# GTU Syllabus Engineering Thermodynamics

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
B.E Semester: 4
Automobile Engineering
Subject Code 141903
Subject Name ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
Sr.No Course content
1. Basic Concepts:
Microscopic & macroscopic point of view, Thermodynamic system and
control volume, Thermodynamic properties, processes and cycles,
Thermodynamic equilibrium, Quasi-static process, pure substance, vapourliquid-
solid phase in a pure substance, p-v-t surface, critical and triple point
of pure substance.
2. First law of Thermodynamics:
First law for a closed system undergoing a cycle and change of state,
Energy-A property of the system, Perpetual motion machine of the first kind,
steady flow energy equation applied to nozzle, diffuser, boiler, turbine,
compressor, pump, heatexchanger,throttling process and filling and
emptying process.
3. Second law of thermodynamics & Entropy:
Limitations of first law of thermodynamics, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius
statements and their equivalence, Perpetual motion machine of the second
kind, carnot cycle, carnot’s theorem, corollary of carnot theorem,
thermodynamic temperature scale. Clausius theorem, the property of
entropy, inequality of Clausius, entropy change in a open system, reversible
and irreversible process, principle of increase of entropy, Third law of
thermodynamics, Entropy and disorder, concept of exergy.
4. Availability, Irreversibility & Thermodynamic Relations:
Available and unavailable energy, available energy referred to a cycle,
availability in non-flow and steady flow systems, reversibility and
irreversibility. Maxwell’s equation, T-ds equations, difference in heat
capacities, ratio of heat capacities, Helm-holtz and Gibbs function, Internal
energy relations, Clausius- Claperyon equation, Joule-Thomson coefficient.
5. Vapour & Gas Power cycles:
Carnot cycle, Rankine cycle, comparison of carnot and rankine cycle,
modified rankine cycle, calculation of cycle efficiencies, variables affecting
efficiency of rankine cycle. Carnot, Otto, diesel, dual, atkinson and brayton
cycle. Comparison of otto, diesel and dual cycles, calculation of air standard
efficiencies, mean effective pressure, brake thermal efficiencies, relative
efficiencies of I.C. engine.
6. Combustion of fuels:
Combustion of air, combustion equations, minimum air requirement, excess
air and air fuel ratio, wet and dry analysis of products of combustion,
conversion of volumetric analysis by mass, Determination of calorific value
of fuel by Bomb calorimeter and Junkers gas calorimeter, Enthalpy of
formation, Enthalpy of reaction, Adiabatic flame temperature.
7. Properties of gases and Mixtures:
Avogadro’s law, equation of state, ideal gas equation, Vander Waal’s
equation, reduced properties, law of corresponding states, compressibility
chart. Gibbs-Dalton law, volumetric analysis of gas mixture, apparent
molecular weight and gas constant, specific heat of a gas mixture, adiabatic
mixing of perfect gases, gas and vapour mixtures.
Reference Books:
1. Engineering Thermodynamics by P.K. Nag, Tata McGraw-Hill , New Delhi
2. Engineering Thermodynamics by R.K. Rajput, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi
3. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by R.Yadav, Central Publishing