CHHATTISGARH SWAMI VIVEKANAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, BHILAI (CG)
Semester : B.E. IV Semester Branch : Mechanical Engineering
Sub : APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS
UNIT – I
Second Law Analysis
Introduction to the second law of Thermodynamics, the Clausius inequality, entropy, principle of
increase in entropy, T-ds relation.
Availability – Second law analysis of Closed system, second law analysis of steady –flow system,
UNIT – II
Helmholz and Gibbs functions, coefficient of Volume expansion and isothermal compressibility,
Differential relations of internal energy, Maxwell’s Relation, C
relations, T-ds equations,
Clapeylon equation, Kelving coefficient.
Equation of state:
Ideal gas equation of state, Real gas deviation with ideal gas, Vander waals equation, evaluation
of its constants, Virial expansions, limitations of the equation. The law of corresponding states.
UNIT – III
Vapour and Vapour Power Cycle
Properties and processes in ideal vapour, use of steam tables and Mollier’s diagram in
determination of steam properties, energy and entropy calculations.
Carnot and Rankine cycle as applied to steam power plants, Reheat cycle, ideal regenerative
cycle, practical regenerative cycle, characteristics of ideal working fluids, binary vapour cycle.
Various types of condenser efficiency, vacuum efficiency and measurement. Effect of air
leakage, Thermodynamic analysis.
Unit – IV
Reversed Carnot cycle, simple vapour compression refrigeration cycle, Analysis with T-S
Reciprocating Air Compressors
Classification of air compressors, Advantages, disadvantages of reciprocating compressors,
working of reciprocating compressor, equation of work (with & without clearance) volumetric
efficiency, multistage compressors, efficiency of compressor, Effect of atmospheric condition on
output of Compressors, Thermodynamic analysis of reciprocating compressor, Intercooler &
Unit – V
Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluids
Isentropic flow, stagnation conditions, stagnation enthalpy, temperature, pressure, density, flow
through available area, duct, converging nozzle, Convergent divergent nozzle, operation of
convergent divergent nozzle for different back pressures. Flow with friction and heat transfer,
Fanno flow, Rayleigh flow. Flow of steam through nozzle, throat area for maximum discharge,
supersaturated Flow in nozzle.
1. Engineering Thermodynamics – P.K. Nag – TMH Publishers
2. Thermodynamics & Thermal Engineering – J. Selwin Rajadurai – New Age International Publishers
1. Thermodynamics – C.P. Arora – TMH Pub.
2. Thermal Science & Engineering – D.S. Kumar – S.K. Kataria & Sons
3. Thermodynamics – S.C. Gupta – Pearson Education
4. Thermodynamics- An Engineering Approach – Cengal & Boles – McGraw Hill
5. Engineering Thermodynamics – K. Ramakrishna – Anuradha Agencies