NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 Lost Spring PDF: The wonderful story Lost Spring is included in Chapter 2 of the NCERT CBSE Class 12 English book Flamingo. This Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 answers the narrative and offers underlying morals and life lessons from which CBSE Class 12 students can learn a lot about society and the current state of poverty. This chapter also describes the insensitivity of society towards poor children.
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The students can easily and conveniently download NCERT Solutions for class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 pdf to understand this chapter & the types of questions asked in the board exam to obtain high ranks.
Access Class 12 English Flamingo Lost Spring Question Answers
THINK AS YOU READ
Q1. What is Saheb looking for in the garbage dumps? Where is he and where has he come from?
Ans. Saheb is looking for gold in the garbage dumps. He is in the neighborhood of the author. Saheb has come from Bangladesh. He came with his mother in 1971. His house was set amidst the green fields of Dhaka. Storms swept away their fields and homes. So they left the country.
Q2. What explanations does the author offer for the children not wearing footwear?
Ans. One explanation offered by the author is that it is a tradition to stay barefoot. It is not a lack of money. He wonders if this is only an excuse to explain away a perpetual state of poverty. He also remembers the story of a poor body who prayed to the goddess for a pair of shoes.
Q3. Is Saheb happy working at the tea stall? Explain.
Ans. No, Saheb is not happy working at the tea stall. He is no longer his own master. His face has lost the carefree look. The steel canister seems heavier than the plastic bag he would carry so lightly over his shoulder. The bag was his. The canister belongs to the man who owns the tea shop.
THINK AS YOU READ
Q1. What makes the city of Firozabad famous?
Ans. The city of Firozabad is famous for its bangles. Every other family in Firozabad is engaged in making bangles. It is the center of India’s glass-blowing industry. Families have spent generations working around furnaces, welding glass, and making bangles for the women in the land.
Q2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industry.
Ans. Boys and girls with their fathers and mothers sit in dark hutments, next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps. They weld pieces of colored glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. They often end up losing eyesight before they become adults. Even the dust from polishing the glass of bangles is injurious to the eyes. Many workers have become blind. The furnaces have very high temperatures and are therefore very dangerous.
Q3. How is Muktesh’s attitude to his situation different from that of his family?
Ans. Muktesh’s grandmother thinks that the God-given lineage can never be broken. Her son and grandsons are born in the caste of bangle makers. They have seen nothing but bangles.
Muktesh’s father has taught them what he knows—the art of making bangles. But Muktesh wants to be a motor mechanic. He will go to a garage and learn, though the garage is far away from his home.
UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT
Q1. What could be some of the reasons for the migration of people from villages to cities?
Ans. People migrate from villages to cities in search of livelihood. Their fields fail to provide the means of survival. Cities provide employment, jobs, or other means of getting food. The problem in the case of the poor is to feed the hungry members. Survival is of primary concern.
Q2. Would you agree that promises made to poor children are rarely kept? Why do you think this happens in the incidents narrated in the text?
Ans. The promises made to the poor are rarely kept. The author asks Saheb half-joking, whether he will come to her school if she starts one. Saheb agrees to do so. A few days later he asks if the school is ready. The writer feels embarrassed at having made a promise that was not meant. Promises like hers abound in every comer of their bleak world.
Q3. What forces conspire to keep the workers in the bangle industry of Firozabad in poverty?
Ans. Certain forces conspire to keep the workers in the bangle industry of Firozabad in poverty. These include the moneylenders, the middlemen, the policemen, the keepers of the law, the bureaucrats, and the politicians. Together they impose a heavy burden on the child.
TALKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Q1. How, in your opinion, can Muktesh realize his dream?
Ans. Muktesh is the son of a poor bangle maker of Firozabad. Most of the young men of Firozabad have no initiative or ability to dream, but Muktesh is an exception. He can take courage and break from the traditional family occupation. He has strong willpower also. He does not want to be a pawn in the hands of the middlemen or moneylenders. He insists on being his own master by becoming a motor mechanic.
He can realize his dream by joining a garage and learning the job of repairing cars and driving them. He will have to overcome many hurdles before he succeeds. Then comes the transport problem. Money is the first one. He will have to earn some money himself. The garage is a long way from his home. He will have to cover it twice every day anyhow—by walking on foot.
Patience, hard work, firm will, and the determination to learn will help him realize his dream.
Q2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industry.
Ans. The glass bangles industry has many health hazards. It usually employs small children. It is illegal to employ very young children in hazardous industries, but certain forces like! middlemen, moneylenders, police, and politicians combine to entrap poor workers.
Let us first consider the places where bangle makers work. It is a cottage industry. They work in glass furnaces with high temperatures. The dingy cells are without air and light. Boys and girls work hard during the day next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps.
They weld pieces of colored glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. That is why they often end up losing their eyesight before they become adults.
Glass blowing, welding, and soldering pieces of glass are all health hazards. Even the dust from polishing the glass of bangles adversely affects the eyes and even adults go blind. Thus, the surroundings, prevailing conditions, and the type of job involved all prove risky to the health of the workers.
Q3. Why should child labor be eliminated and how?
Ans. Child labor should be eliminated because the children employed at a tender age as domestic servants, dishwashers at roadside dhobis, and in hazardous industries making glass bangles, birds, crackers, etc. lose the charm of the spring of their life. Their childhood is stolen. Burdened by the responsibility of work, they become adults too soon. Most of them are undernourished, ill-fed, uneducated, and poor. They have stunted growth.
Child labor can be eliminated only through concerted efforts on the part of government agencies, NGOs (Non-Government Organizations), cooperative societies, and political leaders. The mere passing of the law will not help. Laws should be enacted faithfully. The children thrown out of work should be rehabilitated and given proper food, clothes, education, and pocket money. Their feelings, thoughts, and emotions should be respected. Let them enjoy the sunshine and fresh air.
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Although this text speaks of factual events and situations of misery, it transforms these situations with almost poetical prose into a literary experience. How does it do so? Here are some literary devices:
•Hyperbole is a way of speaking or writing that makes something sound better or more exciting than it is. For example, Garbage to them is gold.
•A Metaphor, as you may know, compares two things or ideas that are not very similar. A metaphor describes a thing in terms of a single quality or feature of some other thing; we can say that a metaphor “transfers” the quality of one thing to another. For example, The road was a ribbon of light.
•Simile is a word or phrase that compares one thing with another using the words “like” or “as”. For example: As white as snow.
Carefully read the following phrases and sentences taken from the text. Can you identify the literary device in each example?
1. Saheb-e-Allam which means the lord of the universe is directly in contrast to what Saheb is in reality.
2. Drowned in an air of desolation
3. Seemapuri, a place on the periphery of Delhi yet miles away from it, metaphorically.
4. For the children it is wrapped in wonder; for the elders, it is a means of survival.
5. As her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I wonder if she knows the sanctity of the bangles she helps make.
1.Hyperbole 2.Metaphor 3.Contrast 4.Contrast
5.Simile 6.Contrast 7.Hyperbole 8.Metaphor
9.Metaphor 10.Hyperbole 11.Contrast
THINGS TO DO
The beauty of the glass bangles of Firozabad contrasts with the misery of the people who produce them. This paradox is also found in some other situations, for example, those who work in gold and diamond mines, or carpet weaving factories, and the products of their labor, the lives of construction workers, and the buildings they build.
•Look around and find examples of such paradoxes.
•Write a paragraph of about 200 to 250 words on any one of them. You can start by making notes.
Here is an example of how one such paragraph may begin:
You never see the poor in this town. By day they toil, working cranes and earthmovers, squirreling deep into the hot sand to lay the foundations of chrome. By night they are banished
to bleak labor camps on the outskirts of the city
Ans. For self-attempt.
MORE QUESTIONS SOLVED
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
Q1. Who was Saheb? What was he doing and why?
Ans. Saheb was a young boy of school-going age. He was looking for gold in the garbage dumps of the big city. He had left his home in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and came to the big city in search of a living. He has nothing else to do but pick rags.
Q2. “But promises like mine abound in every corner of his bleak world.” What promise does the author recall? In what context was it made? Was it fulfilled?
Ans. The author asked Saheb about going to school. Saheb explained that there was no school in his neighborhood. He promised to go to school when they built one. Half joking, the author asked whether he would come in case she started one. Saheb smiled broadly and agreed to come. After a few days, he ran up to the author and asked if the school was ready. The author felt embarrassed. She had made a promise that was not meant.
Q3. What is the meaning of Saheb’s full name? Does he know it? How does he conduct himself?
Ans. His full name is “Saheb-e-Allam”. It means the lord of the universe. He does not know it. If he knew it, he would hardly believe it. He roams the streets barefoot with other rag-pickers. This army of barefoot boys appears in the morning and disappears at noon.
Q4. How does the author focus on the ‘perpetual state of poverty of the children not wearing footwear?
Ans. The author notices that most of the young children engaged in rag picking are not wearing footwear. Some of them do not have chappals. Others want to wear shoes. Some say it is tradition to stay barefoot. To the author, it seems to lack money. Poverty forces them to walk without footwear.
Q5. Explain: “For children, garbage has a meaning different from what it means to their parents. ”
Ans. Small children scrounge heaps of garbage. They expect to get some coin, note, or valuable thing in it. Sometimes they find a rupee or even a ten-rupee note. This gives the hope of finding more. They search it excitedly. For children, garbage is wrapped in wonder.
For the elders, it is a means of survival. Thus, garbage has two different meanings.
Q6. Where does the author find Saheb one winter morning? What explanation does Saheb offer?
Ans. The author finds Saheb standing by the fenced gate of a neighborhood club. He is watching two young men, dressed in white, playing tennis. Saheb says that he likes the game, but he is content to watch it standing behind the fence. He goes inside when no one is around. He uses the swing there.
Q7. What job did Saheb take up? Was he happy? [All India 2014]
Ans. Saheb took up the job at a tea stall. But he was not happy with it. He was no longer his own master. His face had lost the carefree look. Although he earned? 800, even then he was not satisfied.
Q8. How has “a dream come true” for Saheb but what is “out of his reach?”
Ans. Saheb is wearing discarded tennis shoes. One of them has a hole. Saheb does not bother about the hole. For one who has walked barefoot, even shoes with a hole is a dream come true. But tennis, the game he is watching so intently, is out of his reach.
Q9. How does Saheb’s life change when he starts working at the tea stall?
Ans. Saheb now has a regular income. He is paid 800 rupees and all his meals. Thus, food is no problem. But his face has lost the carefree look. The steel canister in his hand now seems a burden. He is no longer his own master. He may have to work for longer hours. The helplessness of doing things at his own will makes him sad.
Q10. Who is Muktesh? What is his dream? Why does it look like “a mirage amidst the dust?”
Ans. Muktesh is the son of a poor bangle maker in Firozabad, where every other family is engaged in making bangles. His poor father has failed to renovate his house or send his two sons to school. Muktesh insists on being his own master. His dream is to be a motor mechanic. He wants to drive a car. Given the conditions of existence, his dream looks like a mirage amidst the dust.
Q11.What do you learn about Firozabad from this chapter?
Ans. Firozabad is famous for its glass bangles. It is the center of India’s glass-blowing industry.
Families have spent generations working around furnaces, welding glass, and making bangles for all the women in the land. Every other family in Firozabad is engaged in making bangles.
Q12. “Born in the caste of bangle-makers they have seen nothing but bangles.” Where do they ‘see’ bangles?
Ans. Children like Muktesh are bpm in the caste of bangle-makers. They know no other work.
They see bangles in the house, in the yard, in every other house, every other yard, every street in Firozabad. The spirals of bangles lie in mounds in unkempt yards. They are piled on four-wheeled hand carts.
Q13. What contrast do you notice between the colors of the bangles and the atmosphere of the place where these bangles are made?
Ans. The bangles are of every color boom out of the seven colors of the rainbow. These are sunny gold, paddy green, royal blue, pink and purple. Boys and girls work in dark hutments, next to the flickering flames of oil lamps around furnaces, blowing glass, welding, and soldering it to make bangles.
Q14. What are most of the bangle-makers ignorant of? What would happen if the law were enforced strictly?
Ans. Most of the bangle-makers are ignorant of the fact that employing children in bangle-making is illegal. This is a hazardous industry. Many children become blind before reaching adulthood. If the law were enforced strictly, 20,000 children would be released from
working hard throughout the day at hot furnaces with high temperatures. *
Q15. Where is Muktesh’s house located? What is proud of?
Ans. Muktesh’s house is built in a slum area. The lanes stink of garbage. The homes there are hovels with crumbling walls, wobbly doors, and no windows. These are crowded with families of humans and animals. Most of these houses are shacks or huts. Muktesh is proud that his house is being rebuilt. His eyes shine as he volunteers to take the author to his home,
Q16. What impression do you form about Muktesh’s family on having a glimpse of their ‘house?’
Ans. Muktesh’s house is a half-built shack with a wobbly door. One part of it is thatched with dead grass. There is a firewood stove. Spinach leaves are sizzling in a large vessel. More chopped vegetables lie on aluminum platters. The eyes of the frail young woman are filled with smoke, but she smiles. The scene depicts their grinding poverty but contentment with their lot.
Q17. Give a thumb-nail sketch of the “frail young woman” in the chapter ‘Lost Spring’.
Ans. The young woman is the wife of Muktesh’s elder brother. Her eyes are filled with the smoke of firewood. Though not much older in years, she commands respect as the daughter-in-law of the house. She adheres to customs and traditions. She veils her face before male elders. She gently withdraws behind the broken wall to do so.
Q18. How would you regard Muktesh’s father’s life and achievement?
Ans. Muktesh’s father was born in the caste of bangle-makers. His father went blind with the dust from polishing the glass of bangles. He is an old and poor bangle maker. He has worked hard for long years, first as a tailor and then as a bangle maker. He has failed to renovate a house or send his two sons to school.
Q19. “Savita is a symbol of innocence and efficiency.” Comment.
Ans. Savita is a young girl. She has put on a drab pink dress. She is soldering pieces of glass. Her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine. She is innocent as she is ignorant about the sanctity of the bangles she helps to make.
Q20. What do bangles symbolize? When, according to the author, will Savita know “the sanctity of the bangles she helps make?” How is the Indian bride dressed?
Ans. Bangles symbolize auspiciousness in marriage for an Indian woman. Savita will come to know “the sanctity” of the bangles when she becomes a bride. The head of the bride is draped with a red veil. Her hands are dyed with red henna. Red bangles are rolled onto her wrists.
Q21. “She still has bangles on her wrist but no light in her eyes.” What exactly does the author want to convey through this?
Ans. ‘She is an elderly woman who became a bride long ago. Since her husband, an old man with a flowing beard is still alive, she still has bangles on her wrist. She has, however, not enjoyed even one full meal in her entire lifetime. So, there is no light in her eyes. This is just a comment on the abject poverty and helplessness of the bangle-makers.
Q22. “The young men echo the lament of their elders. ” What do you think is the common complaint? How has it affected their lives?
Ans. The bangle-makers of Firozabad are quite poor. They do not have enough money to do anything except carry on the business of making bangles. Some even do not have enough to pacify their hunger. Building a house for the family is an achievement for them. Years of mind-numbing toil have killed all initiative and the ability to dream.
Q23. Why do the bangle-makers not organize themselves into a cooperative?
Ans. Most of the young bangle-makers have fallen into the traps of the middlemen. They are also afraid of the police. They know that the police will haul them up, beat them, and drag them to jail for doing something illegal. There is no leader among them to help them see things differently. Their fathers are equally tired. They can do nothing except carry on their inherited business.
Q24. Which two distinct worlds does the author notice in the bangle-making industry?
Ans. The families of the bangle-makers belong to one of these worlds. These workers are caught in the web of poverty. They are also burdened by the stigma of the caste in which they are born. They know no other work. The other world is the vicious circle of moneylenders, middlemen, policemen, keepers of the law, bureaucrats, and politicians.
Q25. How is Mukesh different from the other bangle makers of Firozabad? [Delhi 2014]
Ans. Mukesh is quite different from other bangle makers of Firozabad because he dares to take the initiative and break from the traditional family occupation. He has strong willpower also. He insists on being his own master by becoming a motor mechanic.
Q26. What do you think is the plight of the children born in the families of bangle-makers?
Ans. The vicious circle of the middlemen and their allies has entrapped the poor bangle-makers in their nets. The stronghold is suffocating. They have imposed a heavy burden on little children. They can’t put it down. Before they can think, they accept the baggage as naturally as their fathers.
Q27. What do you think is the theme of ‘Lost Spring, Stories of Stolen Childhood’?
Ans. The theme of the chapter is the grinding poverty and the traditions which condemn poor children to a life of exploitation. The two stories taken together depict the plight of street children forced into labor early in life and denied the opportunity of schooling. The callousness of society and the political class only adds to the suffering of these poor people.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
Q1.What are the dreams of the poor like ‘Saheb-e-Alam’ and Mukesh? Could these be realized? What is the reality of the situation?
Ans. Poor rag-pickers like Saheb spend the early years of their lives looking for gold in garbage dumps. The parents of these street children have no fixed income. They wage war against poverty and hunger. They have no dreams except to find the means of survival. Garbage to them is gold. It is the source of their daily bread and provides a roof over their heads. He ends up as a servant at a tea stall and loses his freedom.
Mukesh, the son of a poor bangle maker in Firozabad, has a dream of becoming a motor mechanic. He wants to learn to drive a car. He thinks of joining a garage to fulfill his dream. He knows that the garage is far away, yet he has decided to walk. He realizes the reality and is willing to overcome the obstacles. His daring to rise and his decision to get free from the trap laid by vicious moneylenders and middlemen arouse a sense of hope. Deprived of education, proper food, and upbringing, these children are forced into labor early in life.
Q2. Firozabad presents a strange paradox. Contrast the beauty of the glass bangles of Firozabad with the misery of the people who produce them.
Ans. Firozabad, the center of India’s glass-blowing industry, is famous for its bangles. Spirals of bangles of various colors can be seen lying in mounds in yards or piled on four-wheeled pushcarts. These bangles have shone bright colors: sunny gold, paddy
green, royal blue, pink, purple-in fact, every color bom out of the seven colors of the rainbow.
The bangle makers lead a miserable life. They know no other work than bangle-making. They have neither the courage nor the money to start another trade or job. they have spent generations in the clutches of middlemen and moneylenders. Extreme poverty forces them to remain hungry and yet work all day. The elderly woman, who works with Savita, has not enjoyed even one full meal in her entire lifetime. Her husband has made a house for the family to live in. He has achieved what many have failed in their lifetime. Mukesh’s father has failed to renovate a house or send his two sons to school. Young boys are as tired as their fathers. Their work at hot furnaces makes them blind prematurely.
Q3.(i) “Survival in Seemapuri means rag-picking.”
(ii) “Garbage to them is gold.”
(iii) “For the children, it (garbage) is wrapped in wonder, for the elders it is a means of survival.”
In the light of the above remarks write an account of the life and activities of the ragpickers settled in Seemapuri (Delhi).
Give a brief account of the life and activities of the Bangladeshi squatters like Saheb-e-Alam settled in Seemapuri.
Ans. Seemapuri is a place on the periphery of Delhi, yet miles away from it metaphorically. Squatters who came from Bangladesh way back in 1971 live here. Saheb’s family is one of them. Seemapuri was then a wilderness. It still is, but it is no longer empty. Nearly 10,000 ragpickers live there in structures of mud, with roofs of tin and tarpaulin. These shanties are devoid of sewage, drainage, or running water. These people have lived there for more than thirty years without an identity or permit. They have got ration cards that enable them to buy grains and get their names on voters’ lists. For them, food is more important for survival than identity. The women put on tattered saris. They left their fields as they gave them no grain. They pitch their tents wherever they find food. Ragpicking is the sole means of their survival.
It has acquired the proportions of fine art for them. Garbage to them is gold. It provides them with their daily bread and a roof over their heads. Most of the barefoot ragpickers roam the streets early in the morning and finish their activities by noon. They seem to carry the plastic bag lightly over their shoulders. They are clothed in discolored shirts and shorts and denied the opportunity of schooling.
Q4. “The cry of not having money to do anything except carrying on the business of making bangles, not even enough to eat, rings in every home. The young men echo the lament of their elders. Little has moved with time, it seems, in Firozabad.” Comment on the hardships of the bangle makers of Firozabad with special emphasis on the forces that conspire against them and obstruct their progress.
Ans. The bangle-makers of Firozabad are born in poverty, live in poverty, and die in poverty. For generations, these people have been engaged in this trade—working around hot furnaces with high temperatures, welding, and soldering glass to make bangles. Despite hard labor throughout the day, the return is meager. Some of them have to sleep with empty, aching stomachs. Others do not have enough to eat. Whatever they do get is not delicious or nourishing.
The stinking lanes of their shantytown are choked with garbage. Their hovels have crumbling walls, wobbly doors, and no windows. These are overcrowded with humans and animals.
Poverty and hunger, social customs and traditions, the stigma of caste, and the intrigues of the powerful lobby that thrives on their labor combine to keep them poor, uneducated, and hungry. The moneylenders, the middlemen, the policemen, the keepers of the law, the bureaucrats, and the politicians—all are ranged against them. Children are engaged in illegal and hazardous work. Years of mind-numbing toil have killed all initiative and ability to dream. They are unable to organize themselves into cooperatives due to the lack of a leader and fear of ill-treatment at the hands of the police. They seem to carry the burden that they can’t put down. They can talk but not act to improve their lot.
Q5. Compare and contrast the two families of bangle-sellers portrayed in ‘Lost Spring.’ Comment on the roles of individuals in highlighting the issues raised by the author.
Ans. One of the families is Mukesh’s. It comprises three males and two females: Mukesh, his brother, their father, their grandmother, and the wife of Mukesh’s elder brother. The grandmother had watched her husband go blind with the dust from polishing the glass of bangles. Mukesh’s father is a poor old bangle maker, who has failed to renovate a house and send his two sons to school. Mukesh and his brother make bangles. The wife of Mukesh’s brother is a traditional daughter-in-law who follows the customs and cooks food for the family. The grandmother believes in destiny and caste. Only Mukesh shows some sparks of fighting the system and declares that he wants to be a motor mechanic.
Savita, the elderly woman, and her old, bearded husband from the other family. Young and innocent Savita works mechanically. The elderly woman highlights the plight of bangle makers who fail to enjoy even one full meal during their entire lifetime. The old man has an achievement to his credit. He has made a house for the family to live in. He has a roof over his head.
The lifestyle, problems, and economic conditions of the two families are similar. There is only a difference in degree but not of a kind in their existence and response to life’s problems.
Q1.Hunger knows no friend but it’s a feeder. The downtrodden lead a miserable life. Elucidate the dictum keeping in mind the following lines:
“Survival in Seemapuri means rag picking. Through the years, it has acquired the proportions of fine art. Garbage to them is gold. It is their daily bread a roof over their heads, “
Ans. Poverty: A Vicious Circle
It is a well-known saying that poverty is the root cause of all evils. Corruption, loot, begging, and incidents of theft are the offspring of abject poverty. The destitute lead a pitiable and miserable life. They do not get sufficient food. Lack of funds constrains them to take recourse to illegal activities. Slum-dwellers always feel dejected. They recognize only those beings who help them and feed them. Political leaders take undue advantage of their poverty. They are misused to win elections. Humanity, mankind, honesty, trust, and love become significant when an individual succeeds in satisfying his hunger. Hungry people need only food. There is a dearth of people who are capable of converting obstacles into opportunities. These poor people are exploited ruthlessly by industrialists, politicians, and other middlemen. They scrounge for gold in the garbage dumps to earn their livelihood. The hiatus between the rich and the poor seems difficult to be bridged. It is increasing day by day. The poor are becoming poorer and the rich richer. There is no human being who would like to work for their welfare. Their plight is pitiable and horrible. The residential areas of these people are packed with filth. They become habitual of foul smells. Poverty is a vicious circle. It never comes to an end. The unemployed youth are heading toward destruction. They do not remember anything except the help they receive from the opportunistic people who feed them to materialize their vested interests.
Q2. There is no denying the fact that ‘Life is action and not contemplation.’ Those who shirk work and waste their time in thinking about bitter consequences never achieve greatness. They lack enthusiasm. Substantiate the aphorism by keeping in mind the following lines:
“I will be a motor mechanic’’ “I will learn to drive a car”. His dream looms like a mirage amidst the dust of streets…”
Ans. Life is Action and not Contemplation
Initiation is the law of nature. Success depends on the actions taken by an individual. One has to take action without wasting time. Dreams give us directions. But it should not be forgotten that a man cannot become influential by only dreaming. One who does not utilize time fails to do anything significant in life. Actions shape the destiny of beings. Contemplation destroys happiness. Aimless thinking aggravates woes and worries. It leads to nowhere. Such thinkers never get pleasure in this world of mortals. Those who believe in taking action attain their long-cherished goals with astonishing ease. They never feel confused. They never become a victim of depression. All human beings are to perform their duties on the earth. Contemplation leads to idleness. Life is a judicious blend of contemplation and action. Contemplation transformed into action is of utmost importance. Action without contemplation may be disastrous. Contemplation without action is a sin. One should not waste time thinking only. We should always remember that life is short and time is swift. Procrastination is the thief of time. One should not forget that there’s a time for everything. One should grab this opportune time to get success in life.
Q3. Dedication, determination, and devotion are the factors responsible for phenomenal success. Substantiate the above-quoted statement in the light of the following lines:
“I want to be a motor mechanic,’ he repeats. He will go to a garage and learn. But the garage is a long way from his home. 7 will walk’, he insists.”
Ans. Key to Success
Hard work is the key to success. Dogged determination and strong willpower are the essential ingredients of success. Industrious people never feel disheartened. They bum the midnight oil and strive hard to achieve the desired goals. It is said that between two stools one falls on the ground. Thus, one has to dedicate one’s life to a specific field. The long-term goals and aims of life must be set thoughtfully and not whimsically. The capricious nature of a fellow does not allow him to reach the heights. Devotion always brings good results and rewards. The essence of devotion is trust or faith. If one has trust in performing the actions, one is able in winning the battle of life. Trust gives strength and strength gives birth to determine which leads to dedication. Devoted and dedicated people never become a part of a problem. They remain a part of the solution. They do not do different things but they do things differently. Their devotion to the field encourages them to have in-depth knowledge. Those who dare to climb the hill conquer Mount Everest. Dedication has no substitute. It is the only way to great accomplishments.
Q4. Health plays an important role in the life of a mortal. But the destitute fail to get nutritious food and do not remain healthy. It is said that health is wealth. People believe that a sound mind lives in a sound body. Elucidate it by taking ideas from the following lines:
“Ek waqt ser bhar khana bhi nahin Khaya.”
Ans. Health and Food
One has to accept the fact that if wealth is lost, something is lost, and if health is lost, everything is lost. The proverb A sound mind lives in a sound body is apt. A healthy man can enjoy the beauty of this world. An unhealthy man misses one of the greatest boons given by the Almighty. A healthy beggar is better than an unhealthy king. A person who accumulates enormous wealth and suffers from chronic or fatal diseases cannot relish life.
He wastes his time in clinics and hospitals. Health is essential to have positive thoughts.
One should wake up early in the morning and take exercise. Nutritious food is indispensable for good health. Junk food must be avoided. The destitute suffer because they do not get: sufficient food. They do not have any source of income. Undoubtedly good health plays a pivotal role in the life of a mortal. Pecuniary gains are of utmost importance but a strong and sturdy body free from ailments is of paramount importance. It has no substitute. A mortal cannot endure the loss of health. Creativity, productivity, and innovation get enhanced if a man is healthy. Thus, one should be in the best of health so that one can lead a happy and contented life.
Q5. Child abuse is a very serious problem in our country. Children are forced by circumstances to work in various factories. Write an article, on the topic ‘Child Abuse’. Take ideas from the following lines:
“None of them knows that it is illegal for children like him to work in the glass furnaces 1 with high temperatures, in dingy cells without air and light; that the law, if enforced, could get him and all those 20,000 children out of the hot furnaces where they slog their daylight /hours, often losing the brightness of their eyes.”
Ans. Child Abuse
Child abuse is a grave problem in India. Many children work for dhabas, factories, and tea stall owners. These are those unfortunate children of this country who don’t get even. meals three times a day. It is a blemish on our nation. The governments have to make arrangements for education for these children. Child labor is common in the fields of agriculture, domestic service, sex industry, carpet and textile industries, quarrying, bangle making, and brick making. These children are forced to work in horrible conditions. There are no set working hours for these children. They are given low wages.
In some cases, poverty of the household and low level of parental education is responsible, for child labor. Employing children in factories implies that the nation’s future is in the dark. These children never feel happy. They become devoid of human emotions. They adopt illegal ways to earn their bread and butter when they become able-bodied. It gives rise to violence and corruption. Child labor should be stopped and the governments should educate these children free of cost. At least elementary education should be given to all children.
We have covered the detailed guide on CBSE 12th English Flamingo NCERT Solutions Chapter 2. Feel free to ask any questions in the comment section below.
FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2
Why should I download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Ch 2 Lost Spring?
You should download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Ch 2 Lost Spring because it is designed by experts in an easy-to-understand.
Where can I download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 PDF?
You can download NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 PDF from the above article.
What do students learn through Chapter 2 Lost Spring?
This chapter teaches a lesson about how people adjust and adapt to the circumstances created by poverty. Through the story, the students get to know how life can be cruel for some.
How many questions are there in NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Lost Spring?
The NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 PDF consists of around 16 questions which will help the students to understand the concept of this chapter deeply.
What benefits can students get from Class 12 NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 Lost Spring?
The students can easily download solutions for class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 2 pdf and access them anywhere and anytime.