IIT BHU Syllabus Structural Clay Engineering
Structural Clay Engineering
Engineering aspects of structural clay products. Clay as a raw material, binding material and additives. Utilization
of various industrial and agricultural wastes as raw materials. Effect of ageing and weathering.
Manufacture of double layer stoneware, various tiles, sanitary fittings, face bricks, coloured bricks and other related
products. Architectural aspects of clay products.
Structure and behaviour of extruded clay. Microstructure of flow pattern. Piston and auger extrusion, effect of
extrusion, lamination and other faults. Drying techniques. Scummig and efflorescence, its causes and cure.
Moulds, mould care and mould storage. Quality control, rationalisation, mechanization and relevant automation,
glazing process, automatic precision control of firing in various kilns.
CR-5106: Advanced Refractory Engineering (Credit- 3)
Manufacture and properties of conventional and non conventional refractories. Application of sintering,
microstructure and phase diagram in refractory technology and their influence on refractory property. Application of
refractories in metallurgical and non metallurgical industries. Latest development and trends of refractories for iron
and steel making. Functional refractories e.g. purging, refractories, tap note refractories, refractory lance ceramic
fitters, vacuum forward insulating products. Borides, corbids, nitrides and silicids. Refractory for nuclear reactors.
Refractory metals and refractory coatings innovation in refractory material and application. Non destructive testing.
Methods used in refractory technology. Status of refractory industries and research in India.