Pune University BE Civil Hydroinformatics Question Papers
B.E. (Civil) HYDROINFORMATICS (2008 Pattern) (Elective – II) (Sem. – I)
Time :3 Hours] [Max. Marks :100
Instructions to the candidates:-
1) Answer any three questions from each section.
2) Answer any three questions from section -1 and three questions from section – II.
3) Answer to the two sections should be written in separate answer booklet.
4) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.
5) Pigures to the right indicate full marks.
6) Your answers will be valued as a whole.
7) Use of electronic pocket calculator is allowed.
8) Assume suitable data, if necessary.
SECTION – I
QI) a) Define Hydroinformatics. What is the necessity of Hydroinformatics? Explain with practical example. 
b) What are components of hydroinformatics systems? Explain in detail hardware and software components. 
c) Discuss about design of hydroinformatics system for flood warning in your city. 
Q2) a) What are network components, peripheral components of a Hydroinformatics system? Explain in brief. 
b) Discuss any web based hydroinformatics system in India or abroad giving details about scope, purpose, underlying model, software used in front end and back end. 
c) Explain role of numerical modeling in Hydroinformatics. 
Q3) a) Why multi-criteria decision support systems are required in Hydraulic Engineering? Discuss interrelation between various components of multi criteria decision support system. 
b) Discuss design of multi – criteria decision support system for wave watch giving details of information collection, analysis, prediction, estimation, decision – dissemination of the information. 
Q4) a) What is a decision support system in water resources engineering? What are its components? What is the role of public sector in decision support system? 
b) Discuss design of multi – criteria decision support system for flood watch giving details of information collection, analysis, prediction, estimation, decision, dissemination of the information. 
Q5) a) Differentiate between physics based modeling and data driven modeling. Give examples of each. 
b) Discuss design of simulation model for household water distribution system giving details of objective, scope, basic formulae used, underlying solution procedure, simulation technique used. 
Q6) a) Discuss any commercial simulation model. 
b) Discuss design of simulation model for water inflow at a dam location objective, scope, basic formulae used, underlying solution procedure, simulation technique used. 
SECTION – II
Q7) a) Discuss the working of biological neuron. 
b) What is learning rate? What is momentum factor? 
c) How artificial neural networks compare with statistics? What is the terminology used in statistics for the following terms used in ANN? Input, output, training, generalization. 
Q8) a) Discuss the working of an artificial neuron. 
b) Define epoch, epoch size, error function, weight surface. 
c) Define transfer function. What is its use in ANN? Discuss various transfer used in ANN? 
What is evolutionary computing? Explain 3 criteria for evolutionary process to occur. What are different types of evolutionary computing?  Discuss Fitness function, population, terminals and functions in connection with the Genetic Algorithm. 
What is mutation and cross over? Give an example of both by drawing the tree diagram. 
What are the steps in implementation of Genetic Algorithm? 
What are strengths and limitations of Artificial Neural Networks. 
Define soft computing techniques. Is Genetic Algorithm a soft computing technique? Why? What is the difference between Genetic Algorithm and Genetic Programming? 
Discuss a study about application of Artificial Neural Networks in Water Resources Engineering giving details about problem definition, objective, data, inputs, outputs, algorithm used and results. 
Discuss a study about application of Genetic Algorithm in Water Resources Engineering giving details about problem definition, objective, data, inputs, outputs and results.