CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2020 | NCERT Geography Book PDFs

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 GeographyCBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2020: Geography is the study of the interaction between people and their environments, both natural and human. It is an extremely broad subject that tries to map and describe both, the physical features of the Earth, like mountains, and its human features, such as the borders of countries or distributions of religions.

With the latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography, you will get to know the chapters and concepts to be covered in all topics. It will also let you know the weightage in various topics for the board exam.

You should have a depth concept in every topic of Class 12 Geography to score better marks CBSE Class 12 Board exam.

In this article, you can check Detailed CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus for better preparation.

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2020

To prepare correctly for CBSE Class 12 Geography board exam, you must have the latest syllabus along with books and other study materials.

You should have depth concepts on the subject to score better marks. Based on the score in CBSE Class 12, you can get admission to the better institute for higher education.

You already know that CBSE updates the Class 12 syllabus every year to provide the most updated curriculum to students.

You can check and download the latest CBSE Geography Syllabus 2020 and Exam Pattern from below. You can also download NCERT Geography Textbook PDFs based on the latest syllabus.

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People 

  • Population-distribution,density and growth
  • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
  • Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; 
  • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities 

  • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro-based and mineral-based industries; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Quaternary activities – concept; people engaged in quatenary activities – case study from selected countries.

Unit 4: Transport, Communication & Trade 

  • Land transport – roads, railways; trans-continental railways.
  • Water transport – inland waterways; major ocean routes.
  • Air transport – Intercontinental air routes.
  • Oil and gas pipelines.
  • Satellite communication and cyber space- Importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS.
  • International trade-Bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade.
  • Ocean: National rights and international treaties.

Unit 5: Human settlements 

  • Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.

Map Work

  • Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of World.

B. India: People and Economy

Unit 6: People 

  • Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population.
  • Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.
  • Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns.
  • Population, environment and development.

Unit 7: Human Settlements 

  • Rural settlements – types and distribution.
  • Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification.

Unit 8: Resources and Development 

  • Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use, Geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber), agricultural development and problems.
  • Water resources – availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods -rain water harvesting and watershed management.
  • Mineral and energy resources – distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.
  • Industries – types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatisation and globalisation on industrial location; industrial clusters.
  • Planning in India – target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study).

Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade 

  • Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks.
  • International trade – changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports.

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 

  • Environmental pollution; urban – waste disposal.
  • Urbanisation, rural-urban migration; problems of slums.
  • Land degradation.

Map Work

  • Map work on locating and labelling of features based on above units on outline map of India.

C. Practical Work

  • Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 
  • Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology 
  • Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

Download CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020

Other Important Links For CBSE Class 12 Geography

You should have the following study materials to boost your exam preparation for the Class 12 Geography exam. Click on the link to access the study materials.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Exam Pattern

Here you can check the chapter-wise weightage for CBSE Class 12 Geography question Paper.

Part / Unit Chapter Marks
Fundamentals of Human Geography  35 
Unit 1  Human Geography   
Unit 2 People   
Unit 3 Human Activities   
Unit 4 Transport, Communication and Trade  
Unit 5 Human settlements  
  Map Work 5
B India: People and Economy 35
Unit 6 People  
Unit 7 Human Settlements  
Unit 8 Resources and Development  
Unit 9 Transport, Communication and International Trade  
Unit 10 Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems  
  Map Work 5
C Practical Work 30
Unit 1 Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 15
Unit 2 Field study or Spatial Information Technology 10
Unit 3 Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5

CBSE NCERT Textbook For Class 12 Geography 2020 PDF

Geography is an important subject for Class 12 Arts Stream. The book has multiple benefits from class 12 exam preparation to various entrance exam preparation.

Here you can download NCERT Textbook for Class 12 Geography for Hindi and English Medium.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in English

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in Hindi

Fundamentals of Human Geography

मानव भूगोल के मूल सिद्धांत 

India-People and Economy

भारत लोग और अर्थव्यवस्था

Practical Working Geography part II

भूगोल मे प्रयोगात्मक कार्य 

We have covered the detailed guide on CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography. Feel free to ask any questions related to CBSE Class 12 Geography in the comment section below.

Leave a Comment