**Sample question papers Mumbai University**

** IT 4th Sem Principles of Communication Engineering**

**N.S.: (1) Answer any five of the following. **

**(2) Draw neat diagrams.**

**(3) Assume suitable data if necessary.**

1. (a) A sinusoidal carrier has an amplitude of 10V and a frequency of 100 kHz. It is 12

amplitude modulated by a sinusoidal voltage of amplitude 3V aDd frequency

500 Hz. Modulated voltage is developed across 75 Q resistance:

(i) Write the equation for the modulated wave.

(ii) Determine the modulation index.

(iii) Draw the spectrum of modulated wave

(iv) Calculate the total average power

(v) Calculate the power carried by sidebands.

(tj) Define the following terms :-

(i) Noise figure

(ii) Noise factor

(iii) Noise temperature

(iv) Signal to Noise Ratio.

2. (a) State and prove the following properties of Fourier Transform :-

(i) Time shifting

(ii) Convolution.

(b) (i) For three cascaded amplifier stages, each with noise figure of 3dB and power

gain of 10 dB, determine the total noise figure.

(ii) Draw neat BlockdiagramofAM High Level Modulationand explain its operation.

3. (a) For anAM broadcast-band Superheterodyne Receiver with RF and IF frequencies 8

of 600 KHz and 455 KHz respectively.

Determine :-

(i) Local Oscillator frequency

(ii) Image frequency .

(iii) Image frequency rejection ratio for a preselector Q of 100.

(b) Draw the block diagram of SSB generation using phase shift method to generate 12

upper side band. What changes are required to generate lower side band.

4. (a) (i) A 25 MHz carrier is modulated by a 400 Hz audio sinewave. If the carrier 5

voltage is 4 V and maximum deviation is 10KHz. Write the equation of

modulatedwave for FM. If the modulating frequency is now changed to 2 KHz,

all else remaining constant, write the new equation for FM.

(ii) Explain Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis. 5

(b) Draw the block diagram of Armstrong Frequency Modulation system and explain 10

its working. Illustrate the principle of operation with suitable vector diagram.

5. (a) Explain FDM system with block diagram and waveforms.

(b) Compare the following :-

(i) AM and FM .

(ii) Analog and Digital Communication Systems.

6. (a) Draw the block diagram of a PCM system and explain the function of each block. 10

(b) State and prove sampling theorem for low pass band limited signals. 10

7. (a) Draw neat diagram and explain Delta Modulation. What are the limitations of Delta

Modulation? How they can be minimized?

(b) Explain the following in relation to Radio Receiver :-

(i) Selectivity

(ii) Sensitivity

(iii) DelayedAGC

(iv) Double spotting.