RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 8 Chapter-7 Factorisation (Ex 7B) Exercise 7.2 (2021-22) RS Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions Chapter 7 Ex 7.2: RS Aggarwal Solutions Class 8 Chapter-7 Factorisation (Ex 7B) Exercise 7.2 solved by Expert Mathematics Teachers on Kopykitab is available as a free PDF download. All Exercise 7.2 Questions and Solutions for RS Aggarwal Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 will help you revise the complete syllabus and get more marks.

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RS Aggarwal Chapter 7 Exercise 7.2 Class 8 Solutions

Access RS Aggarwal Chapter 7 Exercise 7.2 Class 8 Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Solution:
x2 – 36
= (x)2 – (6)2 { ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)}
= (x + 6) (x – 6) Ans.

Question 2.
Solution:
4a2 – 9
= (2a)2 – (3)2
= (2a + 3) (2a – 3)
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)}

Question 3.
Solution:
81 – 49x2
= (9)2 – (7x)2
= (9 + 7x) (9 – 7x) { ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)}

Question 4.
Solution:
= (2x)2 – (3y)2
= (2x + 3y)(2x-3y)
{∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)}

Question 5.
Solution:
Using a2 – b2
= (a + b) (a – b)
= 16a2 – 225b2
= (4a)2 – (15b)2
= (4a + 15b) (4b – 5b)

Question 6.
Solution:
Using a2 – b2
= (a + b) (a – b)
= (3ab)2 – (5)2
= (3ab + 5) (3ab – 5)

Question 7.
Solution:
Using a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)
16a2 – 144 = (4a)2 = (12)2
= (4a + 12) (4a – 12)
= 4 (a + 3) x 4 (a – 3)
= 16 (a + 3) (a – 3)

Question 8.
Solution:
63a2 – 112b2
= 7 (9a2 – 16b2)
= 7 [(3a)2 – (4b)2
= 7 (3a + 4b) (3a – 4b)

Question 9.
Solution:
20a2 – 45b2
= 5 {4a2 – 9b2}
= 5{(2a)2 – (3b)2)
= 5(2a + 3b) (2a – 3b) Ans.

Question 10.
Solution:
12x2 – 27
= 3(4x2 – 9)
= 3{(2x)2 – (3)2}
= 3(2x + 3) (2x – 3) Ans.

Question 11.
Solution:
x3 – 64x
= x(x2 – 64)
= x{(x)2 – (8)2}
= x(x + 8) (x – 8) Ans.

Question 12.
Solution:
16x5 – 144x3
= 16x3 [x2 – 9]
= 16x3 [(x)2 – (3)2]
= 16x3 (x + 3) (x – 3)

Question 13.
Solution:
3x5 – 48x3
= 3x3 {x2 – 16}
= 3x3{(x)2 – (4)2}
= 3x3 (x + 4) (x – 4) Ans.

Question 14.
Solution:
16p3 – 4p
= 4p [4p2 – 1]
= 4p ((2p)2 – (1)2]
= 4p(2p + 1)(2p – 1)

Question 15.
Solution:
63a2b2 – 7
= 7(9a2b2 – 1)
= 7{(3ab)2 – (1)2)
= 7(3ab + 1) (3ab – 1) Ans.

Question 16.
Solution:
1 – (b – c)2
= (1)2 – (b – c)2
= (1 + b + c) (1 – b + c) Ans.
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b) (a – b)}

Question 17.
Solution:
(2a + 3b)2 – 16c2
= (2a + 3b)2 – (4c)2
=(2a + 3b + 4c)(2a + 3b – 4c)Ans.
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}

Question 18.
Solution:
(l + m)2 – (l – m)2
= (l + m + l – m)(l + m – l + m)
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}
= 2l x 2m = 4lm

Question 19.
Solution:
(2x + 5y)2 – (1)2
=(2x + 5y + 1)(2x + 5y – 1)
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}

Question 20.
Solution:
36c2 – (5a + b)2
= (6c)2 – (5a + b)2
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}
= (6c + 5a + b)(6c – 5a – b)

Question 21.
Solution:
(3x – 4y)2 – 25z2
= (3x – 4y)2 – (5z)2
= (3x – 4y + 5z) (3x – 4y – 5z) Ans.

Question 22.
Solution:
x2 – y2 – 2y – 1
= x2 – (y2 + 2y + 1)
= (x)2 – (y + 1)2
= (x + y + 1)(x – y – 1)Ans.

Question 23.
Solution:
25 – a2 – b2 – 2ab
= 25 – (a2 + b2 + 2ab)
= (5)2 – (a + b)2
= (5 + a + b)(5 – a – b)Ans.

Question 24.
Solution:
25a2 – 4b2 + 28bc – 49c2
= 25a2 – [4b2 – 28bc + 49c2]
{ ∵ a2 – 2ab + b2 = (a – b)2}
= (5a)2 – [(2b)2 – 2 x 2b x 7c + (7c)2]
= (5a)2 – (2b – 7c)2
{ ∵ (a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}
= (5a + 2b – 7c) (5a – 2b + 7c)

Question 25.
Solution:
9a2 – b2 + 4b – 4
= 9a2 – (b2 – 4b + 4)
= (3a)2 – [(b)2 – 2 x b x 2 + (2)2]
= (3a)2 – (b – 2)2
{ ∵ a2 – 2ab + b2 = (a – b)2}
= (3a + b – 2)(3a – b + 2)
{ ∵ a2 – b2 = (a + b)(a – b)}

Question 26.
Solution:
(10)2 – (x – 5)2
= (10)2 – (x – 5)2
= (10 + x – 5)(10 – x + 5)
= (5 + x) (15 – x) Ans.

Question 27.
Solution:
{(405)2 – (395)2}
= (405)2 – (395)2
= (405 + 395) (405 – 395)
{ ∵ a2 – b2(a + b) (a – b)}
= 800 x 10 = 8000

Question 28.
Solution:
(7.8)2 – (2.2)2
= (7.8 + 2.2) (7.8 – 2.2)
= 10.0 x 5.6
= 56 Ans.

RS Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions Chapter 7 Ex 7.2: Important Definitions

• Factorization of algebraic expression

If we factorize an algebraic expression, we write it as a product of factors. These factors may be algebraic variables, numbers, or algebraic expressions

The expression 6x (x – 2). It can be written as a product of factors. 2, 3, x, & (x – 2)

6x (x – 2).  = 2 × 3 ×  x × (x – 2)

The factors 2, 3, x and (x +2) are irreducible factors of 6x (x + 2).

• Factorization of algebraic expressions when a monomial is a common factor:

Factorization when a common monomial factor occurs in each term then:

(i)Write algebraic expressions.

(ii) Find the H.C.F. of all the terms of the expression.

(iii) Divide each term of the expression by the H.C.F.

(iv) Keep the H.C.F. outside the bracket and the quotients acquired within the bracket.

For instance: 10x + 15

= 10x + 15

We can also write, 10x = 5 × 2x & 15 = 5 × 3

The H.C.F of 10x & 15 is 5

Thus, 10x + 15 = 5(2x + 3)

Hope given RS Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions Chapter 7 Ex 7.2 Factorisation are helpful to complete your CBSE Math homework. If you have any doubts, please comment below.

RS Aggarwal Class 8 Solutions Chapter 7 Ex 7.2- FAQs

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