Bharat Ratna Awards 2019

Bharat Ratna Awards 2019 – Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh & Bhupen Hazarika Awarded

Bharat Ratna Awards 2019

Bharat Ratna Awards 2019: Bharat Ratna Award is the highest civilian awards that are given to outstanding personalities. The Prime Minister Of India gives the recommendations for the Bharat Ratna to the President.

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Each year maximum number of three nominees are awarded this prestigious award. The award winner will get a certificate (Sanad) signed by the President of India and a peepal-leaf-shaped medal. The no monetary reward is given to awardees.

About Bharat Ratna Awards

The Bharat Ratna Award was started in 1954. The award is presented “in recognition of outstanding service of the highest order,” without discrimination of race, occupation, position, or sex.

The award was formerly limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavor” in December 2011.

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The Bharat Ratna Awards winners rank seventh in the Indian order of preference. Politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C.V. Raman were the first receiver of this award. Bharat Ratna Awards are presented to 48 individuals from 1954 -2019. Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first individual to be honored posthumously.

Know More About The Bharat Ratna Awards 2019 Recipients:

Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee:

Pranab Mukherjee was born in Mirati in Birbhum District of West Bengal on December 11, 1935. Pranab Mukherjee’s life-long political career crossed about five decades.

During this period, he held various key posts in the Congress as well as in the governments led by Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, P V Narasimha Rao, and Manmohan Singh.

In the age of  83, he served as India’s 13th President from 2012-2017. Prior to this post, Mukherjee also served as the Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012.

Bhupen Hazarika

Bhupen Hazarika:

Bhupen Hazarika was born on September 8, 1926, in Sadiya, Assam, British India.  He made his singing debut at the age of 12 in 1939.

Assamese singer Bhupen Hazarika was most famous in Assam, Bengal and Other parts of India. He was responsible for starting the culture and folk music of Assam and northeast India to Hindi cinema.

He was popularly known as Sudhakantha, who received the National Film Award, Padmashri, Dada Saheb Phalke Award, Padma Vibhushan, and many other prestigious honors. 

Some of his renowned works in Assamese music which audiences still enjoy includes “Bistirno Parore,” “Moi Eti Jajabo,” “Ganga Mor Maa,” and “Bimurto Mur Nixati Jen.”

Nanaji Deshmukh

Nanaji Deshmukh:

Nanaji Deshmukh was born on October 11 in 1916 in a small town of Hingoli in Maharashtra, Nanaji Deshmukh served Uttar Pradesh’s Balrampur constituency in the Lok Sabha from 1977 to 1979.

 He also worked as a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha from 1999 to 2005. Nanaji Deshmukh was honored with the Padma Vibhushan earlier. One of the founding members of Bharatiya Jan Sangh, Nanaji Deshmukh established a chain of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh-inspired schools throughout India.

The veteran also played a major role in the Jai Prakash (JP) movement against Emergency in 1974 and was instrumental in the formation of the Janata Party government in 1977.

Bharat Ratna Awards: List Of Recipients

S.No.

Name of the Awardees

Year

1

Shri C. Rajagopalachari

1954

2

Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

1954

3

Dr.C. V. Raman

1954

4

Dr.Bhagwan Das

1955

5

Dr.M Visvesvaraya

1955

6

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

1955

7

Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

1957

8

Dr.Dhondo Keshav Karve

1958

9

Dr.Bidhan Chandra Roy

1961

10

Shri.Purushottam Das Tandon

1961

11

Dr.Rajendra Prasad

1962

12

Dr.Zakir Husain

1962

13

Dr.Pandurang Vaman Kane

1963

14

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (posthumous)

1966

15

Smt.Indira Gandhi

1971

16

Shri V. V. Giri

1975

17

Shri K. Kamaraj(posthumous)

1976

18

Mother Teresa

1980

19

Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave

1983

20

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1987

21

Shri M. G. Ramachandran

1988

22

Dr.B. R. Ambedkar

1990

23

Nelson Mandela

1990

24

Shri.Rajiv Gandhi (posthumous)

1991

25

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (posthumous)

1991

26

Shri Morarji Desai

1991

27

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (posthumous)

1992

28

Shri J. R. D. Tata

1992

29

Shri Satyajit Ray

1992

30

Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

1997

31

Smt.Aruna Asaf Ali(posthumous)

1997

32

Dr.A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

1997

33

Smt.M. S. Subbulakshmi

1998

34

Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam

1998

35

Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (posthumous)

1999

36

Professor Amartya Sen

1999

37

Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (posthumous)

1999

38

Pandit Ravi Shankar

1999

39

ShushriLata Mangeshkar

2001

40

Ustad Bismillah Khan

2001

41

Pandit Bhimsen Joshi

2009

42

Professor C. N. R. Rao

2014

43

Shri Sachin Tendulkar

2014

44

Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumous)

2015

45

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

2015

46

Pranab Mukherjee

2019

47

Bhupen Hazarika

2019

48

Nanaji Deshmukh

2019

Interesting Informations About Bharat Ratna Awards:

In 1954 specifications of the Bharat Ratna Awards was a circle made of gold 35 mm in diameter with a centered sunburst design on the obverse side.

The text ‘Bharat Ratna’ which is written in Devanagari script, is inscribed on the upper edge in silver gilt with a wreath set along on the lower edge.

A year later, the design was changed. The current medal is in the shape of a peepal leaf, approximately 59 mm long, 48 mm wide and 3.2 mm thick and rimmed in platinum.

Bharat Ratna Awards were temporarily suspended from July 1977 to January 1980 due to the change in the national government. It was again suspended for the second time from August 1992 to December 1995.

The year 1997 was the only time when the Bharat Ratna Awards were announced but not given. In 1992, the government decided to give the award posthumously to Subhas Chandra Bose.

But the decision of the government was opposed by those who had refused to accept his death. Following a 1997 Supreme Court decision, the press communique announcing Bose’s award had to be cancelled.

Now you have complete information on Bharat Ratna Awards 2019. If you have any questions, feel free to ask us in the comment section.

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