GTU Fluid Flow Operation Syllabus
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
B.E Semester: 3
Subject Code 130502
Subject Name Fluid Flow Operation
Sr.No Course contents
1 Fluid static and its application:
Nature of fluids, Pressure concept, Hydro static equilibrium, decanters like
continuous gravity, centrifugal.
2 Fluid Flow Phenomena:
Velocity fluid, Velocity gradient and rate of shear, Newtonian and Non-
Newtonian fluids, Viscosity and momentum flux, Reynolds number and its
significance, laminar and turbulent flow; Turbulence, Reynolds stresses,
Eddy viscosity, Laminar and Turbulent flow in boundary layers, boundary
layer formation in straight tubes, boundary separation and wake formation.
3 Basic equations of Fluid Flow:
Mass velocity; average velocity; potential flow; streamlines, stream tubes,
macroscopic momentum balance, momentum correction factor, Equation of
continuity, Bernoulli’s equation, corrections for fluid friction, pump work in
Bernoulli’s equations, angular momentum equations,
4 Flow of incompressible fluids in Conduits and Thin Layers:
Flow of incompressible fluids in Conduits and Thin Layers in pipes, relation
between skin friction and wall shear, friction factor laminar flow in pipes,
kinetic energy factor and momentum correction factor for laminar flow of
Newtonian fluids, Hagen-Poiseuille equation, effect of roughness, friction
factor chart, friction factor inflow through channels of non-circular cross
section, equivalent diameter, hydraulic radius, friction from changes in
velocity or direction, flow through sudden enlargement of cross section, flow
through sudden contraction of cross section, effect of fittings and valves,
form friction losses in Bernoulli’s equations, separation of boundary layers
in diverging channel.
5 Flow of Compressible fluids:
Mach number, continuity equation total energy balance equation, velocity of
sound, processes of compressible of flow like isentropic expansion,
adiabatic frictional flow, isothermal frictional flow, velocity in nozzles.
6 Flow past immersed bodies:
Drag, drag coefficient, form drag, and stream lining, friction in fluids through
bed of solids, fluidization, condition of fluidization, types of fluidization
application of fluidization, continues fluidization, slurry and pneumatic
7 Transportation and Metering of fluid:
Pipe and tubing, joint and fittings selection of pipe sizes, prevention of
leakage around moving parts, stuffing boxes, mechanical seals, valves like
Gate, Globe, Plug cocks, Ball, Check valves.
8 Fluid moving machinery:
Pumps its characteristics like developed head power requirement suction lift
and cavitations; positive displacement pumps like reciprocating, rotary
pumps, centrifugal pumps and its theory, characteristic of head capacity
relation pump priming, fans blowers like positive displacement, centrifugal,
compressor efficiency, vacuum pumps , jet ejectors, comparison of devises
for moving fluids.
9 Measurement of flowing fluids:
Full bore meter like venturimeter, orifice meter, coefficient of discharge of
venturimeter, orifice meter, area meters like Rotameter, target meters,
vortex-shedding meters, coriolis meters, magnetic meters etc., insertion
meters like pitot tubes etc. Recent advancement in different pumps, valves
and measuring devices.
10 Dimensional Analysis:
Different methods of dimensional analysis applied to fluid flow problems.
1. McCabe W L, Smith J C, Harriott P, ”Unit Operations of Chemical
Engineering”, 7th Ed. McGraw Hill, 2005
2. Coulson, Richardson “Chemical Engineering “ Vol. I.
3. Knudson and Katz. ”Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer”