GTU Introduction to Plastic Material and Science Syllabus
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
B.E Semester: III
Subject Code: 132301
Subject Name: Introduction to Plastic Material Science
Sr.No Course contents
Basic concepts-What are polymers-How are they made-Natural & Synthetic
polymers-forms of polymers-Copolymerization.
2 Molecular weight and size:
Introduction- Mol.wt.averages- Mol.wt.distribution of Mol.Wt.-Mol.Wt. &
physical properties-Secondary valency forces. Mol. Wt. & degree
of polymerization-Polydispersity & Mol.wt. Distribution in polymers-Practical
significance of polymer mol.wt.-size of polymer molecules
3 Glass transition temp. (Tg):
What is Glass Transition Temp.- Glassy solids & Glass transition -Transition
&Associated properties-Factors influencing the Tg.-Mol.wt.& Tg.-plasticizers &
Tg.-Tg. Of copolymers-melting point & Tg.-importance of Tg. & HDT
4 Stereochemistry of Polymers:
Introduction-Configuration and Confirmation features-Saw horse
& Newmann projections-Conformation of n-butane-shape of
polymer molecules-Tacticity -General remarks on polymer micro
structure-micro structures based on the chemical structure.
5 Types of polymerization
(a) Addition polymerization
Introduction -Addition poly. of Polyethylene -Kinetics and mechanism of free
radical add. Poly – dependence of rate on the initiator and monomer
concentration- degree of poly. And kinetics chain length- factors affecting
chain poly. Inhibition and retardation- various poly kinetics -ionic addition
(b) Condensation polymerization.
Introduction – types of Condensation Polymers-Condensation eactions for
manufacture of Thermoset Plastics like UF, MF, PF,etc. Kinetics of Linear
Condensation Poly.-three dimensional polymers-Inorganic
Poly.-Ring Opening Poly of Nylon plastics
Introduction- Co poly. Composition equation- applications of co polymers
composition equation- block and draft copolymers.
Determination of reactivity ratios- reactivity ratios and co poly. Behavior-the
q-e scheme of alfrey and price-co polymer composition of higher
conversion-ionic co poly.
6 Methods of polymerization
Bulk – solution – Suspension – Emulsion – Gas phase polymerization
techniques in detail with examples – Suspension polymerization of PVC, Bulk
method for manufacture of PMMA sheet, etc. factors affecting the poly
methods with respects to various parameters..
7 Polymer solution
The process of polymer dissolution – Thermodynamics of
polymer dissolution – nature of polymer molecules in solution – size and
shape of macro molecules in solution.
8 Polymer reactions and polymer reactants
Introduction – Hydrolysis – Acidolysis – Aminolysis – Hydrogenation
-Reactions of various specific groups. Introduction – cyclization reaction
-halogenation – cross linking reactions – polymer reactants
9 Crystallinity in polymers: Introduction:
Crystalline solids & their behavior towards x-rays-polymers &
x-ray diffraction-degree of crystallinity & its measurement-polymer
crystallization -crystallisability -crystallites determination of crystallites
size structural regularity & crystallisability-factors affecting crystallisabilitysperulites
-Folding of chain during crystal formation- Effect of crystallinity on
properties of polymers like Nylons, HDPE, PPO,etc.
1. V.R.Gowarikar and N.V.Viswanathan, “Polymer Science”,
Willey eastern limited.
2. G.S. Misra, “Introductory Polymer Chemistry”,
Willey eastern limited.
3. Polymers and Resins by Golding
4. Polymers chemistry by Stevens
5. An Introduction to Polymer Physics: I.I.Perepects.
6. “Polymer Science and Technology” by Premamoy Ghosh