GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus and Exam Pattern: GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test) is a popular competitive exam in engineering & science in India. This article is all about GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 & GATE exam pattern that helps the candidates to plan their preparation strategy & crack the GATE Exam with top rank. GATE 2022 Civil Engineering syllabus will have 3 sections namely General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Civil Engineering.
In this article, you will get a detailed article on GATE Syllabus 2022 For Civil Engineering .
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022
GATE Civil Engineering syllabus consists of various subjects and topics. You have to cover all syllabus in detail to get a better score in GATE 2022. By checking GATE Civil Syllabus, you will become more aware of all topics.
So that you can make a better study plan to cover topics according to your strength and weakness in respective topics. IIT Delhi has released the latest GATE 2022 exam notification. You should know the GATE Civil syllabus accurately for exam preparation.
S. No 
Sections 
Topics 
1 
General Aptitude (Mandatory) 
Verbal Ability Syllabus
Numerical Ability

2 
Engineering Mathematics (Mandatory) 

3 
Structural Engineering 

4 
Environmental engineering 

5 
Transportation Engineering 

6 
Geotechnical Engineering 

7 
Water Resources Engineering 

8 
Geomatics Engineering 

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022
GATE Civil engineering has been neatly divided into 8 Sections with each section comprising of the related subjects. The details of the syllabus is given below :
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus for General Aptitude 2022
Verbal Aptitude  Basic English grammar: tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verbnoun agreement, and other parts of speech Basic vocabulary: words, idioms, and phrases in context Reading and comprehension Narrative sequencing 
Quantitative Aptitude  Data interpretation: data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing the data), 2 and 3dimensional plots, maps, and tables Numerical computation and estimation: ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series Mensuration and geometry Elementary statistics and probability 
Analytical Aptitude  Logic: deduction and induction, Analogy, Numerical relations and reasoning 
Spatial Aptitude  Transformation of shapes: translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Engineering Mathematics
Subjects  Topics 

Linear Algebra  Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors. 
Calculus  Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals. 
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)  First order (linear and nonlinear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; EulerCauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems. 
Partial Differential Equation (PDE)  Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order onedimensional wave equation and twodimensional Laplace equation. 
Probability and Statistics  Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression 
Numerical Methods  Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multistep methods for first order differential equations. 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Structural Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Engineering Mechanics  System of forces, freebody diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system. 
Solid Mechanics  Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses 
Structural Analysis  Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis. 
Construction Materials and Management  Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, shortterm and longterm properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation. 
Concrete Structures  : Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams. 
Steel Structures  Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beamcolumn connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis – beams and frames. 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Geomatics Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Soil Mechanics  Threephase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, StressStrain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths. 
Foundation Engineering  Subsurface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction. 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Water Resources Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Fluid Mechanics  Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag 
Hydraulics  Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energydepth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles. 
Hydrology  Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface runoff models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law. 
Irrigation  Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapotranspiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structure 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Environmental Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Water and Wastewater  Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications. 
Air Pollution  Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits 
Municipal Solid Wastes  Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal). 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Transportation Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Transportation Infrastructure  Geometric design of highways – crosssectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design. 
Traffic Engineering  Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity 
Highway Pavements  Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes. 
GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus For Geotechnical Engineering
Subjects  Topics 

Geotechnical Engineering 
Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS). 
Other Important Information for GATE Civil Engineering 2022 Exam
Click on the link to access other information & study materials related to the GATE 2022 exam.
GATE Civil Engineering Question Papers 
GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022
GATE is an online test that comprises a total of 65 questions & is classified into three segments. The candidates must go through GATE Exam Pattern before starting the preparation of the exam. The candidates who are appearing for the GATE exam 2022 must answer the general aptitude section. Here are some important points regarding GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Exam Pattern:
 GATE is conducted in online mode only i.e ComputerBased Test.
 The question paper comprises 65 questions for a total of 100 marks.
 The exam has two types of questions such as MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) & NAT (Numerical Answer Type).
 There is negative marking for MCQs but not applicable for NAT.
 1/3 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer for 1 mark MCQs & 2/3 marks will be deducted for 2 marks MCQs.
 GATE exam contains three sections as General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, & specific subject of the paper.
 All disciplines in the GATE exam have three sections except for AR, CY, GG, EY, XL, PH, and MA.
Name of the Section 
Marks distribution 
General Aptitude 
15% of the total marks 
Engineering Mathematics 
15% of the total marks 
Subject Questions (Civil Engineering) 
70% of the total marks 
Marking Scheme for GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus
 There is no negative marking for NAT (Numerical Answer Type) Questions.
 In Objective Type questions:
 1 & 2 marks for every correct answer as per the assigned marks.
 1/3 & 2/3 mark for every incorrect answer as per the assigned marks.
Stream 
Subject 
No. of Question 
Marks 
Civil Engineering (CE) 
Engineering Mathematics 
10 
15 
General Aptitude 
10 
15 

Civil Engineering Subjects 
45 
70 

Total 
65 
100 
Topic Wise Weightage For GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022
The candidates can download the GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 pdf with weightage from the following link. Here is the complete detail of GATE civil engineering subject wise weightage:
As per the analysis of the previous year Civil Engineering GATE Question papers, the general trend in terms of the weightage attached to different sections is given below. Check Detailed GATE Civil Engineering Paper Analysis
Name of the Subject  Approximate % of Marks in the Paper 

General Aptitude  15% 
Engineering Mathematics  11% 
Irrigation  2% 
Geotech  12% 
Environment  5% 
Transportation  11% 
Hydrology  6% 
Structural Analysis  2% 
Fluid Mechanics  6% 
Surveying  4% 
RCC  8% 
SOM  4% 
Steel Structure  1% 
Building Material & Construction Management  3% 
Strength & Materials  5% 
Engineering Mechanics  5% 
Now that we have covered GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 and Exam Pattern it’s advised that aspirants go through the article thoroughly and prepare for it accordingly.
FAQs On GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 and Exam Pattern
What is the GATE exam for civil engineering?
GATE is a singlelevel exam where CE (Civil Engineering) is one of the 27 papers & is conducted in an online mode which will carry a total of 100 marks with a total time duration of 3 hours.
Is the GATE Civil Engineering exam hard?
Yes, the GATE Civil Engineering Exam is hard. But with proper preparation, you can clear the exam.
Is Civil Engineering in demand?
The job outlook in this sector will remain favorable.
Can I give a GATE in 2 subjects?
A candidate may appear either in ONE or TWO subject papers in GATE 2022.
What will be the sections of GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Other than general aptitude GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 consists of 7 sections namely:
General Aptitude
Engineering Mathematics
Structural Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering
Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Transportation Engineering
What will be the marking scheme and weightage of sections in the GATE 2022 Civil Engineering paper?
The GATE 2022 Civil engineering exam includes 2 types of questions – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT). There is no negative marking for NAT but it is applicable for MCQs. For 1 mark MCQs, 1/3 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer.
Likewise, for 2 marks MCQs, 2/3 marks will be deducted. The weightage of parts is:
General Aptitude – 15%
Engineering Mathematics – 15%
Core Syllabus – 70%
What are the best books to prepare for the GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Some of the best books for GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 preparation are:
Basic Structural Analysis By C.S.Reddy, Edition: 3rd,
R.C.C. Designs By B.C.Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Jain Edition: 3rd,
Design Of Steel Structures By S.K Duggal Edition: 3rd,
Surveying (vol. 1,2,3) By B.C.Punia, Ashok Jain, Arun Jain,
Engineering Hydrology By K Subramanya, Edition: 4th
What are the topics included under soil mechanics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
The topics included under soil mechanics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Threephase system and phase relationships, index properties
Unified and Indian standard soil classification system
Permeability – onedimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force
Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation
Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, StressStrain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.
What are the subjects included under Water Resources Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
subjects included under Water Resources Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Fluid Mechanics
Hydraulics
Hydrology
Irrigation
What are the subjects included under Environmental Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
subjects included under Environmental Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Water and Wastewater
Air Pollution
Municipal Solid Wastes
What are the topics included under Geotechnical Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Topics included under Geotechnical Engineering in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment;
Maps – scale, coordinate system
Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey
Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.
Photogrammetry – scale, flying height
Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation
Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).
What are the topics covered under Engineering Mathematics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Topics included under Engineering Mathematics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Linear Algebra
Calculus
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
Probability and Statistics
Numerical Methods
What are the topics covered under Engineering Mechanics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Topics included under Engineering Mechanics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
System of forces, freebody diagrams, equilibrium equations
Internal forces in structures
Frictions and their applications
Centre of mass;
Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.
What are the topics covered under concrete structures in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022?
Topics included under concrete structures in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2022 are
Working stress and Limit state design concepts
Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length
Prestressed concrete beams.