NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science | 10th Social Science

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science

The NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Social science is accurate as per the CBSE syllabus. History, Political Science, Geography, and Economics are parts of Social Science. This provides very important questions and solutions for each subject. The CBSE conducts the class 10 Social Science Board examinations. CBSE class 10 board exams are important so as to decide the next step ahead. Some students like to opt for vocational courses and some into the stream of Math or Science. Therefore, it is essential to score a better percentage.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science

NCERT experts have created solutions based on the latest CBSE Guidelines. It comprises all chapters from the 10th CBSE Social Science Textbooks. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is a self-governing organization of the Indian government that provides the curriculum for CBSE and some state board schools in India.

CBSE 10th Social Science Solutions will help you to clear your doubts about any questions from the CBSE 10th Social Science textbooks.  These CBSE Social Science Solutions for Class 10 will also help you to revise the complete. In Class 10 Social Science Solutions, you will get the chapter-wise solutions for four subjects:

Geography (Contemporary India – II)

Political Science (Democratic Politics -II)

Economics (Understanding Economic Development)

History (India and The Contemporary World – II)

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter-wise listing

In NCERT Social Science solutions you will find the questions from the following chapters and their subtopics.

Class 10 Social Science History

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II


Learning Objectives

Section 1: Events and Processes:
1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation

The Making of Nationalism in Europe

The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848

The Making of Germany and Italy

Visualizing the Nation

Nationalism and Imperialism


2. Nationalism in India:

The First World War, Khilafat and Non – Cooperation

Differing Strands within the Movement

Towards Civil Disobedience

The Sense of Collective Belonging


Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies, and Societies: Anyone theme of the following:

3. The Making of a Global World:

The Pre-modern world

The Nineteenth Century global economy, colonialism)

The Interwar Economy (Great Depression)

Rebuilding the World Economy

4. The Age of Industrialization:

Before the Industrial Revolution

Hand Labour and Steam Power

Industrialization in the colonies

Factories Come Up

The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth

Market for Goods

Section 3: Everyday Life, Culture, and Politics:

5. Print Culture and the Modern World:

The First Printed Books

Print Comes to Europe

The Print Revolution and its Impact

The Reading Mania

The Nineteenth Century

India and the World of Print

Religious Reform and Public Debates

New Forms of Publication

Print and Censorship

Enable the learners to identify and comprehend the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation-states in Europe in the post-1830 period.

Establish the relationship and bring out the difference between European nationalism and anti-colonial nationalism.

Understand the way the idea of nationalism emerged and led to the formation of nation-states in Europe and elsewhere.

Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement.

Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.

Familiarize with the writings and ideas of different political groups and individuals.

Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian belongingness.

Show that globalization has a long history and point to the shifts within the process.

Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.

Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.


Familiarize with the Pro- to-Industrial phase and Early – factory system.

Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on the labor class.

Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries.

Identify the link between print culture and the circulation of ideas.

Familiarize with pictures, cartoons, extracts from propaganda literature, and newspaper debates on important events and issues in the past.

Understand that forms of writing have a specific history and that they reflect historical changes within society and shape the forces of change.

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II (55 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. Resources and Development:

Types of Resources

Development of Resources

Resource Planning in India

Land Resources

Land Utilization

Land Use Pattern in India

Land Degradation and Conservation Measures

Soil as a Resource

Classification of Soils

Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

2. Forest and Wildlife

Biodiversity or Biological Diversity

Flora and Fauna in India

Vanishing Forests

Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?

The Himalayan Yew in trouble

Conservation of forest and wildlife in India

Project Tiger

Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources

Community and Conservation

Note: The chapter ‘Forest and Wildlife’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

3. Water Resources:

Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management

Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management

Rainwater Harvesting

Note: The chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in the Board Examination.

4. Agriculture:

Types of farming

Cropping Pattern

Major Crops

Technological and Institutional Reforms

Impact of Globalization on Agriculture



5. Minerals and Energy Resources:

What is a mineral?

Mode of occurrence of Minerals

Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Minerals

Non-Metallic Minerals

Rock Minerals

Conservation of Minerals

Energy Resources

Conventional and Non-Conventional
Conservation of Energy Resources

6. Manufacturing Industries:

Importance of manufacturing

Contribution of Industry to National Economy

Industrial Location

Classification of Industries

Spatial distribution

Industrial pollution and environmental degradation

Control of Environmental Degradation

7. Life Lines of National Economy:

Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways


International Trade

Tourism as a Trade

Understand the importance of forests and wildlife in one environment as well as develop a concept towards the depletion of resources.

Comprehend the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation.

Explain the importance of agriculture in the national economy.

Identify various types of farming, and discuss the various farming methods; describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern.

Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.

Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability

Feel the need for their judicious utilization

Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities, which resulted due to the concentration of industries in some areas.

Discuss the need for planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.

Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world.

Understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.

Class 10 Social Science Political Science

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II (50 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. Power Sharing:

Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka

Why power sharing is desirable?

Forms of Power Sharing

2. Federalism

What is Federalism?

What makes India a Federal Country?

How is Federalism practiced?

Decentralization in India

Democracy and Diversity:

Case Studies of Mexico

Differences, similarities, and divisions

Politics of social divisions

Note: The chapter ‘Democracy and Diversity’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in the Board Examination.

Gender, Religion, and Caste:

Gender and Politics

Religion, Communalism, and Politics

Caste and Politics

5. Popular Struggles and Movements:

Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia

Mobilization and Organization

Pressure Groups and Movements

Note: The chapter ‘Popular Struggles and Movements’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in the Board Examination.

6. Political Parties:

Why do we need Political Parties?

How many Parties should we have?

National Political Parties

State Parties

Challenges to Political Parties

How can Parties be reformed?

7. Outcomes of Democracy:

How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?

Accountable, responsive and legitimate government

Economic growth and development

Reduction of inequality and poverty

Accommodation of social diversity

Dignity and freedom of the citizens

8. Challenges to Democracy:

Thinking about challenges

Thinking about Political Reforms

Redefining democracy

Note: The chapter ‘Challenges to Democracy’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

Familiarize with the centrality of power-sharing in a democracy.

Understand the working of spatial and social power-sharing mechanisms.

Analyze federal provisions and institutions.

Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.

Analyze the relationship between social cleavages and political competition with reference to the Indian situation.

Identify and analyze the challenges posed by communalism to Indian democracy.

Recognize the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics.

Develop a gender perspective on politics.

Understand the vital role of people’s struggle in the expansion of democracy.

Analyze party systems in democracies.

Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them, and reforms in the country.

Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of government.

Understand the causes for the continuation of democracy in India.

Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.

Reflect on the different kinds of measures possible to deepen democracy.

Promote active and participatory citizenship.

Class 10 Social Science Economics:

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development (50 Periods)


Learning Objectives

1. Development:

What Development Promises – Different people different goals

Income and other goals

National Development

How to compare different countries or states?

Income and other criteria

Public Facilities

Sustainability of development

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy:

Sectors of Economic Activities

Comparing the three sectors

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India

Division of sectors as organized and unorganized

Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

3. Money and Credit:

Money as a medium of exchange

Modern forms of money

Loan activities of Banks

Two different credit situations

Terms of credit

Formal sector credit in India

Self Help Groups for the Poor

4. Globalization and the Indian Economy:

Production across countries

Interlinking production across countries

Foreign Trade and the integration of markets

What is globalization?

Factors that have enabled Globalisation

World Trade Organisation

Impact of Globalization on India

The Struggle for a Fair Globalisation

5. Consumer Rights:

Note: Chapter 5 ‘Consumer Rights’ to be done as Project Work.

Familiarize yourself with concepts of macroeconomics.

Understand the rationale for overall human development in our country, which includes the rise of income, improvements in health, and education rather than income.

Understand the importance of quality of life and sustainable development.

Identify major employment generating sectors.

Reason out government investment in different sectors of the economy.

Understand money as an economic concept.

Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to-day life.

Explain the working of the Global Economic phenomenon.

Gets familiarized with the rights and duties as a consumer, and legal measures available to protect from being exploited in markets.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science and Benefits:

The CBSE Class 10 Social Science solutions are prepared in sync with the NCERT prescribed syllabus:

  • These solutions contain answers to all the questions chapter-wise.
  • The answers are explained in easy to understand pattern. Every student can follow these solutions.
  • These solutions are an absolute relief as they help in preparation for the examinations.
  • Students get an idea of elaborating an answer in an effective way, which helps in getting a better score.
  • These CBSE class 10 political science NCERT solutions to all the chapters make the students more comfortable and confident about their board examinations.

The class 10 NCERT solutions are beneficial to the Class 10 students, and it is highly recommended that the students follow these solutions once they finish the complete syllabus.

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