CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting Commands and Requires, Statements, Questions

CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting Commands and Requires Statements, Questions: English Grammar is one of those areas which can help a student to score good marks. There are various chapters which fall under it and a student must take care of all the chapters to secure a good position in the Final Class 10 CBSE Board Exam. Equal importance must be given to all the chapters if you are planning to build your career in a particular subject.

Often the students skip some chapters while dealing with various subjects and this must be avoided if you preparing for board exam. A lot depends on your performance in the board exam and hence you need to focus on the important parts. In this blog we will be throwing a light on the essential aspects of
CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting commands and requires, statements, questions.

CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting Commands and Requires, Statements, Questions

When you go through all the sections you will get all the useful information in relation to CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting commands or orders, requires or requests, suggestions. You will have enough confidence to practice worksheets after you go through the important parts. Read all the sections with an attentive mind.

Understanding the meaning of the definition

There are various things which fall under Class 10 English Grammar Questions and here reported speeches play an important role. A speech which reports the actions of a person is termed as Reported Speech. There are different things to explore here and for that you need to give attention to all the sections carefully. We have discussed various types of reported speech with examples in this blog. Read it slowly.

Types of Reported Speech

There are various types of reported speech and each type is unique in its own way. Understanding each type helps to you to make various comparisons in a better way. The types which we will be discussing here are associated with commands, requests, statements and questions.

Reported speech Explanations

There are various kinds of reported speech and a student needs to go through each type to get the complete picture. Checking the explanations is as important as preparing for the final exam. You cannot afford to miss a single point. After you go through the explanations all your queries or confusions related to will be cleared. Here we have tried to explain each type with examples and you must observe the points carefully while checking the examples.

Reported Speech: orders, requires & suggestions

Reporting orders and CBSE Class 10 English Grammar requires

When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like ‘tell’ with a toclause: He told me to go away. The pattern is verb + indirect object + toclause. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Other verbs used to report orders and requests in this way are: command, order, warn, ask, advise, invite, beg, teach, & forbid.

Examples

Direct speech

Indirect speech

The doctor said to me, “Stop smoking!”.

The doctor told me to stop smoking.

“Get out of the car!” said the policeman.

The policeman ordered him to get out of the car.

“Could you please be quiet,” she said.

She asked me to be quiet.

The man with the gun said to us, “Don’t move!”

The man with the gun warned us not to move.

Requests for objects

Requests for objects are reported using the pattern “asked for” + object.

Examples

Direct speech

Indirect speech

“Can I have an apple?”, she asked.

She asked for an apple.

“Can I have the newspaper, please?”

He asked for the newspaper.

“May I have a glass of water?” he said.

He asked for a glass of water.

“Sugar, please.”

She asked for the sugar.

“Could I have three kilos of onions?”

He asked for three kilos of onions.

Suggestions

Suggestions are often placed by using the verbs suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request, and propose followed by a that clause. ‘That’ and ‘should’ are optional in these clauses, as shown in the first two examples below. Note that suggest, recommend, and propose may also be followed by a gerund in order to eliminate the indirect object (the receiver of the suggestion) and thus make the suggestion more polite. This usage of the gerund is illustrated in the fourth and fifth examples below.

Examples

Direct speech

Indirect speech

She said, “Why don’t you get a mechanic to look at the car?”

She suggested that I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OR
She suggested I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OR
She suggested that I get a mechanic to look at the car.OR
She suggested I get a mechanic to look at the car.

“Why don’t you go to the doctor?” he said.

He suggested I go to the doctor. OR
He suggested that I go to the doctor. OR
He suggested I should go to the doctor.OR
He suggested that I should go to the doctor.

“It would be a good idea to see the dentist”, said my mother.

My mother suggested I see the dentist.

The dentist said, “I think you should use a different toothbrush”.

The dentist recommended using a different toothbrush.

You said, “I don’t think you have time to see the dentist this week.”

You suggested postponing my visit to the dentist.

I said, “I don’t think you should see the dentist this week.”

I suggested postponing your visit to the dentist.

My manager said, “I think we should examine the budget carefully at this meeting.”

My manager proposed that we examinethe budget carefully at the meeting.

“Why don’t you sleep overnight at my house?” she said.

She suggested that I sleep overnight at her house.

  1. When we report questions, the subject comes before the verb.
    • Direct speech: “Where are you going?”
      Reported speech: He asked me where I was going.
    • Direct speech: “Why is he shouting?”
      Reported speech: He asked me why he was shouting.
    • Direct speech: “What do you want?”
      Reported speech: She asked me what I wanted.
  2. When reporting questions we don’t use the auxiliary verbdo, except in negative questions.
    • Direct speech: “Who doesn’t like cheese?”
      Reported speech: She asked me who didn’tlike cheese.
  3. We report yes/no questions withif or whether.
    • Direct speech: “Do you want me to come?”
      Reported speech: I asked him ifhe wanted me to come.
    • Direct speech: “Have you fed the dog?”
      Reported speech: She asked me whetherI had fed the dog.
  4. When we report questions withwho, what or which + to be + object, the verb be can come before or after the object.
    • Direct speech: “Who is the champion?”
      Reported speech: She asked me who the champion was/ She asked me who was the champion.
    • Direct speech: “What is your favourite colour?”
      Reported speech: She asked me what my favourite colour was/ She asked me what wasmy favourite colour.

You can get a copy of English Sample Paper For Class 10 Grammar from your friends or relatives to solve questions which are based on this topic or other topics.

Your friends can help you with CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Sample Questions.

Reporting CBSE Class 10 English Grammar statements

Reporting statements is relatively easy. The most common verb used to report statements is tell.

As a general rule, the changes in the tense of the reported speechdepend upon the tense of the reporting verb in the direct speech. Thus when the reporting verb is in the past tense, the tense of the reported verb also changes to past tense.

Example

  • He said, ‘I want to go.’
  • He said that he wanted to go.

While reporting statements use a verb like tell.

  • Direct: He said, ‘I may meet you tomorrow.’
  • Indirect: He said that he might meet you tomorrow.
  • Direct: He said, ‘I will marry you only if you mend your ways.’
  • Indirect: He said that he would marry her only if she mended her ways.
  • Direct: He said, ‘I have decided not to buy the house because it is off the main road.’
  • Indirect: He said that he had decided not to buy the house because it was off the main road.
  • Direct: He said, ‘Ladies and gentleman, we must make this decision here and now.’
  • Indirect: He told his audience that they must / would have to make that decision there and then.
  • Direct: He said to his friend, ‘I have been worried about my daughter for some time. She is getting thinner and thinner.’
  • Indirect: He told his friend that he had been worried about his daughter for some time and that she was getting thinner and thinner.

Here are some questions which you can practice to score good marks in your final exam. After finishing it you need to check the correct answers. The correct answers have been mentioned below

Complete the sentences in reported speech. Note the change of pronouns and tenses.

  1. “Where is my umbrella?” she asked.
    → She asked 
  2. “How are you?” Martin asked us.
    → Martin asked us 
  3. He asked, “Do I have to do it?”
    → He asked 
  4. “Where have you been?” the mother asked her daughter.
    → The mother asked her daughter 
  5. “Which dress do you like best?” she asked her boyfriend.
    → She asked her boyfriend 
  6. “What are they doing?” she asked.
    → She wanted to know 
  7. “Are you going to the cinema?” he asked me.
    → He wanted to know 
  8. The teacher asked, “Who speaks English?”
    → The teacher wanted to know 
  9. “How do you know that?” she asked me.
    → She asked me 
  10. “Has Caron talked to Kevin?” my friend asked me.
    → My friend asked me 

Answers:

  1. “Where is my umbrella?” she asked.
    → She asked where her umbrella was.
  2. “How are you?” Martin asked us.
    → Martin asked us how we were.
  3. He asked, “Do I have to do it?”
    → He asked if he had to do it.
  4. “Where have you been?” the mother asked her daughter.
    → The mother asked her daughter where she had been.
  5. “Which dress do you like best?” she asked her boyfriend.
    → She asked her boyfriend which dress he liked best.
  6. “What are they doing?” she asked.
    → She wanted to know what they were doing.
  7. “Are you going to the cinema?” he asked me.
    → He wanted to know if I was going to the cinema.
  8. The teacher asked, “Who speaks English?”
    → The teacher wanted to know who spoke English.
  9. “How do you know that?” she asked me.
    → She asked me how I knew that.
  10. “Has Caron talked to Kevin?” my friend asked me.
    → My friend asked me if Caron had talked to Kevin

 

We have covered a detailed guide on CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Reporting commands and requires, statements, questions. Feel free to ask any questions in the comment section below.

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