NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry: Environmental Chemistry is an essential chapter for the class 11 exams. So, those students who aspire to come out on top must go through the chapter with the help of NCERT solutions. By doing so, you will get to know various concepts such as atmospheric pollution, causes and effects of global warming, greenhouse effect, and acid rain.
Additionally, you will be able to find out what causes the depletion of the ozone layer and the impact it has on the planet. Besides this, you will also study the causes and effects of water pollution and the standardization of drinking water across the world. Soil pollution, its causes, effects, and control, and the significance of green chemistry in everyday life are also among the topics students of class 11 would be studying.
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry
NCERT Solutions for Chemistry, and particularly for chapter 14, has seven sections that explain various concepts related to the environment. The chapter addresses issues like environmental pollution and studies its causes and effects. The significant elements affected by pollution include water, soil, and the air around us. So, the chapter talks about how you can reduce pollution and a host of other concepts like the international standards for drinking water, waste management, and green chemistry.
You can download CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry from below.
What will you learn in NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry?
Environmental chemistry tells you about the origin, reactions, and the effects various chemicals have on the environment. The chapter focuses on studying the environment, which is a combination of social, biological, physical, and chemical entities.
When harmful changes occur in the environment, it affects living beings such as plants and animals. The substances which cause these changes are known as a ‘pollutants.’ Pollutants exist in all states of matter, including solid, liquid, and gas. Humans produce pollutants when they set up industries or factories and release waste byproducts into the environment. Pollutants are degradable, meaning that the various natural processes that occur in the surroundings tend to break them down. However, other pollutants degrade at a slower rate and hence, remain in the surroundings for more extended periods, adversely affecting living creatures.
For instance, substances like plastic and metal are non-degradable and thus, lie around in the environment causing more damage.
Pollution is of two types. The first type, called Natural Pollution comes from natural sources such as volcanic eruptions. And the second type, also known as human-made pollution, is the result of human activities.
The atmosphere can also become polluted due to the release of oxides of carbon such as carbon monoxide.
The four different layers of the environment include the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. The atmosphere is further sub-divided into five layers. They are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere.
Types of Pollutants
While pollutants come in both biodegradable and non-biodegradable forms, they also form depending on their occurrence and existence. So, you have naturally occurred, and human-made pollutants also called primary and secondary pollutants.
Nitrogen and Oxygen constitute the major components of the air that surrounds us. And other gases such as Argon and Carbon Dioxide make up the minor elements. Among these constituents, the oxides of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulphur are the primary causes of air pollution. Apart from these, other gases such as Ozone, CFC, different metals, hydrocarbons, smog, dust, and other pollutants also cause air pollution.
The significant effects of air pollution include acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer, and global warming.
The acids of Nitrogen and Sulphur formed by the oxidation of the two elements is the primary cause of acid rain. Acid rains tend to occur more in industrial areas rather than in other areas and affect buildings, reducing their lifespans. They also have detrimental effects on the soil.
Depletion of the Ozone Layer
The release of chlorofluorocarbons or CFC is the primary cause for the depletion of the ozone layer that covers the earth and protects it from the harmful ultraviolet radiations. Ultraviolet radiations affect the photosynthesis process that takes place in plants.
Global warming is the effect of the release of gases like the oxides of carbon into the atmosphere. Due to industrialization and deforestation, the amount of carbon dioxide let out is increasing by the day. Global warming leads to the melting of ice caps, causing floods, rains, cyclones, and hurricanes, among other things. If not controlled, it is bound to affect agricultural production.
Benefits of Chapter 14 NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry
There are hundreds of benefits of going over NCERT solutions for Chemistry, especially for a chapter like Environmental Chemistry. You will find such benefits in the section that follows.
1. Overall Understanding of the Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14
By going through NCERT solutions, you will be thorough with the different concepts in the chapter.
2. Get to Know Probable Questions
Going over NCERT solutions will not only help you to become thorough with the concepts but also lets you know the kind of questions to expect in the exams.
3. Get Adequate Practice
By solving the exercise questions at the end of the chapter, you will get enough practice and confidence to face the exams.
4. Improves Speed and Accuracy
Solving exercise questions will help you to write answers in a faster and more effective way. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14, teaches students the importance of the environment that surrounds us. It also tells you about the effects of pollution and global warming and how to control them. So, by going through the solutions and practicing writing answers to the questions at the end of the chapter, you can come out in flying colors.
We have covered the complete guide on CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry. Feel free to ask us any questions in the comment section below.