CSVTU B.E. III Semester IT Fundamentals of IT Syllabus


Semester: B.E. III Sem. Branch: Information Technology

Subject: Fundamentals of IT

Unit I Computer Fundamentals :

Brief History of Computers, Technical Evolution of Computers, Computer

Pioneers, Categories/Types of Computers, Computer Hardware, Computer Software, CPU and its components;

 Mother board, Microprocessor, Expansion slots, Input/Output Ports, Memory; Types of Computer Memory,

 Memory modules viz. SIMM, DIMM, EDO, RDRAM, SDRAM, DDRRAM, etc. Communication Pathways,

 Computer Registers; Data representation : Decimal System, Binary system, Octal system, Hexadecimal

 system; How does a Computer store data ? (Bit…Database); Encoding systems : BCD, ASCII, and EBCDIC;


Binary calculations, Conversion of – decimal system to other systems, Binary system to other systems.


(8 + 2) Periods

Unit II Input, Hard/Soft copy Devices, Storage Devices :


Input Concepts, Input Devices viz. Keyboard, Mouse,

Joystick, Track Ball, Touch Screen, Light pen, MICR, OMR, OBR, OCR, Voice Input, Smart Cards, Bar Code


readers, Digitizer, Scanner, etc. Graphic Display Devices : DVST, Graphical input devices, Three dimensional


input devices; Voice output systems. Hard copy Devices viz. Printer, Types of printers, Features of printers;


Plotter, Types of plotters, Features of plotters; Soft copy devices viz VDU and it’s types, Types of Cards


(brief) viz. CGA, MGA/MDA, EGA, VGA, SVGA, etc. Storage devices viz. Fixed Disk or Hard Disk, Floppy


Diskette, Data Retrieval and Characteristics; Optical Technology; CD-ROM, CD-ROM operation, CD-ROM


standards, Origins of CD-ROM; Hard Disk Drive, Floppy disk drive, CD-Drive, DVD-Drive, Tape drive, Zip


drive, Jaz Drive, Pen drive, etc.



(8 + 2) Periods

Unit III Operating Systems and MS-DOS :




Custom made software, Pre-written software, Computer processing

techniques, Functions of operating system (only list), Compiler, Assembler, Interpreter, Debugger, Loader,


and Linker; Machine language, Assembly language, High level languages, Fourth generation languages;


Booting process(with BIOS & POST), Auto executing programs, Setting parameters of config.sys; Internal


and External commands of MS-DOS along with their syntax and different options.



(8 + 2) Periods

Unit IV Windows Operating System and Internet :


Advantages, Logging on and Shutting down Windows, Start

button and Task bar, Starting and Quitting a program, Opening a document, Getting help, Finding files or


folders, Changing system settings, Run command, What’s on your computer, Organizing files and folders,


Working within documents, Saving work, Setting up a printer, Installing Software and Hardware, Copying and


moving files quickly, Putting a shortcut on the Desktop, Starting programs automatically, Network


neighborhood, Configuring computer to a Network, Sharing folders or printers, Using resources located on


other computers, Using dial-up networking, Connecting to the Internet, Having fun, Optimizing computer,


Communicating with the world, Paint, Wordpad, Internet Explorer, TV viewer, Frontpad, System Information


utility, System file checker, Windows Tuneup Wizard.



(8 + 2) Periods

Unit V Software Packages :




Electronic Spreadsheet, Word processing software, Other pre-written software packages,

Data communication packages, Desktop publishing.




(8 +2) Periods

Text Books :




1) Information Technology Today, S. Jaiswal, Revised Edition , Galgotia.

2) Computers Today, S. K. Basandra, Updated Edition, Galgotia.



Reference Books:


1) ISTE Learning Material, Computer Installation and Trouble Shooting, M. Radhakrishnan,



2) CHIP Special, Basics in Computing,







3) Microsoft MS-DOS User’s guide(manual), Version 6.2 or above.

Getting started Microsoft Windows(manual), 98 or higher version.

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