# Power System Analysis

# JNTU Syllabus

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

KAKINADA

IV Year B.Tech EEE I-Sem T P C

4+1* 0 4

POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS

Objective :

This course introduces formation of Z bus of a transmission line, power flow studies by various methods. It

also deals with short circuit analysis and analysis of power system for steady state and transient stability.

UNIT -I Power System Network Matrices-1

Graph Theory: Definitions, Bus Incidence Matrix, Ybus formation by Direct and Singular Transformation

Methods, Numerical Problems.

UNIT -II Power System Network Matrices-2

Formation of ZBus: Partial network, Algorithm for the Modification of ZBus Matrix for addition element for the

following cases: Addition of element from a new bus to reference, Addition of element from a new bus to

an old bus, Addition of element between an old bus to reference and Addition of element between two old

busses (Derivations and Numerical Problems).- Modification of ZBus for the changes in network ( Problems

)

UNIT –III Power flow Studies-1

Necessity of Power Flow Studies – Data for Power Flow Studies – Derivation of Static load flow equations

– Load flow solutions using Gauss Seidel Method: Acceleration Factor, Load flow solution with and

without P-V buses, Algorithm and Flowchart. Numerical Load flow Solution for Simple Power Systems

(Max. 3-Buses): Determination of Bus Voltages, Injected Active and Reactive Powers (Sample One

Iteration only) and finding Line Flows/Losses for the given Bus Voltages.

UNIT – IV Power flow Studies-2

Newton Raphson Method in Rectangular and Polar Co-Ordinates Form: Load Flow Solution with or

without PV Busses- Derivation of Jacobian Elements, Algorithm and Flowchart.

Decoupled and Fast Decoupled Methods.- Comparison of Different Methods – DC load Flow

UNIT – V Short Circuit Analysis-1

Per-Unit System of Representation. Per-Unit equivalent reactance network of a three phase Power

System, Numerical Problems.

Symmetrical fault Analysis: Short Circuit Current and MVA Calculations, Fault levels, Application of

Series Reactors, Numerical Problems.

UNIT –VI Short Circuit Analysis-2

Symmetrical Component Theory: Symmetrical Component Transformation, Positive, Negative and Zero

sequence components: Voltages, Currents and Impedances.

Sequence Networks: Positive, Negative and Zero sequence Networks, Numerical Problems.

Unsymmetrical Fault Analysis: LG, LL, LLG faults with and without fault impedance, Numerical Problems.

UNIT –VII Power System Steady State Stability Analysis

Elementary concepts of Steady State, Dynamic and Transient Stabilities.

Description of: Steady State Stability Power Limit, Transfer Reactance, Synchronizing Power Coefficient,

Power Angle Curve and Determination of Steady State Stability and Methods to improve steady state

stability.

UNIT –VIII Power System Transient State Stability Analysis

Derivation of Swing Equation. Determination of Transient Stability by Equal Area Criterion, Application of

Equal Area Criterion, Critical Clearing Angle Calculation.- Solution of Swing Equation: Point-by-Point

Method. Methods to improve Stability – Application of Auto Reclosing and Fast Operating Circuit

Breakers.

Page 66 of 85 2007-08

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Computer Techniques in Power System Analysis by M.A.Pai, TMH Publications.

2. Modern Power system Analysis – by I.J.Nagrath & D.P.Kothari: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing

company, 2nd edition.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Power System Analysis by Grainger and Stevenson, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. Power System Analysis – by A.R.Bergen, Prentice Hall, Inc.

3. Power System Analysis by Hadi Saadat – TMH Edition.

4. Power System Analysis by B.R.Gupta, Wheeler Publications.