Pune University BE Instrumentation and Control Advanced Biomedical Instrumentation Question Papers

Pune University Exam Paper

B.E. (Instrumentation & Control)

ADVANCED BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION

(2008 Pattern) (Elective – III) (Sem. – II)

Time :3 Hours]                                                                                              [Max. Marks :100

Instructions to the candidates:

1)            Answer 3 questions from Section I and 3 questions from Section II.

2)            Answers to the two sections should be written in separate books.

3)            Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.

SECTION – I

QI) a) With the help of neat diagram, explain the working of programmable pacemaker.                                                                                                                                                                 [8]

b) Draw and explain the heart-lung machine model.[8]

OR

Q2) a) It is required to set up an ICU for 8 beds. Elaborate the implementation plans.                                                                                                                                                                      [8]

b) What is a synchronized dc defibrillator? Draw a block diagram of it and explain its working?                                                                                                                       [8]

Q3) a) Explain the need and working of an ‘Autoanalyser’.                                                                                                                                                                                                            [8]

b)             With the help of graph, explain the basic working principle of a pulse oximeter.                                                                                                                             [R]

c)             Explain the working of an In-Vivo type of oximeter with the help of a suitable diagram.                                                                                                                   [6]

OR

Q4) a) Describe with the help of neat waveform various modulation techniques for a typical Telemedicine System.                                                                                                                          [8]

b)              Explain the conductivity type blood cell counter for RBC and WBC measurement.                                                                                                                             [10]

 

Explain the principle of CT-scanning. How it overcomes the drawback of X-Ray imaging?                                                                                                                              [8]

What is the role of ‘Hounsfield number’ in image reconstruction? [8]

OR

Describe the various components of X-ray machine.                                                                                                                                                                                       [8]

Draw the diagram of image intensifier and explain how it helps to improve the image qualify in fluoroscopy.                                                                                                  [8]

SECTION – II

With the help of a suitable block diagram, explain the working of Gamma camera.                                                                                                                                         [8]

Explain A scan, B scan and M-scan in ultrasound imaging.                                                                                                                                                                            [8]

OR

Draw a diagram, explaining what is meant by spin-spin relaxation time and spin lattice relaxation time. What is the importance of it?                                                               [8]

Write a note on Positron Emission Tomography.                                                                                                                                                                                           [8]

What is Nuclear medicine? Describe various types of detectors that are used to detect p and Y rays.                                                                                                                  [8]

With the help of a suitable block diagram, explain the working of rectilinear Scanner.                                                                                                                                     [8]

OR

Explain laser application in diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. [8] Explain in brief various types of dialysers used for Hemodialysis. [8]

Describe various Orthotic and Prosthetic devices.                                                                                                                                                                                           [8]

Explain different types of wheelchair and joysticks. Specify their materials and properties.                                                                                                                             [10]

OR

What is kidney stone? Explain lithotripsy based on acoustic shock wave with plasma explosion.                                                                                                                   [8]

Explain Instrumentation in Hemodialysis.          [10]

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