Term Wise CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2021-22

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2021-22: CBSE Class 12 Geography is the study of the interaction between people and their environments, both natural and human. With the latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography, you will get to know the chapters and concepts to be covered in all topics. You should have a depth concept in every topic of Class 12 Geography to score better marks CBSE Class 12 Board exam. In this article, you can check the Detailed Geography Class 12 Syllabus 2021-22 for better preparation.

Download Term Wise CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2021-22 PDF

Students can access the CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography for the academic year 2021-22 by clicking the link provided below.

Download Geography Revised Syllabus Class 12 2021-22

To prepare correctly for CBSE Class 12 Geography board exam, you must have the latest Geography Class 12 Syllabus 2021-22 along with books and other study materials. It will also let you know the weightage in various topics for the board exam.  

Term 1 & 2 CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus And Marks Distribution 2021-22

CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography

Part

Units

No. of

Periods

Marks

A

Fundamentals of Human Geography

90

35 Marks

 

Unit 1: Human Geography

05

30

 

Unit 2: People

18

 

Unit 3: Human Activities

28

 

Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade

24

 

Unit 5: Human settlements

10

 

Map Work

05

5

B

India: People and Economy

90

35 Marks

 

Unit 6: People

15

30

 

Unit 7: Human Settlements

10

 

Unit 8: Resources and Development

30

 

Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International

Trade

15

 

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

15

 

Map Work

05

5

 

Total

180

70 Marks

C

Practical Work in Geography Part II

40

30 Marks

 

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping

25

15

 

Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology

15

10

 

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

 

5

Detailed Course Content for Class 12 Geography

Part A:

Fundamentals of Human Geography

90 Periods
Unit 1:

Human Geography: Nature and Scope

05 Periods
Unit 2:

People

– Population-distribution, density and growth

– Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change

– Population Composition – age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition

– Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

18 Periods

Unit 3:

Human Activities

Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries

Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro based and mineral based industries; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries

Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries

Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities – case study from selected countries

28 Periods

Unit 4:

Transport, Communication and Trade

Land transport – roads, railways; trans-continental railways

Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes

Air transport- Intercontinental air routes

Oil and gas pipelines

Satellite communication and cyber space- importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS

International trade- bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade; role of WTO in international trade

24 Periods

Unit 5:

Human Settlements

Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries

10 Periods

Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline Physical/Political map of World.

05 Periods

Part

B:

India: People and Economy

90 Periods

Unit

6:

People

Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population

Migration: international, national-causes and consequences

Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns

Population, environment and development

15 Periods

Unit 7:

Human Settlements 

Rural settlements – types and distribution 

Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification

10 Periods

Unit 8:

Resources and Development

Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use; geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber); agricultural development and problems

Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management

Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation

Industries – types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location; industrial clusters

Planning in India- target group area planning (case study);

idea of sustainable development (case study)

30 Periods

Unit 9:

Transport, Communication and International Trade

Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways

15 Periods

 

and airways: oil and gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks 

International trade- changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports

 

Unit 10:

Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums Land degradation

15 Periods

Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on outline map of India.

05 Periods

Part C:

Practical Work in Geography Part II

40 Periods

Unit 1:

Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping

Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources

Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency

Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleths maps

Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers

25 Periods

Unit 2:

Field Study or Spatial Information Technology 

Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch; survey on any one of the local concerns; pollution, ground water changes, land use and land-use changes, poverty, energy issues, soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market survey and Household survey (any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study; observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data collection; collected data may be tabulated and analyzed with diagrams and maps). Students can be given different topics to get more insight into various problems of society. 

OR

Spatial Information Technology

Introduction to GIS; hardware requirements and software modules; data formats; raster and vector data, data input, editing and topology building; data analysis; overlay and buffer.

15 Periods

Other Important Links For CBSE Class 12 Geography

You should have the following study materials to boost your exam preparation for the Class 12 Geography exam. Click on the link to access the study materials.

Download Chapter-Wise NCERT Textbooks For CBSE Class 12 Geography 2021-22

Geography is an important subject for Class 12 Arts Stream. The book has multiple benefits from class 12 exam preparation to various entrance exam preparation. Here you can download NCERT Textbook for Class 12 Geography for Hindi and English Medium.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in English

CBSE Class 12 Geography Textbooks in Hindi

Fundamentals of Human Geography

मानव भूगोल के मूल सिद्धांत 

India-People and Economy

भारत लोग और अर्थव्यवस्था

Practical Working Geography part II

भूगोल मे प्रयोगात्मक कार्य 

We have covered the detailed guide on CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography. Feel free to ask any questions related to CBSE Class 12 Geography in the comment section below.

FAQs on CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2022

What is the CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2022?

You can see the Latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography in the above blog.

How much CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography 2021 was reduced?

Almost 30% of the CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography was reduced for the year 2020-21.

Where can I download CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography Free PDF?

You can download CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography Free PDF from the above article.

How many marks are assigned to CBSE Class 12 Geography Practicals?

As, per the latest CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Geography, a total of 30 marks are assigned to Practical Work.

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