NIT Syllabus Raipur 6th Semester Civil Engineering

NIT-Raipur

VI SEM Civil Engineering SYLLABUS

 

Sixth Semester

 Structural Engineering Design – II

 Code: CE- 611

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Materials and Methods of Analysis

 

Properties of Structural Steel, I. S. Rolled Sections, I. S. Specifications, Elastic Analysis, Plastic

Analysis for steel beams and frames – plastic hinges, Collapse mechanism, plastic modulus, shape

factor.

Introduction to working stress method and Limit state method of design of steel structures, types of loads

and load combinations.

 

Unit 2 Fasteners and Tension Members

 

Riveted, Bolted and Welded Connections, Strength, Efficiency and Design of Joints, Advantages and

Disadvantages of Welded Joints, Design of Fillet and Butt Welds, Design of Eccentric connections,

Introduction to high strength friction grip bolts.

Net Sectional Area, Design of Axially Loaded Tension Member, Steel Angles under tension

 

Unit 3 Compression Members and Column Bases

 

Modes of Failure of a Column, Buckling Failure: Euler’s Theory, Effective Length, Slenderness

Ratio, Design Formula: I.S. Code Formula, Design of Compression Members, Design of Built-Up

Compression Members: Laced and Battened Columns, Slab and Gusseted Bases.

 

Unit 4 Beams

 

Design Procedure, laterally supported and laterally unsupported beams, Built-Up Sections, Web

Crippling, Web Buckling, Curtailment of Flange Plates

 

Unit 5 Member Subjected To Combined Forces

 

Design of Member Subjected to combined forces, Eccentricity of Load, Interaction Formulae.

Eccentrically Loaded Base Plates.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Design of Steel Structures – Arya, A.S., Ajmani, J.I. (Nem Chand & Bros., Roorkee, U.P.)

Design of Steel Structures – Punmia, Jain & Jain (Laxmi Publications)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

I.S. code of practice on steel structures

Design of Steel Structures – Duggal S.K. (Tata McGraw Hill)

Design of Steel Structures (Vol. – I & II) – Ram Chandra (Standard Book House, New Delhi)

Design of Steel Structures – Dayaratnam (Wheeler Publishing, New Delhi)

Design of Steel Structures – E.H.Gaylord and C.N. Gaylord (McGraw Hill, New York)

Steel Structures: Design and Behaviour – C.G.Salmon and J.E.Johnson (Harper and Row, New York)

4

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Environmental Engineering – II

 

Code: CE- 612

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Sewage and Sewarage, definitions and some common terms, object of sewage disposal.

System of sanitation: Conservancy systems, Water system, sewage system-combined, separate and

partially separate, patterns of collection system.

Amount of sewage-Estimation of domestic and storm sewage, variations in the quantity of sewage,

Design of sewers (Only circular sewer) Manholes, Pumping stations, Wet well capacity.

 

Unit 2

 

Characteristics of sewage-physical, chemical and biological characteristics, fundamentals ofaerobic &

anaerobic process. Sewage treatment-preliminary treatment systems, Racks and screens, comminuters,

Grit chambers. Primary treatment systems-Plain sedimentation, detention time and over-flow rates, types

of inlets and outlets, onsite wastewater treatement- septic tank, Imhoff tank, oxidation pond .

 

Unit 3

 

Secondary treatment systems-(i) Attached growth process-Trickling filters, standard and high rates,

efficiency (NRC) formula, operational problems of trickling filters (ii) Suspended growth process, principle

of suspended growth process, Activated sludge process, Oxidation ditch aeration and mixing techniques,

Operational problems of activated sludge systems, stablisation tools aerobic, anaerobic and facultative

lagoon.

 

Unit 4

 

Sewage sludge treatment-Importance, amount and characteristics of sludge, sludge digestion, Anaerobic

digestion, aerobic digestion, sludge drying beds. Sewage disposal: disposal by dilution, self purification of

polluted streams, factors affecting self purification, Sag curve, disposal on land surfaces. Stream

standards, Effluent standards.

 

Unit 5

 

Industrial Waste Management- Theories of waste treatment (Volume reduction, strength reduction, new

Equalization and proportioning) Summery of Industrial waste, its origin, character and treatment.

Solid waste management, source and characteristics, environmental and health implications, refuse

characteristics, collection methods, disposal of solid waste by land filling, composting and incineration

methods. Collection and disposal of refuse, Composting of refuse.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Environmental Engineering – Peavy & Rowe (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

2. Waster Water Engineering – S.K. Garg (Khanna Publication).

5

3. Waste Water Engineering – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publication, New Delhi)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. Environmental Science and Engineering – Henry and Heinke (Pearson Education).

2. Waste Water Engineering – Metcalf Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

3. Introduction to Environmental Science – Y Anjaneyulu (B S Publications).

4. C P H E E O Manual on Sewerage Treatement.

6

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Quantity Surveying and Cost Evaluation

 

Code: CE- 613

Total Theory Periods per Week:

4 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 2 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 [12 Marks]

 

General

 

Introduction to quantity surveying, methods of measurements and units of measurements of various

items of work, Principles of estimating, different types of estimates, procedure for computation of stage I

estimate.

 

General Terms

 

Administrative approval, technical sanction, Competent authority, Deposit works, suspence account,

imprest account, indent of stores, muster roll. Measurement book, material at site account, stock account,

establishment charges, contingencies.

 

Unit 2 [32 Marks]

 

Quantity estimate

 

Types, data required for estimation detailed estimates of civil engineering works. Buildings, canals, roads

steel works, water supply and sanitary works.

 

Unit 3 [12 Marks]

 

Analysis of rates

 

Purpose and principles factors affecting the rates of items of works, Analysis of rates of different items

such as cement concrete of different proportions, brick masonry in different mortars, flooring

(tiles,mosaic, cement concrete flooring). Use of Schedule of rates.

 

Specifications

 

Purpose and basic principles, types of specifications: brief and detailed specifications for various

items of works.

 

Unit 4 [12 Marks]

 

Contracts

 

General requirements of contract, types of contract, conditions, termination of contract. Brief idea

about types of tender, tender notice, earnest money, security deposit, liquidated damages, arbitration,

escalation.

7

 

Unit 5 [12 Marks]

 

Valuation of property

 

General, object of valuation, definitions of terms related to valuation, methods of determining value of

property, development method of valuation, concept of capitalized value and year purchase,

depreciation, lease, mortgage, easement.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Estimating and Costing in Civil Engineering – B.N. Dutta (UBS Publishers, New Delhi)

Estimating and Costing and specifications – M. Chakrabarty (UBS Publishers, New Delhi)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Textbook of Estimating and Costing – G.S. Birdi (Dhanpat Rai Publications)

Valuation of real properties – S.C. Rangwala (Charotar Publication)

A Textbook of Estimating and Costing – Kohli & Kohli (S. Chand & Co.)

8

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Geotech Engineering – II

 

Code: CE- 614

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 STABILITY OF SLOPES

 

Embankment slopes, examples of embankment, road and earth dams, stability analysis for finite and

infinite slopes, Concept of factor of safety, friction circle method, method of slices, Bishop’s simplified

method, limiting values of factor of safety; critical conditions for the stability of earth dams.

 

Unit 2 EARTH PRESSURE

 

Earth Pressure at rest, active and passive earth pressure, computations using Rankine’s and Coulomb’s

earth pressure theories, Culmann’s graphical method, additional earth pressure due to surcharge and

earthquake loading.

 

Unit 3 SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS AND SETTLEMENTS

 

Common types of foundations with examples, brief illustration of situations where each one of them is

adopted, basis for design, review of major soil parameters used in proportioning of shallow foundations,

types and their selection, Bearing Capacity, various method of determination of bearing capacity,

computation of bearing capacity in cohesion less and cohesive soils, effect of various factors on bearing

capacity, use of field test data, limits of settlement, differential and permissible settlement of footing, rafts

on sand using penetration and load test data, estimation of settlement of footing for rigid and flexible,

proportioning of footings.

 

Unit 4 WELL AND PILE FOUNDATIONS

 

Various types of caissons situations where adopted, elements of wells, types, method of construction, Tilt

and shift, remedial measures, bearing capacity and settlement, Terzaghi’s lateral stability analysis, Pile

Foundation, their types, criteria of selection of piles, outline of steps involved in proportioning, bearing

capacity and settlement of single and group of piles, design of pile groups and settlement of pile group in

clay, negative skin friction.

 

Unit 5 MACHINE FOUNDATION, CONTAMINATED, EXPANSIVE SOIL, GROUND IMPROVEMENT

 

TECHNIQUES AND INTRODUCTION OF ROCK MECHANICS

 

Introduction of machine foundation, types of machines and their foundations, Design criteria, Field

methods of determining design Parameters, block vibration test, response of block foundations under

vertical vibrations, I.S. code recommendations and foundation on expansive soil, identification of

expansive soil, contaminated soil, problems associated with contaminated and expansive soil, design

consideration of foundation on expansive soil, CNS soils.

Various ground improvement techniques- grouting, stone piling, reinforced earth.

9

 

Introduction of Rock mechanics – RQD, Rock Properties related to design considerations

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Basic and applied Soil Mechanics (Revised Edition) – Gopal Rajan and Rao A.S.R. (New Age, New

Delhi. 1998)

Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publication)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Getotechnical Engineering : Gulhati S.K., Datta, M. (Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company Limited, New

Delhi, 2005).

Soil Engineering in Theory and Practice (Vol-II) – Alam Singh (Asia Publishing House, New Delhi)

Foundation Engineering (2nd Edition) – Peck,R.B., Hanson (W.E. and Thornburn. W.H. Johan Wiley,

New York 1976)

Foundation design and Construction (5th Edition) – Tomlinson, M.J. (ELBS, Singpore. 1988)

Foundation Analysis and Designing – J.E. Bowles (McGraw Hill, New Delhi)

Soil Engineering in Theory and Practice (Vol. – II) – Alam Singh (Asia Publishing House, New Delhi,

1981)

Physical Methods of Soil Characterisation – J. Behari (Narosa Publishing Hall, New Delhi)

10

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Construction Planning and Management

 

Code: CE- 615

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Introduction :

 

Objectives and functions of project management, project feasibility reports,

Planning for construction projects, Cost control in construction-importance, objectives of cost control, cost

control systems.

 

Economics of Project management :

 

Economic analysis of engineering projects, economic studies,

sensitivity analysis, Introduction to Management Information System (MIS)- definition, outline of MIS.

 

Unit 2 Scheduling :

 

Scheduling Job layout and Line of balance, project management through

networking

, Bar Chart, Linked bar chart, Work-break down structures, Activity-on-arrow diagrams, CPM:

Critical Path, Probabilistic activity durations; Event based network, PERT Network: Time-cost Study,

Crashing; Resources allocation.

 

Unit 3 Safety and Quality Control :

 

Importance, causes of Accidents safety measures, responsibility for

safety, safety benefits to various parties. Quality control in construction: Importance, Elements of quality,

Quality Assurance Techniques, Quality Control Circles. Total Quality Management in construction,

Introduction, Elements of TQM, Approaches to total quality, difference between traditional management

and TQM, Applications and constants of TQM in construction process.

 

Unit 4 Economics of Project management :

 

Economic analysis of engineering projects, economic

studies, sensitivity analysis, Introduction to Management Information System (MIS)- definition, outline of

MIS.

 

Unit 5 Construction Equipments and Management :

 

Classification of construction equipments, earth

moving equipments: Power shovel, hoe, dozer, dumper, trailers and tractor, rollers, sheet foot rollers,

pumps, hauling equipments, hoisting equipments, aggregate and concrete production equipments:

Weight bacther, Mixer, Vibrator, Batching Plant, Concrete pump, Cranes, Lifting equipment, pile driving

equipments, time and motion studies, waiting line theory, Need for mechanisation, financing aspects,

factors affecting selection of construction equipments, cost of owning and operating the construction

equipment, role of operation research in equipment management, equipment maintenance.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Construction Engineering and Management – S. Seetharaman (Umesh Publications, New delhi, 1997)

PERT & CPM – Punmia, B.C. and Khandelwal, K.K. (Laxmi Publications, New Delhi 1997)

Construction Management and Planning – Sen Gupta & Guha (Tata McGraw Hill)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Construction Planning Equipment and Methods – Peurify/ Schexnayder, 6th Edition (Tata McGraw Hill)

PERT & CPM – Sreenath, I.S. (East West Press, New Delhi, 1975)

Construction Management and Accounts – Vazirani,V.N. & Chandola, S.P. (Khanna Publishers, New

Delhi, 2002)

Construction Planning and Management – Gahlot & Dhir (New Age Publishers)

11

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Modern Construction Materials

 

 

CE 6161

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Concretes :

 

High strength and High performance concrete-Fiber Reinforced concrete

 

Unit 2

 

Metals :

 

New Alloy steels-Aluminium and its products-Other alloys

 

Unit 3

 

Composites :

 

Plastics-Reinforced polymers-FRP-Celular cores

 

Unit 4

 

Other Materials :

 

Water proofing compounds-Non -weathering Materials-Flooring and Facade Materials

.

 

Unit 5

 

Smart and Intelligent Materials :

 

Brief outline and uses

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Civil Engineering Materials (2nd Edititon) – Shan Somayaji (Prentice Hall Inc., 2001)

Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers – Mamlouk, M.S. and Zaniewski, J.P. (Prentice Hall

Inc., 1999)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Materials for Civil and Highway Engineers (4th Edition) – Derucher, K.Korfiatis. G. and Ezeldin, S.

(Prentice Hall Inc., 1999)

High Performance Concrete – Aitkens (McGraw Hill, 1999)

12

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Composite Materials

 

 

CE 6161

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Introduction, Historical background, Technological Applications, Composites – various reinforcement and

matrix materials, Classification of composites.

 

Unit 2

 

Forms of fibre reinforcement, Comparisons of composites with R.C.C. and metals, Strength and stiffness

properties, Effective moduli.

 

Unit 3

 

Fibre reinforced composite materials, Manufacturing Technique, Cost and Weight advantages.

 

Unit 4

 

Behaviour of uni-directional, cross-ply, angle-ply and other composites-strength and stiffness, anisotropy,

Generalized Hooks law.

Laminates-Laminated Plates, Analysis, Strength and design with composites, Fibre reinforced Pressure

vessels.

 

Unit 5

 

Laminates-Laminated Plates, Analysis, Strength and design with composites, Fibre reinforced Pressure

vessels.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Mechanics of Composite Materials – Robert M.Jones (Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, 1998)

Fibre Reinforced Composites – P.K. Mallick (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1993)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Introduction to Design and Analysis with Advanced Composite Materials – Stephen R. Swanson

(Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1997)

Stress Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials – M.W. Hyer (WCB McGraw Hill, New York,

1998)

13

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Advanced Concrete Technology CE 6161

 

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Concrete Making Materials :

 

Methods of combining aggregates, specified gradings, Types of Fibers. Hydration of cement, Structure of

hydrated cement, Special cements, Industrial and other waste

 

Unit 2 Properties of Concrete and Admixtures :

 

Properties of fresh concrete, Hardened concrete, Strength, Elastic properties, Creep and shrinkage,

Variability of concrete strength. Durability of concrete, Effect of temp on concrete, freeze and thaw

Water Chemical admixtures, Mineral admixture.

 

Unit 3 Concrete Mix Design :

 

Principles of concrete mix design, Methods of concrete mix design, Testing of concrete.

 

Unit 4 Special Concrete :

 

Light weight concrete, Fly ash concrete, Silica fumes etc, Fibre reinforced concrete, Polymer Concrete,

Super plasticised concrete, Epoxy resins and screeds for rehabilitation – Properties and Applications –

High performance concrete, Green concrete, SCC.

 

Unit 5 Concreting Methods :

 

Process of manufacturing of concrete, methods of transportation, placing and curing – Extreme weather

concreting, special concreting methods, Vacuum dewatering – underwater concrete, special from work.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Properties of Concrete – Neville, A.M., (Pitman Publishing Limited, London)

Concrete Technology – Shetty M.S., (S.Chand and Company Ltd. Delhi)

Concrete Technology – M.L. Gambhir (Tata McGraw Hill)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Light Weight Concrete Academic Kiado – Rudhani G. (Publishing Home of Hungarian Academy of

Sciences, 1963)

Concrete Technology – R.S. Varshney (Oxford, IBH Publishers)

14

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Advanced Strength of Materials

 

 

CE 6161

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Stresses and Strains in three dimensions, Theories of failure.

 

Unit 2

 

Beams on elastic foundations, infinite, semi-infinite and finite beams.

 

Unit 3

 

Bending of curved beams in the plane of loading-crane hooks and chain links.

 

Unit 4

 

Bending of curved beam out of its initial plane, Saint Venant’s equations and equations of equilibrium.

Bending of circular beams subjected to symmetric loading.

 

Unit 5

 

Torsion of non-circular members, St. Venant’s theory, Torsional stresses in elliptical, triangular shafts.

Approximate solutions for rectangular section, Membrane analogy, Torsion of hollow sections, Torsional

stresses in thin walled open and closed sections, Plastic, yielding of circular shafts.

Bending of thin plates, Assumptions of plate theory, GDE for deflection of plates, Boundary conditions.

Solutions for rectangular plates, Navier’s and Levy’s solutions, circular plates, Membrane theory of shells

of revolution and cylindrical shells.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Boresi, A.P. and Sidebottom, O.M., “ Advanced Mechanics of Materials”, John Willey and Sons,

1985.

15

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Modern Surveying Techniques

 

 

CE 6162

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

MODERN SURVEYING EQUIPMENT

 

E.D.M. Instruments – Geodimeter, Tellurometer, Distomat, Total Station, Applications of Lasers in

distance and angular measurements, Introduction of Electronic navigation and Position Fixing – different

systems and their Characteristics.

 

UNIT 2

 

GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM

 

Global Positioning System – working principle and methods, Different Approaches to use GPS and their

accuracies, Advantages of GPS in Navigation, Survey, Planning and Mapping.

 

UNIT 3

 

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM

 

Geographic Information System – data requirement and database creation; Use of field data, maps,

aerial and satellite data; Advantages of GIS.

 

Unit 4

 

GIS Analysis

 

Types of GIS analysis, map topology, map feature elements, queries, features in a topographic base

map, base map accuracy standards.

 

Unit 5

 

Surveying Mapping through Software

 

Introduction of ARC Info, ARC View, ARC Gms, Intergraph, MGE, Modular GIS Environment, Map Info

and Geomedia web map, etc.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Surveying (Vol – I, II & III) – Arora, K.R. (Standard Book House, Delhi, 1993)

Elements of Photogrammetry – Wolf, P.R. (McGraw Hill Book Company, New Delhi,)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Solving Problems in Surveying – Bannister, A. and Baker, R. (Longman Scientific Technical, U.K., 1994)

Electronic Distance Measurement – Burnside, C.D. (Oxford, BSP Professional Books, London, 1991)

Engineering Surveying Technology – Kennie, T.J.M. and Petrie, G. (Blackie & Sons Ltd., London, 1990)

Electronic Surveying in Practice – Laurilla, S.H. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983)

16

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Remote Sensing and its Applications

 

 

CE 6162

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

REMOTE SENSING

 

Introduction and definition of Remote Sensing terminology, Photogrammetry, Types of Photographs,

Geometry of Photographs, Stereophotogrammetry.

 

UNIT 2

 

IMAGE PROCESSING SYSTEMS

 

Principles of interpretation of aerial and satellite images, equipments and aids required for interpretation

ground truth collection and verification, advantages of multidate and multiband images.

 

UNIT 3

 

INITIAL STATISTICS EXTRACTION

 

Digital Satellite data products and their characteristics, Histogram and its utility, Enhancement, Different

methods of digital satellite data interpretation.

 

UNIT 4

 

Radiometric and Geometric Correction in Image Processing

 

Introduction, radiometric correction of remotely sensed data, correction for sensor system, detector error,

spatial intercolation using coordinate transformations, intensity interpolation.

 

Unit 5

 

Micro Wave Remote Sensing

 

Introduction, the radar principle, radar removal advantages, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), interpreting

SAR images.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Campbell, J.B., “introduction to Remote Sensing”, The Guilford Press, Lond, 1986.

Wolf, P.R., “Elements of Photogrammetry”, McGraw Hill Book Company, New Delhi, 1986.

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Curran, P.J., “Principles of Remote Sensing”, Longman, London, 1985.

Engman, E.T. an Gurney, R.J., “Remote Sensing in Hydrology”, (Chapman and Hall, London, 1991.

17

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

GIS and its Applications

 

 

CE 6162

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Basic Concept of GIS

 

Introduction, Information systems, spatial and non-spatial information, Geographical concepts and

terminology, Advantages of GIS, Basic components of GIS, Commercially available GIS hardware and

software, organisation of data in GIS.

 

Unit 2

 

GIS Data

 

Input data, Field data, Statistical data, Maps, Aerial photographs, Satellite data, Points, lines and areas

features, Vector and Raster data, Advantages and Disadvantages, Data entry through keyboard,

digitizers and scanners, Digital data, GIS data formats and standards.

 

Unit 3

 

Data Management

 

Data Management, Data Base Management System (DBMS), Various data Models, Run – length

encoding, Quadtrees, Data Analysis – Data layers, analysis of spatial and non-spatial data, Data overlay

and modelling, smart features of DBMS.

 

Unit 4

 

Applications of GIS

 

Applications of GIS in Map Revision, Landuse, Agriculture, Forestry, Archaeology, Municipal, Geology,

Water Resources, Soil Erosion, Land suitability analysis, Change detection.

 

Unit 5

 

Case Study

 

A case study in GIS implementation, the consultant, the client, the initial applications, types of GIS

analysis used for case study.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Introduction to Remote Sensing – Campbell, J.B. (The Guilford Press, London, 1986)

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems – Legg, C.A. (Ellis Horwood, London, 1992)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Principles of Geographic Information System for Land Resources Assessment – Burrough, P.A.

(Monograph on Soil Resources Survey No. 12, Claredon, Press, Oxford, 1988)

Remote Sensing in Hydrology – Engaman, E.T. and Gurney, R.J. (Chapman and Hall, London, 1991)

18

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Computational Hydraulics

 

 

CE 6163

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Introduction, significance of computational hydraulics, discrete forms of the laws of construction of mass,

momentum and energy, examples of free surface flows.

 

Unit 2

 

Continuous forms of the conservation laws, lateral inflow’s 1-D expansions and contractions,

homogeneous and stratified fluid flows.

 

Unit 3

 

Method of characteristics – Characteristics and invarients, regions of state, computation of hydraulic

jump, indeterminary conditions, the linearised method of characteristics.

 

Unit 4

 

Difference forms of conservation laws, weak solutions applications, storm-sewer networks, diffusion

problems, river morphotogy, linear wave propagation.

 

Unit 5

 

Numerical methods – Finite difference method with example 1-D horizontal flow.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Computational Hydraulics – Brebbia, C.A. and Ferrante, A.J. (Butterworth & Company (Publishers)

Ltd., London, 1983)

Applied Hydraulic Transients (2

nd Edition) – Chaudhary, M.H. (Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

Inc., New

York, 1987)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Unsteady Flow in Open Channels (Vol. – I & II) – Mahmood, K. and Yeyjevieh, V. (Water Resources

Publications, Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S.A., 1975)

Computational Hydraulics – M.B. Abbott (Pitman Publication Company)

Engineering Applications of Computational Hydraulics – M.B. Abbott & J.A. Gunge (Pitman Books

Ltd.)

Computational Hydraulics: An Introduction –Vreugdenhill, C.B., 1989 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin)

Computational Hydraulics – Abbot, M.B. & A.W. Minns, 1994 (Ashgate Publication)

19

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Instrumentation in Fluid Mechanics

 

 

CE 6163

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Introduction

 

Need for instrumentation in various fluid flow processes, types of measurements: pressure, velocity,

temperature, discharge, water levels, force, shear stress, basic principles of transducers,

microprocessors and data-acquisition systems, calibration of instruments.

 

Unit 2

 

Pressure Measurements

 

Manometers, capacitance and inductance transducers, non-contact probes.

 

Unit 3

 

Velocity measurements

 

Pitot tube, Pitosphere and Pitocylinder, current meter, Hot wire anemometer, Laser-Doppler

anemometer.

 

Unit 4

 

Discharge Measurement

 

Venturimeter, orifice meter, bend meter, electromagnetic and ultrasonic flow meters, rotameer, weirs and

flumes, tracer techniques, Hot wire anemometer and thermistors.

 

Unit 5

 

Other Measurements

 

Water level recorders direct and indirect measurement of shear stress, force transducers, use of tracers

in dispersion and diffusion studies.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Instrumentation: Devices and Systems – Rangan C.S., Sharma G.R. and Mani V.S.S. (Tata McGraw Hill

Publishing Company)

20

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Water Power Engineering

 

 

CE 6163

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Introduction

 

Water Power, its development and use, relation of water power and hydrology.

 

Unit 2

 

Water Power Estimate

 

Collection and analysis of stream flow data, mass curve, flow duration curves, construction and utility of

these curves, effect of storage and pondage, estimates of available water power.

 

Unit 3

 

Water Way

 

Intake, gates, valves, cannels, surges and its effects, penstocks, classification, design, criteria,

economical diameter, water hammer, surg tank.

 

Unit 4

 

Hydraulic Turbines

 

Classification of turbines, Francis, Kaplan and Pelton Turbines, Component parts and their function, Draft

tubes and their theory, Similarity laws and specific speed unit, Quantities, performance curves,

Governing of turbines, selection of turbines, cavitation in turbines.

 

Unit 5

 

Power House and Equipment

 

Location of power house, general arrangement of Hydroelectric unit, Number and size of units, Power

house substructure, Pumped storage plant.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Water Power Engineering – M.M. Dandekar, K.N. Sharma (Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.)

Water Power Engineering – Deshmukh (Dhanpat Rai & Sons)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Irrigation and Water Power Engineering – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publication)

Hydro Electric Engineering – Creager and Justin (Willay Institutional)

Hydro Electric Engineering Practice – Brown, J.G. (Blackie and Sons Ltd., London)

Irrigation and Water Power Engineering – Dr. P.N. Modi (Standard Book House)

21

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Expansive Soil

 

 

CE 6164

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Introduction and Identification

 

Expansive Soils of India, related civil engineering problems, formation of expansive soils in field,

identification of expansive solids in laboratory by X-ray diffraction method and differential thermal

analysis.

 

Unit 2 Physical and Chemical Properties

 

Soil structure and clay minerology of expansive soil, atomic bond and molecular bonds, honey comb

structure, base exchanges capacity, clay water relation, electrolysis processes.

 

Unit 3 Foundation on Black Cotton Soil

 

Foundations on swelling soils, swelling potential and mechanism of volume change, chemical

composition of black cotton soil, construction techniques in black cotton soil, modern method of

construction in under reamed coil.

 

Unit 4 Ground Improvement Techniques

 

Stabilization of expansive soils with lime, slag (silica fume and aluminium sludge), cement, fly ash,

chemicals, reinforced earth technique, micro reinforced vegetation, vibro floatation, grouting and soil

nailing.

 

Unit 5 Liquifaction Hazard Mitigation

 

Factors affecting the expansive soil, method of assessment for liquifaction, effect instrumentation for

monitoring, consolidation of marine clay deposits, expansive soil model of Bingham fluid bounded by

porous beds.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Design Aids in Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering – S.R. Kaniraj (Tata McGraw Hill,

New Delhi)

2. Foundation Engineering – Dr. B.J. Kasmalkar (Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune).

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. Basic and applied Soil Mechanics (Revised Edition) – Gopal Rajan and Rao A.S.R. (New Age,

New Delhi.1998)

2. Gulhati S.K., Datta, M.: Getotechnical Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

3. Foundation Engineering (2nd Edition) – Peck,R.B., Hanson (W.E. and Thornburn. W.H. Johan

Wiley, New York 1976)

4. Foundation Analysis and Designing – J.E. Bowles (McGraw Hill)

5. Soil Engineering in Theory and Practice (Vol. – II) – Alam Singh (Asia Publishing House, New

Delhi, 1981)

22

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Sixth Semester

 

Geosynthetics and Reinforced Soil

 

 

CE 6164

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Types and functions

 

Introduction, Materials and manufacturing processes, Testing and evaluations, Principles of soil

reinforcement.

 

Unit 2 Design of geosynthetics

 

Design and construction of geosyntheitc reinforced soil retaining structures- walls and slopes.

 

Unit 3 Improvement of soils

 

Codal Provisions, Bearing Capacity improvement, embankements on soft soils, Indian experiences

 

Unit 4 Geosynthetics in pavements

 

Grosynthetics in roads and railways, separations, drainage and filtering in road pavements and railway

tracks, overlay design and construction, AASTHO and other relevant guidelines, trench drains.

 

Unit 5 Geosynthetics in Environmental control

 

Liners for ponds and canals, covers and liners for landfills-material aspects and stability considerations,

Landslides-occurrences and methods of mitigation, Erosion- causes and techniques for control.

 

Text Book:

 

1. Gulhati S.K., Datta, M.: Getotechnical Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

 

Reference Books:

 

1. Terzaghi, K. and Peck B., “Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice”, John Wiley & Sons,

New York, 2

nd Edition, 1967.

2. Das B. M., “Advanced Soil Mechanics”, Taylor & Francis Publishers, 2

nd Edition, 1997.

3. Gopal, Ranjan and A.S.R. Rao, “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics”, New Age

International Publishers, 2

nd Edition, 2000.

4. Lambe and Whitman, “Soil Mechanics”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1969.

5. Arora, K.R., “Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering” Standard Publishers

Distributors, 5

th

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