NIT Raipur B Tech Syllabus 8th Semester Chemical Engineering

NIT-RAIPUR

VIII SEM CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

 

Name of Subject

Process Modeling & Simulation

 Subject Code-CL20811CL

 

Semester B. Tech. – 8 th Semester Board of Studies Chemical Engg.

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum marks 25

Lecture period works Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 0 4

Details of Course:

 

Unit-I

 

Introduction:

 

Uses of mathematical models, Scope of coverage, Principles of formulations.

Introduction of Matlab and use of the language to solve modeling problems.

 

Unit-II

 

Mathematical Modeling in Chemical Reaction Engineering:

 

CSTR, PFR, Batch reactor,

semibatch reactor, Series of isothermal CSTR, constant hold-up CSTR’s, CSTR’s with

variable hold ups, gas phase pressurized CSTR, non isothermal CSTR, Bioreactor, trikle

bed reactor. Simulation, program development and numerical solutions of above processes.

 

Unit-III

 

Mathematical Modeling in Mass Transfer:

 

Ideal binary distillation column,

multicomponent non ideal distillation column, batch distillation with hold up, steam

distillation, Multisolute batch liquid- liquid extraction, continuous extraction, multistage

countercurrent extraction, plug flow type liquid- liquid extraction, reactor with mass

transfer, Absorption, Adsorption. Simulation, program development and numerical

solutions of above processes.

 

Unit-IV

 

Mathematical Modeling in Heat transfer:

 

Two heated tanks, single component

vaporizer, double pipe heat exchanger, shell and tube heat exchanger, multicomponent

flash drum, cooling towers. Simulation, program development and numerical solutions of

above processes.

 

Unit-V

 

Mathematical Modeling in other chemical processes:

 

Interacting and non-interacting

systems with and without heaters, isothermal hydraulic system, forward and backward feed

triple effect evaporator, melting, batch reverse osmosis Unit, Real CSTR modeled with an

exchange volume, Real CSTR modeled using by passing and dead space, Two CSTR’s

with interchange. Simulation, program development and numerical solutions of above

processes. `

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Process Modeling and Simulation Control for Chemical Engineers by Luyben, McGraw

Hill.

2. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering by Fogler, Prentice Hall of India.

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. Process Optimization in Chemical Engineering by Edger Himmelblau.

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, RAIPUR

 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

 

Name of Subject

Fluidization Engineering Subject Code CL20812CL

 

Semester B. Tech. – 8

th Semester Board of Studies Chemical Engg.

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum marks 25

Lecture period works Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 0 4

Details of Course:

 

Unit-I

 

Introduction:

 

Importance of fluidization in process industry, comparison of fluidized beds

with other modes of contacting, advantages and disadvantages, industrial applications.

 

Unit-II

 

Fluidization and Mapping of Regimes:

 

Fixed bed of particles of one and mixed sizes,

fluidization with and without carryover of particles, minimum fluidization, terminal

velocity of particles, pneumatic transport of solids, mapping of regimes Distributors for

dense beds, types and design, power consumption for fluidized beds.

 

Unit-III

 

Bubble Behavior and Bed Properties:

 

Single rising bubble models, wake region and

solids within bubbles, interaction and coalescence of bubbles, bubble formation, slug flow.

 

Bubbling Fluidized Beds:

 

Emulsion phase, gas flow, bubble properties, physical and flow

models.

Entrainment and Elutriation From Fluidized Beds: Free boards behavior, gas

outlet location, entertainment from tall and short vessels.

 

Unit-IV

 

High Velocity Fluidization:

 

Turbulent fluidized beds, fast fluidization, pressure drop in

turbulent and fast fluidization.

Solid movement: Vertical and horizontal movement of

solids, dispersion model, based on Davidson bubble.

Gas dispersion and Gas

 

Interchange in Bubble Bed:

 

Dispersion of gas in beds, gas interchange between bubble

and emulsion, estimation of gas interchange coefficients.

 

Unit-V

 

Particle to Gas Heat and Mass Transfer:

 

Interpretation of mass and heat transfer

coefficients.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Kunii D. and Levenspiel O., “Fluidization Engineering”, 2

nd Ed., Butterworth-

Heinemann.

2. Davidson D. and Harrison J. F., “Fluidization Engineering”, 2

nd Ed., Academic Press.

3. Yang W. C., “Handbook of Fluidization and Fluid Particle Systems”, 3

rd Ed., CRC.

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. J.H. Perry, Chemical Engineering Hand Book, 3

rd Edition.

2. McCabe & Smith, Unit operation of Chemical Engineering.

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, RAIPUR

 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

 

Name of Subject

Process Equipment Design-

III

Subject Code

CL20813CL

 

Semester B. Tech. – 8

th Semester Board of Studies Chemical Engg.

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum marks 25

Lecture period works Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 0 4

Details of Course:

 

Unit-I

 

Design of distillation columns: Sieve plate, bubble cap , valve tray, packed bed:

 

Component balance, Design of plate, Down comers, Weir height, Gas velocity from nozzle,

tray hydraulics of sieve, valve, bubble cap trays, Plate efficiency; No of plates. Detailed

internal designs of all the contacting medium. Drawing of distillation column.

 

Packed column:

 

Selection of material for packed bed distillation, Material balance, Number

of transfer Units, Velocity of gas, Diameter of tower, Wetting characteristics, Height of

rectification and stripping section, Pressure drop on rectification and stripping section,

Total pressure drop, Internal designs.

 

Unit-II

 

Design of absorption columns – Plate and packed columns:

 

Sieve tray column: Material

balance, Minimum liquid to gas ratio, Absorption factor, No of ideal tray, Flow parameters,

Capacity parameters, Tray design, Tower diameter, Flooding check, Calculation of

entrainment, Plate efficiency, No of overall transfer Unit, Height of column.

 

Packed column

 

: Selection of Packing material, Material balance, Design of packing

support, Design of liquid distributor, Liquid hold up, Pressure drop, Height of one transfer

Unit, Height of tower

 

Unit III

 

Design of extraction equipments – plate, packed, spray columns

 

: Design of dispersed

gas distributor/ plate, Velocity of gas though distributor/orifice, calculation of droplet

diameter, No of orifice, Tower diameter, Mass transfer coefficient, Height of one transfer

Unit, Height of extraction tower.

 

Note:

 

The paper will be of four hours duration. The Candidate will be allowed to use the

following in the examination hall.

1. Chemical Engineering Handbook – J.H. Perry.

2. Data file supplied by the examination center or own data file approved by department.

Candidates may bring their own copy of the Chemical Engineering Handbook- J. H.

Perry. It will not be supplied by the examination center.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Ludwig E – Petrochemical Plant Design, Volume II.

2. Perry J.H.- Chemical Engineering Handbook , McGraw-Hill: New York

3. Backhaust, Process equipment design of mass transfer equipment

 

Name of Reference Books

 

1. Ullman – Chemical Engineering and Plant Design, Wiley-vch, John Wiley & Sons

2. Speight J. G. – Chemical Process and Design Hand book, McGraw-Hill publication

3. Treybal R.E., Mass Transfer Operations, McGraw-Hill, publication

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, RAIPUR

 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

 

Name of Subject

Environmental Pollution &

 

Control

 

Subject Code

CL20814CL

 

Semester B. Tech. – 8

th Semester Board of Studies Chemical Engg.

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum marks 25

Lecture period works Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 0 4

Details of Course:

 

Unit-I

 

Air Pollution and Meteorology, Air Pollution from major industrial operations And some

typical chemical industries, Air Pollution control methods and Equipments.

 

Unit-II

 

Air Pollution sampling and measurement, Analytical methods, Air Pollution Legislation

and regulation.

 

Unit-III

 

Water Pollution-sources of water pollutants, Classification and characteristics of waste

water, Water Pollution control methods and equipment, Primary, Secondary and tertiary

treatment of waste water, Legislation regarding, Prevention and control of Water Pollution.

 

Unit-IV

 

Nuclear waste materials and their disposal, Hazards of radioactive materials and their

handling, Treatment and disposal of nuclear waste materials, source reduction and

recycling of solid wastes.

 

Unit-V

 

Noise Pollution- evaluation and international standards for control, Noise control Criteria,

Administrative and engineering control, Effects of noise in Communication, working

efficiency, industrial accidents etc, monitoring and Control of Noise Pollution, Noise

measuring instruments.

 

Name of Text books:

 

1. M.N Rao and H.V.N. Rao, Air Pollution, Tata McGraw Hill

2. C.S. Rao, Environmental Pollution control engineering, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

3. S.P. Singal, Noise Pollution and control, Narosa publishing House, New Delhi.

 

Name of Reference Books.

 

1. G.N. Pandey and G.C. Carney Environmental engineering, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. A. Parker, Air Pollution Handbook, Tata McGraw Hill.

3. P.L. McGill, F.R. Haldan, Air Pollution Handbook, Edited By Tata McGraw Hill

4. “Pollution Control Acts, Rules, Notification issued there under” CPCB, Ministry of

Environment and Forest G.O.I. 3

rd Ed. 2006.

5. Eckenfelder W.W. “Industrial Water Pollution Control” 2

nd Ed. McGraw Hill 1999.

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, RAIPUR

 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

 

Name of Subject

Modeling & Simulation Lab. Subject Code CL20821CL

 

Semester B. Tech. – 8

th Semester Board of Studies Chemical Engg.

Maximum Marks 20 Minimum marks 10

Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 2

Details of Course:

 

List of experiments to be performed:

 

1. Modeling and simulation of Chemical reaction processes

2. Modeling and simulation of mass transfer processes

3. Modeling and simulation of heat transfer processes

4. Modeling and simulation of fluidized process

5. Modeling and simulation of flash evaporator

6. Modeling and simulation of linear and non linear systems

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Process Modeling and Simulation Control for Chemical Engineers by Luyben, McGraw

Hill.

2. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering by Fogler, Prentice Hall of India.

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. Process Optimization in Chemical Engineering by Edger Himmelblau.

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