JNTU Anatomy and Physiology Exam Paper November 2008
1. Write a short notes on: [4×4=16]
(a) Synovial fluid
(b) Carpals and tarsals
(c) Collar bone
2. Write short notes on: [8+8=16]
(a) Thyroid gland
(b) Penial gland.
3. What is a reflex and a reflex arc? Mention types of reflexes? Explain reflex arc and
4. Describe the retinal processing of visual input to the brain. 
5. Discuss about Blood groups. What is the composition and function of Blood? 
6. Define reproduction and classify the organs of reproduction. 
7. Write short notes on: [8+8=16]
(b) The gall-bladder.
8. Identify the internal and the external anatomical features of the kidneys?