PUNE UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS
Mechanical Engineering
University of Pune, Pune
B. E . (Mechanical) Sandwich 2008 Course Structure (w.e.f. July – 2011)


Elective III
Automobile Engineering Operations Research Robotics
Elective IV
Costing & Cost Control Machine Tool Design
Energy Management & Industrial Pollution
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course) 402061: Machine and C omputer Aided Design


Section I
Unit I
Bevel gears
Straight tooth bevel gear terminology and geometric relationshipformative Number of teeth force analysis Design criteria of bevel gears.Beam and wear strengthsDynamic tooth load Effective load Design of straight tooth bevel gears. Selection of materials for bevel gears. Introduction to design of spiral bevel gears and hypoid gears and comparison with straight tooth bevel gears. Lubrication and mounting of bevel gears. Bearing reactions. Types of failure in bevel gears.
Worm Gears
Worm and worm gear terminology and geometrical relationshipTypes of worm and worm gears. Standard dimensionsforce analysis of worm gear drivefriction in worm gears, efficiency worm and worm wheel materialsstrength and wear ratings of worm gearsThermal consideration in worm gear driveDesign of worm gear drive as per IS 7443.Types of failures in worm gearing. Methods of lubrication and selection of bearings.
Unit II
Thick and thin cylinders
Thin cylindrical and spherical vessels Lame’s equationClavarino’s and Birnie’s equationsDesign of hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders Autofrettage and compound cylinders Gasketed flanged joints in cylindrical vessels. Modes of failures in pressure vessels.
Unfired pressure vessels
Classification of pressure vessels as per I.S. 2825categories and types of welded jointsweld joint efficiencyCorrosion, erosion and protection of vessels, stresses induced in pressure vessels, materials of construction. Thickness of cylindrical and spherical shells and design of end closures as per codeNozzles and openings in pressure vessels reinforcement of openings in shell and end closures. Area compensation method Types of vessel supports.
Unit III
Statistical consideration in design
Frequency distribution – Histogram and frequency polygon – Normal distribution – Units of measurement of central tendency and dispersion – Standard variable – population combinations – Design and natural tolerances Design for assembly Statistical analysis of tolerances – Mechanical reliability and factor of safety.
Design for manufacture (DFM)
General principles of design for manufacture and assembly (DFM & DMFA). Principles of design of castings and forgings – Design for machining – Design for powder metallurgy – Design for welding.
Aesthetic and ergonomic considerations in design of products
Basic types of product forms – Designing for appearance – Shape, features, materials and finishes, proportions symmetry, contrast etc. – Morgan’s colour code. Ergonomic
considerations – Relation between Man, machine and environmental factors. Design of displays and controls. Practical examples of products or equipments using ergonomic and aesthetic design principles.
Section II
Unit IV
Material Handling System
Design of belt and chain conveyors– Power requirement, selection of belt and chain, design of tension take up unit, idler pulley.
Optimum design
Objectives of optimum design Johnson’s Method of Optimum Design (MOD).Adequate and optimum design. Primary, Subsidiary and limit equationsOptimum design with normal specifications of simple machine elements like tension bar, transmission shaft.
Unit V
Finite Element Analysis : Basic Concepts
Introduction, Stress & Equilibrium, Boundary Condition, Strain – Displacement Relations, Stress Strain Relation, Temperature Effects ,Potential Energy & Equilibrium: – RayleighRitz Method, Galerkin’s Method. Steps in FEM.
One Dimensional Problems
Finite Element Modelling, Coordinate and Shape function, Potential Energy Approach, Galerking Approach, Assembly of Global Stiffness Matrix & Load Vector, Properties of Stiffness Matrix , Finite Element Equations, Quadratic Shape Function, Temperature Effects .
TwoDimensional Problems
Using Constant Strain Triangles.Introduction, Finite Element Modelling, Constant Strain Triangle, Problem Modelling & Boundary Conditions.
2D Isoparametric Elements and Numerical Integration
Introduction, Four Node Quadrilateral, Numerical Integration, Higher Order Elements
Unit VI
Computer Aided Manufacturing
Introduction to NC, CNC & DNC. NC Programming Machine Tool Coordinate System, Machine Zero, Job Zero, Cutter Programming, Tool offsets, Programming Steps, NC Programming Languages, Gcodes & Mcodes.
Automation
Concepts of Automation, Types of Automation, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Advantages and Limitations of Automation, Automation Strategies in Manufacturing Industries, Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS), Types of FMS, Machining Centres.
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of two parts:
Part1:
‘One’ design project, consist of two imperial size sheetsone involving assembly drawing with a part list and overall dimensions and the other sheet involving drawings of individual components. Manufacturing tolerances, surface finish symbols and geometric tolerance should be specified so as to make it working drawing. A design giving all necessary calculations of the design of components and assembly should be submitted in a separate file. The topics for design project are as follows:
 Design of bevel gear box.
 Design of worm gear box.
 Design of pressure vessels
Part2:
‘Two’ assignments based on the following topics:
 Stress and deflection analysis of any Mechanical component consisting of 2D or 3D elements using finite element analysis package.
 Programming and Manufacturing of one job on CNC lathe or CNC Milling machine.
Note: A separate file is to be submitted which includes design calculations for part1 and assignments of part2.
References:
 Shigley J.E. and Mischke C.R. – Mechanical Engineering Design McGraw Hill Publication Co.Ltd.
 Spotts M.F. and Shoup T.E.“Design of Machine Elements” Prentice Hall International.
 Bhandari V.B. – “Design of Machine Elements” Tata McGraw Hill Publication Co.Ltd.
 William C. Orthwein – “Machine Components Design”west Publishing Co. and Jaico Publishing House.
 Black P.H. and O. Eugence Adams“Machine Design McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc
 ‘Design Data” – P.S.G. College off Technology, Coimbtore.
 Juvinal R.C. ” Fundamentals of Machine Components Design” – John Wiley and Sons.
 Hall A.S., Holowenko A.R. and Laughlin H.G. “Theory and Problems of Machine Design” Schaum’s outline series.
 I.S.2825 code for unfired pressure vessels.
 Johnson R.C.“Mechanical design Synthesis with optimisation applications”VonNostrand Reynold Publications.
 IS 7443Method for load rating of worm gears.
 Industrial Design in Engineering – Edited by charles H.Flurscheim : Springerverlag Publication
 Dieter G.E., Engineering Design, McGraw Hill Inc.
 Rudenko.’ Material Handling Equipment’,M.I.R.Publishers Moscow.
 Mulani I.G.,’Belt Conveyors’.
 Ray T.K.,’Mechanical Handling and Materials’, Asian Books Pvt.Ltd.
 Ibrahim Zeid – ‘CAD/CAM – Theory and Practice’ Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.
 Chandrupatla T.R. and Belegunda A.D. – ‘Introduction to finite elements in engineering’ – Prentice Hall of India.
 Segerling L.J. – ‘Applied finite elements analysis’ John Wiley and Sons.
 Rao P.N., Introduction to CAD/CAM Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.
 Groover M.P. ‘Automation, production systems and computer integrated manufacturing’ – Prentice Hall of India
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course) 402062: Industrial Hydraulics and Pneumatics


Section I
Unit I
Introduction to fluid power
Fluid power system, Components, Advantages, Applications. Comparison of hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical and mechanical systems. Power transmission at static and dynamic states. Fluid power terminology.
Fluid power basics
Pascal’s Law. Hydraulic fluids, Properties, Selection, Additives. Seals, Seal material, Compatibility of seal with fluids. Fluid conductors and fittings. Pressure, Flow and Temperature measurements, Basics of fluid flow in pipelines. Sources of oil contamination and contamination control.
Unit II
Hydraulic Pumps
Introduction, Pumping theory, Pump classification, Principle of working and constructional details of Gear pumps, Vane pumps, Piston pumps, etc. Cavitations and Aeration. Power and efficiency calculations, characteristics curves. Pump performance ratings.
Hydraulic Power unit
Types of power units, Reservoir assembly, Constructional details, Pressure switches, Temperature switches. Design of Hydraulic Power Unit. Selection of Hydraulic power unit, Selection of pump, Filter, Motor, Reservoir, Necessary piping, Heat exchanger, etc.
Unit III
Control Valves
Graphic symbols for fluid power systems. Check valve. Types and Classification of fluid power control valves. Necessity of pressure control, directional control and flow control. Manual, Mechanical and Pilot operated direction control valves. Servo valves. Proportional valves. Cartridge valves.
Accumulators and Intensifier
Types, Construction and working of accumulator and intensifier. Charging of accumulator, Selection / design procedure, Applications.
Section II
Unit IV
Actuators
Linear and Rotary. Vane, Gear, Rotary piston type hydraulic motors. Methods of control of acceleration, deceleration. Types of cylinders and mountings. Calculation of piston velocity,
thrust under static and dynamic applications, considering friction, inertia loads. Design considerations for cylinders.
Industrial Circuits
Simple reciprocating, Regenerative, Meter in, Meter out, Bleed off, Sequencing, Synchronization, Transverse & feed, Fail safe, Counter balance, Actuator locking, Unloading , Motor breaking, Automatic reciprocating circuits, Circuits for Riveting machine, Hydraulic press, Injection moulding machine, Copy turning attachment, Hydraulic clamps, Hydraulic jack, Dumper, Forklift etc.
Unit V
Pneumatics
Principle of Pneumatics: (i) Laws of compression, types of compressors, selection of compressors. (ii) Types of filters, regulators, lubricators, mufflers, dryers. (iii) Pressure regulating valves, (iv) Direction control valves, (v) Speed regulating – Methods used in Pneumatics. (vi) Pneumatic actuatorsrotary, reciprocating, (vii) Basic pneumatic circuits, (viii) Application of pneumatics in low cost Automation and in industrial automation, (ix) Pneumatic clamp
calculations.
Unit VI
System Design
Design of hydraulic / pneumatic circuit for practical application, Selection of different components such as reservoir, various valves, actuators, filters, pumps based on design. (Refer manufacturer’s catalogues.).
Term Work:
Term work shall consist of following Experiments, Demonstrations, Industrial visit and Design report.
(Minimum Eight):
 Trial on Gear / Vane / Piston pump and plotting of performance characteristics.
 Study of Direction / Pressure / Flow control valves and systems using them.
 Regenerative system: Measurement of actual speed and load.
 Design of accumulator for any known application.
 Study and Demonstration of hydraulic system (Hydraulic press, Injection moulding machines, etc.)
 Experiments of pneumatics using Shuttle valve / Quick exhaust valve / Twin pressure valve.
 Study and development of Electrohydraulic / Electropneumatic systems.
 Testing of any hydraulic or pneumatic component.
 Industrial visit to study compressed air generation and distribution system / Hydraulic or Pneumatic components manufacturing unit.
 Design report of a hydraulic or pneumatic system using manufacturer’s catalogue.
References:
 Hydraulics and Pneumatics, Andrew A. Parr, Elsevier Science & Technology Books.
 Fluid Power with application, Anthony Esposito, Pearson Prentice Hall.
 Hydraulic and Pneumatic for Production, Harry L. Stewart, Industrial Press Inc.
 Hydraulics and Pneumatics, S. Ilango, V. Soundararanjan, Prentice Hall India.
 Basic fluid power, Pease, Dudley A., Prentice hall.
 Fluid Power Design Handbook, Yeaple, CRC Press.
 Industrial hydraulics, John J. Pippenger, Tayler Gregory Hicks, McGrawHill.
 Oil Hydraulic Systems: Principles and Maintenance, Majumdar, Tata McGraw Hill.
 Pneumatic Systems: Principles and Maintenance, S. R. Majumdar, Tata McGraw Hill.
 Graphical symbols for fluid power systems, IS 7513: 1974, ISO 1219: 1976
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402063 (A): Refrigeration and AirConditioning (Elective II)


Section I
Unit I
Methods of Refrigeration: Evaporative refrigeration, Refrigeration by expansion of air, steam jet refrigeration system, Pulse tube, vortex tube, heat pipe, thermoelectric refrigeration, magnetic refrigeration, solar refrigeration system.
Air Refrigeration Systems: Necessity of aircraft refrigeration, simple air cooling system, bootstrap system, reduced ambient system, regenerative system, concept of DART.
Unit II
Refrigerants: Desirable properties of refrigerants, classification of refrigerants, Nomenclature of refrigeration, alternative refrigerants for CFC’s and HCFC’s, Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol, Green house effect, ozone depletion Potential (ODP) Global Warming Potential(GWP),Total equivalent warming impact(TEWI), Concept of green building, Refrigerant piping & design, Lubricants in refrigeration systems, Selection of refrigerants, Recovery ,Recycling & Reclaiming of refrigerants
Unit III
Multi Pressure Systems: Introduction, multistage compression, two stage compression with flash gas removal, with liquid intercooler, complete two stage compression system multiple evaporator systems, cascade systems
Vapour Absorption System: Introduction, simple vapour absorption system, practical vapour absorption system, COP of an ideal vapour absorption system, selection criteria of refrigerant absorbent mixture, water ammonia system, Electrolux refrigerator, lithium bromide absorption system, comparison between VCC and VAC.
Section II
Unit IV
Air Conditioning Systems: Definition, factors, equipment used, classification, all air system, all water system, air water system, unitary and central air conditioning, infiltration and ventilation loads, concept of SHF,RSHF,GSHF,ERSHF,ADP,
Introduction to industrial & automobile air conditioning system
Unit V
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Controls: Basic elements of control, Detecting Elements, Actuating elements, Electric motors & controls, Controls in refrigeration equipment, Controlling room conditions at partial loads, Induction system
Ducts: Introduction, classification of ducts, duct material, pressure in ducts, flow through duct, pressure losses in duct, friction losses, dynamic losses, air flow through simple duct system, equivalent diameter, methods for determination of duct size, equal friction, velocity reduction, static regain method.
Unit VI
Food preservation: Necessity, Causes of food spoilage, Methods of food preservation, Food preservation by refrigeration, Commercial refrigerators for food preservation, Cold storages, Methods of food freezing, Design consideration of cold storages, Transport refrigeration, Marine refrigeration
Introduction to Cryogenics: Introduction, limitation of vapour compression systems for the production of low temperature, liquefaction of hydrogen,linde system, Claude system, liquefaction of hydrogen, liquefaction of helium, application of cryogenics.
Term Work:
The term shall consist of record of minimum six experiments from the followings.
 Trial on vapour absorption refrigeration test rig
 Demonstration of psychometric processes using air washer
 Cooling load estimation of air conditioning plant
 Refrigeration load estimation of cold storage
 Study & demonstration of refrigerant compressors
 Study of control elements
 Study of installation, charging & maintenance of refrigeration system
 Visit to any refrigeration and airconditioning component manufacturing plant
References:
 Arrora and Domkundwar: Refrigeration and airconditioning, Dhanpatrai and Company.
 CP Arrora: Refrigeration and Airconditioning, Third edition Tata McGraw Hill.
 Dossat Ray J.,” Principal of refrigeration”S.I. Version,Wiley Eastern Limited, 2000.
 Manohar Prasad,”Refrigeration and Airconditioning”,Wiley Eastern Limited, 1983.
 Ballaney P.L.” Refrigeration and Airconditioning’Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1992.
 Khurmi R.S. and Gupta J.K., “Refrigeration and Airconditioning”Eurasia publishing house (P) Ltd.,New Delhi, 1994.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402063 (B): Computational Fluid Dynamics (Elective II) Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures : 4 Hours/Week Paper : 100 Marks
Practical : 2 Hours/Week Term work : 50 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Introduction to CFD ,Impact of CFD with examples, flow modeling using finite control volume finite and infinitesimal control volumes, concept of substantial derivatives, divergence of velocity, basic governing equations in integral and differential formsconservation of mass, momentum and energy, CFD application related to engineering.
Iterative methods for matrix inversion, direct methods for banded matrices, conjugate gradient and preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithms.
Unit II
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations2^{nd} order initial value problem, implicit and semiimplicit methods, shooting method for 2 point boundary value problem. Finite difference – discretization, consistency, explicit and implicit methods, errors and stability analysis, 1^{st} order wave equation, stability of hyperbolic and parabolic equations, fundamentals of fluid flow modeling, the upwind scheme, artificial viscosity.
Unit III
Grid generation introduction, grid with appropriate transformation, matrices and Jacobins, stretched grids, adaptive grids, some modern developments in grid generation, unstructured meshes.
Finite difference applications in convective heat transfer thermally developing fluid flow inside 2D channels and a circular pipe.
Section II
Unit IV
Heat conduction in 1 and 2 dimensional steady state and transient with explicit, implicit and semiimplicit schemes, algorithm, and flow chart for 2D transient case. MacCormack method and its applications to compressible flows, stability criteria, and quasi 1D CFD solution of subsonicsupersonic isentropic nozzle flow using MacCormak’s technique, extension to general 2D flows.
Unit V
Solution of NavierStokes equation for incompressible flows using MAC and SIMPLE algorithm, staggered grid, MAC formulation, formulation of flow problem with the SIMPLE algorithm.
Finite volume method, continuity equation model of finite control volume fixed in a space, moving with the fluid. Model of infinitesimally small element fixed in a space, moving with the flow, momentum and energy equations. Integral verses differential form of equations.
Term Work:
List  of practical 
1.  Introduction to CFD 
2.  Creating 2D and 3D geometries. 
3.  Mesh generation 
4.  Problem formulation and solution 
5.  Laminar pipe flow problem 
6.  Turbulent pipe flow problem 
7.  Flat plate boundary layer problem 
8.  Forced convection over a flat plate problem 
9.  Compressible flow in a nozzle problem 
10.  Flow over an airfoil 
Note: 1 to 4 practical’s are compulsory and from 5 to 10 any 4 to be conducted Software packages: GAMBIT, FLUENT 6.2/6.3, CFX, Star CCM, ANSYS CFX
References:
 Computational fluid flow and heat transfer, K Murlidhar & T Sundarranjan, Narosa Publishing House.
 Computational fluid dynamics the basics with applications, John D Anderson Jr.McGraw Hill.
 Computational fluid dynamics T J Chung, Cambridge University press.
 Numerical computation of internal and external flows. Vol1 and 2, Charles Hirsh Wiley.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402063 ( C): Finite Element Method (Elective II)


Section I
Unit I
Introduction to Finite Element Method
Introduction to Solid Mechanics.
Introduction to Finite Difference Method (FDM), Finite Element Method (FEM), Finite Volume Method (FVM), Classical Governing Differential Equations.
General FEM process.
Analysis of Spring System – Derivation of system matrix (Direct Method), Numbering Schemes, Assembly of Stiffness Matrices and Solution.
Variational Methods and Principle of Virtual Work.
Potential Energy, The RayleghRitz Method, The Galerkin Method, Principle of Virtual work. Sources of errors in FEM.
Unit II
OneDimensional Problems
OneD Bar Element – Discretization, Numbering, Coordinates and Linear Shape Functions,The Potential energy approach and Galerkin Approach. The global stiffness matrix,Boundary Conditions (Penalty and Elimination Methods), Effect of Temperature, Quadratic shape functions.
Truss Element – Local and Global Coordinates. Analysis of 2 – D truss, Concept of symmetric truss, Analysis of skewed support. Analysis of 3 – D truss.
Unit III
TwoDimensional Problems
Constant strain triangle (CST) – Analysis of Linear and Quadratic CST Element. Plane stress, Plane strain Concepts.
Analysis of Linear Rectangular Element.
Isoparametric Elements – Mapping of Cartesian to Natural coordinate system, formulation of Plane Quadrilateral Element.
Section II
Unit IV
Beams and Frames
Introduction to Beams and frames. Coordinate systems, Element Formulation and Stiffness Matrices, Loads and Boundary Conditions assembly.
Steady state Heat Transfer Problem
Heat Transfer Problems – Governing equations. One Dimensional Heat Conduction Analysis, Problems on 1 – D Conduction in thin fins.
Two Dimensional Heat Conduction Analysis.
Unit VI
Introduction to nonlinear and Dynamic Analysis. Introduction to other scalar field problems – Torsion, Model, Fatigue, Crash and NVH Analysis.
Introduction to Commercial FEA software.
Term Work:
The term work shall consist of record of Eight assignments of problems based on the following topics:
 Stress and deflection analysis of2D/3D trusses using finite element package.
 Stress and deflection analysis of any Mechanical component consisting of 2D or 3D elements using finite element package.
 Stress and deflection analysis of any Mechanical component having Plain stress / Plain strain concept using finite element package.
 Stress and deflection analysis of any Mechanical component having symmetry concept using finite element package.
 Stress and deflection analysis of Beam and Frames.
 Thermal analysis of two dimensional problems.
 Thermal analysis of three dimensional problems.
 Model Analysis of any Mechanical Component.
 Case study on Fatigue/Crash/NVH Analysis.
References:
 Chandrupatla T.R. and Belegunda A.D. – ‘Introduction to finite elements in engineering’ – Prentice Hall of India.
 Daryl Logan – ‘First Course in the Finite Element Method’ – Cengage Learning India Pvt. Ltd.
 David V. Hutton – ‘Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis’ – Tata McGrawHill Education Pvt. Ltd.
 Nitin S Gokhale, Sanjay S Deshpande, Sanjeev V Bedekar, Anand N Thite – ‘Practical Finite Element Analysis’ – Finite To Infinite, India
 J.N. Reddy – ‘An Introduction to the Finite Element Method’ – Tata McGrawHill Education Pvt. Ltd.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402064 (A): Automobile Engineering (Elective III)
Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures : 4 Hours/Week Paper : 100 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Automotive chassis system
Layout with reference to prime location, frame, constructional details, material testing of frames, integrated body construction, resistance to motion, air resistance, rolling resistance, gradient resistance, requirement of engine power.
Unit II
Transmission system
Clutch: Types of clutches, Single plate clutch, Multiplate clutch, Centrifugal clutch, Diaphragm spring clutch, clutch plate, lining material.
Gear Box: Function of various resistances, tractive effort, performance curve, power required for acceleration and gradability, selection of Gear ratio, sliding mesh gear box, constant mesh gear box, synchromesh gear box, epycyclic gear box, fluid flywheel & torque converter, overdrive gears, semiautomatic gear box.
Drive line study: effect of driving thrust and torque reaction, hotskiss drive, torque tube drive, radius rod, propeller shafts, universal joints, final drive and types, double reaction final drive, axles: two speed rear axles, rear axle construction, and differential drive.
Unit III
Automotive Systems
Steering: Front axle types, steering geometry, steering linkages, steering linkages, steering gear box turning radius, wheel wobble & shimmy, power assisted steering mechanism. (Steering characteristics, steering gear box)
Wheels & types: Wheels, purpose, requirement wheel alignment & wheel balancing (Center point steering, cornering force slip angle, scrub radius)
Tyres: – Function, types of tyres & its construction, static & rolling properties of pneumatic tyres, tubeless tyres.
Suspension system: Types, factors inlating ride comfort, suspension springs leaf spring, coil & torsion bar springs, springs material, shock absorbers, independent suspension, rubber, pneumatic hydroelastic suspension, self leveling, hydrogas suspension.
Braking system: Types of brakes, constructional details, materials, braking torque developed by leading & trailing shoes, disc brake theory, brake actuation system, factors affecting brake performance, power assisted brakes.
Automobile Air Conditioning System
Introduction of Air Conditioning System: Classification Layout, Central /unitary air conditioning systems, component like compressors, evaporator, condenser, expansion devices, fan blowers, heating systems, Automotive heater, types of heater systems a/c protection engine,
Load analysis: Outside & Inside design consideration, factors effect of a/c load on engine performance.
Air Distribution system: Distribution duct system, sizing, supply/return duct type of grills, diffuser, and ventilation.
Section II
Unit IV
Vehicle maintenance and garage practice
Maintenance, Servicing of auxiliaries: Cooling system service, Anti corrosion additives, antifreezing solutions, Dry & wet lines, Petrol & diesel system maintenance, Lubrication system services, Chassis lubrication, Suspension system, Servicing of brake systems, Maintenance of steering systems, Wheel balancing, Wheel alignment, Maintenance of tyres, servicing & reconditioning.
Unit V
Automobile safety & lighting
Introduction: Active & passive safety, Characteristics of vehicle structures, Optimization of vehicle structures crash worthiness, Types of crash/roll over. Pedestrian Safety & Ergonomics: Importance of ergonomics in automotive safety, locations of controls. Anthropometry: Human impact tolerances, Determination of injury thresholds, Servicity index, study acceptable tolerances. Vehicle Safety Systems: Types of safety belt Head s restraints, air bags Use of energy absorbing systems Impact protection from steering controls, Types of seats Importance of bumpers, damagablity criterion in bumper designs Type of safety glass & their requirements reaword field of vision automobiles, Type of rear view mirror & their assessment, Warning devices Hinges & lathes. Automotive Lighting & Light Sensing Devices: Automotive lamps, types, design, construction, material & performance, Lighting signaling devices such as stop lamp, number plate lamp, rear position lamp, direction indicator lamp, reverse lamp, reflex reflector, position lamp. New technology in automotive lightning Gas Discharge Lamp, LED, Adoptive Front Lighting system ( AFLS), Daylight Running Lamps(DRL).
Unit VI
Automobile Electronics
Fundamental of Automotive Electronics, Microprocessor applications in automobiles, Components for engine management systems.
Sensors & Actuators: Introduction, basic sensors arrangement, Type of sensor, Oxygen sensors, Cranking sensor, Positioning sensors, positioning sensors, engine cooling water pump, engine oil pressure V, fuel metering sensors, vehicle speed sensors detonation sensors, stepper motor relays. Basic electronic engine control, Digital engine control system, vehicle motion control system, further automotive electronics system, digital cruise control, electronic antilock braking system.
References:
 Advance Vehicle Technology; Hein Heister.
 Automotive Engines Hebert E. Ellinger.
 P. M. Heldt Automobile Chassis, NK.
 P’Luckin.G Automobile Chassis Design & Calculations.
 William F. Milliken, et al “Chassis Design” Maurice Delay.
 Paul Lung ” Automotive Air Conditioning “CBS Publisher & Distribution Delhi.
 Prasad, Priya Belwafa Jamel “Vehicles Crashworthiness & Occupant Protection of American Iron & Steel Institute, USA.”
 Jullin Happian Smith ‘ An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design’ SAE 2002.
 Edward A, “Lamp & Lighting” Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1993.
 Keitz H. A. E. “light Calculations & Measurements” Macmillan, 1971.
 Willim B Ribbens., et al “Understanding Automotive Electronics, Butterworth – Heineman Publication, Woburn.
 Automobile Engines – James D. Halderman, chase D.M.tchell by poorson Education.
 Devadas Shetty, Rechard A. Kolk ” Mechatronics System Design” ce by PWS publishing company, New Delhi.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402064 (B): Operations Research (Elective III)
Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures : 4 Hours/Week Paper : 100 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Introduction to Operations Research and its History. Management Application of Operations Research. Mathematical Models in Operation Research. Linear Programming Introduction, Formulation, Graphical Solution, Representation in Standard Form, Simplex Methods, Duality and Sensitivity Analysis.
Unit II
Transportation Problem – Introduction, Formulation, Basic Methods of Solving Transportation Problem, Optimization Methods Like UV Methods and Stepping Stone Methods. Duality in Transportation Problem, Transship Methods as an Extension of Transportation. Assignment Problem, Hungarian Methods to Solve Assignment Problem. Travelling Salesman as an Extension of Assignment Problem.
Unit III
a) Inventory Models: Introduction, Cost Involved in Inventory Problems, Terminology, Concepts of E.O, Q. in Various Deterministic Models and Simple Probabilistic Model Such as Instantaneous Demand Without Set up Cost, Service Level, ABC Analysis.
b) Sequencing Models: Scheduling and Sequencing, Assumptions in Sequencing Models, Processing ‘n’ jobs on’m’ Machines, Processing of Two Jobs on n Machines with Each Having Different Processing Order.
Section II
Unit IV
a) Games Theory : Introduction, Minimax and Maximin Principle, Solution of Game with and without Saddle Point, Solution by Dominance, Solution by Graphical Method, m x n size Game Problem, L.P. Method, Approximation Method, Bidding Problems.
b) Replacement Analysis: Replacement of Capital Equipment that Deteriorates with time, value Remains the same during the period and it Changes With Constant Rate During the Period, Replacement of items that Fail Completely.
Unit V
Queuing theory: Introduction to Queuing Theory Basis Structure, Terminology and Applications. Queuing Models M/M/1: o/FEFO, M/M/S: o/fifo, MCSR.
SimulationMonte Carlo simulation.
Introduction to NonLinear Programming, Integer Programming, Dynamic and Goal Programming
Network Analysis: Introduction Bar and Milestone Charts, Fundamentals of PERT and CPM Networks, Fulkerson’s Rule, Time estimates in PERT and CPM critical Path, Probability of Project Completion in schedule time, Types of Slack and Float.
Network Crashing, Resource Leveling and Load Smoothing.
Text books:
 Quantitative Techniques in management by N.D.Vora,Tata Mcgrawhill publication Ltd.
 Operations Research by H. Taha,Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd.
 Operations Research by Hira Gupta,S.Chand and co.Ltd.2008
 Operations Research by J.K.Sharma,Mcmillan India Ltd.Delhi
References:
 Hillier F.S., and Lieberman G.J., Operations Research, Eight Edition, Mc. Tata McGraw Hill Pvt. Ltd., ISBN13:9780070600928.
 Ravinran, Phillips & Solberg, Operations Research Principles and Practice, Second Edition,
Mc. WSE Willey, ISBN: 9788126512560.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402064 ( C): Robotics (Elective III)
Teaching Scheme:
Lectures : 4 Hours/Week
Examination Scheme: Paper : 100 I
Section I
Unit I
Introduction: Basic concepts, Definitions and Three laws of Robotics, Robot Anatomy, Classification of Robots on different basis, Performance Parameters, SocioEconomic aspects of Robotisation, Safety, Maintenance and Quality aspects in Robotics, Recent trends in Robotics.
Unit II
Grippers: Different types, Guidelines for design of Robotic Grippers, Force analysis of Mechanical, Pneumatic and Hydraulic Grippers.
Sensors: Different types of sensors such as Position, Velocity, Acceleration, Force, Torque, Vision etc., Characteristics & Classifications of sensory devices, Need for Sensors.
Unit III
Drives: Different types, Hydraulic, Pneumatic and Electric Drives, Comparison of Drive systems and their advantages and limitations.
Control systems: Different types of Controllers (e.g. PD & PID feedback etc.), Trajectory planning, Introduction to Closed loop control, second order linear system, Modeling and Control of Single Joint, Introduction to Force control.
Section II
Unit IV
Kinematics: Forward and Inverse kinematics, Homogenous transformation, DenavitHartenberg parameters, Kinematics redundancy, Kinematics calibration, Velocity mapping and static force analysis.
Dynamics: Introduction to Dynamics, Acceleration of Rigid body, Singularities, Euler’s equation, NewtonEuler’s dynamic formulation, Lagrangian formulation of manipulator dynamics,
Unit V
Transmission Systems: Basic Motion Conversion Systems, Efficient power transmission for robotic systems, Concepts and related terms of power transfer
Modeling of Robotic Systems: Solid Modeling for robots by using simulation softwares Vision System for Robotics: Image Acquisition, Masking, Sampling, Image Processing Techniques, Noise Reduction Methods, Edge Detection, Segmentation
Unit VI
Robot Programming: Methods of Programming, Walk Through & Lead Through programming, Robot Programming Languages: Introduction to various types of Robotic programming Languages, Salient Features and recent updates in programming AI: Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, AI Techniques, Need and applications of AI Futuristic topics of Robotics: MEMS, SWARM, Telesurgery, Service Robots…etc.
Text Books:
 Introduction to Robotics (Mechanics and Control), John J. Craig, AddisonWesley, 2^{nd} Edition
 Robotics: Control, Sensing, Vision and Intelligence, K.S. Fu, R.C. Gonzales, C.S.G. Lee, McGraw Hill International, 1987.
 Industrial Robotics: Technology, Programming and Applications, Mikell P. Groover et. al. McGrawHill International, 1986.
 Robotics and Control, R.K.Mittal, J.Nagrath, Tata McGrawHill International, 2003.
 Introduction to Robotics, S.K.Saha, Tata McGrawHill International, 2008.
References:
 Handbook of Industrial Robotics, Shimon Y. Nof, John Wiley co. 2001.
 Robotic Engineering: An Integrated Approach, Richard D. Clafter, Thomas A. Chemielewski Michael Negin, Prentice Hall India, 2002.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part I (2008 Course)
402065: Mechanical Engineering Lab Practice
Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Term Work : 25 Marks
Oral : 50 Marks
The term work shall consist of minimum ‘six’ of the following experiments and presented it in the form of journal.
 Trial on Diesel power plant to determine the following characteristics :
a) Plant efficiency vs. load.
b) Total fuel consumption vs load.
c) Rate of energy input vs. load, and
d) Heat rate and incremental Heat rate vs. load.
 Study report on visit to one of the plants listed below :
a) Steam power plant.
b) Gas turbine power plant.
c) Nuclear power plant.
d) Hydro power plant.
 The load estimation of unitary Air conditioning system.
 Energy audit of a department/section of any industrial process plant.
 Study of automobile systems such as transmission, suspension braking, instrumentation etc.
 Study of steam turbines: types of steam turbines, constructional details of impulse and reaction turbines.
 Study of steam turbine systems:
a) Methods of governing
b) Emergency trip gear mechanism and
c) Extraction pressure regulation system.
 Dismantling and assembly of I.C.Engine.
9 Design of experimentation.
10 Trial on subsonic air nozzle to determine:
a) Variation of pressure along the length of the nozzle.
b) Discharge coefficient and discharge Mach Number.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part II (2008 Course)
402066 (A): Costing and Cost Control
(Elective IV) (Self study)
Examination Scheme:
Paper : 100 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Introduction: Significance for Engineers. Limitations of Financial Accounting, Corporate Objective – profitability. Elements of Cost – Material, Labor, Equipment, Overheads.
Unit II
Cost Classification: Direct – Indirect, Variable – Fixed, Controllable – Uncontrollable, Overhead classification.
Unit III
Overheads – Allocation, Apportionment. Basis for Overhead Apportionment, Budgets and budgetary Control.
Section II
Unit IV
Joint products and byproducts : Segregation of the joint expenses. Process Costing.
Unit V
CostVolume Profit Relationship: Assumptions. Breakeven Point Concept. Contribution. Application in decision making.
Unit VI
Special Techniques: Standard Costing, Marginal Costing, Activity Based Costing.
References:
 C. B. Gupta: Fundamentals of Business Accounting, Sultan Chand & Co.,
 Samualson P. A. Economics, McGraw Hill International,
 Bhar B. K., Costing
 Prasad N. K., Cost Accounting, Book Syndicate Pvt. Ltd.,
 Collin Durry, Management and Cost Accounting, English Language Book Society, London.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part II (2008 Course)
402066 (B): Machine Tool Design
(Elective IV) (Self study)
Examination Scheme:
Paper : 100 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Drives
Design considerations for drives based on continuous and intermittent requirement of power, Types and selection of motor for the drive, Regulation and range of speed based on preferred number series, geometric progression. Design of speed gear box for spindle drive and feed gear box.
Stepless drives
Design considerations of Stepless drives, electromechanical system of regulation, friction, and ball variators, PIV drive, Epicyclic drive, principle of self locking,
Unit II
Design of Machine Tool Structures
Analysis of forces on machine tool structure, static and dynamic stiffness.
Design of beds, columns, housings, bases and tables.
Unit III
Design of Guideways and Power Screws
Functions and types of guideways, design criteria and calculation for slideways, design of hydrodynamic, hydrostatic and aerostatic slideways, StickSlip motion in slideways. Design of power screws: Distribution of load and rigidity analysis.
Section II
Unit IV
Design of Spindles and Spindle Supports
Design of spindle and spindle support using deflection and rigidity analysis, analysis of antifriction bearings, preloading of antifriction bearing.
Unit V
Dynamics of machine tools
Dynamic characteristic of the cutting process, Stability analysis, vibrations of machine tools. Control Systems: Mechanical and Electrical, Adaptive Control System, relays, push button control, electrical brakes, drum control.
Unit VI
Advances in Machine Tool Design
Design considerations for SPM, NC/CNC, and micro machining, Retrofitting, Recent trends in machine tools, Design Layout of machine tool using matrices.
Text Books:
 N.K. Mehta, “Machine Tool Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, ISBN 0074517759.
 A. Bhattacharya and S. G. Sen., “Principles of Machine Tool”, New central book agency Calcutta, ISBN 8173811555.
 D. K Pal, S. K. Basu, “Design of Machine Tool”, 4th Edition. Oxford IBH 2005, ISBN 812040968.
Reference Books:
 N. S. Acherkan, “Machine Tool”, Vol. I, II, III and IV, MIR publications.
 F. Koenigsberger, “Design Principles of Metal Cutting Machine Tools”, The Macmillan Company New York 1964.
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part II (2008 Course)
402066 ( C ): Energy Management and Industrial Pollution
(Elective IV) (Self study)
Examination Scheme:
Paper : 100 Marks
Section I
Unit I
Energy crisis, finite fossil reserves, Need and importance of energy conservation and management, Commercial and non commercial energy sources, energy security, energy strategy for the future, Energy consumption patterns in Globle and Indian industry,
Electrical Systems Electricity tariff, Load management, demand side management, energy efficient motors, power factor improvement, Energy efficient lighting, variable Speed drive, Energy efficient illumination
Unit II
Energy Audit – need, types of energy audit and methodology, understanding energy costs, benchmarking and energy performance, plant energy performance, fuel and energy substitution, energy audit instruments, Sankey diagram, heat balance for boiler, energy audit instruments
Methods of financial analysis simple payback period, Time value of money (Future value, Net present value), return on investments (ROI), Internal rate of return (IRR )
Unit III
Energy conservation opportunities in different sectors, Energy conservation in boilers and steam system, various types of steam traps and their selection, condensate recovery systems, Insulating materials and refractories, Economic thickness of insulation
Energy conservation in pumps, compressed air system, HVAC and refrigeration system and fans
Section II
Unit IV
Man and environment, Energy problem, Industrial pollution emissions – solids ,liquids and gases, pollution control aspects, fossil fuel related pollutants in the environment, Global environmental issues Ozone layer depletion, Global warming, loss of biodiversity, acid rain. Emission reduction emission trading, Joint implementation, CDM (Clean Development Mechanism)
Unit V
Environmental impacts of industrial pollution, Air pollution – sources of emission and their
classification, air pollution laws and standards, air pollution control methods
Sources and classification of water pollutants, Types of water pollutants and their effects, water
pollution laws and standards, waste water treatment
Noise pollution, Thermal pollution, Marine water pollution
Unit VI
Waste minimization, waste minimization techniques, solid waste management causes, effects and control measures of industrial wastes, sources of industrial wastes, E waste, Incineration. Waste heat recovery and cogeneration for pollution control.
Sustainable development, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
References:
 P. H. Henderson, India The Energy Sector, Oxford University press
 D. A. Ray, Industrial Energy Conservation, Pergamon Press
 Callaghan, Energy Conservation
 Energy Conservation related books published by National Productivity Council ( NPC)
 C. S. Rao, Environmental pollution control Engineering, New age international publication
 Anindita Basak, Environmental Studies, Pearson Education
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part II (2008 Course)
402067: Technical Paper Presentation
Examination Scheme:
Oral: 50 Marks
A Technical paper presentation is expected to be on a stateoftheart technical topic related to Mechanical Engineering but outside the syllabus. The report and its presentation is based on material, mainly collected and analyzed from the latest research papers from reputed national and international technical journals. (Minimum 3 research papers are to be submitted along with report).
Number of pages 15 to 20 (Soft copy and 1 hardcopy)
Excluding a) Title b) Certificate c) Acknowledgement d) Abstract
e) Index f) References. (Web site names should not be mentioned )
Font size 12
Font type – Times New Roman Spacing 1.5 Spiral Binding A4
One mid term presentation by the student on the topic
Two examiners, one internal and one external examiner. External examiner is from Academics (Other University) / Research Institutes. Marks are equally divided between Report and Presentation / Oral. Presentation – Maximum 10 minutes,
Question/Answer Maximum 5 minutes
University of Pune, Pune B. E. (Mechanical) Sandwich Part II (2008 Course) 402068: Industrial InPlant Training & Project


Duration of training in industry: 6 Months
GENERAL GUIDELINES
TO THE INSTITUTIONS RUNNING MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (SANDWICH) DEGREE COURSE
AND
TO THE STUDENTS OPTED FOR SANDWICH COURSE
INDUSTRIAL INPLANT TRAINING
Students shall undergo industrial inplant Training for the period of 6 months in an industrial establishment and spend about 8 weeks for observational training and solving minimum 3 assignments given by the organization. The remaining period shall be utilized for Project. Students are expected to analyze the problems systematically and offer suggestions/concluding remarks.
The training/assignments may be related to following areas:
 Machines/process diagnostics.
 Quality Assurance, quality improvement management.
 Production planning and control, productivity improvement.
 Costing and cost control, value engineering study.
 Material inspection and movement, material management and control.
 Inventory Control, stores, facility planning.
 Improvement in tool layout, tool selection, machine selection.
 Maintenance of m/s and maintenance of plants, house keeping, safety precaution.
 Plant layout, machine layout for minimum travel of the job, man and machine movement study time and motion study problems.
 Computer based information study for stores, purchase, wastage of material, in process material planning and scheduling, assembly, storage of finish products, dispatch etc.
 Placing a purchase order for inland/foreign goods.
 Importexport procedures.
 Improvement of human skills, productivity.
 Incentive schemes, labour laws