IIT BHU Varanasi Syllabus Ceramic Ceramic Instrumental Analysis


IIT BHU Varanasi Syllabus Ceramic Ceramic Instrumental Analysis



Ceramic Instrumental Analysis

Continuous and characteristic emission   of X-rays. Absorption. Filters. Diffraction. Brag’s Law. Powder and Single

Crystal X-ray diffractometer. Atomic scattering factor, Geometrical structure factor. Indexing of Diffraction

patterns, Selection rules. Determination of structure and lattice parameters. Applications of X-ray diffraction in

ceramic systems.

Spectrophotometry, Atomic Absorption Spectrometer,  Polarography and its applications in analysis of ceramic


Electron Microscopy- Principle, construction and operation of Scanning Electron Microscope. Principle,

construction and working of Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM).   Electron diffraction, Bright field and dark

field images, SAD. Sample preparation of ceramic materials for SEM and TEM.  Particle size, surface area and porosity measurements- Light scattering, Coulter counter and Sedimentation method

for particle size measurements. BET surface area measurements. Mercury porosimeter.

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