# Transmission And Distribution BE Fifth Sem

1. Draw a single line diagram of a typical AC power supply scheme.
2. State Kelvin’s law.
3. What is skin effect? Why is it absent in DC system?
4. What is inductive interference?
5. What is transmission efficiency?
6. What is Ferranti effect?
7. Name the insulating materials used in underground cables?
8. List out the methods of improving string efficiency.
9. List out the causes of over voltage.
10. What are the requirements of a good lightning arrester?
PART-B (5 X 12 = 60)
11. An Electric train moves between two sub-stations 8km, apart and
draws a constant current of 600A.The two substations are
maintained at a potential of 580V and 575V respectively .The
resistance for both go and return path is 0.05 per km. Calculate
the minimum potential , the point where it will occur and the
currents supplied by each sub-station at that instant.
(or)
12. Explain electrical layout and bus-bar arrangements in sub-station.

13. Derive an expression for the inductance per phase for a 3-phase
overhead transmission line when conductors are
unsymmetrically placed but the line is completely transposed.
(or)
14. A 3 phase , 220 KV ,50 Hz transmission line consists of 1.5 cm
radius conductor spaced 2 meters apart in equilateral triangular
formation . If the temperature is 40ºC and atmospheric pressure is
76cm, Calculate the corona loss per km of the line.Take mo=0.85
15. A 3-Phase , 50 Hz transmission line 100 km long delivers 20MW
at 0.9 p.f lagging and at 110KV .The resistance and reactance of
the line per phase per km are 0.2 and 0.4 respectively , while
capacitive admittance is 2.5 X 10 -6 siemens/km/phase
Calculate
(i) the current and voltage at the sending end
(ii)efficiency of transmission .Use nominal T method.
(or)
16. Discuss the importance of voltage control in power system and
explain the following with a neat sketch.
iii)Auto-transformer tap changing.
17. (a) Explain the methods of inter sheath grading of cables.
(b) Calculate the capacitance and charging current of a singlecore
cable used on a 3-phase 66KV system. The cable is one km
long having a core diameter 15cm and sheath diameter 60cm.
The relative permittivity of the insulation may be taken as 3.6 and
the supply frequency is 50 Hz.
(or)
18. The self capacitance of each unit in a string of three suspension
insulation is C. the shunting capacitance of the connecting metal
work of each insulator to earth is 0.15C while for line it is

0.1C.Calculate (i) The voltage across each insulator as a
percentage of the line voltage to earth (ii) string efficiency.
19. Write short notes on:
(a) Rod gap arrester.
(b)Horn gap arrester.
(c)Multi gap arrester.
(or)
20. Explain in detail about the AVC grounding protection by
Peterson coil method.