SSC GD Constable Selection Process 2021 | CBE, PET/PST & Medical Test

SSC GD Constable Selection Process

SSC GD Constable Selection Process: The authorized recruitment body namely – Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is responsible to conduct the SSC GD Constable Selection Process for all the aspirants in four stages.

SSC GD Constable Exam is also known as Staff Selection Commission General Duty Exam. It is a national-level exam that is conducted to select eligible candidates for the Constable post & Rifleman post (General Duty) for several divisions as per the defined hiring process.

So, it becomes quintessential for the candidate to be well-versed with the SSC GD Constable Selection Process 2021 and the Total Number of Rounds which we have discussed in the below section.

SSC GD Constable Selection Process

SSC GD Constable Selection Process comprises of the following stages:

  • Written test (CBE),
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET),
  • SSC GD Physical Test: PST (Physical Standard Test), &
  • SSC GD Medical Test.

The candidates who will qualify for the SSC GD Constable hiring process will work in several CAPF divisions like:

  • BSF (Border Security Force)
  • CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force)
  • CISF (Central Industrial Security Force)
  • ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police)
  • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
  • National Investigation Agency (NIA)
  • Rifleman

Here are the complete steps of the selection process of SSC GD Constable:

Written Test for SSC GD Constable Selection Process

The written test includes 100 objective-type questions of 100 marks which the candidates need to clear to get selected for the next stage. The candidates will get a +1 mark for each question & ¼ negative marks for each wrong answer.

The candidates who qualify for the written test will be selected for the medical test & document verification rounds.

The question paper for the SSC GD Constable Selection process is divided into the following 4 sections:

  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • English/Hindi
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics

The written test pattern will provide candidates with a better understanding of the exam. Here are the details of the written test:


Total No. of Questions

Total Marks


of the Exam

General Intelligence & Reasoning



90 minutes




General Knowledge & General Awareness



Elementary Mathematics






Note: The exam will be conducted in both Hindi and English languages.

PET (Physical Efficiency Test) / PST (Physical Standards Test): SSC GD Physical Test

It is the next step of the SSC GD Constable Selection Process. The candidates are shortlisted for physical tests such as PET & PST on the basis of their performance on the written test. The tests are conducted for males as well as female candidates. These tests are conducted to check the physical fitness of the candidates.

The candidates who qualify for the PST will be eligible for the PET. Both male & female candidates need to appear for the test i.e. a running race.

Details of the PST (Physical Standards Test)

Physical Standards Test






170 cm


157 cm



Expanded 80 cm

Minimum Expansion of 5 cm


Male & Female

Proportionate according to the height & medical standard for the candidates

Details of the PET (Physical Efficiency Test)

Candidates are tested for performance in a race in the PET. There are different performance criteria for male and female candidates and candidates from the country’s Ladakh region.

Pregnant women are disqualified from taking the PET. The details of the selection process for the PET are tabulated as under:


Rest of the Country

Ladakh Region


Race: 5km in 24 minutes 

Race: 1 mile in 6.5 minutes


Race: 1.6 km in 8.5 minutes

Race: 800 meters in 4 minutes

For the Race test, the candidates of the Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –

  • Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
  • Female: 800 meters in 4 minutes
  • Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.
  • Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of the chest, height, and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).

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Medical exam for SSC GD Constable Selection Process | SSC GD Medical Test

It is the last step of the SSC GD Constable Selection Process. The candidates who qualify for the written test & PET/PST exam, (if applicable) are eligible for the post of SSC GD Constable. In this stage, the document verification of candidates will also be performed.

They need to provide all the required documents along with the original certificates for verification purposes.                                

Details of the medical test in concern to SSC GD Constable Selection Process

Visual Acuity Unaided

Uncorrected Visual Acuity


Colour Vision


              Near Vision


          Distant Vision

Any kind of vision correction is not accepted even by glasses

CP – 2

Better Eye

Worse Eye

Better Eye

Worse Eye





SSC GD Constable Selection Process | Review Medical Examination (RME) 2021

In most cases, there is no option of complaint against the Recruiting Medical Officer’s or Initial Medical Examination’s findings. An appeal should be considered if a candidate produces a Medical Certificate as proof of a suspected error of judgment in the decision of the Initial Medical Board/ Recruiting Medical Officer who checked him/ her in the first instance, i.e. DME.

Such a Medical Certificate will not be accepted unless it is accompanied by a note from a Medical Officer from the Government District Hospital.

General Reasons for Rejection in the SSC GD Medical Exam

Candidates with any of the diseases or deformities listed below will be rejected. The following are the specifics:

Disease/ Deformity

Indication of any chronic disease like tuberculosis, syphilis, or other venereal diseases, rheumatoid/ any type of arthritis, hypertension, etc. 

Bronchial or laryngeal diseases like Asthma, chronic Tonsillitis & Adenoids, etc. 

Indication of valvular or another disease of the heart.

Generally impaired constitution, so as to impede efficient discharge of training/ duties. 

Low standard vision. 

Any degree of squint. 

Otitis media. 

Deafness, any degree of impaired hearing. 

Stammering, as specified later. 

Loss of/ decay of teeth resulting in a reduction of dental points below. 

Wearing of half or complete artificial denture.

Contraction or deformity of chest and deformity of joints. 

Abnormal curvature of the spine (exact nature, e.g., kyphosis, scoliosis, lordosis, etc. to be specified). 

Abnormal Gait. 

Wax (Ears) 

Deviated Nasal Septum. 

Undersized chest. 



Abnormal Blood Pressure. 

Overweight/ underweight. 

Endocrine disorders. 

Mental or nervous instability- evidence of nervous instability. 

Defective intelligence. 

Any type of hernia. 

‘Chronic skin disease like vitiligo, Leprosy, SLE, Eczema, Chronic extensive, Fungal dermatitis, etc. 

Any congenital abnormality, so as to impede efficient discharge of training/ duties. 

Anal fistula, hemorrhoids, and other anorectal diseases as specified later. 

Deformity of feet like Flat foot, Club foot, plantar warts, etc. 


Nystagmus/ Progressive Pterygium. 

Hydrocele/ Phimosis. 

Cubitus Varus/ Valgus. 

Polydactyly of hands/ feet. 

Undescended testis, atrophic testis, marked varicocele, testicular swellings. 

Varicose veins. Cases of Varicose veins, even if operated, are not to be accepted because the basic defect remains unchanged. 

Any evidence of implants in situ anywhere in the body will lead to rejection. 

In females, the carrying angle of more than 20º will lead to rejection on the ground of cubitus valgus. 


Per speculum and Per Vaginal examination are not to be performed in an unmarried candidate; however, an inspection of genitalia is to be done to rule out any obvious pathology. 

Evidence of major abnormalities or defects of the genitalia such as change of sex, hermaphroditism, pseudohermaphroditism, or gonadal dysgenesis or dysfunctional residuals even after surgical correction of these conditions is disqualifying. 

If a urine test for pregnancy is positive the candidate will be declared temporary unfit and will be re-examined 6 weeks after the pregnancy is over, either naturally or artificially, subject to the production of a medical certificate of fitness from a registered medical practitioner. 

Evidence of ovarian cyst or fibroid uterus or any other lump is disqualifying. 

Evidence of pelvic inflammatory disease is disqualifying. 

Congenital absence of uterus or enlargement due to any cause is disqualifying. 

Past medical history of diseases or injury of the spine or sacroiliac joints, either with or without objective signs which have prevented the candidate from following a physically active life. 

History of spinal fracture/ prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment.

Conditions detected radiologically during the medical exam

The granulomatous disease of the spine. 

Arthritidies/ spondylosis. 

Spondylolisthesis/ spondylolysis. 

Compression fracture of vertebrae.

Scheuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis).

Loss of cervical when associated with clinically restricted movements of the cervical spine. 

Unilateral/ Bilateral cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit. 

Scoliosis more than 15 degrees as measure by Cobb’s method. 

Presence of school’s nodes at more than one level. 

Atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.

Hemi vertebrae and/ or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae and more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine. 

Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralization or lumbarisation. 

Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist. 

Mild Kyphosis or Lordosis where the deformity is barely noticeable and there is no pain or restriction of movement will not preclude acceptance. 

In case of noticeable Scoliosis or suspicion of any other abnormality or spinal deformity, more than mild, appropriate X-rays of the spine are to be taken and the Examinee referred for specialist’s advice. 

A candidate should have no past history of mental breakdown or fits. 

The hearing should be normal. A candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms. in a quiet room. There should be no evidence of present or past disease of the ear, nose, and throat. Audiometric tests will be done for AF. Audiometric loss should not exceed +20 dB in frequencies between 250 Hz and 4000 Hz. There is no impediment to speech. 

There should be no signs of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessels. Blood pressure should be normal. 

There should be no enlargement of the liver or spleen. Any evidence of disease of internal organs of the abdomen will be a cause for rejection. 

Un-operated hernias will make a candidate unfit. In the case of Hernia which will be operated on, a minimum of 6 months must have passed prior to the final medical examination before commencement of the course. 

There should be no hydrocele, varicocele, or piles. 

Wear contact lenses or undergone LASIK or any kind of other eye surgery.

Urine examination will be done and any abnormality if detected will be a cause for rejection. 

Any disease of the skin which is likely to cause disability or disfigurement will also be a cause for rejection.

Conditions detected on X-ray examination

Granulomatous disease of the spine.

Arthritidies/ spondylosis. 

Scoliosis more than 15 degrees as measured by Cobb’s method. 

More than mild Kyphosis/ lordosis. 

Spondylolisthesis/ Spondylosis. 

Herniated nucleus pulposes. 

Compression fracture of Vertebra. 

Sacaralisation Disease. 

Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit. 

Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level. 

Atlanto-occipital, and atlantoaxial anomalies.

Incomplete Sacaralisation Unilateral or Bilateral. 

Spina Bifida other than SV1 and LV5 is completely sacralized. 

Any other abnormality, if so considered by the specialist. 

Get Other Highly Important Essentials for SSC GD Constable Exam

Must Read SSC GD Constable Syllabus and SSC GD Exam Pattern 2021

The students must check the SSC GD Constable Syllabus and Exam pattern to know the subjects and important topics that will be covered in the GD Exam so as to prepare accordingly. It will help in enhancing the students’ probability to score high.

We have covered a detailed guide on the SSC GD Constable Selection process 2021. If you have any queries related to SSC Exam, feel free to ask us in the comment section below.

FAQ’s Related To SSC GD Constable Selection Process

How many stages are there for the 2021 SSC GD Constable Selection Process?

There are four stages in the SSC GD Constable Selection Process 2021.

What are the subjects asked in the CBE Exam of the SSC GD Constable Selection Process?

The subjects asked in the CBE Exam of the SSC GD Constable Selection Process are:
General Intelligence and Reasoning,
General Knowledge & General Awareness,
Elementary Mathematics, and
English/ Hindi

Is the SSC GD Constable Selection Process difficult?

Yes. But with the help of proper SSC GD Study Materials, you can easily crack the exam.

Is there a minimum age requirement to apply for the SSC GD exam?

Yes, students must be between the ages of 18 and 25 to sit for the SSC GD test.

What are the SSC GD CBE qualifying marks?

The cut-off marks of SSC GD CBE are 35 percent for General, 30 percent for SC/ST/OBC/EWS, and 25 percent for ESM categories.

How is the final allocation of students done for the SSC GD Exam?

The final candidate selection is dependent on the candidates’ results in the SSC GD CBE. The PST/PET and medical assessment (if necessary) are also qualifying tests.

How many applicants for PE&MT/PET/PST have usually been selected?

Usually, the number of applicants shortlisted for PET/PST based on merit in SSC GD CBE is 10 times the number of vacancies.

What is the SSC’s official website?

The official site of the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) @

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