CHHATTISGARH SWAMI VIVEKANAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, BHILAI (C.G.)
Semester: IV Sem . Branch: Civil Engineering
Subject: Fluid Mechanics – II
Unit 1 Turbulent flow in pipe
Nature of turbulence, free and wall turbulence, turbulent flow in pipes, equation for velocity
distribution over smooth and rough surfaces, energy and momentum correction factor, Resistance
coefficient (Friction factor) and its variation, Colebrook-White equation, Moody’s diagram,
Explicit equation for friction factors, concept of equivalent length, pipes in series and parallel,
Analysis of pipe network (Hardy-Cross method).
Boundary layer Analysis
Boundary layer thickness, boundary layer over a flat plate, laminar boundary layer, turbulent
boundary layer, and laminar sub layer, Application of momentum equation, local and average
Fluid flow past submerged bodies
Drag and lift, drag on sphere, cylinder and disc, Magnus effect.
Unit 3 Non-uniform flow in open channel
Specific energy, critical flow, analysis of flow over hump and transition, broad crested weir,
equation of gradually varied flow, hydraulic jump and evaluation of its elements in rectangular
Unit 4 Compressibility effect in pipe flow
Transmission of pressure waves in rigid and elastic pipes, water hammer, and analysis of simple
Surge tank excluding friction.
Dimensional analysis and Hydraulic similitude
Dimensional analysis, Buckingham’s theorem, important dimensionless numbers and their
significances, geometric, kinematics and dynamic similarity, model study.
Turbines: Classification of turbines, draft tube, specific speed, unit quantities, and
characteristics curves of turbines, and governing of turbine.
Classification of pumps, types, efficiencies, specific speed, selection, cavitations,
Name of Text Books:
Fluid Mechanics and Machines – Dr. A.K. Jain (Khanna Publications)
Fluid Mechanics and Machines – Dr. R.K. Bansal (Laxmi Publications)
Name of Reference Books:
Fluid Mechanics – Dr. P.N. Modi (Standard Book House)
Mechanics of Fluid – Irving H. Shames (McGraw Hill)
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics – James A. Fay (Prentice Hall India)
Fluid Machines – Dr. Jagdish Lal (Metropolitan Book Company Private Ltd.)
Fluid Machines – John P. Douglas (Pearson Publication)