CHHATTISGARH SWAMI VIVEKANAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, BHILAI (C G)
Subject: Fluid Machinery
UNIT – I
Boundary Layer Theory
Boundary layer definition and characteristics, momentum equation, Laminar and turbulent boundary Layer, Total
drag, separation and control.
Flow around submerge bodies
Force exerted by flowing fluid on a body: Drag and lift; stream lined and bluff body, Drag on sphere and cylinder,
circulation and lift on circular cylinder, lift of an air foil.
UNIT – II
Impact of Free Jets
Impulse momentum principle, force exerted by the jet on stationary flat and curved plate, hinged plate, moving plate
and moving curve vanes, jet propulsion of ship.
Classification of turbine, impulse turbine, Pelton wheel, Construction working, work done, head efficiency and
Design aspects, Governing of impulse turbine.
UNIT – III
Radial flow reaction turbine, Francis turbine: construction, working, workdone, efficiency, design aspect, advantages
& disadvantages over pelton wheel.
Axial flow reaction turbine
Propeller and Kaplan turbine, bulb or tubular turbine, draft tube, specific speed, unit quantities, cavitation, degree of
reaction, performance characteristics, surge tanks, governing of reaction turbine.
Classification of Pumps, Centrifugal pump, Construction, working, workdone, heads, efficiencies, multistage
centrifugal pump, pump in series and parallel, specific speed, characteristic, net positive suction head, cavitation.
UNIT – V
Classification, component and working, single acting and double acting, discharge, workdone and power required,
coefficient of discharge, indicator diagram, air vessels.
Hydraulic accumulator, Hydraulic intensifier, Hydraulic Press, hydraulic crane, hydraulic lift, hydraulic Ram,
hydraulic coupling, hydraulic torque converter, air lift pump, jet pump.
1. Hydraulic Machines – Jagdish Lal – S.K. Kataria & Sons
2. Mechanics of Fluid – Massey B.S. – English Language Book Society (U.K.)
1. A text of Fluid Mechanics – R. K. Rajput – S. Chand & Company Ltd.
2. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering – D.S. Kumar– Kataria & Sons
3. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics – Modi P.N, Seth S.M. – Standard Book House
4. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines – S.K. Som & G. Biswas – TMH