CBSE Class 12 Physics – Syllabus, Chapter wise Notes, NCERT Solutions

CBSE Class 12 Physics: Physics is the natural science which deals with the studies of matter, its motion, and behavior through space and time. Physics is one of the most important scientific disciplines to understand how the universe behaves.

By studying Class 12 Physics and developing depth concepts, you will improve your chance to score better marks in the 12th CBSE Board Exams. It will also help you to crack various entrance exams for Engineering and Medical.

Imp Notice: Ministry of Education Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank and the holding of board made a concrete decision on Wednesday announced that CBSE Board Exams 2021 Cancelled for Class Xth Board and postponed for the class 12th board due to rising Covid-19

CBSE Board 12th Exam Date Sheet along with the board exam time will be further notified on or after 1st June

CBSE Class 12 Physics

Physics plays an important role in the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 12 Science Stream. The depth concept on the subject will help you to score a better mark on the board exam. to provide you with a detailed concept on the subject, the CBSE experts have considered various points while creating the Physics book for class 10.

A few points are given below.

  • Simple and clear language is used in the book.
  • Multiple examples are available to build the student’s better base.
  • They have organized the chapter into sections comprising one or more concepts or sub-concepts.
  • All answers to the exercises and or hints are given where required. So a student can become more proficient in the subject.

Apart from that, with a thorough concept on the subject can help you to crack various exams like,

  • NEET
  • JIPMER etc.

With a better score in the CBSE Class 12 Exam, you will get a variety of opportunities to shape your career in the right direction. In this standard, you have to choose Physics or Biology as their main subject, have Physics and Chemistry subjects in common.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Books

You can see some interesting boxes in many chapters to catch the attention of the reader. These are provided to show some applications in daily life or in other areas of science and technology. CBSE Class 12 Physics books are created by NCERT following the latest pattern. CBSE student, you should have the book to build the depth concept on the subject before the board exam.

Here you will find CBSE 12th standard Physics exercise-wise NCERT all chapters as in the textbook Part 1 and Part 2.

You will find the following chapters in the 12th CBSE Physics

  • Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields
  • Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  • Chapter 3: Current Electricity
  • Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter
  • Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction
  • Chapter 7: Alternating Current
  • Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves
  • Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  • Chapter 10: Wave Optics
  • Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Chapter 12: Atoms
  • Chapter 13: Nuclei
  • Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics
  • Chapter 15: Communication Systems

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Field

In the first chapter, you will find topics on electric charges, fields, and areas in which they are functional. You can see that Physics CBSE Class 12 has different types of electric charges found in the universe.

Here you will get a brief explanation about the transference of electrons along an electric field, electric charges, their additivity, conservation, and quantization. The chapter has some theorems and laws, such as Gauss’s Law related to electric charges, dipole, electric dipole, magnetic dipole, magnetic dipole moment, and electric fields included in this chapter.

Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance is the second chapter, CBSE Class 12 Physics. You will learn different electric fields possess varying electrostatic potential. Here you get the information on the difference within a single electric field regarding the potential between two points and contribution to the development of electrostatic potential.

You will also find the topics about potential gradient and energy, potential energy in the external field of CBSE 12th Physics. In this chapter, you can see electrostatic potential related to various formulae and terms. You should keep in mind that you must memorize the formulae. So you can appropriately implement them in various derivations that are important for you.

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

You can see Current Electricity in the third Chapter in CBSE Class 12 Physics. The current Electricity Chapter for Class 12 Physics has 15 different topics and the topics range from basic knowledge about electric current to advanced information like the change in the flow of electric charge in different conductors.

You should provide special attention to liquid conductors, varied conductors, conductor, and solid metallic conductors. You can see the application of Ohm’s Law, explanation of drift velocity, an idea about how resistivity and relaxation time are interrelated, and so on.

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Moving Charges and Magnetism is the fourth Chapter in Physics CBSE Class 12. You should understand this chapter properly and develop a depth concept in the chapter. So you can easily understand the following chapters because these are based on this one. It also helps you to prepare properly for the 12th CBSE board exam and score a better mark. You can see that the chapter has 11 different topics in total.

Here, you will learn about the magnetic force, conservative forces, the relationship between forces, and also know about motion along a magnetic field. This part of Class 12 Physics lets you know the Biot-Savart’s Law, Ampere’s Circuital Law, Solenoid and Toroid motion, the relationship among µ0, ɛ0 and c. 

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

Magnetism and Matter is the fifth chapter in the syllabus of CBSE 12th Physics. You have to use the knowledge you gathered from the previous chapter to understand this chapter correctly. Here you can learn from the basics of magnetism to the world of matter with magnetism. Here you will find the seven topics in total. It includes the terms like the magnetism of earth and the property of magnetism present in various materials around us.

You will also be able to build a thorough concept of Magnetism and Gauss’s Law. Here you will also come across Electrostatic Analogue in a tabular form. 

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

The sixth Chapter of Physics CBSE Class 12 comprises the studies of magnetic fields and magnetism with respect to electromagnetic induction. Here, you have to use previous knowledge about magnetism and matter again to learn this chapter. It has Ten topics to enlighten you about the concept of magnetic induction. You can see the new terms and details in this chapter are magnetic flux, inductance, eddy currents, and a lot more.

You can also learn Motional Electromotive Force, energy consideration, etc. several rules and laws that you get to delve into are Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction, Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, and Lenz’s Law. CBSE Class 12 Physics has covered this chapter with detailed explanations of each law and rule and also mathematical derivations.

Chapter 7: Alternating Current

It is a relatively smaller chapter in the CBSE class 12 Physics with only nine topics. Here you can learn about AC voltage, peak voltage, and its application in resistor, capacitor, series LCR circuit, inductor, etc. In the Alternating Current chapter, you will also get knowledge of the properties and powers in the AC circuit, transformers, LC Oscillations, laws of combination, parallel combinations, etc.

CBSE Class 12 Solution has elaborate on every single question from this chapter in detail to boost your concept level. By solving all the questions, you will able to sharpen the concept in the topic. 

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

This eighth chapter in CBSE Class 12 Physics has three different topics together, namely displacement current, electromagnetic waves, and the electromagnetic spectrum. You should know that these topics are based on the common concept of magnetism. The concept you have learned in the previous chapter will help you get a better understanding, as well as a conceptual understanding of this chapter.

You will find the detailed explanation of the different electromagnetic waves in the CBSE Physics chapter in class 12 includes microwaves, x-rays, radio waves, and also their usage, also get to know about Maxwell’s Equation, the frequency of the different electromagnetic waves, and their wavelengths.

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

The ninth chapter of CBSE Class 12 Physics comprises Ray Optics and Optical Instruments. You shave to provide special attention to this chapter, like magnetism and magnetic fields, to score a better mark in the board exam. This chapter has topics like the optical instruments in use, spherical mirrors, and their activities in reflecting as well as refracting light, etc.

You will also come to know the concept of Reflection and refraction concepts in detail in this chapter. You will know about the Refraction by lenses and total internal reflection here. know the unique feature of prism in dispersing the light and several seemingly unique phenomena of sunlight.

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

The tenth Chapter in CBSE Physics Class 12 comprises the topics on wave optics and its properties, The chapter covers fewer topics. Here you will learn about the Huygens Principle and its different applications in the Refraction and reflection of plane waves. You will also find the Polarisation and interference of light waves in this chapter.

You will also be taught about Young’s experiment, double-slit experiment, and the applications of wave optics in various aspects like thin films, 3D glasses, incoherent addition of, etc.

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

In the eleventh chapter in the Class 12 Physics CBSE book, you will find the nature of radiation and the properties it showcases in different situations.

Here you can learn about the Dual nature of radiation and property. Here, you also know about the photoelectric effects of light, the Wave Theory, Wave Nature of matters around us, photoelectric equation of Einstein, Energy quantum of radiation, etc.

Chapter 12: Atoms

In the Twelfth chapter of CBSE Class 12 Physics, you will learn about the Atom. This chapter has six topics providing the details of Rutherford’s nuclear model, Bohr Model of the hydrogen atom, scattering of alpha particles, atomic spectra, etc.

You will find an interesting topic like DE Broglie explained the second postulate of quantization by Bohr. Here you can also know the details of the Hydrogen atom, and the line spectra regard to the structure and properties of the Atom.

Chapter 13: Nuclei

In the thirteenth chapter of the CBSE Physics for Class 12, you will learn about nuclei.

This chapter has a number of topics explained about the nucleus of an atom, kit size, force, and energy it contains, the radioactivity properties, The nuclei of different atoms interact in different manners, etc.

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics Materials Devices And Simple Circuits

In the fourteenth Chapter of Class 12 CBSE Physics, you will find eleven topics on the classification of semiconductors, insulators, metals, etc. Here you will know about the differentiation between extrinsic and intrinsic semiconductors. You will also know about the semiconductor diode and its application for the purpose of a rectifier.

In CBSE Class 12 Physics, you will find a well-explained step-by-step guide.

Chapter 15: Communications System

Chapter fifteenth is the last Chapter, CBSE Physics Class 12. Here you will know about the communication systems. It has well explained ten topics. You can know in detail the communication system and the three basic elements, namely, the transmitter, the channel, and the receiver.

Here you will also know about the transmission medium bandwidth, amplitude modulation, and its necessity, how amplitude modulated waves are formed and can be detected, electromagnetic waves and their propagation, etc.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Here you will get the detailed CBSE Class 12 Syllabus For Physics along with section-wise marks distribution. You can take a look at the units included in CBSE Mathematics Syllabus along with the marks distribution:


Chapter / Topic






Chapter-1: Electric Charges and Fields


Chapter-2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance


Current Electricity


Chapter-3: Current Electricity


Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism



Chapter-4: Moving Charges and Magnetism


Chapter-5: Magnetism and Matter


Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current


Chapter-6: Electromagnetic Induction


Chapter-7: Alternating Current


Electromagnetic Waves



Chapter-8: Electromagnetic Waves




Chapter-9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments


Chapter-10: Wave Optics


Dual Nature of Matter



Chapter-11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter


Atoms & Nuclei


Chapter-12: Atoms


Chapter-13: Nuclei


Electronic Devices



Chapter-14:  Semiconductor  Electronics


Communication Systems


Chapter-15: Communication Systems




CBSE Class 12 Physics Solutions – Free PDF Download

After the completion of the Physics textbook, you should have Class 12 Physics Solutions to prepare correctly 12th Exam.

You will easily find the exercise-wise explanation of all the problems done by our panel of experts. You will also find various Miscellaneous Exercise questions from every exercise.

CBSE Class 12 Physics NCERT Solutions | Download NCERT Physics

NCERT Experts has created Class 12 Physics Solutions to provide students depth concepts on every chapter. They have covered all questions from all exercises based on the latest NCERT pattern.

You should not worry about the content because the NCERT experts have created such a way that any student can easily understand without having depth concepts or having previous understanding in the section.

CBSE Class 12 Physics H C Verma Solutions

After NCERT solutions, H C Verma Physics Solutions are the best Reference Materials you should follow to prepare class 12 Physics.

They are created by the well-known H C Verma to provide you with a thorough concept of every problem.

  • H C Verma Concepts Of Physics Volume – I
  • H C Verma Concepts Of Physics Volume – II

Important Links Related To CBSE Class 12 Exam

CBSE Class 12 Physics Question Paper

You must have Class 12 Physics Question Papers to practice. You should start solving the class 12 Physics exam question papers after completion of your Physics chapters and exercises. By solving question papers, you will have knowledge about the question pattern from previous exams and the type of questions asked in the exam.

It will also help you to develop time management skills and boost your speed to solve a problem. you should have the following materials to find the complete question papers related to CBSE Class 12th Exam,

  • Sample Question Papers
  • Previous Year Question Papers
  • Question Bank

Class 12 Physics Sample Question Papers

Every year, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) publishes the Sample papers and marking scheme for all subjects. This study material helps students to understand the exam pattern for upcoming Class 12 exams.

By solving Class 12 Physics sample papers, you will have a preview of the board question paper. You can understand the current pattern of the question papers after solving sample papers.

Class 12 Physics Previous year Papers

You must solve the Class 12 Physics previous year papers before the board exams to get an extensive idea about the previous exams and the changes throughout the period. By solving the questions from multiple years, you will easily identify some repetitive topics and questions.

By clearing concepts on those topics and questions, you will improve your chance to score high in the CBSE Class 12 Physics exam. You should solve the papers in a certain time as the real exam. It will help you to know your current status and identify the conceptual weaknesses. You can easily cover those before the board exam.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Revision Notes

You should revise all the chapters before the board exam. Otherwise, you will lose your chance to score good grades.

Our Class 12 Physics Revision Notes help you to revise all chapters in an easier way. The experts have created the notes by analyzing previous years of question papers and syllabus in mind. 

We have covered a detailed guide on CBSE Class 12 Physics. Feel Free to ask any questions in the comment section below.

FAQ- CBSE Class 12 Physics

1. Is there any change in the syllabus of CBSE class 12 Physics CBSE 2020-21?

CBSE has reduced the syllabus of CBSE Class 12 Physics by 30% for the year 2020-21.

2. When will the class 12 CBSE exam be conducted?

CBSE Board 12th Exam Date Sheet along with the board exam time will be further notified on or after 1st June 2021.

3. How can I improve preparation for CBSE class 12 Physics?

Study Physics regularly, after learning a chapter, practice different types of numerical from it. 

4. Where can I download Chapter-Wise NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Physics?

Read the above article to download Chapter-Wise NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Physics.

5. What is the best Reference book for CBSE Class 12 physics?

After NCERT solutions, H C Verma Solutions are the best Reference Materials you should follow to prepare CBSE class 12 physics.

6. How can I score good marks in physics in NEET?

Study the basics concepts of physics and after learning a chapter, practice different types of numerical from it.

7. Does CBSE release a sample paper for CBSE class 12 physics?

CBSE Board has released the Class 10 & 12 sample papers for all subjects on the official site.

8. Why Physics is important?

Physics is a very important subject because, in addition to board exams, you need good marks in it to qualify in various competitive exams too.

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