RGPV Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering 4th Sem Syllabus
B.E. 401 – ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III
Unit I
Functions of complex variables : Analytic functions, Harmonic Conjugate, CauchyRiemann Equations, Line Integral, Cauchy’s Theorem, Cauchy’s Integral Formula, Singular Points, Poles & Residues, Residue Theorem , Application of Residues theorem for evaluation of real integrals
Unit II
Errors & Approximations, Solution of Algebraic & Trancedental Equations (Regula Falsi , NewtonRaphson, Iterative, Secant Method), Solution of simultaneous linear equatins by Gauss Elimination, Gauss Jordan, Crout’s methods , Jacobi’s and GaussSiedel Iterative methods
Unit III
Difference Operators, Interpolation ( Newton Forward & Backward Formulae, Central Interpolation Formulae, Lagrange’s and divided difference formulae ), Numerical Differentiation and Numerical Integration.
Unit IV
Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations(Taylor’s Series, Picard’s Method, Modified Euler’s Method, RungeKutta Method, Milne’s Predictor & Corrector method ), Correlation and Regression, Curve Fitting (Method of Least Square).
Unit V
Concept of Probability : Probability Mass function, Probability density function. Discrete Distribution: Binomial, Poisson’s, Continuous Distribution: Normal Distribution, Exponential Distribution ,Gamma Distribution ,Beta Distribution ,Testing of Hypothesis :Students ttest, Fisher’s ztest, ChiSquare Method
Reference 

(i) 
Numerical Methods using Matlab by J.H.Mathews and K.D.Fink, P.H.I. 
(ii) 
Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engg. Computation by MKJain, Iyengar and RK 
Jain, New Age International Publication  
(iii) 
Mathematical Methods by KV Suryanarayan Rao, SCITECH Publuication 
(iv) 
Numerical Methods using Matlab by Yang,Wiley India 
(v) 
Pobability and Statistics by Ravichandran ,Wiley India 
(vi) 
Mathematical Statistics by George R., Springer 
EI 402 Signal and System
UNIT
Representation of signals and systems : Signals and classification of signals, basic continuoustime signals, basic discrete time signals, sampling theorem, systems and classification of systems, response of a continuoustime LTI system and the convolution integral, properties of continuoustime LTI systems, Eigen functions of continuoustime LTI systems, systems described by differential equations, response of a discretetime LTI system and convolution sum, properties of discretetime LTI systems, Eigen functions of discretetime LTI systems, Transmission of signals through a LTI system.
UNIT II
Fourier Analysis of continuoustime signals and systems introduction, Fourier series representation of periodic signals, the Fourier Transform, properties of the continuoustime Fourier Transform, the frequency response of continuoustime LTI systems, filtering, bandwidth.
UNIT III
Fourier analysis of discretetime signals and systems introduction, Discrete Fourier Series, the Fourier Transform, properties of the Fourier Transform, the frequency response of discretetime LTI systems, system response to Sampled continuoustime sinusoids, the Discrete Fourier Transform.
UNIT IV
The ZTransform introduction, the ZTransform, Relation between ZTransform and Fourier TransformTransforms of some common sequences, properties of the ZTransform, the inverse ZTransform, the system function of discretetime LTI systems, the unilateral Z Transform .
UNIT V
Discrete Time Random Processes: Random variables Definitions, ensemble averages, jointly distributed random variables, joint moments, independent, uncorrelated and orthogonal random variables, Gaussian random variables. Random Processes – Ensemble averages, stationary processes, the auto covariance and autocorrelation matrices, ergodicity, white noise, frequency EI – 403 Analog Electronics
Unit I
domain description of random processes, transmission of random signals through a LTI system.
References:
 Oppenheim AV, Willisky AS and Nawab SH; Signals and systems; Pearson.
 Proakis JP,.Manolakis; Digital Signal Processing principles…; Pearson.
 Hwei.P .Hsu; Signals and systems, Schaum’s outlines; TMH.
Unit I Bipolar Junction Transistor: Concept of load line, Biasing and bias stability, transistor at low and high frequencies, Transistor modeling – transistor hybrid model, the h parameters, the hybrid pi model, gain bandwidth product.
Unit II
JFET: Construction, Operation and Biasing of JFET, and MOSFET device, The FET small signal model, VI characteristics, biasing and load line equivalent circuits of the device, analysis of FET amplifiers.
Unit III
Multistage or Cascade amplifier: classification of multistage amplifier, coupling and frequency response of cascaded systems, effect of cascading on voltage gain, current gain, phase, input and output impedances and bandwidth of cascaded or multistage amplifiers, types of coupling, cascade and cascade circuits, tiller theorem, Darlington pair, bootstrap circuit.
Unit IV
Tuned amplifier: single tuned, double tuned and stagger tuned amplifiers characteristics and their frequency response.
Unit V Power amplifier: Class A, B, AB, push pull and Class C power amplifiers, Comparisons of their efficiencies, types of distortion.
References:
 Integrated Electronics. – Millman Halkias TMH
 Electronic Devices & circuits – Boyelstad & Neshelsky – PHI
 Electronic Devices & Circuits – David A.Bell – PHI
 Principles of Electronic Devices – Malvino
 Electronics Devices and circuits – Salivahanan Vallavraj, TMH
List of Experiments (Expandable):
All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINAV7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.
1.To plot common base configuration input/output characteristic of PNP bipolar junction transistor.
2.To plot common emitter configuration input/output characteristic of NPN bipolar junction transistor.
3.To plot common Collector base configuration input/output characteristic of PNP bipolar junction transistor.
4.To draw the characteristics of FET.
5. To draw the frequency response characteristics of various types of amplifiers e.g. tuned and power amplifiers.
EI – 404 Electronic Circuits
Unit I
Feedback Amplifiers: Concept of feedback, positive and negative feedback, voltage and current feedback, series and shunt feedback, effect of feedback on performance characteristics of an amplifier, stability criterion.
Unit II
Oscillators: Condition for sustained oscillation, RC phase shift, Hartley, Colpitts, Crystal and wein bridge oscillators, Negative resistance Oscillator.
Unit III
Transistor Circuit Techniques and amplifiers: Linear integrated circuits introduction,
Differential amplifiers, configuration, Analysis using h parameters, Differential gain, common mode gain CMRR. Constant current sources, current mirrors, level shifting circuits, cascaded amplifier stages, direct coupled amplifiers, problem of drift, chopper amplifiers
Unit – IV
Operational Amplifiers Specifications, imperfections in operational amplifiers. Slew Rate and its effect on full power bandwith, Input Offset voltage, Bias and offset currents, compensation, frequency response effects, Lag Compensation, application of OP.AMP Inverting and non inverting mode, differential mode, instrumentation amplifiers, comparator, Schmitt trigger, precision rectifiers, logarithmic amplifiers, Analogue computation, Summer, Average integrators, differentiators, scaling multipliers.
UnitV
Active Filters: Filter specifications, introduction to butter worth chebyshev, inverse chebyshev approximations and their comparison, first and second order low pass high pass, band pass and band stop filters, switched capacitor filters, 555 timer and its applications V/F and F/V converters, pulse generators, voltage to current to voltage converters.
References:
 Tobbey et al: OPAmps their design and applications
 R.A. Gayakwad: OPAmps and Linear Integrated circuit, PHI
 D.Raychowdhary and Shaul Jain: Linear Integrated Circuits
 Millman & Halkias: Itegrated Electronics
List of Experiments (Expandable):
All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINAV7/ PSPiCe/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.
 Char. Of OpAmp (input offset voltage, slew rate, CMRR, BW, input bias current.
 Linear application of OpAmp (voltage follower, inverting and noninverting amplifier and their frequency response, adder, subtractor, differential amplifier, integrator and differential frequency response)
 Design and performance evaluation of feedback amplifiers.
 Design and performance evaluation of oscillators.
 Design and performance evaluation of various filters.
EI 405 Mechanical measurement
Unit I
Motion and Vibration Measurement: Translational and rotational displacement using potentiometers, Strain Gauges, Differential transformer, Synchros and induction potentiometer, Capacitance, Digital displacement transducers, Photo elastic, Moire fringe, Holographic technique, Different types of tachometers, Accelerometer, Gyroscope.
Unit II
Force, Torque and Shaft Power Measurement: Elastic, Vibrating wire, Gyroscopic force transducers, Torque measurement in rotating shafts, gyroscopic torque measurement, Shaft power measurement (Dynamometers)
Unit III
Pressure and sound measurement: Moderate pressureBourdon tube, Bellows & diaphragms, High pressure measurementPiezo electric, Electric resistance, Low pressure measurementMcleod gauge, Knudsen gauge, Viscosity gauge, Thermal conductivity, Ionization gauge, Dead weight gauge, sound level measurement using different types of microphones.
Unit IV
Flow measurement: Obstruction meter: Orifice, Nozzle, venturi, Pitot tube, Annubar tubes, Target, rotameter, Turbine, Electromagnetic, Vortex, Positive displacement, Anemometers, Weirs & flumes, Laser Doppler, Anemometer, Ultrasonic flow meter, fluidic oscillator, Mass flow meter, Flow visualization, Level measurement: Visual level indicators, Ordinary float type, Purge method, Buoyancy method, resistance, Capacitance and inductive Probes, Ultrasonic, Laser, Optical fiber.Thermal, Radar radiation.
Unit V
Temperature measurement: Bimetallic thermometers, Liquid in glass, Pressure thermometer, thermocouples, RTD, Thermistors, Semiconductor sensors, Digital thermometers, Pyrometers, Miscellaneous Measurement: Humidity, Dew point, Viscosity, Thermal and nuclear radiation measurements.
References:
 H.N. Norton “Handbook of transducers”
 E.O. Doebelin “Measurement systems applications and design”
 DVS Murthy “Transducers and instrumentation”
 Nakra and Chaudhry “Instrumentation measurement and analysis
List of Experiments (Expandable):
All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINAV7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.
 Calibration of strain gauges
 Calibration of LVDT
 Pressure measurement Instruments
 Flow measurement instruments
 Temperature measurement instruments.
EI – 406 Software LabI
SECTIONA MATLAB
Introduction to MATLAB, Study of MATLAB programming environment, Modeling, Design and development of Programs.
Programs Related to Analog Electronics, Electronic circuits and other topics covered in the syllabus.
SECTIONB CIRCUIT SIMULATION/ PCB DESIGNING SOFTWARES
Study of Circuit Simulation Software (any one – TINAV7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). PCB Layout Software (any one – PrOtEl/ ORCADE/ ALTERA).
Design and Simulation of basic Electronic Circuits (Example Rectifiers, Amplifiers, Oscillators, Digital Circuits, Transient and steady state analysis of RC/RL/RLC circuits etc). Design and fabrication of PCB pertaining to various circuits studied on PCB machine.
References:
1.Chapman Stephen J.: MATLAB Programming for Engineers, 3rd Edition, Thomson /Cengage.
2.Rudra Pratap: Getting Started with MATLAB 7, Oxford University Press (Indian Edition).
3.Palm; Matlab 7.4; TMH.
4.Simulation/Designing Software Manuals.
List of Experiments/ Programs:
Programs to be performed based on the topics contained in the syllabus.
RGPV Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Fourth Sem Syllabus