CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2021 (Revised): Download Free PDF

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2020-21: CBSE Class 12 Geography is the study of the interaction between people and their environments, both natural and human. With the latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography, you will get to know the chapters and concepts to be covered in all topics. You should have a depth concept in every topic of Class 12 Geography to score better marks CBSE Class 12 Board exam.

In this article, you can check the Detailed Geography Class 12 Syllabus 2020-21 for better preparation.

Latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2021 (Reduced by 30%)

To prepare correctly for CBSE Class 12 Geography board exam, you must have the latest syllabus of geography class 12 cbse 2020-21 along with books and other study materials. It will also let you know the weightage in various topics for the board exam.  

You already know that CBSE updates the Class 12 syllabus every year to provide the most updated curriculum to students. You can check and download the latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography and Exam Pattern from below. 

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People 

  • Population-distribution,density and growth
  • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
  • Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; 
  • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities 

  • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro-based and mineral-based industries; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport, and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Quaternary activities – concept; people engaged in quaternary activities – a case study from selected countries.

Unit 4: Transport, Communication & Trade 

  • Land transport – roads, railways; trans-continental railways.
  • Water transport – inland waterways; major ocean routes.
  • Air transport – Intercontinental air routes.
  • Oil and gas pipelines.
  • Satellite communication and cyberspace- Importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS.
  • International trade-Bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, the role of WTO in International trade.
  • Ocean: National rights and international treaties.

Unit 5: Human settlements 

  • Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of megacities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.

Map Work

  • Map Work on the identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the World.

B. India: People and Economy

Unit 6: People 

  • Population: distribution, density, and growth; composition of the population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in the growth of population.
  • Migration: international, national causes and consequences.
  • Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns.
  • Population, environment, and development.

Unit 7: Human Settlements 

  • Rural settlements – types and distribution.
  • Urban settlements – types, distribution, and functional classification.

Unit 8: Resources and Development 

  • Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use, Geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, and Rubber), agricultural development and problems.
  • Water resources – availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial, and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods -rainwater harvesting and watershed management.
  • Mineral and energy resources – distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.
  • Industries – types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge-based industries; the impact of liberalization, privatization, and globalization on industrial location; industrial clusters.
  • Planning in India – target group area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development (case study).

Unit 9: Transport, Communication, and International Trade 

  • Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways, and airways: oil and gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks.
  • International trade – changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; seaports and their hinterland and airports.

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 

  • Environmental pollution; urban – waste disposal.
  • Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums.
  • Land degradation.

Map Work

  • Map work on locating and labeling features based on the above units on an outline map of India.

Geography Class 12 Syllabus 2021 C. Practical Work

  • Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 
  • Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology 
  • Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

Download Geography Revised Syllabus Class 12 2020-21

Download CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2021

Deleted CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography PDF

Go through geography deleted syllabus class 12:

The book I – Fundamentals of Human Geography
Unit III – Chapter 6 – Secondary activities
Chapter 8 – Transport and Communication
Chapter 9 – International Trade
Book II – India People and Economy
Unit III – Chapter 5 – Land Resources and Agriculture
Chapter 8 – Manufacturing Industries
Unit IV – Chapter 10 – Transport and Communication
Chapter 11 – International Trade

Geography Class 12 Deleted Syllabus 2020-21: Practical Geography Part II

Unit II – Field Study or Spatial Information Technology


All other chapters barring above mentioned would be included in the Syllabus for the year
2020-21.

Deleted CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Geography 2020-21

Highly Important Links For CBSE Class 12 Geography

You should have the following study materials to boost your exam preparation for the Class 12 Geography exam. Click on the link to access the study materials.

Must Read: CBSE Class 12 Geography Exam Pattern

Here you can check the chapter-wise weightage for CBSE Class 12 Geography question Paper.

Part / Unit Chapter Marks
Fundamentals of Human Geography  35 
Unit 1  Human Geography   
Unit 2 People   
Unit 3 Human Activities   
Unit 4 Transport, Communication, and Trade  
Unit 5 Human settlements  
  Map Work 5
B India: People and Economy 35
Unit 6 People  
Unit 7 Human Settlements  
Unit 8 Resources and Development  
Unit 9 Transport, Communication and International Trade  
Unit 10 Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems  
  Map Work 5
C Practical Work 30
Unit 1 Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 15
Unit 2 Field study or Spatial Information Technology 10
Unit 3 Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5

Download CBSE NCERT Textbook For Class 12 Geography PDF

Geography is an important subject for Class 12 Arts Stream. The book has multiple benefits from class 12 exam preparation to various entrance exam preparation. Here you can download NCERT Textbook for Class 12 Geography for Hindi and English Medium.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in English

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in Hindi

Fundamentals of Human Geography

मानव भूगोल के मूल सिद्धांत 

India-People and Economy

भारत लोग और अर्थव्यवस्था

Practical Working Geography part II

भूगोल मे प्रयोगात्मक कार्य 

We have covered the detailed guide on CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography. Feel free to ask any questions related to CBSE Class 12 Geography in the comment section below.

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