VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester: If you are preparing for the fourth-semester exam then you must aware of the latest Civil Engineering Syllabus and marking scheme. With the latest VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester students get to know the important chapters and concepts to be covered in all subjects.
Based on the score in a Civil Engineering degree, you can shape your career in the proper way.
In the depth knowledge in every topic of Civil Engineering 4th Semester will also helpful to crack the various competitive exams like Gate, IES.
Here we are providing you the complete guide on VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester 2020 and Marking Scheme.
VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester 2020
VTU publishes the latest syllabus for all branches in its official Website. All semesters are important stages for every student’s life. With the latest Civil Engineering Syllabus for the 4th Semester, you can create a solid study plan and score a better mark in all subjects in semester exam.
You must have Civil 4th Semester books & study materials, Previous years questions paper along with the latest Civil 4th sem Syllabus to enhance your semester exam preparation,
Before starting the complete guide on VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester 2020, let’s check the highlights of VTU from the table below.
VTU Belgaum Highlights
Established year | 1998 |
Approvals | AICTE, UGC, COA( Council of Architecture) |
Courses | UG(35), PG(94), Ph.D & Research(592 departments) Quality Improvement Program(13) |
Official website | www.vtu.ac.in |
Number of Students | +325000 |
Collaborations | Bosch Rexroth AG-GermanyVirginia Commonwealth University
University of California Deshpande Foundation-Startup Center India Electronics and Semiconductor Association IBM India Ltd. Bengaluru Intel Asia. Bengaluru |
Check the latest VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester 2020 from below.
COMPLEX ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY AND STATISTICAL METHODS(Common to all Programmes) [As per Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) scheme] |
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Course Code | 18MAT41 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week (L:T:P) | (2:2:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 3 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives:
· To provide an insight into applications of complex variables, conformal mapping and special functions arising in potential theory, quantum mechanics, heat conduction and field theory. · To develop probability distribution of discrete, continuous random variables and joint probability distribution occurring in digital signal processing, design engineering and microwave engineering. |
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Module-1 | |||
Calculus of complex functions: Review of function of a complex variable, limits, continuity, and
differentiability. Analytic functions: Cauchy-Riemann equations in Cartesian and polar forms and consequences. Construction of analytic functions: Milne-Thomson method-Problems. |
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Module-2 | |||
Conformal transformations: Introduction. Discussion of transformations: w = z ^{2} , w = e^{z} , w = z + 1 , (z ¹ 0)
z . Bilinear transformations- Problems. Complex integration: Line integral of a complex function-Cauchy’s theorem and Cauchy’s integral formula and problems. |
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Module-3 | |||
Probability Distributions: Review of basic probability theory. Random variables (discrete and continuous), probability mass/density functions. Binomial, Poisson, exponential and normal distributions- problems (No derivation for mean and standard deviation)-Illustrative examples. | |||
Module-4 | |||
Curve Fitting: Curve fitting by the method of least squares- fitting the curves of the form-
y = ax + b, y = ax^{b} & y = ax^{2} + bx + c. Statistical Methods: Correlation and regression-Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation and rank correlation- problems. Regression analysis- lines of regression –problems. |
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Module-5 | |||
Joint probability distribution: Joint Probability distribution for two discrete random variables, expectation and covariance.
Sampling Theory: Introduction to sampling distributions, standard error,Type-I and Type-II errors. Test of hypothesis for means, student’s t-distribution, Chi-square distribution as a test of goodness of fit. |
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Course outcomes: At the end of the course the student will be able to:
· CO1: Use the concepts of analytic function and complex potentials to solve the problems arising in electromagnetic field theory. · CO2: Utilize conformal transformation and complex integral arising in aerofoil theory, fluid flow visualization and image processing. · CO3: Apply discrete and continuous probability distributions in analyzing the probability models arising in engineering field. · CO4: Make use of the correlation and regression analysis to fit a suitable mathematical model for the statistical data. · CO5: Construct joint probability distributions and demonstrate the validity of testing the hypothesis. |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
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Sl No | Title of the Book | Name of Author/s | the | Name of the Publisher | Edition and Year | ||
Textbooks | |||||||
1 | Advanced Engineering Mathematics | E. Kreyszig | John Wiley & Sons | 10^{th} Edition,2016 | |||
2 | Higher Engineering Mathematics | B. S. Grewal | Khanna Publishers | 44^{th} Edition, 2017 | |||
3 | Engineering Mathematics | Srimanta Pal et al | Oxford University
Press |
3^{rd} Edition,2016 | |||
Reference Books | |||||||
1 | Advanced Engineering Mathematics | C. Ray Wylie,
Louis C. Barrett |
McGraw-Hill | 6^{th} Edition 1995 | |||
2 | Introductory Methods of Numerical
Analysis |
S. S. Sastry | Prentice Hall of
India |
4^{th} Edition 2010 | |||
3 | Higher Engineering Mathematics | B.V. Ramana | McGraw-Hill | 11^{th} Edition,2010 | |||
4 | A Textbook
Mathematics |
of | Engineering | N. P. Bali
Manish Goyal |
and | Laxmi Publications | 6^{th} Edition, 2014 |
5 | Advanced Engineering Mathematics | Chandrika Prasad
and Reena Garg |
Khanna Publishing, | 2018 | |||
Web links and Video Lectures:
1. http://nptel.ac.in/courses.php?disciplineID=111 2. http://www.class-central.com/subject/math(MOOCs) 4. VTU EDUSAT PROGRAMME – 20 |
ANALYSIS OF DETERMINATE STRUCTURES |
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Course Code | 18CV42 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (3:2:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 04 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to
1. To understand different forms of structural systems. 2. To understand concept of ILD and moving loads. 3. To determine slopes and deflections of beams and trusses. 4. To analyse arches and cables. |
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Module-1 | |||
Introduction and Analysis of Plane Trusses: Structural forms, Conditions of equilibrium, Compatibility conditions, Degree of freedom, Linear and non linear analysis, Static and kinematic indeterminacies of structural systems.
Influence Lines: Concepts of influence lines-ILD for reactions, SF and BM for determinate beams-ILD for axial forces in determinate trusses and numerical problems. |
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Module-2 | |||
Moving Loads: Reactions, BM and SF in determinate beams, axial forces in determinate trusses for rolling loads using ILD (Max. values and absolute max. values for beams subjected to multiple loads). | |||
Module-3 | |||
Deflection of Beams: Moment area method: Derivation, Mohr’s theorems, Sign conventions, Application of moment area method for determinate prismatic beams, Beams of varying section, Use of moment diagram by parts. Conjugate beam method: Real beam and conjugate beam, conjugate beam theorems, Application of conjugate beam method of determinate beams of variable cross sections | |||
Module-4 | |||
Energy Principles and Energy Theorems: Principle of virtual displacements, Principle of virtual forces, Strain energy and complimentary energy, Strain energy due to axial force, bending, shear and torsion, Deflection of determinate beams and trusses using total strain energy, Deflection at the point of application of
single load, Castig liano’s theorems and its application to estimate the deflections of trusses, bent frames, Special applications-Dummy unit load method. |
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Module-5 | |||
Arches and Cable Structures: Three hinged parabolic and circular arches with supports at the same and different levels. Determination of normal thrust, radial shear and bending moment. Analysis of cables under point loads and UDL. Length of cables for supports at same and at different levels- Stiffening trusses for
suspension cables. |
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Course Outcomes: After studying this course, students will be able to:
1. Identify different forms of structural systems. 2. Construct ILD and analyse the beams and trusses subjected to moving loads 3. Understand the energy principles and energy theorems and its applications to determine the deflections of trusses and beams. 4. Determine the stress resultants in arches and cables. |
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Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
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Textbooks: | |||
1. Reddy C S, Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
2. Muthu K U. etal, Basic Structural Analysis, 2nd edition, IK International Pvt. Ltd., NewDelhi,2015. 3. Bhavikatti, Structual Analysis, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi,2002. |
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Reference Books: | |||
1. Hibbeler R C, Structural Analysis, Prentice Hall, 9th edition,2014. |
2. Devadoss Menon, Structural Analysis, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi,2008.
3. Prakash Rao D S, Structural Analysis, University Press Pvt. Ltd,2007. |
APPLIED HYDRAULICS |
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Course Code | 18CV43 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (3:0:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 03 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: The objectives of this course is to make students to learn:
1. Principles of dimensional analysis to design hydraulic models and Design of various models. 2. Design the open channels of various cross sections including design of economical sections. 3. Energy concepts of fluid in open channel, Energy dissipation, Water surface profiles at different conditions. 4. The working principles of the hydraulic machines for the given data and analyzing the performance of Turbines for various design data. |
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Module-1 | |||
Dimensional analysis: Dimensional analysis and similitude: Dimensional homogeneity, Non Dimensional parameter, Rayleigh methods and Buckingham ð theorem, dimensional analysis, choice of variables, examples on various applications. Model analysis: Model analysis, similitude, types of similarities, force ratios, similarity laws, model classification, Reynolds model, Froude’s model, Euler’s Model, Webber’s model, Mach model, scale effects, Distorted models. Numerical problems on Reynolds’s, and Froude’s Model
Buoyancy and Flotation: Buoyancy, Force and Centre of Buoyancy, Meta centre and Meta centric height, Stability of submerged and floating bodies, Determination of Meta centric height, Experimental and theoretical method, Numerical problems. |
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Module-2 | |||
Open Channel Flow Hydraulics: Uniform Flow: Introduction, Classification of flow through channels, Chezy’s and Manning’s equation for flow through open channel, Most economical channel sections, Uniform flow through Open channels, Numerical Problems. Specific Energy and Specific energy curve, Critical flow and corresponding critical parameters, Numerical Problems | |||
Module-3 | |||
Non-Uniform Flow: Hydraulic Jump, Expressions for conjugate depths and Energy loss, Numerical Problems Gradually varied flow, Equation, Back water curve and afflux, Description of water curves or profiles, Mild, steep, critical, horizontal and adverse slope profiles, Numerical problems on identifying the flow profiles | |||
Module-4 | |||
Impact of jet on Curved vanes: Introduction, Impulse-Momentum equation. Direct impact of a jet on stationary and moving curved vanes, Introduction to concept of velocity triangles, impact of jet on a series of curved vanes- Problems.
Turbines – Impulse Turbines: Introduction to turbines, General lay out of a hydro- electric plant, Heads and Efficiencies, classification of turbines. Pelton wheel- components, working principle and velocity triangles. Maximum power, efficiency, working proportions – Numerical problems. |
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Module-5 | |||
Reaction Turbines and Pumps: Radial flow reaction turbines: (i) Francis turbine- Descriptions, working proportions and design, Numerical problems. (ii) Kaplan turbine- Descriptions, working proportions and design, Numerical problems. Draft tube theory and unit quantities. (No problems)
Centrifugal pumps: Components and Working of centrifugal pumps, Types of centrifugal pumps, Work done by the impeller, Heads and Efficiencies, Minimum starting speed of centrifugal pump, Numerical problems, Multi-stage pumps. |
Course outcomes: After a successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
1. Apply dimensional analysis to develop mathematical modeling and compute the parametric values in prototype by analyzing the corresponding model parameters 2. Design the open channels of various cross sections including economical channel sections 3. Apply Energy concepts to flow in open channel sections, Calculate Energy dissipation, 4. Compute water surface profiles at different conditions 5. Design turbines for the given data, and to know their operation characteristics under different operating conditions |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
Textbooks: |
1. P N Modi and S M Seth, “Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, including Hydraulic Machines”, 20th edition, 2015, Standard Book House, NewDelhi
2. R.K. Bansal, “A Text book of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines”, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi 3. S K SOM and G Biswas, “Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi. |
Reference Books: |
1. K Subramanya, “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.Ltd.
2. Mohd. Kaleem Khan, “Fluid Mechanics and Machinery”, Oxford UniversityPress. 3. C.S.P. Ojha, R. Berndtsson, and P.N. Chandramouli, “Fluid Mechanics and Machinery”, Oxford University Publication –2010. 4. J.B. Evett, and C. Liu, “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics”, McGraw-Hill Book Company.-2009. |
CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY |
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Course Code | 18CV44 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (3:0:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 03 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to:
1. To recognize material characterization of ingredients of concrete and its influence on properties of concrete 2. Proportion ingredients of Concrete to arrive at most desirable mechanical properties of Concrete. 3. Ascertain and measure engineering properties of concrete in fresh and hardened state which meet the requirement of real time structures. |
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Module-1 | |||
Concrete Ingredients Cement – Cement manufacturing process, steps to reduce carbon footprint, chemical composition and their importance, hydration of cement, types of cement. Testing of cement. Fine aggregate: Functions, requirement, Alternatives to River sand, M-sand introduction and manufacturing. Coarse aggregate: Importance of size, shape and texture. Grading and blending of aggregate. Testing on aggregate, requirement. Recycled aggregates Water – qualities of water. Chemical admixtures – plasticizers, accelerators, retarders and air entraining agents. Mineral admixtures – Pozzolanic and
cementitious materials, Fly ash, GGBS, silica fumes, Metakaolin and rice huskash. |
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Module-2 | |||
Fresh Concrete Workability-factors affecting workability. Measurement of workability–slump, Compaction factor and Vee-Bee Consistometer tests, flow tests. Segregation and bleeding. Process of manufacturing of concrete- Batching, Mixing, Transporting, Placing and Compaction. Curing – Methods of curing – Water curing, membrane curing, steam curing, accelerated curing, self- curing. Good and Bad practices of making and using fresh concrete and Effect of heat of hydration during mass concreting at
project sites. |
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Module-3 | |||
Hardened Concrete Factors influencing strength, W/C ratio, gel/space ratio, Maturity concept, Testing of hardened concrete, Creep –facto rs affecting creep. Shrinkage of concrete – plastic shrinking and drying shrinkage, Factors affecting shrinkage. Definition and significance of durability. Internal and external factors influencing durability, Mechanisms- Sulphate attack – chloride attack, carbonation, freezing and thawing. Corrosion, Durability requirements as per IS-456, In situ testing of concrete- Penetration and pull out test, rebound hammer test, ultrasonic pulse velocity, core extraction – Principal, applications and
limitations. |
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Module-4 | |||
Concrete Mix Proportioning
Concept of Mix Design with and without admixtures, variables in proportioning and Exposure conditions, Selection criteria of ingredients used for mix design, Procedure of mix proportioning. Numerical Examples of Mix Proportioning using IS-10262:2019. |
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Module-5 | |||
Special Concretes
RMC- manufacture and requirement as per QCI-RMCPCS, properties, advantages and disadvantages. Self- Compacting concrete- concept, materials, tests, properties, application and typical mix Fiber reinforced concrete – Fibers types, properties, application of FRC. Light weight concrete-material properties and types. Typical light weight concrete mix and applications, materials, requirements, mix proportion and properties of Geo polymer Concrete, High Strength Concrete and High Performance Concrete. |
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Course outcomes: After studying this course, students will be able to:
1. Relate material characteristics and their influence on microstructure of concrete. 2. Distinguish concrete behavior based on its fresh and hardened properties. 3. Illustrate proportioning of different types of concrete mixes for required fresh and hardened properties using professional codes. 4. Adopt suitable concreting methods to place the concrete based on requirement. 5. Select a suitable type of concrete based on specific application. |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
Textbooks: |
1. Neville A.M. “Properties of Concrete”-4th Ed., Longman.
2. M.S. Shetty, Concrete Technology – Theory and Practice Published by S. Chand and Company, New Delhi. 3. Kumar Mehta. P and Paulo J.M. Monteiro “Concrete-Microstructure, Property and Materials”, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill Education, 2014 4. A.R. Santha Kumar, “Concrete Technology”, Oxford Un iversity Press, New Delhi (NewEdition). |
Reference Books: |
1. M L Gambir, “Concrete Technology”, McGraw Hill Education,2014.
2. N. V. Nayak, A. K. Jain Handbook on Advanced Concrete Technology, ISBN: 978-81-8487-186-9 3. Job Thomas, “Concrete Technology”, CENGAGE Learning,2015. 4. IS 4926 (2003): Code of Practice Ready-Mixed Concrete [CED 2: Cement and Concrete] Criteria for RMC Production Control, Basic Level Certification for Production Control of Ready Mixed Concrete- BMTPC. 5. Specification and Guidelines for Self-Compacting Concrete, EFNARC, Association House. |
ADVANCED SURVEYING |
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Course Code | 18CV45 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (3:0:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 03 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Objectives: This course will enable students to
1. Apply geometric principles to arrive at solutions to surveying problems. 2. Analyze spatial data using appropriate computational and analytical techniques. 3. Design proper types of curves for deviating type of alignments. 4. Use the concepts of advanced data capturing methods necessary for engineering practice |
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Module-1 | |||
Theodolite Survey and Instrument Adjustment: Theodolite and types, Fundamental axes and parts of Transit theodolite, uses of theodolite, Temporary adjustments of transit theodolite, measurement of horizontal and vertical angles, step by step procedure for obtaining permanent adjustment of Transit theodolite.
Trigonometric Levelling: Trigonometric leveling (heights and distances-single plane and double plane methods). |
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Module-2 | |||
Tacheometry: Basic principle, types of tacheometry, distance equation for horizontal and inclined line of sight in fixed hair method, problems.
Geodetic Surveying: Principle and Classification of triangulation system, Selection of base line and stations, Orders of triangulation, Triangulation figures, Reduction to Centre, Selection and marking of stations. |
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Module-3 | |||
Curve Surveying:
Curves – Necessity – Types, Simple curves, Elements , Designation of curves, Setting out simple curves by linear methods (numerical problems on offsets from long chord & chord produced method), Setting out curves by Rankines deflection angle method (Numerical problems). Compound curves, Elements, Design of compound curves, Setting out of compound curves (numerical problems). Reverse curve between two Parallel straights (numerical problems on Equal radius and unequal radius). Transition curves Characteristics, numerical problems on Length of Transition curve, Vertical curves & Types – (theory). |
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Module-4 | |||
Aerial Photogrammetry
Introduction, Uses, Aerial photographs, Definitions, Scale of vertical and tilted photograph (simple problem Ground Co-ordinates (simple problems), Relief Displacements (Derivation), Ground control, Procedure of ae survey, overlaps and mosaics, Stereoscopes, Derivation Parallax. |
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Module-5 | |||
Modern Surveying Instruments
Introduction, Electromagnetic spectrum, Electromagnetic distance measurement, Total station, Lidar scanners for topographical survey. Remote Sensing: Introduction, Principles of energy interaction in atmosphere and earth surface features, Image interpretation techniques, visual interpretation. Digital image processing, Global Positioning system Geographical Information System: Definition of GIS, Key Components of GIS, Functions of GIS, Spatial data, spatial information system Geospatial analysis, Integration of Remote sensing and GIS and Applications in Civil Engineering(transportation, town planning). |
Course outcomes: After a successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
1. Apply the knowledge of geometric principles to arrive at surveying problems 2. Use modern instruments to obtain geo-spatial data and analyse the same to appropriate engineering problems. 3. Capture geodetic data to process and perform analysis for survey problems with the use of electronic instruments; 4. Design and implement the different types of curves for deviating type of alignments. |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
Textbooks: |
1. B.C. Punmia, “Surveying Vol.2”, Laxmi Publications pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Kanetkar T P and S V Kulkarni , Surveying and Leveling Part 2, Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, 3. K.R. Arora, “Surveying Vol. 1” Standard Book House, New Delhi. 4. SateeshGopi, Global Positioning System, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. |
Reference Books: |
1. S.K. Duggal, “Surveying Vol. I & II”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi.
2. R Subramanian, Surveying and Leveling, Second edition, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. 3. David Clerk, Plane and Geodetic Surveying Vol1 and Vol2, CBSpublishers 4. B Bhatia, Remote Sensing and GIS, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. 5. T.M Lillesand, R.W Kiefer,. and J.W Chipman, Remote sensing and Image interpretation , 5th edition, John Wiley and SonsIndia 6. James M Anderson and Adward M Mikhail, Surveying theory and practice, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw HillPublication. 7. Kang-tsung Chang, Introduction to geographic information systems, McGraw Hill HigherEducation. |
WATER SUPPLY AND TREATMENT ENGINEERING |
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Course Code | 18CV46 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (3:0:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 03 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to
1. Analyze the variation of water demand and to estimate water requirement for a community. 2. Evaluate the sources and conveyance systems for raw and treated water. 3. Study drinking water quality standards and to illustrate qualitative analysis of water. 4. Design physical, chemical and biological treatment methods to ensure safe and potable water Supply. |
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Module -1 | |||
Introduction: Need for protected water supply. Demand of Water: Types of water demands -domestic demand, industrial, institutional and commercial, public use, fire demand estimation, factors affecting per capita demand, Variations in demand of water, Peak factor.
Design period and factors governing design period. Methods of population forecasting and numerical problems |
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Module -2 | |||
Water Treatment: Objectives, Unit flow diagrams – significance of each unit: Sources and Characteristics of surface and subsurface sources and Suitability. Sampling : Objectives, methods and preservation techniques. Drinking water quality standards as per BIS. Effect of water quality parameters.
Intake structures – types. Factors to be considered in selection of site for intake structures. Aeration process, limitations, types and two film theory. |
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Module -3 | |||
Sedimentation -theory, settling tanks, types and design. Coagulation and flocculation, Clarriflocculators (circular and rectangular). theory, types of coagulants, coagulant feeding devices. Jar test apparatus and estimation of coagulants.
Filtration: mechanism, theory of filtration, types of filters: slow sand, rapid sand and pressure filters. Operation, cleaning. Operational problems in filters. Design of slow and rapid sand filter without under drainage system |
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Module -4 | |||
Disinfection: Theory of disinfection. Methods of disinfection with merits and demerits. Chlorination: Break point chlorination and determination of chlorine demand. Estimation of quantity bleaching powder.
Miscellaneous treatment Process: Softening: Lime soda and Zeolite process. Estimation of Hardness. Fluoridation and De-fluoridation, Nalagonda Technique. RO and Nano filtration process with merits and demerits. |
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Module -5 | |||
Collection and Conveyance of water: Types of pumps with working principles and numerical Problems. Design of the economical diameter for the rising main.
Pipe appurtenances, Valves, Fire hydrants and different Pipe materials with their advantages and disadvantages. Factors affecting selection of pipe material. Distribution system: Methods: Gravity, Pumping and Combined gravity and pumping system. Types of Distribution system. Service reservoirs and their capacity determination plant units and distribution system with population forecasting for the given city. |
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Course Outcomes: After studying this course, students will be able to:
1. Estimate average and peak water demand for a community. 2. Evaluate available sources of water, quantitatively and qualitatively and make appropriate choice for a community. 3. Evaluate water quality and environmental significance of various parameters and plan suitable treatment system. 4. Design a comprehensive water treatment and distribution system to purify and distribute water to the required quality standards. |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
Textbooks: |
1. Howard S. Peavy, Donald R. Rowe, George T , Environmental Engineering – McGraw Hill International Edition. New York,2000
2. S. K. Garg, Environmental Engineering vol-I, Water supply Engineering – M/s Khanna Publishers, New Delhi2010 3. B.C. Punmia and Ashok Jain, Environmental Engineering I-Water Supply Engineering, Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi2010. |
Reference Books: |
1. CPHEEO Manual on water supply and treatment engineering, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, New Delhi.
2. Mark.J Hammer, Water & Waste Water Technology, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York,2008. |
ENGINEERING GEOLOGY LABORATORY |
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Course Code | 18CVL47 | CIE Marks | 40 | ||
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (0:2:2) | SEE Marks | 60 | ||
Credits | 02 | Exam Hours | 03 | ||
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students
1. To expose the students to identify the minerals and rocks based on their inherent properties and uses in civil engineering, 2. To educate the students in the interpretation of the geological maps related to civil engineering projects. 3. Students will learn the dip and strike, thickness of strata, Bore hole problems related to geological formation related to foundation, tunnels, reservoirs and mining. 4. Students will understand the Field knowledge by visiting the site like problems Faults, Folds, Joints, Unconformity etc. |
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Experiments | |||||
1. Physical properties of minerals: Identification of
i. Rock Forming minerals – Quartz group, Feldspar group, Garnet group, Mica group & Talc, Chlorite, Olivine, Asbestos, Calcite, Gypsum, etc ii. Ore forming minerals– Magnetite, Hematite, Pyrite, Pyralusite, Graphite, Chromite, etc |
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2. Engineering Properties of Rocks: Identification of
i. Igneous rocks- Types of Granites, Dolerite, Granite Porphyry, Basalt, Pumice etc ii. Sedimentary rocks- Sandstone, Lime stone, Shale, Laterite, Breccia etc iii. Metamorphic rocks– Gneiss, Slate, Schist, Marble, Quartzite etc |
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3. Borehole problems: Determination of subsurface behavior of rocks, their attitude related to foundation, tunnels, reservoirs and mining. Triangular and Square methods. (2 methods) | |||||
4. Dip and Strike problems. Determine Apparent dip and True dip. (2 methods) | |||||
5. Calculation of Vertical, True thickness and width of the outcrops. (3 methods) | |||||
6. Study of Toposheets and Interpretation, Extraction of Drainage Basin and its Morphometric Analysis. (3Toposheets) | |||||
7. Interpretation and drawing of sections for geological maps showing tilted beds, faults, unconformities etc. (10 Maps) | |||||
8. Interpretation of Satellite Images. (2 Satellite images) | |||||
9. Field work– To identify Minerals, Rocks, Geomorphology and Structural features with related to the Civil Engineering projects. | |||||
Course outcomes: During this course, students will develop expertise in;
1. The students able to identify the minerals, rocks and utilize them effectively in civil engineering practices. 2. The students will interpret and understand the geological conditions of the area for implementation of civil engineering projects. 3. The students will interpret subsurface information such as thickness of soil, weathered zone, depth of hard rock and saturated zone by using geophysical methods. 4. The students will learn the techniques in the interpretation of LANDSAT Imageries to find out the lineaments and other structural features for the given area. 5. The students will be able to identify the different structures in the field. |
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Scheme of Examination | |||||
Q. No. | Experiment | Marks (100) | |||
1 | Identification of Minerals (5 minerals) | 20 (5×4) | |||
2 | Identification of Rocks (5 minerals) | 20 (5×4) | |||
3 | Bore hole problems | 10 | |||
4 | Deep and strike problems | 06 | |||
5 | Thickness of Strata problems | 04 | |||
6 | Interpretation of Toposheets | 05 | |||
7 | Geological maps | 15 |
8 | Satellite Images | 10 |
9 | Viva-voce | 10 |
Note: Out of 40 internal Assessment Marks (10 marks for Record, 10 marks for Field report and 20 mark for Lab test | ||
Lab should be taught by the qualified candidates with M. Sc.Geolgy/earth science | ||
Reference Books: | ||
1. MP Billings, Structural Geology, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.
2. B.S. Satyanarayana Swamy, Engineering Geology Laboratory Manual, Dhanpat Rai Sons, New Delhi. 3. LRA Narayan, remote sensing and its applications, University Press. 4. P.K.MUKERJEE, Textbook of Geology, World Press Pvt. Ltd., Kolkatta 5. JohnI Platt and John Challinor, Simple Geological Structures, Thomas Murthy & Co, London. |
FLUID MECHANICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINES LABORATORY |
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Course Code | 18CVL48 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching ours/Week(L:T:P) | (0:2:2) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 02 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: This Course of VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester will enable students to;
1. calibrate flow measuring devices 2. determine the force exerted by jet of water on vanes 3. measure discharge and head losses in pipes 4. understand the fluid flow pattern |
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Experiments: | |||
1. Verification of Bernoulli’s equation. | |||
2. Determination of Cd for Venturimeter and Orifice meter. | |||
3. Determination of hydraulic coefficients of small vertical orifice. | |||
4. Determination of C_{d} for Rectangular and Triangular notch | |||
5. Determination of C_{d} for Ogee and Broad crested weir | |||
6. Determination of C_{d} for Venturiflume | |||
7. Determination of force exerted by a jet on flat and curved vanes. | |||
8. Determination of efficiency of Pelton wheel turbine | |||
9. Determination of efficiency of Francis turbine | |||
10.Determination of efficiency of Kaplan turbine | |||
11.Determination of efficiency of centrifugal pump | |||
12.Determination of Major Loss in Pipes | |||
13. Determination of Minor losses in pipe due to sudden enlargement, sudden contraction and bend. | |||
Course outcomes: During the course of study of VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester, students will develop understanding of:
1. Properties of fluids and the use of various instruments for fluid flow measurement. 2. Working of hydraulic machines under various conditions of working and their characteristics. |
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· All experiments are to be included in the examination except demonstration exercises.
· Candidate to perform experiment assigned to him. · Marks are to be allotted as per the split up of marks shown on the cover page of answer script. |
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Reference Books: | |||
1. Sarbjit Singh , Experiments in Fluid Mechanics – PHI Pvt. Ltd.- New Delhi
2. Mohd. Kaleem Khan, “Fluid Mechanics and Machinery”, Oxford University Press 3. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics’ – Dr. P.N. Modi& D r S.M. Seth, Standard Book House- New Delhi. 2009Edition |
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS – II |
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Course Code | 18MATDIP41 | CIE Marks | 40 | ||||
Teaching Hours/Week (L:T:P) | (2:1:0) | SEE Marks | 60 | ||||
Credits | 00 | Exam Hours | 03 | ||||
Course Learning Objectives:
· To provide essential concepts of linear algebra, second & higher order differential equations along with methods to solve them. · To provide an insight into elementary probability theory and numerical methods. |
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Module-1 | |||||||
Linear Algebra: Introduction – rank of matrix by elementary row operations – Echelon form. Consistency of system of linear equations – Gauss elimination method. Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a square matrix.
Problems. |
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Module-2 | |||||||
Numerical Methods: Finite differences. Interpolation/extrapolation using Newton’s forward and backward difference formulae (Statements only)-problems. Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations – Newton-Raphson and Regula-Falsi methods (only formulae)- Illustrative examples. Numerical integration: Simpson’s one third rule and Weddle’s rule (without proof) Problems. | |||||||
Module-3 | |||||||
Higher order ODE’s: Linear differential equations of second and higher order equations with constant coefficients. Homogeneous /non-homogeneous equations. Inverse differential operators.[Particular Integral
restricted to = , , = . |
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Module-4 | |||||||
Partial Differential Equations (PDE’s): Formation of PDE’s by elimination of arbitrary constants and functions. Solution of non-homogeneous PDE by direct integration. Homogeneous PDEs involving derivative with respect to one independent variable only. | |||||||
Module-5 | |||||||
Probability: Introduction. Sample space and events. Axioms of probability. Addition & multiplication theorems. Conditional probability, Bayes’s theorem, problems. | |||||||
Course Outcomes: At the end of the VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester the student will be able to:
· Solve systems of linear equations using matrix algebra. · Apply the knowledge of numerical methods in modelling and solving of engineering problems. · Apply the knowledge of numerical methods in modelling and solving of engineering problems. · Classify partial differential equations and solve them by exact methods. · Apply elementary probability theory and solve related problems. |
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Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. |
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Sl.
No. |
Title of the Book | Name of the Author/s | Name of the Publisher | Edition and Year | |||
Textbook | |||||||
1 | Higher Engineering Mathematics | B.S. Grewal | Khanna Publishers | 43^{rd} Edition, 2015 | |||
Reference Books | |||||||
1 | Advanced Engineering Mathematics | E. Kreyszig | John Wiley & Sons | 10^{th} Edition, 2015 | |||
2 | Engineering Mathematics Vol. I | Rohit Khurana | Cengage Learning | 2015. |
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP |
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Course Code | 18CV51 | CIE Marks | 40 |
Teaching Hours/Week(L:T:P) | (2:2:0) | SEE Marks | 60 |
Credits | 03 | Exam Hours | 03 |
Course Learning Objectives: This course will enable students to
1. Understand the concept of planning, scheduling, cost and quality control, safety during construction, organization and use of project information necessary for construction project. 2. Inculcate Human values to grow as responsible human beings with proper personality. 3. Keep up ethical conduct and discharge professional duties. |
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Module -1 | |||
Management: Characteristics of management, functions of management, importance and purpose of planning process, types of plans.
Construction Project Formulation: Introduction to construction management, project organization, management functions, management styles. Construction Planning and Scheduling: Introduction, types of project plans, work breakdown structure, Grant Chart, preparation of network diagram- event and activity based and its critical path- critical path method, PERT method, concept of activity on arrow and activity on node. |
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Module -2 | |||
Resource Management: Basic concepts of resource management, class of lab our, Wages & statutory requirement, Labour Production rate or Productivity, Factors affecting labour output or productivity.
Construction Equipments: classification of construction equipment, estimation of productivity for: excavator, dozer, compactors, graders and dumpers. Estimation of ownership cost, operational and maintenance cost of construction equipments. Selection of construction equipment and basic concept on equipment maintenance Materials: material management functions, inventory management. |
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Module -3 | |||
Construction Quality , safety and Human Values:
Construction quality process, inspection, quality control and quality assurance, cost of quality, ISO standards. Introduction to concept of Total Quality Management HSE: Introduction to concepts of HSE as applicable to Construction. Importance of safety in construction , Safety measures to be taken during Excavation , Explosives , drilling and blasting , hot bituminous works , scaffolds / platforms / ladder , form work and equipment operation. Storage of materials. Safety through legislation, safety campaign. Insurances. Ethics : Morals, values and ethics, integrity, trustworthiness , work ethics, need of engineering ethics, Professional Duties, Professional and Individual Rights, Confidential and Proprietary Information, Conflict of Interest Confidentiality, Gifts and Bribes, Price Fixing, Whistle Blowing. |
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Module -4 | |||
Introduction to engineering economy: Principles of engineering economics, concept on Micro and macro analysis, problem solving and decision making.
Interest and time value of money: concept of simple and compound interest, interest formula for: single payment, equal payment and uniform gradient series. Nominal and effective interest rates, deferred annuities, capitalized cost. Comparison of alternatives: Present worth, annual equivalent, capitalized and rate of return methods, Minimum Cost analysis and break even analysis. |
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Module -5 |
Entrepreneurship: Evolution of the concept, functions of an entrepreneur, concepts of entrepreneurship, stages in entrepreneurial process, different sources of finance for entrepreneur, central and state level financial institutions.
Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME): definition, characteristics, objectives, scope, role of MSME in economic development, advantages of MSME, Introduction to different schemes: TECKSOK, KIADB, KSSIDC, DIC, Single Window Agency: SISI, NSIC, SIDBI, KSFC. Business Planning Process: Business planning process, marketing plan, financial plan, project report and feasibility study, guidelines for preparation of model project report for starting a new venture. Introduction to international entrepreneurship opportunities, entry into international business, exporting, direct foreign investment, venture capital. |
Course Outcomes: After studying VTU Syllabus Civil Engineering 4th Semester CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP, students will be able to:
1. Prepare a project plan based on requirements and prepare schedule of a project by understanding the activities and their sequence. 2. Understand labour output, equipment efficiency to allocate resources required for an activity / project to achieve desired quality and safety. 3. Analyze the economics of alternatives and evaluate benefits and profits of a construction activity based on monetary value and time value. 4. Establish as an ethical entrepreneur and establish an enterprise utilizing the provisions offered by the federal agencies. |
Question paper pattern:
· The question paper will have ten full questions carrying equal marks. · Each full question will be for 20 marks. · There will be two full questions (with a maximum of four sub- questions) from each module. · Each full question will have sub- question covering all the topics under a module. · The students will have to answer five full questions, selecting one full question from each module. |
Textbooks: |
1. P C Tripathi and P N Reddy, “Principles of Management”, Tata McGraw-Hill Education
2. Chitkara, K.K, “Construction Project Management: Planning Scheduling and Control”, Tata McGraw- Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi. 3. Poornima M. Charantimath , “Entrepreneurship Development and Small Business Enterprise”, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd., Licensees of PearsonEducation 4. Dr. U.K. Shrivastava “Construction Planning and Management”, Galgotia publications Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 5. Bureau of Indian standards – IS 7272 (Part-1)- 1974 : Recommendations for labour output constant for building works: |
Reference Books: |
1. Robert L Peurifoy, Clifford J. Schexnayder, AviadShapira, Robert Schmitt, “Construction Planning, Equipment, and Methods (Civil Engineering), McGraw-HillEducation
2. Harold Koontz, Heinz Weihrich, “Essentials of Management: An International, Innovation, and Leadership perspective”, T.M.H. Edition, NewDelhi 3. Frank Harris, Ronald McCaffer with Francis Edum-Fotwe, “ Modern Construction Management”, Wiley-Blackwell 4. Mike Martin, Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw-HillEducation 5. Chris Hendrickson and Tung Au, “Project Management for Construction – Fundamentals Concepts for Owners, Engineers, Architects and Builders”, Prentice Hall,Pitsburgh 6. James L.Riggs, David D. Bedworth , Sabah U. Randhawa “ Engineerng Economics” 4 |
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