Pune Technical University Electronics Engineering Syllabus
B.E. (ELECTRONICS) 2008 COURSE TERM – I
|NAME OF SUBJECT||TH||PR||
|404201||ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN||3||1||100||25||
1. Advanced Measurement Systems
- Advanced Power electronics
- Biomedical Instrumentation
1. Advanced Computer Architecture
- Entrepreneurship and Business Planning
- SOC (System on Chip)
- Robotics and Automation
ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN (404201)
Unit 1: Introduction
Stages in product design- Market survey, Product Specifications (Electrical, Mechanical, Environmental), R&D and Engineering Prototypes, Pilot Production Batch, Environmental testing, Documentation, Manufacturing. Electronic Products Classification: Consumer, Industrial and Military. Their peculiarities in terms of Cost/performance ratio and Reliability. Case study of a typical Industrial Product. Reliability: Bath tub curve, Measures taken (at Component and Product level and various soldering techniques including Surface Mount Technology) to improve reliability. Fundamentals of Communication System Design, criteria for selection of frequency bands, requirements of Voice and Multimedia Applications
Unit 2: Hardware Designs- Analog
Analog Signal Conditioning: Factors affecting choice of Op-Amps in signal conditioning applications. Need for Instrumentation Amplifiers- Case study. Error budget analysis with Case study. ADCs: Interpretation of ADC specifications from design view point. Considerations in selecting References (Vref for ADC). DACs: Interpretation of DAC specifications from design view point.
Unit 3: Hardware Design- Digital
Interface examples for LED, HB LED, LCD, Keyboard, Relays (Electromagnetic and Solid State). Microcontrollers: Comparative study of different Microcontroller Architectures, Factors affecting choice of Microcontroller for particular application with Case study of one application. Introduction to buses and protocols used in Electronic Products- I2C, SPI.
Unit 4: Software Design and Testing for Electronic Product
Different approaches to development of application software for Electronic Product. Assemblers Factors affecting choice between Assembly language and High level language like C and C++. Documentation practices and templates for above software. Debugging tools and techniques for software- Features of Simulators, ICE, IDE.
Unit 5: PCB Design and EMI/EMC
PCB Design practices for Analog and Mixed signal circuits: Ground Loops, Precision circuits, shielding and guarding. PCB Design Practices for High speed digital circuits Signal integrity and EMC, EMI/EMC testing standards and compliance
Unit 6: Fault Finding and Testing
Analyses- DC/ Operating Point Analysis, AC (Frequency Response), Transient, Sensitivity, Monte Carlo. Debugging/ Fault finding- Features and limitations of Analog CRO, DSO, Logic Analyzer and Mixed Signal Oscilloscopes in finding hardware/software faults. Environmental Testing: Need for Environmental Testing. Temperature, Humidity, Vibration and Shock tests. Introduction to EMI/EMC testing standards and compliance. Text Book
- Bernhard E. Burdek, _History,Theory and Practice of Product Design_, Springer Science, 2005
- Paul Horowitz, _Art of Electronics_, Cambridge University Press
- Howard Johnson, Martin Graham, _High-speed Digital design- A Handbook of Black Magic_, Prentice Hall Publication
- G. Pahl andW. Beitz J. Feldhusen and K.-H. Grote, _Engineering Design – A Systematic Approach_, Springer,2007
- Tim Williams, _EMC for Product Designers_, Elsevier, Fourth edition 2007 Reference Books
- Jerry C Whitaker, _The Electronics Handbook_, CRC Press, IEEE Press, ISBN 08493-8345-5
- David Bailey, _Practical Radio Engineering and Telemetry for Industry_, Elsevier, ISBN 07506 58037
- Pressman , _Software Engineering – A Practitioner’s Approach_
- David Bailey, _Practical Radio Engineering & Telemetry for Industry_, Elsevier, ISBN 07506 58037
- Domine Leenaerts Johan van der Tang , Cicero S. Vaucher , _Circuit Design for RF Transceivers_ , Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003
- Power supply sizing (Estimation of current requirement)
- Design of SPAN ZERO circuit
- Design of Transducer interface using Whetstone Bridge
- Error budget analysis
- ADC Interface example
- DAC interface example
- Interfaces- LED, HB LED, LCD, Relays
- Case study for deciding appropriate Microcontroller for given application
- PCB Design for Mixed Signal Circuit (Involving ADC and Signal Conditioning)
10. DC analysis of given circuit
11. AC analysis of given circuit
- Sensitivity analysis for given circuit
13. Reliability calculations from given data
VLSI DESIGN (404202)
Unit 1: Digital CMOS Design
CMOS Inverter, voltage transfer curve, body effect, hot electron effect, velocity saturation, Static and dynamic dissipations, Power delay product. Noise margin, Combinational logic design, W/L calculations, Transmission gate, design using TGs, » parameter, layout, Design Rule Check, Technology scaling.
Unit 2: CMOS Memories
Random Access Memories (RAM), Static RAM (SRAM), standard architecture, 6T cell, sense amplifier, address decoders, timings. Dynamic RAM (DRAM), different DRAM cells, refresh circuits, timings. Role of memories in PLD, chip area occupied by them.
Unit 3: VHDL and Finite State Machines
VHDL design units, modeling styles, synthesizable and non synthesizable test benches, design flow, functions, procedures, attributes, test benches, configurations, packages, Synchronous and asynchronous machines, Finite State Machines (FSM), metastability, state diagrams and VHDL codes for FSMs.
Unit 4: Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs)
Need of PLD, antifuse, SRAM and flash technologies, Comparison with ASIC, general purpose processor, DSP processor, microcontroller, memories etc, Features, specifications, detail architectures, application areas, limitations of Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD) and Field Programmable Logic Devices (FPGA).
Unit 5: Fault tolerance and testability
Types of fault, stuck open, short, stuck at 1, 0 faults, Fault coverage, Need of Design for Testability (DFT), Controllability, predictability, testability, built in Self Test (BIST), Partial and full scan check, Need of boundary scan check, JTAG, Test Access Port (TAP) controller.
Unit 6: Signal Integrity and System on Chip
Clock skew, Clock distribution techniques, clock jitter, Supply and ground bounce, power distribution techniques, Power optimization, Interconnect routing techniques, wire parasitics. Design validation, Off chip connections, I/O architectures, Signal integrity issues, EMI immune chip design.
1. Neil H. Weste and Kamran, _Principles of CMOS VLSI Design_, Pearson Publication.
- Wyane Wolf, _Modern VLSI Design (System on Chip)_, Pearson Publication.
- John F. Wakerly, _Digital Design, Principles and Practices_, Prentice Hall Publication.
1. Allen Holberg, _Analog CMOS Design_, Oxford University Press.
- Perry, _VHDL_, McGraw Hill Publication.
- Charles Roth, _Digital System Design using VHDL_, McGraw Hill Publication.
- Data Sheets of PLDs.
- Sung-Mo (Steve) Kang, Yusuf Leblebici, _CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits_, Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
List of Practicals
Group A: To write VHDL code and test bench, synthesis, simulate and down load in to PLD, for the following (Any four).
- To sense physical parameter such as temperature/pressure/flow etc., convert in to digital using ADC, interface to PLD and display.
- To write/read in to RAM.
- To generate ramp/square waveform using DAC.
- To measure the period of a signal.
- To design lift/traffic light controller.
- To design programmable timer/counter.
Group B: To design following logic, calculate W/L ratios, prepare layout in multi metal layers and simulate (Any four).
Assume suitable technology, load capacitance, free running frequency, switching timings etc.
- CMOS Inverter.
- CMOS NAND, NOR.
- 2:1 Mux by conventional method and by using Transmission gates. Comparison of them.
- CMOS Combinational logic for minimum 4 variables.
- Minimum 5 stage cascaded Inverter ring counter and understand technology limitations.
- Clock skew generation and mitigation by any one method for synchronous machine.
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (404203)
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week
Practical: 2 Hr/week
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction
Introduction to embedded system, Definition of embedded systems, characteristics of embedded systems, design metrics, applications, embedded system operations, Software development, software architectures, IDE, Communication protocols: Blue tooth, Zig- bee, etc.
Unit 2: Embedded Processor
Processor internal architecture, processor technology, processor types, embedded processor, RISC design philosophy, specifications of processor/s, memory organization, memory interfacing aspects, processor & memory selection for different applications, Interrupts.
Unit 3: Arm Processor
ARM-7 processor LPC 2148 architecture, data flow model, memory organization, programming model, ISP & IAP, register banking, operating modes: ARM mode & Thumb mode, I/O port read/write operations, Status registers
Unit 4: Programming
On chip communication protocols of LPC 2148, Programming concepts using embedded
C, Programming ARM processor for implementing various communication protocols, keyboard Interface, LCD interface, on chip ADC/DAC interface.
Unit 5: Real Time Operating Systems Concept
Real Time Operating Systems ^COS-II, Features, State diagram, comparison with traditional OS, Semaphore, shared data problem, scheduling algorithms, dead lock.
Unit 6:Case Study
Priority inversion problem, priority inheritance, interrupts management; inter task communication, memory management, Time delays. Case studies: Cruise control, digital Camera.
- Rajkamal _ Embedded Sytems _ TMH.
- David Simon _ Embedded systems software primer_ pearson
- Andrew sloss _ Arm System Developer guide_
- Christopher Hallinan _ Embedded linux primer_ Prenice Hall
- Frank Vahid, _ Embedded sytem design _ , PHI
- Steve Furber _Arm System on chip architecture_, AddisonWesely
- Alessandro Rubini and Jonathan Corbet, _LinuxDevice Drivers_, 3rd Edition O_Reilly
List of Experiments
- Write C code for implementation of four tasks using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for use of semaphore using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for message queue implementation using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for mail box implementation using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM- 7] processor.
- Write C code for message pipe implementation using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for demonstrating shared data problem using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for demonstrating priority inversion problem using ^COS-II RTOS on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
- Write C code for implementing communication protocol on LPC 2148 [ARM-7] processor.
ADVANCED MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS (404204)
Lectures/week: 4 Hrs
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1: Signal Integrity:
Signal Integrity design Issues, Signal Integrity Testing Challenges and solutions,
Electrical Validation and Debug with DPO/MSO Series Oscilloscopes and Arbitrary Waveform Generators
Unit 2: Hardware design and testing methods:
Logic analyzer, its architecture & operation and Use of logic analyzer, Spectrum analyzer Network analyzer, Oscilloscope , DSO trigger modes Examples using MSO Use & limitations of different types of analysis
Unit 3: Role of electronic measurements in Embedded Systems:
Design issues and role of electronic measurements for debugging in Automotive Electronics (ECU), Serial bus decode Test instruments for a variety of standards, including: USB, PCI Express, CAN/, I2C, Need of interfacing, interfacing techniques, interfacing of different displays including Graphic LCD (320X240), interfacing of input devices including touch screen etc, interfacing of output devices like thermal printer etc., embedded communication using CAN and Ethernet, RF modules, GSM modem for AT command study etc.
Unit 4: Microwave Measurements:
Fundamental test set up for advanced radar systems and EMI EMC measurements. Microwave Enclosures, Hazards and Microwave Measurements and Computations Electromagnetic Compatibility, Detection of microwave power: measurement of microwave power bridge circuit using thermister & barraters. Theory & operation of barraters, direct reading barraters bridges. Measurement of wavelengths: single line cavity coupling system, frequency pulling by reactive load, Transmission cavity wave meter & reaction wave meter, measurement of VSWR, measurements of attenuation, free space attenuation.
Unit 5: Virtual Instrumentation:
Virtual Instrumentation, VISA (GPIB, VXI, PXI), SCPI coding. Test system development using Virtual Instrumentation, Software role in virtual Instrumentation, Hardware role in virtual instrumentation. Virtual Instrumentation and its application, modulation techniques: TDM, FDM, ASK, PSK, application of the same in instrumentation, Distortion analyzer, Logic analyzers. Case study of Lab View based Data acquisition system design.
Unit 6: Digital Instrumentation:
Universal counter and its mode _ totalizing, frequency, period, time interval, ratio, measurement errors, application of counters for frequency meter, capacitance meter and timers, automation in digital instruments, ADC and DAC techniques, types, and their specifications, V to F converter, Sample and hold, analog multiplexer, data loggers.
- Electronics Instrumentation by H.S.Kalsi
- Microwave circuits and design by Samuel Liao
- Handbook for I2C and CAN protocol
- Process Handbook by Liptac
1. Application Notes by Tekteronics
- Application Notes by Agilent
- Hand Book for Electronic Measurements by Coombs
List of Practicals
(Equipments Required: DSO, MSO, Logic Analyzer , Power Scope, Arbitrary signal generator)
- Study and application of Universal counters
- Study of DSO _ measurement of response time of relay using DSO
- Study and application of ADC 0809
- Study and application of DAC 0808
- Study of Arbitrary waveform generator
- Program to demonstrate I2C Protocol.
- Program to demonstrate CAN Protocol.
- System building and simulation on Virtual Instrumentation
- VSWR Measurement (Using Vmax / Vmin Method)
Lectures/week: 04 Hrs
Practical_s/week: 02 Hrs
Term work: 25 marks
Unit 1: Modern Rectifiers and Converters
Single phase series converters, 12 pulse converters .Three phase IGBT based PWM rectifier, analysis ,comparison with SCR based conventional converters with respect to harmonic content, P.F. Power factor conditioning of diode rectifiers EM I and Line Power quality problems of thyristor converters Double sided PWM converter systems
Unit 2: Motor Controls
PLL control of DC drives, Microcontroller based Dc Motor drives. Three phase reversible flux vector control for induction motor drive, Direct and indirect vector control, Sensor less vector control, Direct torque and flux control, Adaptive control, cycloconverter based induction motor drive.
Unit 3 : Multilevel Inverters
Concept, types, Diode clamped, Flying Capacitor and Cascade Multilevel inverters, Advanced modulation Techniques, Trapezoidal, staircase, stepped, harmonic injection and delta modulation.Variable DC Link inverters, sliding mode bi-Directional controlled boost inverters. Space Vector Modulation, Introduction of Z Source Inverters
Unit 4: Resonant converters and Power supplies
Concept of Soft switching, Resonant converter Analysis and Design. SLR, PLR, ZCS, ZVS Converter analysis and Design. Synchronous rectifiers, Low Dropout Regulators, Hot Swappable Redundant Power Supplies, Design of High Frequency magnetic components for converters Bi-Directional Power Supplies Unit 5 : Renewable Energy Sources
Role of Power Electronics in renewable energy, variable wind energy conversion system with DC to Dc converters followed by 3Phase VSI, Photovoltaic energy conversion system, Solar Battery powered drives, traction drives, energy conversion in electrical drives, Battery Chargers.
Unit 6: Power Conditioning
Power quality, power line disturbances and its remedies, energy audit, solar power conditioning, Power transmission. FACTS Flexible AC Transmission, HVDC
1) Modern power electronics by P.C.Sen –S Chand & co .
2) Power electronics by M.H. Rashid—PHI 4TH edition New Delhi .
3) Power electronics by Ned Mohan—TMH Publication.
4) Fundamentals of electrical drives by G.K.Dubey.
1) Thyrister DC drives by P.C sen,Jhon Wiely.
2) Modern power electronics & AC drives -Bimal K Bose Pearson publication.
3) Wind energy hand book –Jhon Wiely & Sons by—Burlon,d.Sharp,n Jenkins Bossanji.
List of Practical’s (Min 06 Practicals+2 simulations Practicals)
- 1Ph/3Ph IGBT based PWM switched rectifier.
- Feedback Controlled Dc Motor Drive
- V/F controlled AC induction motor drive
- Three phase 4-Quadrant reversible Flux vector control for induction motor.
- Study of Advanced Modulation techniques any one.
- Low dropout regulator
- 3 phase brushless generator for wind energy applications.
- 4-Quadrant reversible DC drive chopper.
- Speed Control of Universal Motor.
- Simulation of closed loop controlled DC drive using PSIM/Matlab/MathCad
- Simulation of Multilevel Inverter
- Simulation of three phase dual converter drive using Psim/Matlab/MathCad
- Simulation of Closed loop controlled AC motor drive using PSIM / Matlab/MathCad
- Case Study/ Industrial Visit
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction
Introduction to Biomedical System, Cell structure, Functions of Cell, Bio- Signals, Types of Electrodes to Measure Bio-signals. Transducers and Sensors for Bio Signal Measurements: EEG, ECG, EMG, PCG, Respiration, Skin contact impedance, Motion artifacts. Fiber Optic sensor for Temperature. Chemical Sensors to measure PH, PO2, Glucose, O2.
Unit 2: Nervous System-Anatomy
Introduction to Nervous System-Anatomy, 10-20 electrode for EEG, Evoked- Potential, Types and significance of EEG Signals (±, 2, 3, ‘, J EEG machine, Analysis of Diseases using EEG, EMG Machine.
Unit 3: Heart System
Introduction to Heart System. Functioning of Heart System, Anatomy of Heart, Lead Configuration to measure ECG, ECG Amplifiers, ECG Machine. Introduction to Heart Sound, Phonocardiography.
Unit 4: Medical Instruments and Measurment
Introduction to Blood Pressure Measurement (Direct and Indirect Methods). Blood Flow Measurement. Finger Plethesmography, Echocardiography, Stress Testing System,
Beside Monitors, Central Monitoring System, Life Saving Device: Pacemakers, Defibrillators,
Unit 5: Clinical Lab Instruments
Introduction to Clinical Lab Instruments. Blood Cell Counter, Electron Microscope, Colorimeter, Autoanalyser, Flame photometer, PH/Blood Gas Analyzer, Pulse Oximeter, Vivo Oximetry Vitro-Oximetry. Introduction to Dialysis System. Electronic Stethoscope (Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic Stethoscope). Issues of Noise Pollution around Hospitals. Electrical Safety of Instruments: Grounding and Shielding.
Unit 6: Radiology Instrumentation
Introduction to Radiology Instrumentation such as X-Ray Machine, Computer Tomography (CT Scan), MRI Machine, Introduction to Ultrasonic Doppler Machine, Lasers in Medicine- Vision Correction, Dermatological. Principles, types, applications Dermatology, vision correction information to be collected from net ASL (American Society for lasers), Medical laser book: Selection of lasers type, powers, wavelength, Depth of penetration, Ximer Laser. Introduction to Dental Instruments on following topics: Aerator, Amalgamator, Shadow Less Light, Ortho Pentamo Graph.
- Carr and Brown, _Biomedical Instrumentation_.
- Cromwell, _Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement_, PHI.
1. Webster, _Application and Design of Medical Instruments”.
- R. S. Khandpur, _Biomedical Instrumentation_.
List of Practical / Assignments
Students are expected to perform Minimum 8 practical from the list mentioned below.
- To study ECG Machine (Single channel or Multichannel).
- PC based ECG machine _ waveform simulation C based OR
EGC waveform generation using microcontroller.
- Interface of PC simulated waveform with ECG machine
- To study and measure Blood Pressure using sphygmomanometer/ Digital BP Instrument
- To study Defibrillator/pacemaker
- Measure body temperature using Digital Clinical Thermometer
- ECG \ QRS Detector + Counter to display heart rate
- To study and measure pulse rate using finger plethesmography.
- measurement of concentration using spectrophotometer
- To study EEG/EMG Machine.
- To study Blood cell counter.
- Study of Bedside Monitor, Drip Rate Monitor (ICU Monitor)
- Study of Dialysis System
- Study of Clinical Lab Instrumentation.
- Study of Laser Treatments in Medicines.
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1: Overview of Mechatronics
Key Elements, Mechatronics Design Approach, Functions of Mechatronics system, Division of functions between Mechanics and Electronics, Stepwise Design Procedure, Modelling Procedure. Mechanical Components and systems: Bearings and Bushings,
Belts and Pulleys, Brakes and clutches, Chains and Sprockets, Couplings and joints, gears, Pulleys and Belts, Solenoids, springs, Switches
Unit 2: Physical System Modelling
Modelling Electromechanical Systems, Simple dynamic models, Elastic system modelling, Structures and Materials, Common structures in Mechatronics: Beams,
Springs, Thin Plates, Vibration and analysis,
Unit 3: Sensors and actuators Sensors and transducers:
Principle of operation, Specifications, Selection criterion (Design aspects) for Force, pressure, temperature, motion (Rotary and Linear), position, flow, Level Sensors Actuators:Classification, Specifications, Selection criterion and application areas for: Mechanical actuators: Pneumatic, Hydraulic, programmable electro hydraulic valves Electrical actuators: Relays and Solenoids, Stepper Motors, DC brushed motors, DC brushless motors, DC servo motors, 4-quadrant servo drives , PWM_s, Pulse Width Modulation, Variable Frequency Drives, Vector Drives, Drive System load calculation
Unit 4: Systems and Control
Role of controls in Mechatronics, Key elements of controlled Mechatronics system, Integrated Modelling, design and control implementation, Case study: Design of a mobile Robot, Modern examples of Mechatronics systems in action, Special Requirements of Mechatronics that Differentiate from _Classic_ Systems and Control Design, State space analysis, Design optimisation of Mechatronics system, controller examples
Unit 5: Computers and Logic Systems
The Mechatronics use of computers, concept of real time, System interfaces, Terminology and Definitions (Serial vs. Parallel, Bit Rate vs. Baud Rate, Synchronous
vs. Asynchronous, Data Flow-Control, Handshaking, Communication Protocol, Error Handling, Simplex, Half- Duplex, Full-Duplex, Unbalanced vs. Balanced Transmission, Point-to-Point vs. Multi-Point, Serial Asynchronous Communications, the Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)), TIA/EIA Serial Interface Standards RS- 232 Serial Interface, Functional Description of Selected Interchange Circuits, IEEE 488- The General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB) CNC machines, PLC
Unit 6: Software and Data Acquisition
Data logging functional requirement: Acquisition, Sensors, Signal Connectivity, Signal Conditioning, Conversion, Online Analysis, Logging and Storage, Offline Analysis, Display, Report Generation, Data Sharing and Publishing; Data-Logging Systems Different applications of Mechatronics as Case study
- Robert H. Bishop, _The Mechatronics Handbook_, CRC Press
- W. Bolton, _Mechatronics_, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education
- D.G.Alciatore, M.B.Histand, _Mechatronics_, 2nd edition, TMH
- Christopher Kilian, _Modern control technology_, 2nd edition, Thomson
List of Practicals
- Study of various mechanical components used in Mechatronics applications
- Study of different switches and relays with their applications in Mechatronics
- Study of Flip Flops, Timers, ADC, DAC and Op _ Amp circuits as Mechatronics system elements
- Calibration of flow meters/ Thermocouple /RTD
- Study of Load Cells for Mechatronics applications
- Vibration measurement /Displacement measurement/ level measurement
- Verification of P, P+I, P+D, P+I+D control actions
- Study of linear conveyor control system
- Study of rotary table positioning systems 10. Analysis of control system using software like MATLAB/SIMULINK or equivalent.
- Development of ladder diagram/programming PLC for level control, position control or any other mechanical engineering application
- Study of Data acquisition system
- Study of Microcontrollers applications for Mechatronics systems
- Case study of any Mechatronics system
ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE (404205)
Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Paper: 100 Marks
Unit 1: Overview of Parallel Processing and Pipelining Processing
Necessity of high performance, Constraints of conventional architecture, Parallelism in uni processor system, Evolution of parallel processors, future trends, Architectural Classification Principles of scalable performance : Performance Metrics and Measures, Speedup Performance Laws, Applications of parallel processing, Instruction level Parallelism and Thread Level Parallelism, Introduction to Parallel Programming Languages : Fortan 90, Occam and C-Linda, Introduction to cluster, Neuro Computing and grid computing
Unit 2: Pipeline Architecture
Principles and implementation of Pipelining, Classification of pipelining processors, General pipelining reservation table, Design aspect of Arithmetic and Instruction pipelining, Pipelining hazards and resolving techniques, Data buffering techniques, Job sequencing and Collision, Advanced pipelining techniques, loop unrolling techniques, out of order execution, software scheduling, trace scheduling, Predicated execution, Speculative loading, Register Stack Engine, Software pipelining, VLIW (Very Long Instruction Word) processor, Superscalar Architecture- Pentium, Ultra SPARC, Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC) Architecture, Case study of Intel Itanium Processor
Unit 3: Vector and Array Processor
Basic vector architecture, Issues in Vector Processing, vectorization, Vector performance modeling, vectorizers and optimizers, pipeline chaining and vector loops, Case study: Cray Architecture.
Unit 4: SIMD Computer Organization
Masking and Data network mechanism, Inter PE Communication, Interconnection networks of SIMD, Static Vs Dynamic network, cube hyper cube and Mesh Interconnection network.
Parallel Algorithms for Array Processors: Matrix Multiplication. Sorting, FFT Unit 5: Multiprocessor Architecture:
Loosely and Tightly coupled multiprocessors, Processor characteristics of multiprocessors, Inter Processor communication network, Time shared bus, Crossbar switch, Multiport Memory Model, Memory contention and arbitration techniques, Cache coherency and bus snooping, Massively Parallel Processors (MPP), COW_s and NOW_s Cluster and Network of Work Stations), Chip Multiprocessing (CMP), Inter Processor Communication and Synchronization, Case Study of IBM Power4 Processor
Unit 6: Parallel Programming and Multithreaded Architecture
Parallel Programming Techniques: Message passing program development, Synchronous and asynchronous message passing, Message passing parallel programming, Shared Memory Programming, Data Parallel Programming Multithreaded Architecture: Multithreaded processors, Latency hiding techniques, Principles of multithreading, Issues and solutions, case study-JVM
- Kai Hwang, Faye A. Briggs, _Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing_ McGrawhill international Edition
- Kai Hwang, _Advanced Computer Architecture_, Tata McGrawhill Edition References
- V.Rajaraman, L Sivaram Murthy, _Parallel Computers_, PHI.
- William Stallings, _Computer Organization and Architecture, Designing for performance_ Prentice Hall, Sixth edition
- Kai Hwang, _Scalable Parallel Computing_
- Richard Y. Kain, _Advanced Computer Architecture_
Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Paper: 100 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction
Entrepreneur: Present and Past, Entrepreneurship for an Engineer, Identify Business Opportunities and Set Goals. Entrepreneurs Skills: Communication Skills, Math Skills, Problem-Solving Skills
Unit 2: Entrepreneurs in a Market Economy and Ownership
Entrepreneurs in a Market Economy: An Economy, The Concept of Cost, Government in a Market Economy. Select a Type of Ownership: Run an Existing Business, Own a Franchise or start a Business, Choose the legal form business
Unit 3: Business Plan
Develop a Business Plan: Necessity a business plan, What goes into a business Plan?, Create an effective business plan. Identity and Meet a Market Need: The value of market research, How to perform market research, Identify your competition. Finance, Protect, and Insure Business: Put together a financial plan, Obtain financing for business, Theft proof business, Insure business Choose Location & Setup for Business: Choose a retail business location, Choose a location for a non-retail business, Obtain space and design the physical layout, Purchase equipment, supplies and inventory. Market Business: The Marketing mix-product, distribution, price, The Marketing mix-promotion, Set marketing goals
Unit 4: Hire and Manage a Staff: Record keeping and Accounting
Hire and Manage a Staff: Hire Employees, Create a compensation package, Manage staff , Record Keeping and Accounting: Set up a record keeping system, Understand basic accounting, Tracking inventory
Unit 5: Financial Management, Use Technology
Financial Management: Manage cash flow, Analyze financial performance, Hire experts, Use of Technology: Technology and business, Learning about the internet, Purchase technology
Unit 6: Meeting Legal, Ethical, and Social Obligation Growth in Today_s Marketplace
Meeting Legal, Ethical, and Social Obligation: Understanding legal requirements, Ethical issues in business, meeting social responsibilities. Growth in Today_s Marketplace: Developing a strategy for growth, Global Trends and opportunities, Culture and business
- Cynthia L. Greene, _Entrepreneurship Ideas in Action_, South Western Publishing Company (A Division of Thomson Learning Inc.,), First Edition.2000.
- G.S. Batra, _Entrepreneurship Development_, Deep & Deep Publications : 1st Edition.
Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Paper: 100 Marks Unit 1: Introduction to Robotics and Automation
Robotics: History of Robotics, Applications of Robotics, Current Research in Robotics, General Structure of Robotic Mechanical Systems, Classification of Robots based on coordinate system, Classification of Robotics, Overview of robot subsystems, Components of Robot system-Manipulator, Controller, Power conversion unit etc, Specifications of robot. Commercially available Software Packages for Robot Simulation.
Unit 2: Kinematics and Dynamics
Kinematics: Homogeneous co-ordinate vector operations, matrix operations, co-ordinate reference frames, Homogeneous transformation and manipulator orientation relative points reference frames, Workspace , Forward Kinematics – forward solutions- Link coordinate frames, D-H matrix, Inverse Kinematics – Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions, Analytical Approaches – Reduction of Inverse Kinematics to Sub-problems, Pieper_s Solution, Numerical Techniques, techniques of using direct & geometric approach
Dynamics: Newton_s equation, Euler equations, Dynamic Modeling of Robotic Manipulators – Force and Torque Balance on an Isolated Link, Two-Link Robot Example, Closed-Form Equations. Kane_s Method in Robotics – Two DOF Planar Robot with Two Revolute Joints, Generalized Coordinates and Speeds, Velocities, Partial Velocities, Accelerations, Generalized Inertia Forces, Generalized Active Forces, Equations of Motion, Special Issues in Kane_s Method
Unit 3: Mechanisms Actuators and Sensors
Some Popular Mechanisms – Four-bar Mechanism, Slider-crank Mechanism, Rack and Pinion, Cams and Cranks, Gear and Gear Trains, Synthesis of Mechanisms , Kinematic Analysis of Mechanisms, System Features, Kinematics and Kinetics, Serial Robots, Parallel Robots, Mechanical Structure, Joint Mechanisms. Actuators: Electromagnetic Actuators, Fluid Power Actuators. Different types of grippers – Compressed Air,
Vacuum, Hydraulic Fluid Power, Electrical Power & other methods of gripping. DC Motors, Stepper Motors, Servo Motor, Controlling of these motors. Sensors: Encoders – Rotary and Linear Incremental Encoders, Tachometer, Quadrature Encoders, Absolute Encoders. Analog Displacement Sensors, Force and Tactile Sensors, Ultrasonic Transponder, Accelerometers, Gyroscopes , proximity sensors, Infrared Sensors, touch slip sensor, laser range finder, Vision-based Sensors, Color-tracking Sensors, Sensor Mounting Arrangement, Reading the Pulses in a Computer, Design of the Circuitry
Unit 4: Motion Planning and Motion Control
On-off trajectory, relocking and acceleration profile, Cartesian motion of manipulator, joint interpolated control, Jacobian in terms of D-H matrix, Trajectory Planning: Command 2 Generation, Pick-and-Place Operations, Obstacle avoidance, Basic control system, control loops of robotic system, Feed-forward Control Action, Fuzzy controllers, Error Budgeting.
Unit 5: Robot Vision Systems
Hardware Considerations for Vision Systems: Sensors, Interconnects to Sensors, Image Operations, Hardware Components, Processing Board Organization. Design Methodology for Vision Systems: Algorithms Architectures Interfaces Modeling and Specification Partitioning and Mapping Scheduling Design Space Exploration, Code Generation and Verification
Video Analytics: Segmentation, Classification and Recognition, Tracking, Architecture, Algorithmic Components, Camera Calibration, Object recognition.
Unit 6: Automation
Structure of Automatic Industrial Systems, Relationship between the Robot Intelligence and the Product, Productivity of a Manufacturing Process, Kinematics and Control of Automatic Machines, Feedback Sensors, Transporting Devices, Feeding and Orientation Devices, Automatic Assembling, Inspection Systems, Welding _ Automation.
- Bruno Siciliano, Oussama Khatib (Eds.), _Springer Handbook of Robotics_, 2008, ISBN: 978-3-540-23957-4
- Jorge Angeles, _Fundamentals of Robotic Mechanical Systems Theory, Methods, and Algorithms_ Second Edition, 2003, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.,ISBN 0-387-95368- X
- Edwin Wise, _Robotics Demystified_, 2005, The McGraw-Hill Companies, ISBN 007-143678-2
- Thomas R. Kurfess, _Robotics And Automation Handbook_, CRC Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8493-1804-1
- _Robotics: Appin Knowledge Solutions (Firm)_, Infinity Science Press , 2007, ISBN 978-1-934015-02-5
- J. Norberto Pires, Altino Loureiro and Gunnar Bolmsjo, _Welding Robots – Technology, System Issues and Applications_, Springer-Verlag 2006, ISBN-10: 1852339535
- Ben-Zion Sandler, _Robotics : Designing the Mechanisms for Automated Machinery_, 2nd ed. 1999 by Academic Press, ISBN 0-12-618520-4
- Branislav Kisa0canin, Shuvra S. Bhattacharyya, _Embedded Computer Vision_, Sek Chai-Editors, Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009, ISBN 978-1-84800-303-3
SYSTEM ON CHIP (404205)
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Paper: 100 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction to MEMS and SoC
Introduction , History , Concepts of MEMS : Principles, application and design, Scaling Properties/Issues , Micromachining Processes : Substrates, lithography, wet/dry etching processes, deposition processes, film stress, exotic processes.
Mechanical Transducers : transduction methods, accelerometers, gyroscopes ,pressure sensors, MEMS microphones, mechanical structures, actuators.
Unit 2: Control and Materials of MEMS
Controls of MEMS: Analog control of MEMS, Sliding mode control of MEMS, Digital control of MEMS, Materials for MEMS: Substrate and wafers, Active substrate material, silicon, Silicon compound, Silicon pezoresisters, Gallium arsenide, Quartz, piezoelectric crystals, Polymers.
Unit 3: Transducers
Chemical and Biological Transducers: basic concepts of cellular biology, chemical sensors, molecule-based biosensors, cell-based biosensors, chemical actuators, biological transducers, electrophoresis: optical transducers, thermal transducers, magnetic transducers, RF transducers.
Unit 4: Introduction to SOC
Design of system on chip, Microsystems technology and applications, core architecture for digital media and the associated compilation techniques
Unit 5: Overview of Physical Design Automation
Physical design automation, behavioural synthesis, synthesis of FPGAs and testable ASICs micromachining processes: substrates, lithography, wet/dry etching processes, deposition processes, film stress, exotic process
Unit 6: SOC Testing and Packaging
Hardware/software co-design, test and design of circuit to integrated systems, testable design and testing of Microsystems, embedded core based system on chip test strategies Micro System Packaging: Over view of mechanical packaging of micro electronics micro system packaging
- Kovacs, Gregory T. A. _Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook_ McGraw-Hill
- Max J. Madou, _Fundamentals Of Micro Fabrication_, The science of miniaturization, Nanogen corporation, USA, CRC press, March 2002.
- Sergey Edward Lyshevski, _Nano-And Micro Electro Mechanical Systems_; Second edition, CRC press, Boca Ratron London.
- Jan G Korvinik and Oliver Paul, _MEMS Practical Guide to Design, analysis and Applications_ William Andrew, Inc Springer
- G.K. Anantsuresh, K.J. Vinoy, S. Gopalkrishnan, K.N. Bhat, V.K. Atare, _ Micro and Smart Systems_ Wiley
Tutorial: 2 Hrs/Week Term Work: 50 Marks Note:
- Term work assessment is based on the project topic. It consists of Literature Survey and basic project work. The abstract of the project should be submitted before Term work assessment.
- The report consists of the Literature Survey basic project work and the size of the report should be maximum of 40 pages.
- The examination is conducted by two examiners (internal and external) appointed by the university. The examiners appointed must have minimum 6 years of experience with UG qualification and 3 years with PG qualification.
- The assessment is based on Innovative Idea, Depth of understanding, Applications, Individual contributions, and presentation, and the grade given by the internal guide, which is based on the work carried out in a semester.
- A certified copy of report is required to be presented to external examiner at the time of final examination.
|S U BJECT CODE||NAME OF SUBJECT||TH||PR||TUT||PP||TW||OR||PR||TOTAL
|404207||COMPUTER NETWORK & SECURITY||4||2||100||50||150|
1. Audio and Video Engineering
- Image Processing and Machine Vision
- Optical and Microwave Communication
- Soft Computing tools
1. Advanced Communication System
- Automotive Electronic Systems
- Artificial Intelligence
- Nanotechnology in Electronics
- Any one subject from the list of Elective IV of Computer/IT/Electrical/Instrumentation OR institute can offer an elective-IV based on any industry need with prior approval of BOS (Electronics)
1) All Theory papers are three hours duration
2) Practical/Oral shall be based on term-work
3) Term-work of Project Part I consist of project report based on project
4) ** * Exam at the end of II term
COMPUTER NETWORK AND SECURITY (404207)
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week
Unit 1: Introduction to Computer Networks
Uses of computer Network, Network Hardware-LAN, WAN, MAN & Internet, Network Software-design Issues for layers, Service primitives and relationship of services to Protocols, Reference models-OSI &TCP/IP, network architectures introduction, Addressing types-Physical, Logical & port addres, Example of networks-X.25, Frame Relay & ATM, Protocols and Standards.
Unit 2: Application Layer
Application layer protocols and applications like Ping, FTP, telnet, http (www), SMTP, SNMP, Trace route, TFTP, BOOTP, DNS, NFS, RPC, X-server, E-mail, Introduction to streaming Audio/Video,P2P file sharing, Introduction to socket programming, Introduction to HTML programming.
Unit 3: Transport Layer and Network Layer
Transport layer-Process to process delivery, Connection oriented & Connectionless Transport, UDP, TCP, congestion control and Quality of Service. Network Layer: IPv4 address, IPv6 address, Address mapping-ARP, RARP & DHCP, IPv4 datagram detail format, IPv6 datagram detail format, ICMP, IGMP, Network layer issues like Delivery, forwarding, intradomain and Interdomain routing, Routing algorithms like Shortest path routing, Flooding, Distance Vector Routing, Link State Routing, Path vector routing etc., Simple Router architecture.
Unit 4: Data link layer
Data link layer: Framing, Flow & Error control Protocols, noiseless channels, Noisy channels, HDLC, PPP, Multiple access techniques-random access, controlled access & Channelization, Ethernet types-bridged, Switched, Full duplex, Fast & gigabit Ethernet. Introduction to Data link layer in 802.11 LAN, Connecting devices like passive hubs, repeaters, Active hubs, Bridges, Two-layer Switches, Routers, three layer switches, Gateway etc., Backbone networks, Virtual LANs.
Unit 5: Physical Layer
Physical layer-Data rate limits, Transmission media-guided and Unguided, Switching systems-Circuit switching, Datagram Switching & Virtual circuit switching, Structure of circuit and packet switch, cable modem and DSL technologies, SONET basics, Communication satellites (LEO/MEO/GEO), Introduction to physical layer in 802.11 LAN & 802.15 WPAN.
Unit 6: Basics of Network Security and Network administration.
Network security: Introduction to Cryptography, Secret key algorithm, public key algorithm, Hash Functions, basic ITU-T Recommendation – X.805 Security Architecture, Basics of Security Requirements/Services/Dimensions, Basics of Security attacks, Basics of Security mechanisms / solutions. Network Administration: UTP Cabling for PC to PC communication, Network tester, network monitoring, Protocol Analyzer, Network Simulation, internet access through Dialup/DSL/Leased Line/Mobile handset.
- Behrouz A. Forouzan, _Data Communications and Networking_, 4th Edition, TATA McGraw Hill
- Andrew Tenenbaum, _Computer Networks_, 4th Edition, Pearson Education.
- Kurose & Ross, _Computer Networking_ A top Down Approach featuring the Internet. 3rd edition, Pearson Education.
- William Stallings, _computer Networks and Cryptography_, 3rd edition, Pearson Education
- Behrouz A. Forouzan, _TCP/IP protocol Suit_, 3rd edition, TATA McGraw Hill
- Stevens, _TCP/IP illustrated Volume – I & II_,Pearson education.
- Feibel Werner, _Encyclopaedia of networking_, Pearson education.
- Frank J. Derfler, _Practical Networking_, 2nd edition, QUE international Publishing.
- Atul Kahate, _Cryptography and Network Security_, 2nd edition, TATA McGraw Hill
- Kenneth Mansfield, _Computer Networking from LANs to WANs: Hardware, software & Security_, CENGAGE learning.
- Nurul Sarkar, _Computer Networking & Hardware concepts_, Information Science Publisher, USA.
List of the Experiments
- Implementation of LAN using star topology and connectivity between two computers using cross over UTP CAT5 cable.
- Installation and configuration of Web Server and hosting web page using HTML programming.
- Installation and configuration of Proxy Server.
- Installation and configuration of FTP server for FTP communication.
- Installation and configuration of Telnet server for Telnet communication.
- Write a program in _c_ for Encryption and Decryption
- Write a program in _c_ for Shortest Path algorithm.
- Connectivity of LAN computers to Internet using Dial-Up modem/leased line modem/Mobile Handset. (Installation and configuration).
- Installation of Suitable Network Monitoring software and Analysis of Intranet activities.
- Installation of Suitable Protocol Analyzing software and Analysis of Intranet activities.
11. Assignment of LAN or WAN simulation using Suitable network Simulating software.
- Study of Cable tester for fault detection of UTP-CAT5 Cross / Straight LAN cable.
PROCESS AUTOMATION (404208)
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction
Block Diagram of process control system, process control principles, Instrumentation standard signals.
Unit 2: Controllers
Closed loop control system, process characteristics, control system parameters, degree of freedom. Controller modes: Discontinuous, continuous and composite controller modes. Electronic controllers: Realization of controllers using operational amplifiers circuits. Pneumatic controllers, Hydraulic controllers, Tuning of PID controller.
Unit 3: Control Elements
Comparison of electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic systems. Control Valves: Principle of control valve, different parts of control valve, flow characteristics, selection of control valve, control valve sizing, different types of control valve and their applications, control valve noise, valve positioner, cavitations and flashing.
Unit 4: Advanced process control
Feedback and feed forward control systems, cascade, ratio, selective and adaptive control systems, applications of these systems in process industry. Statistical process control, self tuning controller. Internal Model Control [IMC], Model Predictive control [MPC], Process Model Based Control [PMBC].
Instrumentation schemes for boiler, Heat exchanger, Distillation column control, Evaporator, Compressor. Introduction to Robotics: Definition, Need of robot, Robot components, Classification and applications.
Unit 6: Computers in Instrumentation
Supervisory control systems, direct digital control systems, Distributed control systems, SCADA. Auxiliary process components: Square root extractor, flow tantalizer, recorders, alarm annunciators, Control Panels.
- B G Liptak _Instrument Engineers Handbook _Volume I & II, Chilton Book Co.
- C D Johnson, _Process Control Instrumentation Technology_, PHI
1. Andrews, _Applied Instrumentation in Process Industries_
- Considine, _Process Instrumentation and Control Handbook_
List of Practicals
- Calibration of electro pneumatic converter.
- Tuning of PID controller for different control actions.
- To plot the control valve characteristics.
- Study of Recorders.
- Communication with SMART TX.
- Microcontroller based instrumentation system.
- Any one experiment based on simulation of instrumentation system/Process control.
AUDIO AND VIDEO ENGINEERING (404209)
Lectures/week: 4 Hrs
Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 1:Fundamentals of Television and Displays
Color TV systems, Television basics, color fundamentals, mixing of colors, color perception, chromaticity diagram, Digital TV cameras. Display devices: LCD, TFT,
LED, Plasma, and HDTV.
Unit 2: Television Standards
NTSC, PAL, SECAM systems, color TV transmitter, high level, low level transmitters, color TV receivers, remote control, antennas for transmission. TV alignment and fault finding with Wobbuloscope and TV pattern generation, field strength meter.
Unit 3:Digital TV
Introduction to Digital TV, Principle of Digital TV, Digital TV signals and parameters, Digital TV Transmitters, MAC signals, advanced MAC signal transmission, Digital TV receivers, Basic principles of Digital Video compression techniques, MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4, Video compression ITU-Standards(H.). Digital TV recording techniques.
Unit 4:HDTV Systems
HDTV standards and systems, HDTV trans
Pune Technical University Electronics Engineering Syllabus