Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University Bhilai (C.G.)
Semester: Ist Branch: Common to All Branches
Subject: Applied Chemistry Code: 300112 (11)
Unit – I
Water: Specifications for water, analysis of water alkalinity, hardness. Water for domestic use, water softening processes – Lime – Soda process, Zeolite and ion exchange method, boiler feed water, boiler problems-scale, sludge, priming and foaming, caustic embitterment and corrosion, their causes and prevention, removal of silica, removal of dissolved gases, carbonate and phosphate conditioning, colloidal conditioning, calgon treatment, Numerical problems on Lime-Soda process, Zeolite and Ion exchange method.
Unit – II
Fuels: Classification, combustion and chemical principles involved in it, calorific value: gross and net calorific values and their determination by bomb calorimeter.
Solid Fuels: Proximate and ultimate analysis of coal and their importance, High and low temperature carbonization, Coke. Its manufactures by Otto Hoffman oven.
Liquid Fuels: Petroleum: its chemical composition and fractional distillation, knocking and chemical structure, octane number and cetane number and their significance, power alcohol, Analysis of flue gases by Orsat‟s apparatus, Numerical on calorific value, combustion, proximate and ultimate analysis of coal.
Unit – III
Corrosion: Types of corrosion (dry, wet, atmospheric, galvanic and concentration corrosion), theories of corrosion, protective measures against corrosion, factors affecting corrosion, pitting corrosion, water line corrosion, underground corrosion, stress corrosion, micro biological corrosion, corrosion fatigue.
Batteries and Battery Technology: Primary cells, secondary batteries reserve batteries, fuel cells, solar cells.
Unit – IV
Portland Cements Introduction, types of Portland Cement, methods of manufacturing (dry and wet process), properties of cement, haracterization of constitutional compounds of cement, ISI specification.
Lubricants: Classification of lubricants and mechanisms of lubrication.
Polymers: Industrial applications of thermoplastic, thermosetting, polymers, properties and applications of the major polymers viz polyethylene, Teflon, PVC, nylon, phenol formaldehyde. Elastomers, Natural Polymers.
Unit – V
Introduction to Important Industrial Chemicals:
Industrial Method of preparation (one each), properties and major industrial uses of following chemicals: Ammonium Chloride, Ammonium Nitrate, Ammonium Sulphate, Bromine, Calcium Phosphate (Monocalcium Phosphate, Super phosphate), Chromic Acid (Chromium trioxide, Chromic anhydride), Acrylonitrile, Benzene (Benzol), Butyl Acetate, Caprolactam, Carbon Tetrachloride, Cellulose Acetate, Cresol (Crysylic Acid), Chloroform (Trichloromethane), Ether (Ethyl Ether), Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol, Industrial Alcohol), Glycerine (glycerol), and Melamine.
Explosives and Propellants:
Characteristics of Explosives, Oxygen Balance, Classification of Explosives: Primary or Initiating Explosives or Detonators; Low Explosives or Propellants; High Explosives, Preparation and Applications of Explosives, Rocket Propellants, Characteristics of a Good Propellant, Classification of Propellants.
Name of Text Books:
1. A Textbook of Engineering Chemistry by S.S. Dara (S. Chand and Company).
2. Engineering Chemistry by P.C. Jain (Dhanpat Rai publishing company)
Name of Reference Books:
1. Chemistry in Engineering and Technology (Vol-2) by J. C. Kuriacose, J. Rajaram (Tata McGraw Hill).
2. Engineering Chemistry by M.M. Uppal, Revised by S.C. Bhatia