCOPE – Internal structure, Basic CRO circuits, CRT Connections, Measurement of Time period, Frequency, Current and voltage. High frequency Working of CRO, Free running and triggered mode CRO, DualBeam and dual trace CROs, CRO probes.
BOOKS
 Electronic Instrumentation, H S Kalsi, TMH
 Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation, Bernard Oliver, TMH
 Instrumentation Measurement & Analysis, B.C.Nakra, K.K. Chaudhry, TMH
 Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation, Bernard Oliver, John Cage, TMH
 Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation, Lal Kishore, Pearson
 Elements Of Electronic Instrumentation And Measurement, Carr, Pearson
 Electronic Instrument And Measurment, Bell, Oxford
 Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation, Dally, Wiley
 Theory And Design For Mechanical Measurements, Figliola, Wiley
 Electronic Instrumentation And Measurements, David A. Bell, PHI
 Introduction To Measurements And Instrumetation, Arun K. Ghosh, PHI
 A Course In Electrical & Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation, A.K.Sawhney, Dhanpatrai
UNIT 1 : PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT – Space complexity and Time complexity, Big oh, Omega and theta notations and their significance.
UNIT 2 : LINEAR LISTS – Array and linked representation, Singly and linked list, Concept of circular and multiple linked list.
UNIT 3 : ARRAY AND MATRICES – Row and Column Major mapping & representation, Irregular 2D array, Matrix operations, Special Matrices: Diagonal, Tridiagonal, Triangular, Symmetric, Spares matrices representation and its transpose.
Stacks: ADT, Representation in array & linked linked lists, Basic operation, Applications of stacks in parenthesis matching, Towers of Hanoi etc.
Queues: ADT, Representation in array & linked lists, Application, circular queues.
UNIT 4 : TREES Binary Tree, Representation in array & linked lists, Basis operation on binary trees, Binary tree traversal (preorder, postorder inorder), Single source shortest path algorithm, Minimum cost spanning tree.
Search Trees: Binary search tree, Indexed binary search tree, Basic operation, AVL tree, Btree UNIT 5 : GRAPH – Representation of unweighted graphs BFS, DFS, Files.
Sorting: Bubble sort, Insertion, Merge sort, Selection sort, Shell sort, Quick sort, Heap sort.
BOOKS
 Data Structures (Special Indian Edition) (Schaums’ Outlines Series), Lipschutz & Pai, TMH
 Data Structures And Algorithms, Pai, TMH
 Data Structure Using C (Sigma Series), Mukherjee, TMH
 Introduction To Data Structures With Applications, Tremblay, TMH
 Data Structure Using C, Krishnamoorthy, TMH
 Data Structures, Keogh, Wiley
 Study the following devices:
 Analog & digital multimeters
 Function/Signal generators
 Regulated d.c.power supplies (constant voltage and constant current operations)
 Study of analog CRO, measurement of time period, amplitude, frequency & phase angle using Lissajous figures.
 Plot VI characteristic of PN junction diode & calculate cutinvoltage, peak reverse voltage, Saturation current and static & dynamic resistances.
 Plot VI characteristic of zener diode and study zener diode as voltage regulator. Observe the effect of load changes and determine load limits of the voltage regulator.
 Plot frequency response curve for single stage amplifier and to determine gain bandwidth product.
 Plot drain currentdrain voltage and drain currentgate bias characteristics of field effect transistor and measure of Idss & Vp
 Application of diode as clipper & clamper.
 Plot gainfrequency characteristic of two stage RC coupled amplifier & calculate its bandwidth and compare it with theoretical value.
 Plot gainfrequency characteristic of emitter follower & find out its input and output resistances.
 Characterising a given passive network using Y & Z parameters.
 Plot input and output characteristics of BJT in CB, CC and CE configurations. Find their hparameters.
 Study half wave rectifier and effects of filters on wave. Also calculate ripple factor.
 Study bridge rectifier and measure the effect of filter network on DC voltage output & ripple factor.
3AI8 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB
1. To study and perform the following experiments.
(a) Operation of digital multiplexer and demultiplexer.
(b) Binary to decimal encoder.
(c) Characteristics of CMOS integrated circuits.
2,3. Compound logic functions and various combinational circuits based on AND, NAND and OR/NOR Logic blocks.
 Digital to analog and analog to digital converters.
5,6. Various types of counters and shift registers.
 Interfacing of CMOS to TTL and TTL to CMOS ICs
 BCD to binary conversion on digital IC trainer.
 Voltage comparator circuit using IC710
 Schmitt transistor binary circuit
11, 12. Voltage waveforms of different points of transistor (a)Astable (b)Monostable (c) Bistable Multivibrators and the frequency variation with different parameters.
3AI9 ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS MEASUREMENTS LAB
 Calibrate an ammeter using D.C. potentiometer.
Measurement of logarithmic decrement of a ballistic galvanometer. Measurement of high resistance by loss of charge method. Measurement of low resistance by Kelvin’s double bridge. Measurement of inductance by Anderson’s bridge.
Measurement of capacitance by Desauty’s bridge.
Study the performance and applications of Q meter.
Assembly and testing of electronic voltmeter circuit based on: Average rectifier principle,
Peak reading principle.
Peak to peak reading principle.
R.M.S. reading principle.
Study of a triggered, dual trace with and without storage facility CRO.
3AI10 DATA STRUCTURE AND ALGORITHM LAB
COMPUTER PROGRAMMING IN C
Write a program to find the greatest between four numbers.
Write a program to prepare mark sheet of students using structures.
Write a C program to read several different names and addresses, rearrange the names in alphabetical order and print name in alphabetical order using structures.
Write a program to implement concatenation of two strings using pointers.
Write a program to create a singly link list of ten students names and implement add node, delete node, and is empty list operations.
Write a program to search a pattern in a given string.
Write a program to print the following output using FOR loop.
1 1 22 2 2 333 3 3 3
4444 4 4 4 4 55555 5 5 5 5 5
Write a Program to read add, subtract and multiply integer matrices.
Factorial computation and sine function computation.
Reversing the digits of an integer.
 Character to number conversion.
 Smallest divisor of an integer.
4AI1 MATHEMATICS – IV
UNIT 1 : NUMERICAL ANALYSIS – Finite differences – Forward, Backward and Central differences. Newton’s forward and backward differences, interpolation formulae. Stirling’s formula, Lagrange’s interpolation formula.
UNIT 2 : NUMERICAL ANALYSIS IntegrationTrapezoidal rule, Simpson’s one third and threeeighth rules. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations of first order – Picard’s mathod, Euler’s and modified Euler’s methods, Miline’s method and RungaKutta fourth order method.,Differentiation UNIT 3 : SPECIAL FUNCTIONS – Bessel’s functions of first and second kind, simple recurrence relations, orthogonal property of Bessel’s , Transformation, Generating functions, Legendre’s function of first kind. Simple recurrence relations, Orthogonal property, Generating function.
UNIT 4 : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY – Elementary theory of probability, Baye’s theorem with simple applications, Expected value, theoretical probability distributionsBinomial, Poisson and Normal distributions. Lines of regression, corelation and rank correlation.
UNIT 5 : CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS – Functional, strong and weak variations simple variation problems, the Euler’s equation.
BOOKS
 Advanced Engg. Mathematics4, S.K.Dadhich, N.K.
 Advanced Engg. Mathematics, Irvin Kreyszig, Wiley
 Applied Statics & Probability, Montgomery, Wiley
UNIT 1 : FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS : Classification, Feedback concept, Transfer gain with feedback, General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers. Analysis of voltageseries, voltageshunt, current series and currentshunt feedback amplifier. Stability criterion.
UNIT 2 : OSCILLATORS : Classification. Criterion for oscillation. Tuned collector, Hartley, Colpitts, RC Phase shift, Wien bridge and crystal oscillators, Astable, monostable and bistable multivibrators. Schmitt trigger. Blocking oscillators.
UNIT 3 : HIGH FREQUENCY AMPLIFIERS : Hybrid Pi model, conductances and capacitances of hybrid Pi model, high frequency analysis of CE amplifier, gainbandwidth product. Emitter follower at high frequencies.
UNIT 4 : TUNED AMPLIFIER – Band Pass Amplifier, Parallel resonant Circuits, Band Width of Parallel resonant circuit. Analysis of Single Tuned Amplifier, Primary & Secondary Tuned Amplifier with BJT & FET. Double Tuned Transformer Coupled Amplifier. Stagger Tuned Amplifier. Pulse Response of such Amplifier. Shunt Peaked Circuits for Increased Bandwidth.
UNIT 5 : POWER AMPLIFIERS : Power amplifier circuits, Class A output stage, class B output stage and class AB output stages, class C amplifiers, pushpull amplifiers with and without transformers. Complementary symmetry & quasi complimentary symmetry amplifiers
BOOKS
 Millman’s Integrated Electronics, Millman & Parekh, TMH
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, Salivahanan, TMH
 Millman’s Electronic Devices And Circuits (Special Indian Edition), Millman & Halkias, TMH
 Analysis And Design Of An Analog Integrated Ckt, Gray, Wiley
 Electronic Devices And Circuit Theory, Boylested, Pearson
 Electronic Devices, Floyd, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Integrated Circuits, Singh, Pearson
 Electronic Devices And Circuits, 5e, Bell, Oxford
 Microelectronic Circuits, 5e (Intl. Version), Sedra, Oxford
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSOR CPU, Address bus, data bus and control bus, Input/Output devices, buffers, encoders, latches and memories.
UNIT 2 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE Internal data operations and registers, pins and signals, peripheral devices and memory organization, interrupts CISC and RISC architecture overview. UNIT 3 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTIONS Classification, format and timing Instruction set, Programming and debugging, 8 bit and 16 bit instruction.
UNIT 4 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR INTERFACING 8259, 8357, 8255, 8253, 8251 chips and their applications. A/D conversion, memory, keyboard and display interface.I/O programming Fundamental of I/O, Programmed I/O, Interrupt I/O, and memory configuration
UNIT 5 : INTRODUCTION TO 16 BIT MICROPROCESSORS Architecture of 8086 CPU, Memory Management of 8086, Minimum & maximum modes of 8086, Internal operations, Instruction set of 8086, Addressing mode, Instruction Format, Instruction execution timing, comparison of 8086 with 8088.
BOOKS
 8051 Microcontroller: Hardware, Software And Application.,V Udayashankara, M Mallikarjunaswamy, ,TMH
 Introduction To Microprocessors,Mathur, ,TMH
 Modern Microprocessors ,Korneev, ,Wiley
 The 8085 Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming And Interfacing,K. Udaya Kumar, ,Pearson
 Microprocessor Interfacing And Applications,B.P.Singh, ,New Age
 Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming And Application For 8085,Goankar, ,Penram International
 Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming And System Featuring In 8085,William A.Routt, ,Delmur
 The 8051 Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems,Mazidi, ,Pearson
UNIT 1: Role of transducers in Instrumentation – Transducer construction, classification and characteristics, analogue and digital transducers, Principle of operation and characteristics of transducers for measurement of displacement, strain, velocity, acceleration, torque etc. Potentiometric, LVDT, strain gauge, capacitance gauge, piezoelectric transducers and accelerometers.
UNIT 2 : Principle of operation and characteristics of transducers for measurement of pressure and force, Pirani gauge, ionization gauge, LVDT, strain gauge as pressure sensing device, force summing devices like bourden tube, bellows, diaphragms etc.
UNIT 3 : Principle of operation and characteristics of tansducers for temperature transduction, bimetallic thermometer, resistance thermometer, Radiation and optical pyrometers. Transducers for Measurement of humidity and moisture. Sensors for measurement of pH, Thermal conductivity and Thickness.
UNIT 4 : Principle of operation and characteristics of tansducers for measurement of flow and level. Turbomagnetic, Electromagnetic and other flowmeters. Various methods of level measurements, ultrasonic level gauge.
UNIT 5: Electronic Display: principle of LED matrix and alpha numeric displays, gas discharged plasma panels, flat panel CRT, LCD, electroluminiscent and electrophoretic displays.
BOOKS
 Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation,Oliver & Cage,TMH
 Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation,Oliver,TMH
 Industrial Instrumentation & Control,S. K. Singh,TMH
 Instruments Transducers,Neubert,Oxford
 Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation,^ Lal Kishore,Pearson
 Elements Of Electronic Instrumentation & Measurements,Joseph J. Carr,Pearson
 Fundamentals Of Instrumentation And Measurements,Dominique Placko,Wiley
UNIT 1: Theory of Errors: Accuracy and precision, Methods of reducing systematic errors in measurements, Statistical analysis of random errors, Normal error curve, Estimation of error in computed result.
UNIT 2 : INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIERS – Operation, performance and characteristics of single ended, differential amplifier, chopper stabilized amplifiers used in Instrumentation, Different types of choppers and their characteristics.
Electronic Analog Ammeters: Performance, specifications of instruments for audio and radio frequency current measurements, Rectifier and thermocouple ammeters, Principle of Hall effect ammeters, Use of amplifier type DC Voltmeter as ammeter.
UNIT 3: Power measurements at audio radio frequencies, Absorption, calorimetric and transmission power meters, Electronic wattmeter.
UNIT 4: WAVE MEASUREMENTS – Various types of wave and spectrum analyzer for audio, Radio and microwave frequencies, Field strength measurements of radio waves.
Vector and differential Voltmeter, Vector impedance meter, Function generators, RF Signal generators and pulse generators, Introduction to frequency synthesizers.
UNIT 5: DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS – Principle of operation of probes, Digital pulsar and logic analyzer, Components of a digital universal counter: Digital period, frequency and time interval measurement, Errors in digital counter, High frequency measurement with digital counters, Different types of integrating and nonintegrating digital voltmeters, Digital oscilloscopes.
BOOKS
 Electronic Instrumentation And Measurement,Bell,Oxford
 Electronic Instrumentation, 3/E,Kalsi,Oxford
 Electronic Instrumentation^ S Kalsi,TMH
 Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation,Lal Kishore,Pearson
 Elements Of Electronic Instrumentation And Measurement,Carr,Pearson
 Instrumentation For Engineering Measurements,Dally,Pearson
 Instrumentation For Engineering Measurement (Second),Dally,Pearson
 Theory And Design For Mechanical Measurements 3ed ,Figliola,Pearson
UNIT 1 : OOP FUNDAMENTALS: Concept of class and object, attributes, public, private and protected members, derived classes, single & multiple inheritance.
UNIT 2 : PROGRAMMING IN C++: Enhancements in C++ over C in data types operators and functions. Inline functions, constructors and destructors. Friend function, function and operator overloading Working with class and derived classes. Single, multiple and multilevel inheritances and their combinations, virtual functions, pointers to objects. Input output flags and formatting operations. Working with text files.
UNIT 3 : JAVA: Variation from C++ to JAVA. Introduction to Java bytecode, virtual machine, application & applets of Java, Integer, floating point, characters, boolean, literals, and array declarations.
UNIT 4 : OPERATORS AND CONTROL STATEMENTS: Arithmetic operators, bit wise operators, relational operators, boolean logic operators, the assignment operators: operators, operator procedence. Switch and loop statements.
UNIT 5 : PACKAGE AND INTERFACES: Packages, access protection, Importing & defining packages. Defining and implementing interfaces.
BOOKS
 Object Oriented Programming With C++, Sahay,
 Object Oriented Programming With C++, Josuttis, Oxford
 An Inteoduction To Programming & Oo Design Using Java, J.Nino&F.A.Hosch, Wiley
 Object Oriented Programming With C++, Shukla, Wiley
 OOP, Timothy Budd, Wiley
 Object Oriented Programming With C++, Balagurusamy, Pearson
 Programming With C++ (Sie) (Schaum’s Outline Series), Hubbard, TMH
 Mastering C++, Venugopal, TMH
 Programming With C++, Ravichandran, TMH
UNIT 1 : MATRIX COMPUTATION – Algebra of matrix, Inverse of a matrix, Rank of a matrix, Matrix inversion by Gauss elimination, Computer programs for matrix inversion.
UNIT 2 : SOLUTION OF LINEAR EQUATIONS – Cramer’s rule, Gauss elimination, Gauss Jordan elimination and Gauss Seidal iterative method and their computer programming in C.
UNIT 3 : SOLUTION OF NONLINEAR EQUATIONS Interval bisection method, Secant method, Regula Falsi method, Curve fitting, Method of least squares and their computer programming in C.
UNIT 4 : SOLUTION OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Euler’s method, Modified Euler’s method,
Runge Kutta method of fourth order, Solution of partial differential equation with special reference to heat equation, Laplace equation and wave equation Milne’s and their computer programming in C.
UNIT 5 : STATISTICAL METHODS Curve fitting methods – method of least squares, fitting a straight line, parabola. Correlation and Linear regression.
Books
 Numerical methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation by M.K.Jain, S.R.K.Iyengar, R.K. Jain.
 Elementary Numerical Analysis by Samuel D.Conte and Cart de Boor, McGraw Hill International Edition.
 Numerical methods for Science and Engineering, PHI by R.G.Stanton
 Computer based numerical algorithms by E.V. Krishnamoorthy
 Introduction to Numerical Analysis by E. Atkinson
UNIT 1: Need, purpose and goals of DBMS. DBMS Architecture, Concept of keys, Generalisation and specialization, Introduction to Relational data model, ER Modeling, Relational algebra.
UNIT 2 : DATABASE DESIGN – Conceptual Data Base design. Theory of normalization, Primitive and composite data types, concept of physical and logical databases, data abstraction and data independence,. Relational calculus.
UNIT 3 : SQL : DDL and DML. Constraints assertions, views, data base security, Application Development using SQL : Host language interface, embedded SQL programming. GL’s, Forms management and report writers. Stored procedures and triggers.
UNIT 4 : INTERNAL OF RDBMS – Physical data organization in sequential, indexed, random and hashed files. Inverted and multilist structures.
UNIT 5: Transaction processing, concurrency control, Transaction model properties and state serialisability. Lock base protocols, two phase locking, Log based recovery Management.
Books
 Date C J, “An Introduction To Database System”, Addision Wesley
 Korth, Silbertz, Sudarshan, “Database Concepts”, McGraw Hill
 Elmasri, Navathe, “Fundamentals Of Database Systems”, Addision Wesley
 Leon & Leon, “Database Management System”, Vikas Publishing House.
 Bipin C. Desai, “An introduction to Database Systems”, Galgotia Publication
 Majumdar & Bhattacharya, “Database Management System”, TMH
 Ramakrishnan, Gehrke, “Database Management System”, McGraw Hill
 Kroenke, “Database Processing: Fundamentals, Design and Implementation”, Pearson Education.
 Maheshwari Jain, “DBMS: Complete Practical Approach”, Firewall Media, New Delhi.
4AI 7 ELECTRONICS LABII
 Plot gainfrequency characteristics of BJT amplifier with and without negative feedback in the emitter circuit and determine bandwidths, gain bandwidth products and gains at l KHz with and without negative feedback.
 Study of series and shunt voltage regulators and measurement of line and load regulation and ripple factor.
 Plot and study the characteristics of small signal amplifier using FET and observe the high frequency performance.
 Study wein bridge oscillator and observe the effect of variation in R & C on oscillator frequency.
 Study transistor phase shift oscillator and observe the effect of variation in R & C on oscillator frequency and compare with theoretical value.
 Study the following oscillators and observe the effect of variation of C on oscillator frequency:
 (a) Hartley (b) Colpitts
 To design and study voltage waveforms at different points of transistor. (a) Astable (b) Monostable (c) Bistable Multivibrators and frequency variation with different parameters.
 Design and testing of pushpull class A/B power amplifier and calculate distortion.
 Assembling complementary pushpull power amplifier and its testing.
4AI 8 MICROPROCESSOR LAB
 Study the hardware, functions, memory structure and operation of 8085 microprocessor kit.
 Program to perform integer division: (i) 8bit by 8bit (ii)16bit by 8.
 Transfer of a block data in memory to another place in memory in the forward and reverse order.
 Searching a number in an array and finding its parity.
 Sorting of array in :(i) Ascending (ii) Descending order.
 Programme to perform following conversion (i) BCD to ASCII (ii) BCD to Hexadecimal.
 Programme to multiply two 8bit numbers.
 Programme to generate and sum 15 fibonacci number.
 Programme for rolling display of message “INDIAN”
 To insert a number of correct place in a sorted array.
 Serial and Parallel data transfer on output port 8155 & 8255 & designing of disco light, running light and sequential lights on off by above hardware.
 Generation of different waveform on 8253/8254 programmable timer.
 Study the performance of piezo electric transducer for measuring acceleration.
 Plot the characteristic of potentiometric transducer.
 To draw the VI characteristics of Solar panel.
 To study the operation of Hall effect transducers.
 Study the performance for measuring distance using ultrasonic transmitter and receiver.
 Study the performance for measuring displacement using LVDT.
 Draw the characteristics for the following temperature transducers:
(a) RTD (Pt100) (b) Thermistors (c) Thermocouple
 To study and draw the characteristics of LDR.
 Measure the speed of table fan by using stroboscope.
 Measurement of strain/force with the help of strain gauge load cell.
 Study the various pressure and force sensors.
 Study the Flapper Nozzle mechanism.
4AI 10 ELECTRONICS WORKSHOP

 Study of symbols for various Electrical & Electronic Components, Devices, Circuit functions etc.
 To Study and perform experiment on CRO demonstration kit.
 Soldering & desoldering practice
 (a) To Design & fabricate a PCB for a Regulated power supply.
(b) Assemble the Regulated power supply using PCB and test it
 To study and plot the characteristics of following OptoElectronic devices
a.  LED 
b.  LDR 
c.  Photovoltatic cell 
d.  Optocoupler 
e.  Photo diode B 
f.  Photo transistor 
 To study the specifications and working of a Transistor radio kit and perform measurements on it..
 To study the specifications and working of a Tape Recorder kit.
 Coil winding and testing.
5AI 1 FIELD THEORY
UNIT 1 : ELECTROSTATICS – Introduction to Vector Analysis. Gradient. Divergence and Curl, Divergence & Stoke theorems. Electric field intensity & flux density. Electric field due to various charge configurations, Gauss’s law. Poisson’s and Laplace’s equation and their solution. Uniqueness theorem UNIT 2 : MAGNETOSTATICS – Magnetic flux, Magnetic field intensity, flux density & magnetization, Current element, Faraday’s Law of Induction. BioSavart’s law, Ampere’s circuit law, differential form, application of EM waves, continuity equation.
UNIT 3 : TIME VARYING FIELDS – Maxwell’s equations. Uniform plane wave in free space, dielectrics and conductors, skin effect, Pointing vector, General solution of uniform plane wave equation.
UNIT 4 : TRANSMISSION LINES – Types of transmission lines, general transmission line equation, line constant, equivalent circuits, infinite line, and reflection on a line, Input impedance, SWR of line with different type of terminations. Distortion less and dissipation less lines, Transmission lines at audio and radio frequencies, Losses in transmission line, characteristics of quarter wave, half wave and other lengths.
UNIT 5 : TRANSMISSION LINE APPLICATIONS – Smith chart and its application., Impedance matching network. Single & double Stub matching. Measurement of parameters of transmission line, measurement of attenuation, insertion loss, reflection coefficient and standing wave ratio.
BOOKS
 Engineering Electromagnetics, (With Cd), Hayt, TMH
 Electromagnetics (Sie) (Schaum’s Outlines Series), Edminister, TMH
 Electromagnetics With Applications, Jd Kraus, TMH
 Electromagnetic Field Theory And Transmission Lines, Raju, Pearson
 Field & Wave Electromagnetic, Cheng, Pearson
 Elements Of Engineering Electromagnetics, Rao, Pearson
 Electromagnetic For Engineers, Ulaby, Pearson
 Fundamentals Of Electromagnetics For Engineers, Rao, Pearson
UNIT 1 : OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Basic differential amplifier analysis, Single ended and double ended configurations ,Opamp configurations with feedback, Opamp parameters, Inverting and NonInverting configuration, Comparators, Adder.
UNIT 2 : OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS: Integrator, Differentiator, Voltage to frequency & Frequency to voltage converters.
Oscillators: Phase shift, Wien bridge, Quadrature, square wave, triangular wave, sawtooth oscillators. Voltage controlled oscillators.
UNIT 3 : ACTIVE FILTERS: Low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject filters,All pass filter, Switched capacitor filter, Butterworth filter design, Chebyshev Filter design.
UNIT 4 : PHASELOCKED LOOPS: Operating Principles of PLL, Linear Model of PLL, Lock range, Capture range, Applications of PLL as FM detector, FSK demodulator, AM detector, frequency translator, phase shifter, tracking filter, signal synchronizer and frequency synthesizer, Building blocks of PLL, LM 565 PLL.
UNIT 5 : LINEAR IC’s: Four quadrant multiplier & its applications, Basic blocks of linear IC voltage regulators, Three terminal voltage regulators, Positive and negative voltage regulators. The 555 timer as astable and monostable multivibrators. Zero crossing detector, Schmitt trigger.
BOOKS
 Linear Circuits (Includes Cd), Ramakalyan, Oxford
 Linear Circuit Analysis, Decarlo, Oxford
 Linear Integrated Circuits, Nair, Wiley
 Analysis And Design Of Analog Integrated Circuits, Gray, 5e, Wiley
 Analog Mos Integrated Circuits For Signal ProcessingGregorian, Gregorian, 1e, Wiley
 Linear Integrated Circuits, S Salivahanan, TMH
 Electronic Circuits: Discrete And Integrated, Donald Schilling, TMH
 OpAmps And Linear Integrated Circuits, Gayakwad, Ramakant A, PHI
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION – Types of Control systems, The basic elements of a Closed Loop and Open Loop Control Systems, Basic idea of servomechanism, Multivariable Control System, Sampled data Control System.
Mathematical Modeling of System : Mathematical representation of Physical system, Electrical Mechanical systems, Transfer function of linear systems, Evaluation of Transfer Function by using Block Diagram reduction Techniques and Signal flow graphs, Conversion of block diagram to signal flow Graph and vice versa.
UNIT 2 : CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS – Potentiometer, Synchros, L.V.D.T., A.C. Servomotors, D.C. & A.C. Tachogenerator, Mathematical modeling of D.C. Motors, Example of closed loop Systems using D.C. & A.C. servomotors, Synchros, Tachogenerators, etc.
UNIT 3 : TIME RESPONSE OF FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM – Time response, Typical standard test signal for the time response analysis, Transient and steady state response of 1st and 2nd order systems for various standard test signals, Performance Specification of 2nd Order System, Steady state error, Effects of derivative and integral controls on the transient performance, P.I., P.D. Controllers, Stability of linear control system, The RouthHurwitz criterion.
UNIT 4 : THE FREQUENCY RESPONSE METHOD – Frequency response of feedback control system, Frequency domain specifications, MP and WP for a second order system., Bode’s Plot, Magnitude versus phase plot
The Nyquist Criterion and Stability : Introduction, The Principle of argument, the Nyquist Path, Nyquist criterion and the G(s)H(s) Plot, Effects of additional poles and zeros of G(s)H(s) on Nyquist plot, Relative stability, gain margin, conditionally stable systems.
UNIT 5: THE ROOT LOCUS TECHNIQUE Introduction, Root Locii, construction of the Root Locus plot. Introduction to compensating networks: Lag, Lead and LagLead networks. Elementary concept of design using compensators.
BOOKS
 Control System Engineering, S Palani, TMH
 Control Systems, Manjita Srivastava, Mahesh Srivastava, Smriti Bhatnagar, TMH
 Schaum’s Outline Of Feedback And Control Systems, Allen Stubberud, Ivan Williams, Joseph Distefano, TMH
 Control Systems: Principles & Design, M. Gopal, TMH
 Control Systems Engineering, S. K. Bhattacharya, Pearson
 Design Feedback Controk System, Stefani, Oxford
 Systems And Control, Zak, Oxford
 Automatic Control Systems, B. C. Kuo, Wiley
 Control Systems Engg., Norman S. Nise, Wiley
 Control System, N.K.Sinha, New Age
 Control System Engineering, J.Nagrath, New Age
 Control System, Ghosh, Pearson
UNIT 1: NOISE EFFECTS IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: Resistor noise, Networks with reactive elements, Noise temperature, Noise bandwidth, effective input noise temperature, Noise figure. Noise figure & equivalent noise temperature in cascaded circuits.
UNIT 2 : AMPLITUDE MODULATION : Frequency translation, Recovery of base band signal, Spectrum & power relations in AM systems. Methods of generation & demodulation of AMDSB, AMDSB/SC and AMSSB signals. Modulation & detector circuits for AM systems. AM transmitters & receivers.
UNIT 3: FREQUENCY MODULATION : Phase & freq. modulation & their relationship, Spectrum & band width of a sinusoidally modulated FM signal, phasor diagram, Narrow band & wide band FM. Generation & demodulation of FM signals. FM transmitters & receivers.. Comparison of AM, FM & PM. Pre emphasis & deemphasis. Threshold in FM, PLL demodulator.
UNIT 4: NOISE IN AM AND FM: Calculation of signaltonoise ratio in SSBSC, DSBSC, DSB with carrier, Noise calculation of square law demodulator & envelope detector. Calculation of S/N ratio in FM demodulators, Super heterodyne receivers.
UNIT 5: PULSE ANALOG MODULATION : Practical aspects of sampling: Natural and flat top sampling. PAM, PWM, PPM modulation and demodulation methods, PAMTDM.
BOOKS
 Modern Digital & Analog Communication Systems, Lathi, Oxford
 Analog Communication, Chandrasekhar, Oxford
 An Introduction To Analog & Digital Communications, Haykins, Wiley
 Digital And Analog Communication Systems, Shanmugam, Wiley
 Communications Systems, 4ed, Haykins, Wiley
 Principles Of Communication Systems, Herbert Taub, Donald Schilling, Goutam Saha, TMH
 Communication Systems, R Singh, S. Sapre, TMH
 Analog Communication, K. N. Hari Bhat, Pearson
 Digital & Analog Communication Systems, Leon W. Couch, Pearson
5AI 5 BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION
UNIT 1 : HUMAN BODY SUBSYSTEMS: Brief description of neural, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems; their electrical, mechanical and chemical activities.
TRANSDUCERS AND ELECTRODES: Principles and classification of transducers for Biomedical applications, Electrode theory, different types of electrodes, Selection criteria for transducers and electrodes.
UNIT 2: BIOPOTENTIALS: Electrical activity of excitable cells, ENG, EMG, ECG, ERG, EEG. Neuron potential.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS: Measurement of blood pressure, blood flow, cardiac output, cardiac rate, heart sounds, Electrocardiograph, phonocardiograph, Plethysmograph, Echocardiograph.
UNIT 3 : INSTRUMENTATION FOR CLINICAL LABORATORY: Measurement of pH valve of blood, ESR measurement, hemoglobin measurement, O_{2} and CO_{2} concentration in blood, GSR measurement. Instrumentation for clinical laboratory: Spectrophotometry, chromatography, Hematology, Measurement of pH value, concentration in blood.
MEDICAL IMAGING: Diagnostic Xrays, CAT, MRI, thermography, Ultrasonography, medical use of isotopes, endoscopy.
UNIT 4: PATIENT CARE, MONITORING AND SAFETY MEASURES: Elements of Intensive care monitoring basic hospital systems and components, physiological effect of electric current shock hazards from electrical equipment, safety measures, Standards & practices.
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND BIOTELEMETRY: Real time computer applications, data acquisition and processing, remote data recording and management.
UNIT 5: THERAPEUTIC AND PROSTHETIC DEVICES: Introduction to cardiac pacemakers, defibrillators, ventilators, muscle stimulators, diathermy, heart lung machine, Hemodialysis, Applications of Laser.
BOOKS
 Medical Instrumentation: Application And Design, 3ed,Webster ,Wiley
 Biomedical Signal Processing, D Reddy ,TMH
 Medical Instrumentation Application And Design,John G. Webster,Oxford
 Advanced Methods of Biomedical Signal Processing,Sergio Cerutti, Oxford.
 Medical and Clinical Engineering, Jacobson,B.Webster,J.G.Prentice Hall,International.
 Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, Cromwelletal,Prentice Hall, International.
 Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentiation, R.S.KhandupurTata McGraw Hill.
 Introduction of Biomedical Equipments, CarrPearson Education.
5AI 6.1 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCITON – Introduction, Engineering applications of optimization, Statement and Classification of optimization problems, Single variable and multivariable optimization with and without constraints.
UNIT 2 : LINEAR PROGRAMMING – Formations of Linear Programming, Problem, Graphical approach, General Linear Programming Problem, Simplex Method, duality in Linear Programming and Transportation Problems.
UNIT 3 : PROJECT SCHEDULING – Project scheduling by PERT and CPM. Network Analysis.
UNIT 4 : SEQUENCING THEORY – General sequencing problems – NJobs through 2 machines and 3 machines & 2Jobs through Mmachines.
UNIT 5 : DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING – Introduction, Principles of optimality, Formulation and solution of Dynamic Programming problems, Traveling salesman’s problems. Applications to Transportation problems and Linear programming problems.
BOOKS
 Hiller and Lieberman, Introduction to Operation Research (Seventh Edition) Tata McGrawHill Publishing Company Ltd.
 Ravindren Philips and Solberg, Operation Research Principles and Practice (Second Edition) John Wiley & Sons.
5AI6.2 ANALYTICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL INSTRUMENTATION
UNIT 1 : SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS Absorption and reflection techniques, Atomic techniques emission, absorption and flourescence, Xray spectroscopy, Photo acoustic spectroscopy, Microwave spectroscopy, Mass spectrometers
.UNIT 2 : GAS ANALYSIS – Infrared and ultraviolet absorption analyzers, Paramagnetic oxygen analyzers, Thermal conductivity analyzers and Chemiluminescence analyzers.
.UNIT 3 : CHROMATOGRAPHY Paper and thin layer chromatography. Basic parts of gas chromatography, Types of columns, Detection systems thermal conductivity, Flame ionization, Electron capture detector. Types of liquid chromatography, Liquid chromatography, Column and detection systems.
UNIT 4 : ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION MONITORING Air pollutants, Air pollution monitoring instruments carbon mono oxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbon & ozone. Smoke monitor, Dust monitor, Visible emission monitoring system.
UNIT 5 : LIQUID ANALYSIS PH meter, Conductivity meter, Analyzers for measurement of ammonia, silica, sodium and dissolved oxygen. Applications in industries.
BOOKS
 Instrumentation technology, Jones E.B.
 Mechanical & Industrial Measurements, Jain R.K., Khanna Publications,
 Handbook of Analytical Instruments, Khandpur R.S.,Tata McGraw Hill.
 Principles of instrumental Analysis, Douglas A Skoog, Sounder College Publishing.
UNIT 1 : ELEMENTS OF INFORMATION THEORY – Measure of Information. Average Information. Entropy, Information Rate. Communication Channel. Discrete and Continuous channel, Shannon – Hartley Theorem and its Implications, Channel capacity, Gaussian channel, Bandwidth – S/N tradeoff.
UNIT 2 : INTRODUCTION OF CODING – Type of Errors. Types of codes, Error control coding. Methods of controlling errors.
UNIT 3 : LINEAR BLOCK AND BINARY CYCLIC CODES – Matrix decryption of linear block codes, Error detection and error correction capabilities of linear block codes. Hamming codes.
UNIT 4 : Structure of cyclic codes, encoding using an (nk) bit shift register, syndrome calculation, its error detection & correction, Special classes of cyclic codes: BCH.
UNIT 5: BURST AND CONVOLUTIONAL CODES Burst and random error correcting codes, Encoders for convolutional codes, Decoders for convolutional codes, performance of convolutional codes, performance of block codes in error correction & detection. Comparison of error rates in coded and uncoded transmission.
BOOKS
 R Bose, “Information Theory, Coding and Cryptography”, TMH
 Fred Halsall, “Multidedia Communications: Applications, Networks, Protocols and Standards”, Perason Education Asia
 K Sayood, “Introduction to Data Compression” 3/e, Elsevier
 S Gravano, “Introduction to Error Control Codes”, Oxford University Press
 Amitabha Bhattacharya, “Digital Communication”, TMH
 Study of OPAMP (741 IC) characteristics/parameters:
(a) Input Impedance
(b) Out put impedance
(c) Offset voltage
(d) Bias current
(e) Slew rate
(f) CMRR
(g) SVRR
(h) Gain band with product
(i) Power consumption
(j) Transient/frequency response (k) Stability
 To Design, Assemble & Test Inverting & noninverting Amplifier.
 To Design, Assemble & Test Differentiator & integrator Circuit.
 To Design, Assemble & Test summer, difference& Averaging Amplifiers.
 To Design, Assemble & Test Wein Bridge& phase shift Oscillators.
 To Design, Assemble & Test following Active filters
(a) High pass (b) Low pass (c) Notch filter
 To Design, Assemble & Test wave form generators
(a) Square wave (b) saw tooth
 To Design, Assemble & Test Timer circuit using 555 IC.
 To Study & Measurement of Liner PLL parameters.
 To Study & Measurement of parameters for digital PLL
 To Design of FM demodulator using PLL (565).
 Designing of RPS using OPAMP &testing of
(a) Load regulation (b) Line regulation
5AI8 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LAB
 Harmonic analysis of a square wave of a modulated wave form.
 Observe the Amplitude modulated wave form & measure modulation index and observe demodulation of AM signal.
 Generation of DSB – SC signal and demodulation of the signal.
 To modulate a sinusoidal signal with high frequency carrier to obtain FM signal and demodulate the FM signal.
 To observe the following in a transmission line demonstrator kit :
(a) The propagation of pulse in non reflecting transmission line.
(b) The effect of losses in transmission line.
(c) Transmission with standing waves on a Transmission line.
(d) The resonance characteristics of a halfwave length long Xmission line.
 (a) To observe the operation of sampling and sample & hold circuits.
(b) To study the effect of sampling time (sampling pulse width).
(c) To study the effects of changing the sampling frequency.
 To study & observe the operation of a super heterodyne receiver.
 To study & observe the amplitude response of automatic gain controller (AGC action).
(a) Modulate a pulse carrier with sinusoidal signal to obtain PAM, PWM & PPM signal & demodulate it.
(b) To design assemble & test an Envelope Demodulator.
 Study of instrumentation symbols as per Beauro of Indian standards.
 Study of various recorders:
(a) Stripchart Recorder (b) XY Recorder
 To design, Assemble& test Instrumentation Amplifier.
 To design, Assemble & Test Logarithmic Amplifier.
 To design, Assemble & test seven segment display unit.
 To design, Assemble & Test sample & Hold circuit.
 To design, Assemble & test charge amplifier & Signal conditioning circuit for piezoelectric transducers.
 To study and test the performance of different choppers.
 To design, Assemble & Test chopper Stabilized Amplifier
 To Measure Period Frequency & time interval using Universal digital Counter.
 To study and test the characteristics of a phase sensitive detector.
 To study and test voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converters.
5AI10 HUMANITIES
UNIT 1 : INDIA Brief History of Indian Constitution framing, features, fundamental rights, duties, directive principles of state. History of Indian national movement, Socio economic growth after independence.
UNIT 2 : SOCIETY – Social Groups Concepts and types, socialization concept and theory, social control; concept, social problem in contemporary India, status and role.
UNIT 3 : THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Meaning, definition and importance of economics, Logic of choice, Central Economic Problems, Positive and Normative approaches, economic systems, socialism and capitalism.
UNIT 4 : MICROECONOMICS Law of demand and supply, Utility approach, Indifference curves, Elasticity of demand & supply and applications, Consumer surplus, Law of returns to factors and returns to scale. UNIT 5 : MACRO ECONOMICS Concept relating to national productNational income and its measurement, Simple Keynesian theory, Simple multiplier, Money and banking, Meaning, Concept of international trade, Determination of exchange rate, Balance of payments. Characteristics of Indian Economy.
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION – General concepts and terminology. Laws, Languages and levels of process control.
OPEN LOOP RESPONSE OF SIMPLE SYSTEMS: Response of a thermometer bulb, Concentration response of a stirred tank. Temperature response of a stirred tank. Linearization and perturbation variables. Response of pressure systems. Response of noninteracting first order elements in series and response of interacting elements in series.
UNIT 2 : TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF CONTROL SYSTEM – General equations for transient response. Proportional control of single and two capacity process, Integral control, PI control. Effect of measurement lag and time delay.
LEVEL CONTROL: Level as a major variable. Averaging control, Tank dynamics, Measurement lag, Performance of averaging controllers.
UNIT 3 : FLOW CONTROL Process lag, Measurement lag, Effect of transmission lag on flow control, Control with noisy signal, Non linear ties in flow systems.
CONTROL OF HEAT EXCHANGERS: Dynamics of steam heated exchangers, Control schemes, Measurement lag, Response of filled bulbs, Bulbs in wells, Thermocouple response, Resistance thermometers. Reducing the measurement lag.
UNIT 4 : CONTROL OF DISTILLATION COLUMN Basic features of composition control schemes. Control of overhead composition, Bottom composition and both product compositions, Location of sensing element, Control of columns with varying feed rates, Pressure control, Control of feed temperature and internal reflux control.
UNIT 5 : ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEM – Cascade control, Feed forward control concept, Ratio control, Non linear and adaptive control, Value position control, Override control, Laplace domain analysis of cascade control, Feed forward control, Process with inverse response.
OPTIMUM CONTROLLER SETTINGS Optimum settings from the plant response, Continuous cycling methods, Damped oscillation method, Reaction curve method.
BOOKS
 Fundaments Of Industrial Instrumentation And Process Control ,Willium Dunn,TMH
 Process Systems Analysis And Control,Donald Coughanowr,TMH
 Process/Industrial Instruments And Control Hand Book,Gregory Mcmillan,TMH
 Process Control – Principles And Applications,Bhanot,Oxford
 Process Dynamics Control ,Dale E. Seborg,Oxford
 Advanced Process Control: Beyond Single Loop Control,Cecil Smith,Oxford
UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION – Continuous time and discrete time systems, Properties of systems. Linear time invariant systems – continuous time and discrete time. Properties of LTI systems and their block diagrams. Convolution, Discrete time systems described by difference equations.
UNIT 2 : FOURIER SERIES REPRESENTATION OF SIGNALS – Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signal & its properties, Fourier series representation of Discrete periodic signal & its properties, Continuous time filters & Discrete time filters described by Diff. equation.
UNIT 3 : FOURIER TRANSFORM The continuous time Fourier transform for periodic and nonperiodic signals, Properties of CTFT. Discrete time Fourier transform for periodic and nonperiodic signals. Properties of DTFT. The convolution and modulation property.
UNIT 4 : ZTRANSFORM & LAPLACE TRANSFORM – Introduction, The region of convergence for the Ztransform. The Inverse Ztransform. Two dimensional Ztransform. Properties of Ztransform. Laplace transform, Application of Laplace transform to system analysis.
UNIT 5 : SAMPLING – Mathematical theory of sampling. Sampling theorem. Ideal & Real sampling. Interpolation technique for the reconstruction of a signal from its samples. Aliasing. Sampling in freq. domain. Sampling of discrete time signals.
BOOKS
 Principles Of Linear Systems And Signals, 2e (Intl. Version), Lathi 2nd, Oxford
 Signal & Systems 3e, Chen 3rd, Oxford
 Fundamentals Of Signals And Systems, Wiley
 Signals And Systems, P Rao, TMH
 Signals And Systems: A Simplified Approach, Ganesh Rao, 4e, Pearson
 Signals And Systems: Continuous And Discrete, Roger E Ziemer, 4e, PHI
 Signals And Systems, Ravi Kumar, PHI
6AI 3 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS
UNIT 1: SEMICONDUCTOR POWER DEVICES – Basic characteristics & working of Power Diodes, Diac, SCR, Triac, Power Transistor, MOSFETs, IGBT, and GTO.
UNIT 2: RECTIFIERS & INVERTERS – Working principles of single and three phase bridge rectifiers, Voltage and current source inverters.
UNIT 3: POWER SUPPLIES – Principle of operation of choppers. Step up, Step down and reversible choppers. High frequency electronic ballast, Switch Mode Power Supply: Fly back converter, forward/buck converter, Boost converter and buckboost converter. Uninterruptible Power Supply.
UNIT 4: MOTOR CONTROL – Introduction to speed co
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