# RGPV Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering  4th Sem Syllabus

B.E. 401 – ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III

Unit I

Functions of complex variables : Analytic functions, Harmonic Conjugate, Cauchy-Riemann Equations, Line Integral, Cauchy’s Theorem, Cauchy’s Integral Formula, Singular Points, Poles & Residues, Residue Theorem , Application of Residues theorem for evaluation of real integrals

Unit II

Errors & Approximations, Solution of Algebraic & Trancedental Equations (Regula Falsi , Newton-Raphson, Iterative, Secant Method), Solution of simultaneous linear equatins by Gauss Elimination, Gauss Jordan, Crout’s methods , Jacobi’s and Gauss-Siedel Iterative methods

Unit III

Difference Operators, Interpolation ( Newton Forward & Backward Formulae, Central Interpolation Formulae, Lagrange’s and divided difference formulae ), Numerical Differentiation and Numerical Integration.

Unit IV

Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations(Taylor’s Series, Picard’s Method, Modified Euler’s Method, Runge-Kutta Method, Milne’s Predictor & Corrector method ), Correlation and Regression, Curve Fitting (Method of Least Square).

Unit V

Concept of Probability : Probability Mass function, Probability density function. Discrete Distribution: Binomial, Poisson’s, Continuous Distribution: Normal Distribution, Exponential Distribution ,Gamma Distribution ,Beta Distribution ,Testing of Hypothesis |:Students t-test, Fisher’s z-test, Chi-Square Method

 Reference (i) Numerical Methods using Matlab by J.H.Mathews and K.D.Fink, P.H.I. (ii) Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engg. Computation by MKJain, Iyengar and RK Jain, New Age International Publication (iii) Mathematical Methods by KV Suryanarayan Rao, SCITECH Publuication (iv) Numerical Methods using Matlab by Yang,Wiley India (v) Pobability and Statistics by Ravichandran ,Wiley India (vi) Mathematical Statistics by George R., Springer

EI- 402 Signal and System

UNIT

Representation of signals and systems : Signals and classification of signals, basic continuous-time signals, basic discrete time signals, sampling theorem, systems and classification of systems, response of a continuous-time LTI system and the convolution integral, properties of continuous-time LTI systems, Eigen functions of continuous-time LTI systems, systems described by differential equations, response of a discrete-time LTI system and convolution sum, properties of discrete-time LTI systems, Eigen functions of discrete-time LTI systems, Transmission of signals through a LTI system.

UNIT II

Fourier Analysis of continuous-time signals and systems introduction, Fourier series representation of periodic signals, the Fourier Transform, properties of the continuous-time Fourier Transform, the frequency response of continuous-time LTI systems, filtering, bandwidth.

UNIT III

Fourier analysis of discrete-time signals and systems introduction, Discrete Fourier Series, the Fourier Transform, properties of the Fourier Transform, the frequency response of discrete-time LTI systems, system response to Sampled continuous-time sinusoids, the Discrete Fourier Transform.

UNIT IV

The Z-Transform introduction, the Z-Transform, Relation between Z-Transform and Fourier Transform-Transforms of some common sequences, properties of the Z-Transform, the inverse Z-Transform, the system function of discrete-time LTI systems, the unilateral Z- Transform .

UNIT V

Discrete Time Random Processes: Random variables -Definitions, ensemble averages, jointly distributed random variables, joint moments, independent, uncorrelated and orthogonal random variables, Gaussian random variables. Random Processes – Ensemble averages, stationary processes, the auto covariance and autocorrelation matrices, ergodicity, white noise, frequency                                     EI – 403 Analog Electronics

Unit I

domain description of random processes, transmission of random signals through a LTI system.

References:

1. Oppenheim AV, Willisky AS and Nawab SH; Signals and systems; Pearson.
2. Proakis JP,.Manolakis; Digital Signal Processing principles…; Pearson.
3. Hwei.P .Hsu; Signals and systems, Schaum’s outlines; TMH.

Unit I Bipolar Junction Transistor: Concept of load line, Biasing and bias stability, transistor at low and high frequencies, Transistor modeling – transistor hybrid model, the h parameters, the hybrid pi- model, gain bandwidth product.

Unit II

JFET: Construction, Operation and Biasing of JFET, and MOSFET device, The FET small signal model, V-I characteristics, biasing and load line equivalent circuits of the device, analysis of FET amplifiers.

Unit III

Multistage or Cascade amplifier: classification of multi-stage amplifier, coupling and frequency response of cascaded systems, effect of cascading on voltage gain, current gain, phase, input and output impedances and bandwidth of cascaded or multistage amplifiers, types of coupling, cascade and cascade circuits, tiller theorem, Darlington pair, bootstrap circuit.

Unit IV

Tuned amplifier: single tuned, double tuned and stagger tuned amplifiers characteristics and their frequency response.

Unit V Power amplifier: Class A, B, AB, push pull and Class C power amplifiers, Comparisons of their efficiencies, types of distortion.

References:

1. Integrated Electronics. – Millman Halkias TMH
2. Electronic Devices & circuits – Boyelstad & Neshelsky – PHI
3. Electronic Devices & Circuits – David A.Bell – PHI
4. Principles of Electronic Devices – Malvino
5. Electronics Devices and circuits – Salivahanan Vallavraj, TMH

List of Experiments (Expandable):

All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINA-V7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.

1.To plot common base configuration input/output characteristic of PNP bipolar junction transistor.

2.To plot common emitter configuration input/output characteristic of NPN bipolar junction transistor.

3.To plot common Collector base configuration input/output characteristic of PNP bipolar junction transistor.

4.To draw the characteristics of FET.

5. To draw the frequency response characteristics of various types of amplifiers e.g. tuned and power amplifiers.

EI – 404 Electronic Circuits

Unit I

Feedback Amplifiers: Concept of feedback, positive and negative feedback, voltage and current feedback, series and shunt feedback, effect of feedback on performance characteristics of an amplifier, stability criterion.

Unit II

Oscillators: Condition for sustained oscillation, R-C phase shift, Hartley, Colpitts, Crystal and wein bridge oscillators, Negative resistance Oscillator.

Unit III

Transistor Circuit Techniques and amplifiers: Linear integrated circuits introduction,

Differential amplifiers, configuration, Analysis using h parameters, Differential gain, common mode gain CMRR. Constant current sources, current mirrors, level shifting circuits, cascaded amplifier stages, direct coupled amplifiers, problem of drift, chopper amplifiers

Unit – IV

Operational Amplifiers Specifications, imperfections in operational amplifiers. Slew Rate and its effect on full power bandwith, Input Offset voltage, Bias and offset currents, compensation, frequency response effects, Lag Compensation, application of OP.AMP Inverting and non inverting mode, differential mode, instrumentation amplifiers, comparator, Schmitt trigger, precision rectifiers, logarithmic amplifiers, Analogue computation, Summer, Average integrators, differentiators, scaling multipliers.

Unit-V

Active Filters: Filter specifications, introduction to butter worth chebyshev, inverse chebyshev approximations and their comparison, first and second order low pass high pass, band pass and band stop filters, switched capacitor filters, 555 timer and its applications V/F and F/V converters, pulse generators, voltage to current to voltage converters.

References:

1. Tobbey et al: OP-Amps their design and applications
2. R.A. Gayakwad: OP-Amps and Linear Integrated circuit, PHI
3. D.Raychowdhary and Shaul Jain: Linear Integrated Circuits
4. Millman & Halkias: Itegrated Electronics

List of Experiments (Expandable):

All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINA-V7/ PSPiCe/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.

1. Char. Of Op-Amp (input offset voltage, slew rate, CMRR, BW, input bias current.
2. Linear application of Op-Amp (voltage follower, inverting and non-inverting amplifier and their frequency response, adder, subtractor, differential amplifier, integrator and differential frequency response)
3. Design and performance evaluation of feedback amplifiers.
4. Design and performance evaluation of oscillators.
5. Design and performance evaluation of various filters.

EI- 405 Mechanical measurement

Unit I

Motion and Vibration Measurement: Translational and rotational displacement using potentiometers, Strain Gauges, Differential transformer, Synchros and induction potentiometer, Capacitance, Digital displacement transducers, Photo elastic, Moire fringe, Holographic technique, Different types of tachometers, Accelerometer, Gyroscope.

Unit II

Force, Torque and Shaft Power Measurement: Elastic, Vibrating wire, Gyroscopic force transducers, Torque measurement in rotating shafts, gyroscopic torque measurement, Shaft power measurement (Dynamometers)

Unit III

Pressure and sound measurement: Moderate pressure-Bourdon tube, Bellows & diaphragms, High pressure measurement-Piezo electric, Electric resistance, Low pressure measurement-Mcleod gauge, Knudsen gauge, Viscosity gauge, Thermal conductivity, Ionization gauge, Dead weight gauge, sound level measurement using different types of microphones.

Unit IV

Flow measurement: Obstruction meter: Orifice, Nozzle, venturi, Pitot tube, Annubar tubes, Target, rotameter, Turbine, Electromagnetic, Vortex, Positive displacement, Anemometers, Weirs & flumes, Laser Doppler, Anemometer, Ultrasonic flow meter, fluidic oscillator, Mass flow meter, Flow visualization, Level measurement: Visual level indicators, Ordinary float type, Purge method, Buoyancy method, resistance, Capacitance and inductive Probes, Ultrasonic, Laser, Optical fiber.Thermal, Radar radiation.

Unit V

Temperature measurement: Bimetallic thermometers, Liquid in glass, Pressure thermometer, thermocouples, RTD, Thermistors, Semiconductor sensors, Digital thermometers, Pyrometers, Miscellaneous Measurement: Humidity, Dew point, Viscosity, Thermal and nuclear radiation measurements.

References:

1. H.N. Norton “Handbook of transducers”
2. E.O. Doebelin “Measurement systems applications and design”
3. DVS Murthy “Transducers and instrumentation”
4. Nakra and Chaudhry “Instrumentation measurement and analysis

List of Experiments (Expandable):

All experiments (wherever applicable) should be performed through the following steps. Step 1: Circuit should be designed/ drafted on paper. Step 2: The designed/drafted circuit should be simulated using Simulation S/W (TINA-V7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). Step 3: The designed/drafted circuit should be tested on the bread board and compare the results with the simulated results. Step 4: The bread board circuit should be fabricated on PCB prepared on PCB machine.

1. Calibration of strain gauges
2. Calibration of LVDT
3. Pressure measurement Instruments
4. Flow measurement instruments
5. Temperature measurement instruments.

EI – 406 Software Lab-I

SECTION-A MATLAB

Introduction to MATLAB, Study of MATLAB programming environment, Modeling, Design and development of Programs.

Programs Related to Analog Electronics, Electronic circuits and other topics covered in the syllabus.

SECTION-B CIRCUIT SIMULATION/ PCB DESIGNING SOFTWARES

Study of Circuit Simulation Software (any one – TINA-V7/ PSPICE/ Labview/ CIRCUIT MAKER). PCB Layout Software (any one – PrOtEl/ ORCADE/ ALTERA).

Design and Simulation of basic Electronic Circuits (Example Rectifiers, Amplifiers, Oscillators, Digital Circuits, Transient and steady state analysis of RC/RL/RLC circuits etc). Design and fabrication of PCB pertaining to various circuits studied on PCB machine.

References:

1.Chapman Stephen J.: MATLAB Programming for Engineers, 3rd Edition, Thomson /Cengage.

2.Rudra Pratap: Getting Started with MATLAB 7, Oxford University Press (Indian Edition).

3.Palm; Matlab 7.4; TMH.

4.Simulation/Designing Software Manuals.

List of Experiments/ Programs:

Programs to be performed based on the topics contained in the syllabus.

RGPV Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Fourth Sem Syllabus