B.E. (Civil) GEOINFORMATICS (2008 Pattern)
(Open Elective) (Sem. – II)
Time :3 Hours] [Max. Marks :100
Instructions to the candidates:-
1) Answer any 3 questions from each section.
2) Answers to the two sections should be written in separate books.
3) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.
4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
5) Assume suitable data, if necessary.
SECTION – I
Q1) a) What is remote sensing? What are the stages of Remote Sensing?  b) Explain interaction of EMR with Earth’s Surface. 
Q2) a) What are the elements of Visual Image Interpretation? Explain their significance and factors influencing them. 
b) Explain EMS. State the characteristics of different frequencies. 
Q3) a) Explain in detail, characteristics of LANDSAT. 
b) What are the elements of Remote Sensing? Explain these in brief. 
Q4) a) What is FCC? What is the significance of FCC in recognizing terrain features. 
b) Short Notes on : 
i) Relief Displacement.
ii) Drainage Pattern.
Q5) a) Explain in detail use of remote sensing in terrain analysis. 
a) Write in brief importance of remote sensing in water resources. 
Describe with flow chart application of remote sensing in ground water assessment. 
How remote sensing is used for the exploration of minerals. 
SECTION – II
What is GIS? Explain in detail its components. 
Write notes on :
i) Map Features.
ii) Map scale and its importance. 
Explain in brief history of GIS and its development. 
Write notes on :
i) Hardware and Software for GIS.
ii) Map Resolutions. 
What is a Map? Explain different types of Map Projection systems and its need? 
What are the components of DBMS? 
What is Geospatial Data Model? Explain in brief RDBMS. 
Write a note on Primary Key and Foreign Key. 
Explain the term “Histogram Equalization”. Elaborate the contrast stretch enhancement. 
Explain Unsupervised Classification. 
What is GPS? Explain its importance in RS and GIS. 
Explain in brief : 
i) Digital Image Processing.
ii) Vector Model.