# RTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 3rd Semester

**STRENGTH OF MATERIALS–I **

Unit-1

Simple Stresses and Strains: Concept of stress and strain in three dimensions and generalized Hooke’s law; Young’s modulus; Tension test of mild steel and other materials: true and apparent stress, ultimate strength, yield stress and permissible stress;stresses in prismatic & non prismatic members and in composite members; Thermal stresses; Shear stress, Shear strain, Modulus of rigidity, Complementary shear stress; Poisson’s ratio, Volumetric strain, Bulk modulus, relation between elastic constants; Stresses in composite members, Compatibility condition

Unit-2

Compound Stress: Two dimensional stress system: stress resultant, principal planes and principal stresses, state of pure shear maximum shear stress, Mohr’s circle & it’s application.

Moment of Inertia: Polar and product moment of inertia, Principal axes and principal moment of inertia

Unit-3

Columns: Short and long columns, slenderness ratio, crushing and buckling of column, short column subjected to axial and eccentric loads; Euler’s theory and its limitation, concept of effective length of columns; Rankine & Secant formulae. Membrane Analysis: Stress and strain in thin cylindrical & spherical shells under internal pressures.

Unit-4

Bending of Beams: Types of supports, support reactions, determinate and indeterminate structures, static stability of plane structures. Bending moment, Shear force and Axial thrust diagrams for statically determinate beams subjected o various types of loads and moments, Point of Contra-flexure, relation between load, SF and BM

Unit-5

Theory of simple bending: Distribution of bending and shear stresses for simple and composite sections.

Text Books :

1. Mechanics of Structures Vol. I & II by S.B Junarkar, Charotar Publishing House, Anand.

2. Strength of Materials & Mechanics of Structures: Vol. I, II by Dr. B.C. Punmia Laxmi Publications (p) Ltd.

Reference Books :

1. Strength of Material by Singer and Pytel, Harper Collins Publishers.

2. Elements of Strength of Materials by Timoshenko & Young, Mc Graw Hill Book Co.

3. Mechanics of Structures by Timoshenko & Gere, CBS Publishers and Distributers.

**CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS**

Unit-1

Introduction to objective, scope and outcome of the subject. Stones: Source and types of stones, various standard test on building stones including compressive strength, water absorption, durability, impact value, tensile strength. Identification, Selection criteria and uses of common building stones. Dressing of stones.

Unit-2

Clay Products : Manufacturing of Bricks. Types and properties of bricks and their determination as per IS code such as water absorption, compressive strength, effloresces, dimension and tolerance test. Types of Tiles, Standard tests for tiles as per IS code such as water absorption, tolerance, impact value, glazing. Fly Ash: Properties, classification, use of fly-ash in manufacturing of bricks & cement.

Unit-3

Cement & Lime : Raw materials, chemical composition and manufacturing process of cement. Basic compounds (Bouge’s compounds) of cement and their role, types of cement. Setting and hardening of cement, physical properties of cement, Various standard tests on Portland cements, as per IS code including consistency, setting time, fineness, soundness and strength.

Lime: Classification as per IS, Manufacturing process, properties, standard tests of lime. Use of lime in construction. Gypsum, properties and use, Plaster of Perris.

Unit-4

Mortar and Plaster: types of sand, bulking of sand, tests for sand, classification, mortar preparation methods: Functions and tests & their uses in various types pointing & plastering.

Timber & Steel: Definitions of related terms, classifications and properties, defects in wood, conversion of wood, seasoning, preservation, fire proofing, Ply woods, fiber boards,. Steel: properties, types mild steel and HYSD steel and their use, common tests on steel various types of paints and Varnishes; white wash and distempers and their application. .

Unit-5

Environmental friendly Building material: Concept of embodied energy of materials, energy used in transportation and construction process. Natural material like bamboo, rammed earth, stones, stabilized blocks; supplementary cementious materials like blast furnace slag, silica fume, rice husk ash,; building materials from agro and industrial wastes.

Miscellaneous: Properties, types and uses of glass, aluminum, Asbestos, G.I., plastics in construction.

Text Books :

1. Building Materials by Prabin singh; S.K.Kataria & Sons., 2012

Reference Books :

1 “Affordable Housing” by B.N. Moolchandani, Published by Indian Building Congress, Delhi.

2 Building Materials:Products, Properties and Systems by Ghambir,Tata Mc Graw Hill, Delhi

3 Construction Materials: Their nature & Behaviour by J.M. Illston; E& FN Spon

4 Building Materials by S. Duggal; New Age International Publishers.

5 Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers, by Michale, S .Mamlouk and Jhon P.Zaniewski, Pearson Noida.

**ENGINEERING GEOLOGY**

Unit-1

General Geology: Branches and Scope of Geology, Internal Structure of the Earth, Types of Weathering & Geological work of natural agencies like River & Wind. Geological Time Scale. Physical Properties of Minerals.

Unit-2

Petrology: Formation, Texture, Structure and Classification of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks. Engineering Properties of Rocks for Building & Road Material. Laboratory and Field & in-situ Test for Site Construction.

Unit-3

Structural Geology: Causes, Terminology, Classification, Recognition, Effects and Engineering consideration of Fold, Fault, Joints and Unconformities. Dip & Strike Problems.

Unit-4

Engineering Geology: Geophysical methods as applied to Civil Engineering for Subsurface Analysis (Electrical and Seismic methods). Terminology, Types and Geological consideration for site selection of Dam & Tunnel.

Unit-5

Remote Sensing & GIS: Remote Sensing & GIS System, Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Energy Interactions with Earth’s Surface Materials, Remote Sensing Platforms & Sensor’s Characteristics. Application, Advantages and Limitations of Remote Sensing and GIS in Various fields of Civil Engineering.

Text Books :

1. Parbin Singh-A Text Book of Engineering & General Geology- S.K.Kataria & sons

Reference Books :

1. S.K.Garg- Physical & Engineering Geology- Khanna Publishers

2. N Chenna Kesavulu- A Text book of Engineering Geology- Macmillan India Ltd.

3. M.T.Maruthesha Reddy- A Text book of Applied Engineering Geology- New Age International Publisher

4. Remote Sensing and GIS: B.Bhatta- Oxford Publishers.

**CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY **

Unit-1

Introduction to objective, scope and outcome of the subject. Building Requirements & Construction System: Building components, their functions and requirements, types of construction, load bearing construction and framed structure construction. Lift slab construction. Prefabricated/precast construction; advantages & disadvantage of prefabrication.

Temporary structures: Types & methods of shoring, underpinning and scaffolding. Foundation & Site Preparation: Purpose, types of foundation, depth of foundation, Sequence of construction activity and co-ordination, site clearance, marking, foundation plan,

Brick and Stone Masonry : Basic principle of sound masonry work, different types of bonds, relative merits merit and demerits of English, single Flemish and double Flemish bond. Comparison between stone and brick masonry. General principles, classification of stone masonry

Unit-2

Damp Proofing: Causes of dampness, effects of dampness methods and material for damp proofing DPC treatment in buildings, methods and materials for anti termite treatment.

Joints : Requirements, types and material used, construction details. Grouting of Joints of Precast reinforced Concrete Structures.

Arches and Lintels : Terms used, types of arches and their construction detail, types of lintels and constructions. thin precast RCC lintels in Brick walls.

Partition Wall : Types, purpose and use of partition wall.

Stairs : Terms used, requirements of good staircase, classification, construction details and suitability of different types of stairs, lifts and lamps.

Unit-3

Fabrication and Erection Work : Fabrication of Structural steel at slopes and sites, Handling and transportation of units to be erected, Erection of Fabricated steel structures, Prefabricated/precast construction; relative advantages & disadvantage and various precast units & Erection of Precast reinforced Concrete Structures.

Ground & Upper floors : Floor components and their junctions, selection of flooring and floor types, construction details of ground and upper floors, merits and demerits

Roof and Roof Covering : Purposes, classification of roofs, terms used, types of pitched roofs, trussed roofs specially king port, queen port, steel roof trusses, details of steel roof trusses, method of construction, roof covering materials for pitched roofs. Thin R.C. ribbed slab for floors & roofs. Precast R.C. plank flooring/roofing.

Unit-4

Advance Construction Equipments Different types of construction equipments viz. Earth moving equipments & their outputs, Dewatering equipments, Pumping equipments, Grouting equipments, Pile Driving equipments, Compaction equipments, Concreting equipments.

Unit-5

Equipment Management in Construction Projects Forecasting equipment requirements, Output and capacity of equipments, Selection of equipments, Spare-parts management, Owning Costs- investment costs, depreciation, major repair cost, Operation Cost & Its types. Investment Cost, Cost of Repairs, Overheads Cost accounting, Break-even point theory, Replacement of equipment. Maintenance management-types of maintenance, breakdown maintenance, preventive maintenance & its functions.

Text Books :

1. Construction Equipments & Management by R.L. Purifoy, Tata Mc Graw Hill.

Reference Books :

1. Construction Technology by Subir K. Sarkar & Subhajit Saraswati, Oxford University Press

2. Building Construction by Bindra & Arora; Dahnpat Rai & Sons.

3. Construction Equipments by Mahesh Verma, Metropolitan Book Co.

4. Construction Equipments and its Management by S.C.Sharma, Prentice Hall of India (PHI).

**FLUID MECHANICS **

Unit-1

Fluids: Definition, Ideal fluids, real fluids, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Properties of Fluids: Units of measurement, Mass density, Specific weight, Specific volume, Specific Gravity, Viscosity, Surface tension and Capillarity, Compressibility and Elasticity.

Unit-2

Hydrostatics : Pressure at a point in a static fluid; pressure variation in an incompressible static fluid; atmospheric pressure, Gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, absolute pressure, Manometers Bourdon pressure gauge.

Buoyancy: Forces acting on immersed plane surface. Centre of pressure, forces on curved surfaces. Conditions of equilibrium for floating bodies, meta-centre and met centric height experimental and analytical determination of met centric height.

Unit-3

Equilibrium of Fluid particles and flow: Fluid mass subjected to horizontal and vertical acceleration and uniform rotation.

Hydro-kinematics : Types of Flows : Steady and unsteady, uniform and non- uniform, stream lines, path lines, stream tubes, principles of conservation of mass, equation of continuity, acceleration of fluid particles local and connective, Rotational and irrational motions, free and forced vortex, circulation and voracity velocity potential and stream function, elementary treatment of flow net. Euler’s equations of motion and integration of Euler’s equations, Bernoulli’s equation for incompressible Fluids, assumptions in Bernoulli’s equation, Energy correction factor.

Applications of Bernoulli’s equation: Pitot tube, Venturimeter, orifice meter, orifices & mouth pieces, time of emptying of tanks by orifices, sharp edged rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal notches, Francis formula. Velocity of approach. End contractions Cippoletti Weir, time of emptying reservoirs by weirs.

Unit-4

Momentum Equation and its Application: Development of momentum equation by control volume concept, Momentum correction factor, applications – Borda’s mouth pieces, sudden enlargement of flow, pressure on flat plates, Nozzles.

Unit-5

Flow Through Pipes: Laminar flow, Reynolds experiment, transition from laminar to turbulent flow. Turbulent Flow : Laws of fluid friction, friction factor Moodys diagram, loss of head due to friction and other causes. Hydraulic gradient, total energy line Chezy’s, Darcy’s and Manning’s formula, flow through parallel pipes and pipes in series, flow through branched pipes. Flow along a bypass. Power transmission through pipe, condition for maximum Elementary water hammer concept.

Text Books :

1. Fluid Mechanics by Modi & Seth, Standard Publishers, Delhi.

Reference Books :

1-Fluid Mechanics by Dr. K.R. Arora, Standard Publishers and Distributers, Delhi.

2. Fluid Mechanics by H.M.Raghunath, CBS Publishers and Distributers.

3. Fluid Mechanics & Machinery by C.S.P.Ojha, R.Berndtsson and P.N.Chandramauli, Oxford Publishers, Delhi.

**ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS**

Unit-1

Fourier Series & Z Transform – Expansion of simple functions in fourier series. Half range series, Change of intervals, Harmonic analysis. Introduction, Properties, Inverse Z Transform.

Unit-2

Laplace Transform – Laplace transform with its simple properties. Unit step function, Dirac delta function their Laplace transforms, Inverse Laplace, transform – convolution theorem, applications to the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to wave and diffusion equations.

Unit-3

Fourier Transform – Complex form of Fourier Transform and its inverse, Fourier sine and cosine transform and their inversion. Applications of Fourier Transform to solution of partial differential equations having constant co- efficient with special reference to heat equation and wave equation.

Unit-4

Numerical Analysis: Difference operation Forward backward and central, shift and average operators and relation between them. Newton’s forward and backward differences interpolation formulae. Sterling’s formulae, Lagrange’s interpolation formula. Numerical differentiation and integration. Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s one third and one eighth rule.

Unit-5

Numerical integration: Numerical integration of ordinary differential equations of first order, Picards method, Euler’s method & Modified Euler’s Method, Mille’s method and Ranga Kutta fourth order method.

Reference Books :

1. Engineering Maths Vol-I by Chandrika Prasad, Standard Publishers and Distributers.

Vol-II by Chandrika Prasad, Standard Publishers and Distributers.

2. Higher Engineering Maths by Gaur & Kaul, Jaipur Publishing House.

**CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIAL LAB **

1. Identification of Materials by Visual Inspection

2. To determine Normal Consistency, Initial & Final setting time, Specific Gravity, fineness & compressive strength of Cement (IS: 269-1967)

3. To Study the Utilization of Fly Ash

4. To Study the Procedure for Testing of Stone

5. To Study the Fiber Reinforced Concrete

6. To Study the Properties and Use Of Different Glasses

7. To Study the Different Aluminum and Steel Sections

8. To Study the Manufacture and Use of Concrete Hollow Blocks

9. To Determine Compressive and Tensile Strength of Timber Parallel and Perpendicular to Grain

10. To Study the Properties and Uses of Kota Stone

11. To determine the Water Absorption and Tolerance Limit of Bricks

**ENGINEERING GEOLOGY LAB**

1. Physical Properties of Minerals

2. Physical Properties of Rocks

3. Identification of Minerals in Hand Specimen

4. Identification of Rocks in Hand Specimen

5. Identification of Geological features through wooden Models

a) Structural Geological Diagrams b) Petrological Diagrams c) Engineering Geological Diagrams

6. Interpretation of Geological Map (10 Nos.)

7. Dip & Strike Problems (8 Nos.)

**BUILDING DRAWING-I**

Building Components-

1. Drawing of walls

i. Brick and Stone masonry

ii. Partition wall, cavity wall and cross section of external wall

2. Pointing, Arches, Lintels and Floors

3. Doors and Windows

4. Stairs, Cross section of Dog legged stairs

5. Roofs: Flat and Inclined (Steel)

6. Foundations for Masonry Structures and Framed Structures, Provision of Damp Proof Course

Building Planning –

1. Development of Front Elevation and Sectional Elevation from a given plan

2. Development of Plan, Front Elevation and Sectional Elevation from line diagram

**FLUID MECHANICS LAB**

1. To verify the Bernoulli’s theorem.

2. To calibrate the Venturimeter.

3. To calibrate the Orificmeter.

4. To determine Metacentrie Height.

5. To determine Cc, Cv, Cd of an orifice.

6. To determine Cd of a mouthpiece.

7. To determine Cd of a V-notch.

8. To determine viscosity of a given fluid.

9. Bye Pass.

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