Veterinary Career 2021: Who are Veterinarians? What exactly does a veterinary doctor do? What educational qualification do you need to have to become a veterinary doctor? How much does a Veterinary Doctor earn? How is the career of a veterinary doctor?
Well, you might have all these questions running in your mind as soon as you hear about the veterinarian. Veterinary is a great job and has a great career. We have compiled all information on the Veterinary field regarding the educational qualifications, salary, job profile, and future scope. Go through the blog completely to know more.
Who is a Veterinary Doctor? What does he/she do?
Veterinarians are basically animal doctors who diagnose and prescribe treatment for different types of animals. Veterinarians care for the health of animals and work to improve public health (animal welfare). They diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals.
Educational Qualifications for becoming a Veterinary Doctor
If you are interested in this field of medicine and have a passion for animals then you can continue your career as a veterinarian. Below is the list of courses offered under veterinary science:
Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) – 5 years
BV. Sc. in Animal Production & Management
BV. Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene
BV. Sc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding
BV. Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) – 3 years
MV. Sc in Veterinary Medicine
MV. Sc in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
MV. Sc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Medicine
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pathology
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
For admission to UG Courses, students must have passed 10+2 with biology, chemistry, and physics.
For admission to PG courses in Veterinary Colleges, you should have a bachelor’s degree in veterinary science.
Jobs for Veterinarians:
In the next ten years, employment for veterinary doctors is expected to grow faster than other sectors by 18%. Due to the increase in pet-related issues, employment for veterinary will increase gradually. The veterinary field has developed very much that they offer advanced services compared to human healthcare. Below is the table consisting of veterinary employment details.
|Occupational Title||Employment, 2018||Project Employment, 2026||Change, 2018-2026|
Here are different Job Profiles under the Veterinarian field:
- Companion animal veterinarians – They usually work in private hospitals and provides treatment to pet animals like dogs, cats, birds, etc.
- Equine veterinarian – They generally work with horses and provides medical treatment to them.
- Food animal veterinarians – Here, veterinarians treat the illness and injuries of farm animals like pigs, cattle, ships, and literate the farm owners about food and other health practices.
- Food safety & Inspection Veterinarians – This type of veterinarians is generally involved in the research of finding and preventing diseases that is transmissible among animals and between animals and humans.
- Research Veterinarians – They work in laboratories and involved in the research of finding new technical surgical techniques.
The duties of Veterinarians differs among their job profile and seniority levels
- In addition to healing the illness o animals, Veterinarians involved in Research work as well
- Research is about the Spread of Diseases and their Vaccinations
- They should educate the animal owners about the routine Checkup and General Medicine
- The main job is to heal the wounds of pet animals
Salary Structure for Veterinarians:
The median annual pay scale for veterinary doctors is $88,770. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $52,470, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $161,070.
Apart from this, there are many other jobs that one can pursue such as teaching, research, or in the defense sector.
Some of the common BVSc jobs along with the salary scale associated with the job positions are mentioned in the following table:
|Job Positions||Average Salary||Highest Salary|
|Veterinary Doctor||INR 5.08 LPA||INR 8 LPA|
|Veterinary Surgeon||INR 5.87 LPA||INR 10 LPA|
|Animal Care Specialist||INR 4.32 LPA||INR 8 LPA|
|Veterinary Officer||INR 10 LPA||INR 15 LPA|
|Cattle Breeder||INR 3.89 LPA||INR 10 LPA|
|Animal Breeder||INR 3.66 LPA||INR 10 LPA|
|Vet Doctor in NGOs||INR 3.89 LPA||INR 5.86 LPA|
|Animal Research Scientist||INR 5.42 LPA||INR 14.40 LPA|
|Livestock Development Officer||INR 4.80 LPA||INR 10 LPA|
Veterinary Science Salary Trends
The need and scope for veterinarians are bright in rural as well as urban areas. In cities, keeping pets is a craze, thus increasing the demand for private veterinary clinics and hospitals. Growth in the poultry sector and animal products technology sector has also resulted in an increase in demand for veterinarians in different sectors of livestock and poultry.
Veterinary science students can work with many medical institutions of both the private and public sectors as well. Aviaries, wildlife sanctuaries, and zoological parks also need veterinary specialists.
- A Bachelor of Veterinary Science graduate can work on various profiles as mentioned above. Some of the salary trends of common BVSc jobs are mentioned below:
- A general veterinarian can earn anywhere between INR 10,000 to 80000 INR per month depending on his/her expertise and experience.
- By owning a personal clinic, one can earn from 40-500 INR per patient, depending on the type of medical treatment the animal needs.
- As an Assistant Professor, a veterinary professional can earn a salary over INR 30,000-60,000.
- The government sector also has job openings in this field, as livestock development officers, and the pay ranges from INR 50,000-80,000 depending on position and experience.
Veterinarians are highly demanded in countries like Canada, the US, and many more. The career scope of veterinary science is large and is growing faster in this era of the modern world. Here are the careers listed below for veterinarians to grow in their careers.
- Agricultural and Food Scientists
- Animal Care and Service Workers
- Medical Scientists
- Physicians and Surgeons
- Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers
- Veterinary Technologists and Technicians
- Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
Interested candidates can start studying for the All India Entrance exam conducted for the Veterinary stream. You can boost your score with a wide range of Veterinary Preparation Books available online. Stay tuned to our blog for more news on Veterinary Exams.