JNTU Kakinada EEE Applied Physics Syllabus

JNTU Kakinada EEE Applied Physics Syllabus

 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
KAKINADA
I Year B.Tech EEE T P C
2+1* 0 4
APPLIED PHYSICS
UNIT I
BONDING IN SOLIDS : Introduction – Types of bonding in solids – Estimation of cohesive energy –
Madelung constant.
CRYSTAL STRUCTURES AND X-RAY DIFFRACTION: Introduction -Space lattice – Basis – Unit cell –
Lattice parameter – Bravais lattices – Crystal systems – Structure and packing fractions of Simple cubic –
Body centered cubic – Face centered cubic crystals – Directions and planes in crystals – Miller indices –
Separation between successive [h k l] planes – Diffraction of X-rays by crystal planes – Bragg’s law – Laue
method – Powder method.
UNIT II
PRINCIPLES OF QUANTUM MECHANICS: Waves and particles – Planck’s quantum theory – de Broglie
hypothesis – Matter waves – Davisson and Germer experiment – G. P. Thomson experiment – Heisenberg
uncertainty principle – Schrödinger’s time independent wave equation – Physical significance of the wave
function – Particle in one dimensional potential box.
UNIT III
ELECTRON THEORY OF METALS: Classical free electron theory – Mean free path – Relaxation time and
drift velocity – Quantum free electron theory – Fermi-Dirac distribution (analytical) and its dependence on
temparature – Fermi energy – Electron scattering and resistance.
BAND THEORY OF SOLIDS: Bloch theorem – Kronig-Penney model (qualitative treatment) – Origin of
energy band formation in solids – Classification of materials into conductors, semi conductors & insulators
– Concept of effective mass of an electron.
UNIT IV
DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES: Introduction – Dielectric constant – Electronic, ionic and orientational
polarizations – Internal fields in solids – Clausius – Mossotti equation – Dielectrics in alternating fields –
Frequency dependence of the polarizability – Ferro and Piezo electricity.
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES : Permeability – Magnetization – Origin of magnetic moment – Classification of
magnetic materials – Dia, para and ferro magnetism – Hysteresis curve – Soft and hard magnetic materials.
UNIT V
SEMICONDUCTORS : Introduction – Intrinsic semiconductor and carrier concentration – Equation for
conductivity – Extrinsic semiconductor and carrier concentration – Drift and diffusion – Einstein’s equation –
Hall effect – Direct & indirect band gap semiconductors.
SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: General properties – Meissner effect – Penetration depth – Type I and Type II
superconductors – Flux quantization – DC and AC Josephson effect –BCS Theory – Applications of
superconductors.
UNIT VI
LASERS: Introduction – Characteristics of Lasers – Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation –
Einstein’s coefficients – Population inversion – Ruby laser – Helium-Neon Laser – CO2 laser
-Semiconductor Laser – Applications of lasers.
UNIT VII
FIBER OPTICS AND HOLOGRAPHY: Introduction – Principle of optical fiber – Acceptance angle and
acceptance cone – Numerical aperture – Types of optical fibers and refractive index profiles – Attenuation
in optical fibers – Application of optical fibers – Basic principles of holography – Construction and
reconstruction of image on hologram – Applications of holography.
UNIT VIII
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY OF NANOMATERIALS: Introduction to Nano materials – Basic principles of
Nanoscience & Technology – Fabrication of nano materials – Physical & chemical properties of
nanomaterials – Carbon nanotubes – Applications of nanotechnology.
Page 10 of 85 2007-08
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Applied Physics 2nd edition by Dr. P. Appala Naidu & Dr. M. Chandra Shekar, V.G.S. Book links.
2. Introduction to Solid State Physics by C. Kittel ; Wiley Eastern Ltd.
3. Nanotechnology by Mark Ratner and Daniel Ratner; Pearson Education.
REFERENCES:
1. Materials Science and Engineering by V. Raghavan; Prentice-Hall India.
2. Materials Science by M. Arumugam; Anuradha Agencies.
3. Solid State Physics by N.W. Ashcroft & N. David Merwin; Thomson Learning.
4. Materials Science by M.S.Vijaya & G. Rangarajan; Tata McGraw Hill.
5. Solid State Physics by P.K. Palanisamy; Scitech Publications (India) Pvt. Ltd.
6. Nano Materials by A.K. Bandyopadhyay, New Age International Publishers.
7. Applied Physics by P.K.Mittal; I.K. International.
8. Applied Physics by K. Vijay Kumar & T. Sreekanth; S. Chand & Company Ltd.

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