# GTU Fluid Flow Operation Syllabus

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Chemical Engineering

Subject Code 130502

Subject Name Fluid Flow Operation

Sr.No Course contents

1 Fluid static and its application:

Nature of fluids, Pressure concept, Hydro static equilibrium, decanters like

continuous gravity, centrifugal.

2 Fluid Flow Phenomena:

Velocity fluid, Velocity gradient and rate of shear, Newtonian and Non-

Newtonian fluids, Viscosity and momentum flux, Reynolds number and its

significance, laminar and turbulent flow; Turbulence, Reynolds stresses,

Eddy viscosity, Laminar and Turbulent flow in boundary layers, boundary

layer formation in straight tubes, boundary separation and wake formation.

3 Basic equations of Fluid Flow:

Mass velocity; average velocity; potential flow; streamlines, stream tubes,

macroscopic momentum balance, momentum correction factor, Equation of

continuity, Bernoulli’s equation, corrections for fluid friction, pump work in

Bernoulli’s equations, angular momentum equations,

4 Flow of incompressible fluids in Conduits and Thin Layers:

Flow of incompressible fluids in Conduits and Thin Layers in pipes, relation

between skin friction and wall shear, friction factor laminar flow in pipes,

kinetic energy factor and momentum correction factor for laminar flow of

Newtonian fluids, Hagen-Poiseuille equation, effect of roughness, friction

factor chart, friction factor inflow through channels of non-circular cross

section, equivalent diameter, hydraulic radius, friction from changes in

velocity or direction, flow through sudden enlargement of cross section, flow

through sudden contraction of cross section, effect of fittings and valves,

form friction losses in Bernoulli’s equations, separation of boundary layers

in diverging channel.

5 Flow of Compressible fluids:

Mach number, continuity equation total energy balance equation, velocity of

sound, processes of compressible of flow like isentropic expansion,

adiabatic frictional flow, isothermal frictional flow, velocity in nozzles.

6 Flow past immersed bodies:

Drag, drag coefficient, form drag, and stream lining, friction in fluids through

bed of solids, fluidization, condition of fluidization, types of fluidization

application of fluidization, continues fluidization, slurry and pneumatic

transport.

7 Transportation and Metering of fluid:

Pipe and tubing, joint and fittings selection of pipe sizes, prevention of

leakage around moving parts, stuffing boxes, mechanical seals, valves like

Gate, Globe, Plug cocks, Ball, Check valves.

8 Fluid moving machinery:

Pumps its characteristics like developed head power requirement suction lift

and cavitations; positive displacement pumps like reciprocating, rotary

pumps, centrifugal pumps and its theory, characteristic of head capacity

relation pump priming, fans blowers like positive displacement, centrifugal,

compressor efficiency, vacuum pumps , jet ejectors, comparison of devises

for moving fluids.

9 Measurement of flowing fluids:

Full bore meter like venturimeter, orifice meter, coefficient of discharge of

venturimeter, orifice meter, area meters like Rotameter, target meters,

vortex-shedding meters, coriolis meters, magnetic meters etc., insertion

meters like pitot tubes etc. Recent advancement in different pumps, valves

and measuring devices.

10 Dimensional Analysis:

Different methods of dimensional analysis applied to fluid flow problems.

Reference Books:

1. McCabe W L, Smith J C, Harriott P, ”Unit Operations of Chemical

Engineering”, 7th Ed. McGraw Hill, 2005

2. Coulson, Richardson “Chemical Engineering “ Vol. I.

3. Knudson and Katz. ”Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer”