# GTU Fluid Mechanics Syllabus

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
B.E Semester: 3
Civil Engineering
Subject Code 130602
Subject Name Fluid Mechanics
Sr.No Course contents
1 Fluids:
Definition- Types and properties, Fluids as a continuum, Control volume
concept.
2 Hydrostatics:
Pressure and its measurement, fluid pressure at a point, Pascal’s law,
pressure and its relation with height, atmospheric, absolute, gauge and
negative pressure, measurement of pressure through piezo-meter and
various types of manometer.
Total pressure, intensity of pressure, centre of pressure. Pressure on
horizontal, vertical, inclined and curved surface.
Buoyancy, centre at Buoyancy, Meta centre and Meta centre height.
Condition of equilibrium of floating and submerged body. Experimental and
analytical method to determine Meta-centric height. Pressure in case of
accelerated rigid body motion.
3 Fluid Kinematics:
Methods of describing fluid motion,-Types of motion, Inviscid flows, Velocity
and acceleration-Continuity equation-Potential flows-Velocity potential and
Stream function, Flownet- Circulation and Vorticity- Source, Sink and
Doublet
4 Fluid Dynamics:
Types of forces, Forces influencing fluid motion-energy and Head-energy
correction factor, Euler and Bernoulli’s equations, Application of Bernoulli’s
equation. Flow measurement, Linear momentum equation, momentum
correction factor, Application of momentum equation.
5 Flow Through Pipes:
Introduction, Loss of energy in pipe, major and minor losses of energy in
pipes, hydraulic gradient, total energy line, pipes in series, pipes in parallel,
flow through branched pipes, and hydraulic transmission of power.
6 Measurement of Flow :
(a) Orifice & Mouth piece
Classification, hydraulic coefficients, experimental determination of
hydraulic coefficient. Discharge through all types of office &
mouthpiece, time of emptying the tank through orifice and mouthpiece.
(b) Notches and Weirs
Classification, discharge through various types of Notches and Weirs.
Time of emptying a Reservoir or a Tank with notches & weirs.
7 Compressible Fluid Flow:
Perfect gas equation, Continuity, Energy and Momentum equation, Speed
of sound wave, Mach number, Propagation of sound wave, Stagnation
properties, Shock waves.
Reference Books:
1. Fluid Mechanics V.L Streeter,. and E.B Wylie,., , McGraw Hill, 1985, New
York
2. Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, K Subramanya , Tata-
McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1993, New Delhi.
3. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics E.J Shaughnessy,., I.M Katz,. and J.P
Schaffer,. SI edition, 2005, Oxford University Press, New Delhi
4. Fluid Mechanics , F.M., White, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York.
5. Fluid mechanics By Dr.D.S.Kumar
6. Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines By Dr.P.N.Modi & Sheth
7. Fluid mechanics By Dr.A.K.Jain
8. Hydraulic Fluid mechanics & Fluid Machines By S.Ramamurthan
9. Engineering Fluid Mechanic By R.J.Garde & A.C.Mirajgaoker