CBSE Class 10 Maths – Syllabus, Question Papers, Maths Notes, NCERT Solutions

CBSE Class 10 Maths

Mathematics is not about a way of reasoning but mechanically applying formulae and algorithms. By studying Class 10 Maths, you will explore mathematics and develop the abilities to reason mathematically.  While creating the book, experts have considered the following guidelines.

  • The simple language is used in the book are clear, unambiguous and straightforward.
  • In every concept, several examples are provided so that students can build the better base.
  • The various types of solutions are provided to encourage the students to see diverse solutions to problems.
  • In Proofs and solutions, a learner can develop a clear and logical way of expressing the arguments.
  • You can also see the optional exercises so you can learn in more depth.
  • All answers to the exercises and solutions or hints are given where required. So a student can become more proficient in the subject.

CBSE Class 10 Maths

Maths is the essential subject for class 10. It plays an important role in Students life. It is neither an easy subject nor a tougher one. With a clear concept on every chapter and the daily practice of exercises, you can score a better mark in the 10th CBSE Board Exam.

If you are planning to study Commerce or Science Stream in future, then you must have a clear concept on the subject. It will also open you path to crack various competitive exams in future.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Books

To score the better Marks in the 10th Maths Exam, you should have the right books. Without the proper book, you cannot score high in any exam. While selecting the book, you should not go for any random book. You should be assured that it has covered the latest CBSE Maths Syllabus.

For that, you must have NCERT Class 10 Maths book. Along with that, you can follow the books as given below as a reference,

  • RD Sharma 10th Maths Book

You will find the following chapters in 10th Maths,

  • Chapter 1 – Real Numbers
  • Chapter 2 – Polynomials
  • Chapter 3 – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Chapter 4 – Quadratic Equations
  • Chapter 5 – Arithmetic Progressions
  • Chapter 6 – Triangles
  • Chapter 7 – Coordinate Geometry
  • Chapter 8 – Introduction to Trigonometry
  • Chapter 9 – Some Applications of Trigonometry
  • Chapter 10 – Circles
  • Chapter 11 – Constructions
  • Chapter 12 – Areas Related to Circles
  • Chapter 13 – Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Chapter 14 – Statistics
  • Chapter 15 – Probability

Chapter 1 Real Numbers

In chapter 1 of class 10, you will learn real numbers and irrational numbers. In the starting section, you will know about the Euclid’s Division Lemma which states that “Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq + r, 0≤r<b”.

The following pointers provide an overview of the topics that are covered in depth in this particular chapter –

  • Revision of the fundamentals of Real Numbers
  • Introduction to the properties of positive integers
  • Euclid’s Division Lemma
  • The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic 
  • Revision of Irrational Numbers
  • Revision of Rational Numbers 
  • Decimal Expansion of Real Numbers

Chapter 2 Polynomials

Polynomials is the expression consisting of variables (indeterminate) and coefficients. It involves various the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and non-negative integer exponents of variables.

Here you will learn the definition of degree of the polynomial, linear polynomial, quadratic polynomial and cubic polynomial. This chapter has a total of 4 exercises, including optional exercise.

Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

In this chapter, you will know about the equations having two unknowns and its corresponding solution techniques to get the exact results.

An equation which can be put in the form ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are real numbers, and a and b are not both zero, is called a linear equation in two variables x and y.

Here you will also know the fact that a solution of such an equation is a pair of values, one for x and the other for y, which makes the two sides of the equation equal. This chapter has a total of 7 exercises, and in these exercises, different methods of solving the pair of linear equations are described.

Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations

Here you will learn about know the standard form of writing a quadratic equation. You will find the method of solving the quadratic equation through the factorisation method and completing the square method.

In the end section of the chapter, you can know the nature of roots which states that a quadratic equation ax² + bx + c = 0 has

  • Two distinct real roots, if b² – 4ac > 0
  • Two equal roots, if b² – 4ac = 0
  • No real roots, if b² – 4ac < 0

Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions

This is one of the important chapter for CBSE Class 10 Maths. Here you will find a new topic that is Arithmetic Progression, i.e. AP. A sequence of numbers is called an Arithmetic progression if the difference between any two consecutive terms is always the same.

Here you can learn the representation of a situation in the form of AP, finding the first term and difference of an AP, finding out whether a series is AP or not. you have to find out the nth term of an AP by using the following formula;

  • a= a + (n-1) d

Chapter 6 Triangles

In chapter 6 of class 10 CBSE maths, students will study about the condition for the similarity of two triangles and theorems related to the similarity of triangles. After that, the areas of similar triangles is explained with a theorem.

At the end section of the chapter, you will learn the Pythagoras Theorem and converse of Pythagoras Theorem is described.

Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry

In the Coordinate Geometry chapter, you will come to know the techniques to find the distance between two points whose coordinates are given and to find the area of the triangle formed by three given points.

Along with this, you will know the process to find the coordinates of the point which divides a line segment joining two given points in a given ratio.

For this students will get introduced to,

  • Distance Formula,
  • Section Formula,
  • Area of a Triangle in this chapter.

Chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry

Here you will learn Trigonometry. It covers the ratios of a right triangle with respect to its acute angles, called trigonometric ratios of the angles.

You will also find the definition of the trigonometric ratios for angles of 00 and 900. In the end section, students will know to calculate trigonometric ratios for some specific angles and establish some identities involving these ratios, called trigonometric identities.

Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

It covers the advanced topic of the previous chapter. It is used in geography, navigation, construction of maps, determining the position of an island in relation to the longitudes and latitudes.

You will also know the use of trigonometry to find the heights and distances of various objects, without actually measuring them.

Chapter 10 Circles

You have already studied about a circle and various terms related to a circle like a diameter, segment, arc etc.

Here, you have to study the different situations that arise when a circle and a line are given in a plane.

Chapter 11 Constructions

In this chapter consist of a total of 2 exercises. Constructions are the technique to draw different kinds of lines and shapes in geometry with a compass and a straightedge (or ruler), without the measurement of lengths or angles. Here you have to use compasses to draw arcs and circles, straightedges and rulers are used to draw lines and straight angles

Whatever students have learned about construction in earlier classes will also help you to understand the topic. Here you will study how to divide a line segment, the construction of tangents to a circle, Method and steps for construction.

Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles

This chapter comprises the concepts of perimeter and area of a circle. Here you will learn how to find the area of sector and segment of a circular region.

You will also know to find the areas of some combinations of plane figures involving circles or their parts.

Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes

Here you will learn about the surface area of an object formed by combining any two of the basic solids, i.e. cuboid, cone, cylinder, sphere and hemisphere.

You will also learn to find the volume of objects formed by combining any two of a cuboid, cone, cylinder, sphere and hemisphere.

Chapter 14 Statistics

Here you have to study the numerical representation of ungrouped data to grouped data and finding the Mean, Mode and Median.

You will also know the concept of cumulative frequency, cumulative frequency distribution, and how to draw cumulative frequency curves will be explained.

Chapter 15 Probability

This is the last chapter of Class 10 Maths. Probability is the chance of an event happening. It is a numerical description of how likely an event is to happen or how likely it is that a proposition is right.

 In Probability, you will learn the theoretical approach of probability, the difference between experimental probability and theoretical probability.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus

Here you will get the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths along with section-wise marks distribution. Before starting the complete guide on CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Maths, you should have a look at the units included in CBSE Mathematics Syllabus along with the marks distribution:

Unit No

Unit Name



Number Systems






Coordinate Geometry












Statistics & Probability



80 marks

The CBSE Board examination 2021-21 will be conducted for 80 marks. The remaining 20 marks is allotted for Internal Assessment. Let us now look at the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Mathematics – chapters and concepts under each unit.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Solutions

Class 10 Maths solutions are the essential Study Materials to prepare correctly 10th Exam. Here you will find the complete brief explanation for every single chapter wise exercises. You will also find various Miscellaneous Exercise questions from every exercise.

CBSE Class 10 Maths NCERT Solutions

NCERT Class 10 Maths Solutions are the best materials to build the chapter-wise depth concept. They have covered all questions from all exercises based on the latest NCERT pattern.

You need not worry about the content because the NCERT experts have created the solutions such a way that any student can easily understand without having depth concept in the section.

CBSE Class 10 Maths RD Sharma Solutions

After NCERT solutions, RD Sharma Solutions are the best Reference Materials you should follow to prepare CBSE class 10 Maths.

The well-known author RD Sharma has created these materials to provide you with the detailed guide.

CBSE Class 10 Maths RS Aggarwal Solutions

You can also use the RS Aggarwal Class 10 Maths Solution to build your concept much depth. They have explained all the topics in details. They have also covered every exercise like RD Sharma.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Question Paper

After completion of the Class 10 Maths syllabus and chapter-wise exercise, you should solve the class 10 exam question papers. You will get an idea about the exam and type of questions coming in the exam.

By solving more question papers on CBSE Class 10, you will understand the exam pattern more accurate way. You will also know the time management and analysis of your preparation level. You should have the following materials to find the complete question papers related to CBSE Class 10th Exam,

  • Sample Question Papers
  • Previous Year Question Papers
  • Question Bank

Class 10 Maths Sample Question Papers

CBSE every year, releases sample question papers and marking schemes for all subjects of class 10. By solving these sample papers, you will have a preview of the board question paper.

Analysing the CBSE 10th Maths sample papers, you can know about the pattern of the question paper and the format of questions to be asked in the board exam. 

Class 10 Maths Previous year Papers

You must solve the 10th CBSE Maths previous year papers before the board exams. You will get an idea about various important topics which are generally asked in the board exam. It will also help you to build concept on various types of questions.

You can analysis your preparation level and identify the conceptual weaknesses. You can easily cover those before the board exam.

Class 10 Maths Question Bank

The CBSE class 10 maths question bank is designed by experts by analysing the chapter wise exercise and the previous exams. You will find multiple questions for every single topic. By solving many questions, you can develop the depth concept in every single section of Class 10 Maths.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Worksheets

CBSE Class 10 Maths Worksheet is the ultimate material to develop logical, lingual, analytical, and problem-solving capabilities. 

We have covered all the CBSE Class 10 Maths important questions and answers in the worksheets included in the latest CBSE NCERT Syllabus.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Revision Notes

The CBSE 10th Maths revision notes are a special piece of study material that students can utilise properly. The notes are prepared by some of the Experts. All the CBSE class 10 Maths revision notes are prepared by analysing previous years of question papers and syllabus in mind. 

CBSE Class 10 Maths Formulas

Many of the class students struggle to learn basic formulae. We are providing you with the complete set of class 10 Maths formulas in the PDF format. Make sure that you should have Class 10 Maths Formulas handy. It will be helpful for you to revise and memorise various chapter wise formulas available in class 10 maths book.

You can utilize them and score a better grade in the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) exam.

We have covered a detailed guide on CBSE Class 10 Maths. Feel Free to ask any questions in the comment section below.

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