# NIT Fourth Sem Chemical Engineering Syllabus

Syllabus of Fourth Semester

CH-202 Heat Transfer [3 1 0 4]

Conduction: Basic law of heat conduction – Fourier’s law, thermal conductivity, its dependence on
temperature, steady state heat conduction through a composite solid and its electric analogue, steady
state heat conduction through cylinders, spheres and variable area of solids, different insulating
materials and their applications for process equipment and pipelines, Fourier’s law in three
dimensions, lumped capacity method of unsteady state conduction.
Convection: Convection heat transfer and the concept of heat transfer coefficient, individual and
overall heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer between fluids separated by plane wall, heat transfer
between fluids separated by cylindrical wall (pipes), critical/ optimum insulation thickness, heat
transfer through extended surfaces.
Forced Convection: Over a flat plate, thermal boundary layer, dimensionless groups and
dimensional analysis, Buckingham Pi-theorem, heat transfer correlations- internal and external
flows, laminar and turbulent flows,
Free convection: Heat transfer correlations for free convection, free convection from flat surfaces,
free convection from a cylinder.
Heat Transfer with phase change: Boiling phenomena and analysis of boiling curve, correlation
for nucleate boiling, critical heat flux, condensation phenomena, film condensation on a vertical
surface (Nusselt equation, effect of non-condensable gases, drop wise condensation.
displacement law, the Stefan Boltzmann law, Kirchoff’s law, gray body, radiation exchange
between black bodies & gray bodies.
Evaporation: Types of evaporators, single and multiple effect evaporators, capacity and economy,
boiling point elevation.
Books recommended
1. Holman J P, “Heat Transfer”, McGraw Hill Book Co. (1992).
2. Incropera F P and DeWitt D P, “Introduction to Heat Transfer,” 2nd Ed John Wiley New
York (1996).
3. Geankopolis C J, “Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles”, Prentice Hall
of India, 4th Edition, Eastern Economy Edition (2004)
4. Kern D Q, “Process Heat Transfer”, McGraw Hill Book Co. (1997).
5. Coulson J M and Richardson J F, “Chemical Engineering” Volume 1, Pergamon Press
(1999).
CH-204 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics [3 0 0 3]
Review of First ,Second and Third Law of Thermodynamics : First law of Thermodynamics ,
Thermodynamics state and state functions , enthalpy, the steady state steady flow process,
equilibrium, phase rule, reversible processes , Second law of thermodynamics, Heat engines,
Entropy, Entropy changes of an ideal gas,
Third law of thermodynamics.
Volumetric properties of pure fluids :PVT behaviour for an ideal gas, Virial equation of
state,Applications of Virial equations, Cubic equation of state, Generalized correlations, Acentric
factors.
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Heat Effects : Sensible Heat Effects , Internal Energy of ideal gases, Latent heat of pure
substances , Standard heat of reaction, formation , combustion, Heat of reaction at higher
temperature, Heat effects of Industrial reactions.
Thermodynamic Properties of fluid: Maxwell relations, Residual properties, two phase system,
Thermodynamic diagram
Equilibrium and Stability: Criteria of equilibrium, Chemical Potential, Application of equilibrium
criteria, Clausius clapeyon equation.
Phase Equilibria: Fugacity, Determining of fugacity of pure substances, Fugacity in mixture, Ideal
solution, Excess properties, and Liquid phase properties from VLE data, Activity coefficients, and
coefficient equations.
Chemical Reaction Equilibria: Reaction ordinate for single & multiple reactions , condition of
equilibrium for a chemical reactions, Standard states and G, Temperature dependence of the
equilibrium constant , Estimation of equilibrium rate constant , Homogeneous gas phase reactions,
Heterogeneous chemical equilibrium.
Books Recommended
1. Smith J M, Van Ness H C, Abbott M M, “Introduction to Chemical Engineering
Thermodynamics”, McGraw Hill ( TMH Edition), 6th ed (2003).
2. Rao Y V C, “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, First Edition, Universities Press
3. Kyle B G, “Chemical and Process Thermodynamics”, Third Edition, Prentice Hall PTR,
Upper Saddle River, New Jersy (1999).
4. Denbigh K G, “Principles of Chemical Equilibrium”, Cambridge University Press, 4th
ed. (1981).
5. Keeneth S Pitzer, “Thermodynamics”, McGraw Hill, 3rd ed.
CH – 206 Chemical Technology -II [3 0 0 3]
Soda Ash: Manufacturing,solvay and modified solvay process, materials of construction
environmental considerations and corrosion problems
Chlor Alkali Industry: Electrochemistry of brine electrolysis, current efficiency, energy efficiency,
diaphragm cells, mercury cells, mercury pollution and control, membrane cells, caustic soda,
chlorine, hydrochloric acid; corrosion problems and materials of construction.
Regenerated Cellulose: Growth of industry, raw materials, Pre-treatment, pulping, manufacture of
paper, recovery of chemicals, environmental considerations, viscose rayon.
Fertilizers: Status of industry, grading and classification of fertilizers, raw materials, hydrogen
production, synthesis of ammonia based fertilizers, manufacture of phosphatic fertilizers and
phosphoric acid, potash fertilizers, N-P-K values. Corrosion problems and materials of construction.
Cement and Glass.
Sulphuric Acid.
Books Recommended
1. Dryden C E, “Outlines of Chemical Technology”, East –West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi,
2nd Edition (1973
2. Austin G T, “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill Book Company, New
Delhi 5th Edition (1986 )
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3. Chemical Engineering Education Development Centre– “Chemical Technology I, II, III , IV
, Manual of Chemical Technology, Indian Institute of Technology , Madras”.
4. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol I”, Vikas
Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
5. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol lI”, Vikas
Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
CH- 208 Energy Technology [3 0 0 3 ]
Solid Fuels: Principle Solid Fuels – Coal, origin, composition & classification of coal,
Properties of coal, terms used in analysis of coal, classification of Indian coals, petrology of coal
Coal Preparation: Dry and Wet processes, storage of coal. Coal carbonisation : mechanism of
carbonisation , high temperature and low temperature carbonization briquetting, gasification of
coal, Lurgi process, Winkler process , Kopper –Totzek process , liquefaction of solid fuels.
Liquid Fuels: Petroleum and related products,origin, occurrence and reserves, nature of petroleum
crudes, classification and characteristics of petroleum, Refining Unit Process: Cracking, Thermal
Cracking ,Catalytic cracking , Hydrocracking, Reforming Thermal and Catalytic Reforming,
Alkylation, Polymerization Isomerization, petroleum products :naphtha, motor gasoline, aviation
gasoline , kerosene , diesel oil, gas oil , fuel oil , lubricants , petroleum waxes,petroleum coke.
Gaseous Fuels: Classification, Wobbe Index natural gas, methane from coal mines, producer,
water, carbureted water gas, coal, blast furnace, refinery gases, LPG.
Combustion: General Principles of combustion, stoichiometry & heat balance calculations, coal
burning equipments, stokers, pulverized fuel burners gas and oil burners, fluidized bed combustion.
Alternate Energy Systems: Solar Energy – Photovoltaic cells, solar collectors. Nuclear energy:
nuclear reactions, fuel materials, moderators and structural materials, reactors, wind energy, tidal
energy, and geothermal energy.
Furnaces: General classification and description of different types of furnaces.
Books Recommended
1. Brame J S and King J C, “Fuels- Solid, Liquid and Gaseous” , St. Martin Press
2. Sarkar S, “Fuels and combustion”, Longman publishers India Ltd.., IInd Edition
3. Haslam R T and Russel R P, “Fuels and their combustion” , McGraw Hill
4. Gupta O P, “Elements of Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories”, Khanna Publishers
5. Griswold J, “Fuels combustion and furnaces”, McGraw Hill
PH-204 Material Science and Engineering [3 0 0 3]
Structure of crystalline Solids: Crystal structures and crystal system, reciprocal lattice, miller
indices, closed packed structures, determination of crystal structures.
Imperfections in solid: Point imperfections and their equilibrium concentration, Edge and screw
dislocations; burgers vector and the dislocations; burgers vector and the dislocation leap, stress
fields and energies of dislocations, dislocations forces, dislocation sources; Multiplication of
dislocations.
Diffusion in Solid: Fick’s law of diffusion, solution to fick’s second law, applications based on
second law solution, the kirkendall effect, the atomic model of diffusion.
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Mechanical properties: The elastic properties, model of elastic Behaviour, platic deformation
tensile stress-strain curve, shear strength of perfect and real crystals, mechanical failure, fatigue and
fracture, creeps: mechanism of creep, Characterization of creep curves.
Electrical properties : Classical and quantum theory of free electronics; relaxtion time, collision
time and mean free path, density of energy states and Fermi energy, Electorn motion under periodic
potential , Origin of energy bands in solids, classification of material on the basis of band gap,
effective mass, intrinsic and extrinsic semi- conductors, hall effect and its applications.
Dielectric properties: Mechanism of polarization, concept of polarizability and internal fields,
Dielectrics in alternating fields; frequency of dependence of polarizability.
Magnetic properties : Magnetic moments and its origin, dia- and para- magnetism, ferro and
ferri- magnetism, soft and hard magnetic materials , ferrites , Application of magnetic materials.
Super conductivity: Properties of superconductors. London equations, quantum explanation of
super conductivity, flux quantization, application of super conductors.
Books Recommended
1. William D. Callister, Jr. “Materials Science and Engineering” John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
New York , 1997
2. Dekker A.J. , “Solid State Physics” Macmillan, India Limited , Madra, 1991.
3. Azaroff. L.V “ Introduction to Solid”, Tata Mc Graw Hill , New Delhi, 1992
4. RaghvanV. “ Material Science and Engineering “, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1998
5. Kittal “Solid State Physics” Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, 1987
CS-207 Object Oriented Programming [3 0 0 3]
Object oriented thinking: Need for oop paradigm, A way of viewing world – Agents,
responsibility, messages, methods, classes and instances, class hierarchies (Inheritance), method
binding, overriding and exceptions, summary of oop concepts, coping with complexity, abstraction
mechanisms.
Java Basics: History of Java, Java buzzwords, data types, variables, scope and life time of
variables, arrays, operators, expressions, control statements, type conversion and costing, simple
java program, classes and objects – concepts of classes, objects, constructors, methods, access
recursion, string handling.
Inheritance: Hierarchical abstractions, Base class object, subclass, subtype, substitutability, forms
of inheritance- specialization, specification, construction, extension, limitation, combination,
benefits of inheritance, costs of inheritance. Member access rules, super uses, using final with
inheritance, polymorphism- method overriding, abstract classes.
Packages and Interfaces: Defining, Creating and Accessing a Package, Understanding
CLASSPATH, importing packages, differences between classes and interfaces, defining an
interface, implementing interface, applying interfaces, variables in interface and extending
interfaces. Exploring packages – Java.io, java.util.
Exception handling and multithreading: Concepts of exception handling, benefits of exception
handling, Termination or resumptive models, exception hierarchy, usage of try, catch, throw, throws
and finally, built in exceptions, creating own exception sub classes. Differences between multi
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Event Handling: Events, Event sources, Event classes, Event Listeners, Delegation event model,
handling mouse and keyboard events, Adapter classes, inner classes.The AWT class hierarchy, user
interface components- labels, button, canvas, scrollbars, text components, check box, check box
groups, choices, lists panels – scrollpane, dialogs, menubar, graphics, layout manager – layout
manager types – boarder, grid, flow, card and grib bag.
Applets: Concepts of Applets, differences between applets and applications, life cycle of an applet,
types of applets, creating applets, passing parameters to applets.
Swing: Introduction, limitations of AWT, MVC architecture, components, containers, exploring
swing-JApplet, JFrame and JComponent, Icons and Labels, text fields, buttons – The JButton class,
Check boxes, Radio buttons, Combo boxes, Tabbed Panes, Scroll Panes, Trees, and Tables.
Networking: Basics of network programming, addresses, ports, sockets, simple client server
program, multiple clients, Java .net package Packages – java.util,
Books Recommended
1. An Introduction to programming and OO design using Java, J.Nino and F.A. Hosch,
John wiley & sons.
2. An Introduction to OOP, second edition, T. Budd, pearson education.
3. Introduction to Java programming 6th edition, Y. Daniel Liang, pearson education.
4. An introduction to Java programming and object oriented application development, R.A.
Johnson-Thomson.
5. Core Java 2, Vol 1, Fundamentals, Cay.S.Horstmann and Gary Cornell, seventh Edition,
Pearson Education.
CH-212 Chemical Technology Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
1. To determine the acid value of a vegetable oil and lubricating oil.
2. To determine the saponification value of vegetable oil
3. To estimate the given reducing sugar
4. To estimate the given non reducing sugar
5. To study loss on Heating of Tar and Bitumen
6. To determine the sediment in Crude Petroleum and Fuel oils
7. To determine the viscosity of a given sample by Redwood Apparatus
9 To standardize the given Fehling’s solution.
10. To study the given polymerization reaction
11. To determine the viscosity of a given sample by U-tube viscometer
PH -224 Material Science and Engineering Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
1. To determine the resistivity of a semiconductor by four –probe method.
2. To estimate the band gap energy of seminconductor .
3. To determine the Hall coefficient of a semiconductor and hence to estimate the charge
carrier concentration
4. To calibrate an electromagnet
5. To determine the magnetic susceptibility of paramagnetic salt by Guoy’s balance method.
6. To find energy loss due to hysteresis for the material of given metal ring using a C.R.O
7. To investigate creep of a copper wire at room temperature.
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8. To find young’s modulus, modulus of rigidity and Poisson’s ratio for the material of a given
wire by Searle’s method.
9. To study the elastic behaviour of solid using composite Piezo- electro oscillator
10. To study cooling curve a binary alloy
11. To test the given cement sample using autocalve
12. To determine the permittivity of a given material using parallel capacitor
13. To verify Richerdson’s equation of thermionic emission
14. To study the magnetization and de-magnetization behaviour of ferromagnetic rod by
magnetometer method.
CS-217 Object Oriented Programming Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
Objectives:
To make the student learn a object oriented way of solving problems.
To teach the student to write programs in Java to solve the problems
1 Write a Java program that prints all real solutions to the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0.
Read in a, b, c and use the quadratic formula. If the discriminant b2 -4ac is negative, display
a message stating that there are no real solutions.
2 The Fibonacci sequence is defined by the following rule:
The fist two values in the sequence are 1 and 1. Every subsequent value is the sum of the
two values preceding it. Write a Java program that uses both recursive and non recursive
functions to print the nth value in the Fibonacci sequence.
3 Write a Java program that prompts the user for an integer and then prints out all prime
numbers up to that integer.
a) Write a Java program to multiply two given matrices.
b) Write a Java Program that reads a line of integers, and then displays each integer, and the
sum of all the integers (Use StringTokenizer class of java.util)
4 Write a Java program that checks whether a given string is a palindrome or not. Ex:
a) Write a Java program for sorting a given list of names in ascending order.
b) Write a Java program to make frequency count of words in a given text.
5 Write a Java program that reads a file name from the user, then displays information about
whether the file exists, whether the file is readable, whether the file is writable, the type of
file and the length of the file in bytes.
a) Write a Java program that reads a file and displays the file on the screen, with a line
number before each line.
b) Write a Java program that displays the number of characters, lines and words in a text
file.
6 Write a Java program that:
Converts infix expression into Postfix form
Evaluates the postfix expression
7 Develop an applet that displays a simple message.
a) Develop an applet that receives an integer in one text field, and computes its factorial
Value and returns it in another text field, when the button named “Compute” is clicked.
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8 Write a Java program that works as a simple calculator. Use a grid layout to arrange buttons
for the digits and for the +, -,*, % operations. Add a text field to display the result.
9 Write a Java program for handling mouse events.
a) Write a Java program that creates three threads. First thread displays “Good Morning”
every one second, the second thread displays “Hello” every two seconds and the third thread
displays “Welcome” every three seconds.
b) Write a Java program that correctly implements producer consumer problem using the
10 Write a program that creates a user interface to perform integer divisions. The user enters
two numbers in the textfields, Num1 and Num2. The division of Num1 and Num2 is
displayed in the Result field when the Divide button is clicked. If Num1 or Num2 were not
an integer, the program would throw a NumberFormatException. If Num2 were Zero, the
program would throw an ArithmeticException Display the exception in a message dialog
box.
11 Write a Java program that implements a simple client/server application. The client sends
data to a server. The server receives the data, uses it to produce a result, and then sends the
result back to the client. The client displays the result on the console. For ex: The data sent
from the client is the radius of a circle, and the result produced by the server is the area of
the circle. (Use java.net)
12 Write a java program that simulates a traffic light. The program lets the user select one of
three lights: red, yellow, or green. When a radio button is selected, the light is turned on, and
only one light can be on at a time No light is on when the program starts.
b) Write a Java program that allows the user to draw lines, rectangles and ovals.
13 Write a java program to create an abstract class named Shape that contains an empty method
named number Of Sides ( ).Provide three classes named Trapezoid, Triangle and Hexagon
such that each one of the classes extends the class Shape. Each one of the classes contains
only the method number Of Sides ( ) that shows the number of sides in the given
geometrical figures.
b) Suppose that a table named Table.txt is stored in a text file. The first line in the file is the
header, and the remaining lines correspond to rows in the table. The elements are seperated
by commas. Write a java program to display the table using Table component.