RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3 (Updated for 2021-22) RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3: We’ll go through compound statements and basic connectives like “AND” and “OR” in this exercise. Our experienced faculty team has created these solutions to assist students in analysing and improving their weaker portions in order to achieve good results. RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions is one of the best reference books for students who want to improve their problem-solving skills. Students can get the RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3 in pdf format for free by clicking on the links below.

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RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3

Access answers to RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3- Important Question with Answers

1. Find the component statements of the following compound statements:
(i) The sky is blue, and the grass is green.
(ii) The earth is round, or the sun is cold.
(iii) All rational numbers are real, and all real numbers are complex.
(iv) 25 is a multiple of 5 and 8.

Solution:

(i) The components of the compound statement are:

P: The sky is blue.

Q: The grass is green.

(ii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: The earth is round.

Q: The sun is cold.

(iii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: All rational number is real.

Q: All real numbers are complex.

(iv) The components of the compound statement are:

P: 25 is a multiple of 5.

Q: 25 is a multiple of 8.

2. For each of the following statements determine whether an inclusive “OR” o exclusive “OR” is used. Give reasons for your answer.
(i) Students can take Hindi or Sanskrit as their third language.
(ii) To entry a country, you need a passport or a voter registration card.
(iii) A lady gives birth to a baby boy or a baby girl.
(iv) To apply for a driving license, you should have a ration card or a passport.

Solution:

(i) In the given statement “Students can take Hindi or Sanskrit as their third language.”

An exclusive “OR” is used because a student cannot take both Hindi and Sanskrit as the third language.

(ii) In the given statement “To entry a country, you need a passport or a voter registration card.”

An inclusive “OR” is used because a person can have both a passport and a voter registration card to enter a country.

(iii) In the given statement “A lady gives birth to a baby boy or a baby girl.”

An exclusive “OR” is used because a lady cannot give birth to a baby who is both a boy and a girl.

(iv) In the given statement “To apply for a driving license, you should have a ration card or a passport.”

An inclusive “OR” is used because a person can have both a ration card and passport to apply for a driving license.

3. Write the component statements of the following compound statements and check whether the compound statement is true or false:
(i) To enter into a public library children need an identification card from the school or a letter from the school authorities.
(ii) All rational numbers are real and all real numbers are not complex.
(iii) Square of an integer is positive or negative.
(iv) x = 2 and x = 3 are the roots of the equation 3x2 – x – 10 = 0.
(v) The sand heats up quickly in the sun and does not cool down fast at night.

Solution:

(i) The components of the compound statement are:

P: To get into a public library children need an identity card.

Q: To get into a public library children need a letter from the school authorities.

Both P and Q are true.

Hence, the compound statement is true.

(ii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: All rational number is real.

Q: All real numbers are not complex.

P is true and Q is false then P and Q both are False.

Hence, the compound statement is False

(iii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: Square of an integer is positive.

Q: Square of an integer is negative.

Both P and Q are true.

Hence, the compound statement is True.

(iv) The components of the compound statement are:

P: x=2 is a root of the equation 3x– x – 10 = 0

Q: x = 3 is a root of the equation 3x– x – 10 = 0

P is true, but Q is false then P and Q both are False.

Hence, the compound statement is False.

(v) The components of the compound statement are:

P: The sand heats up quickly in the sun.

Q: The sand does not cool down fast at night.

P is false and Q is also false then P and Q both are False.

Hence, the compound statement is False.

4. Determine whether the following compound statements are true or false:
(i) Delhi is in India and 2 + 2 = 4
(ii) Delhi is in England and 2 + 2 = 4
(iii) Delhi is in India and 2 + 2 = 5
(iv) Delhi is in England and 2 + 2 = 5

Solution:

(i) The components of the compound statement are:

P: Delhi is in India.

Q: 2 + 2 = 4

Both P and Q are true.

Hence, the compound statement is True.

(ii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: Delhi is in England.

Q: 2 + 2 = 4

P is false, and q is true. So, both P and Q are false.

Hence, the compound statement is False.

(iii) The components of the compound statement are:

P: Delhi is in India.

Q: 2 + 2 = 5

P is true, and q is false. So, both P and Q are false.

Hence, the compound statement is False.

(iv) The components of the compound statement are:

P: Delhi is in England.

Q: 2 + 2 = 5

Both P and Q are false.

Hence, the compound statement is False.

We have provided complete details of RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3. If you have any queries related to CBSE Class 11, feel free to ask us in the comment section below.

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There are a total of 4 questions in RD Sharma Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 31 Exercise 31.3.

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