GITAM University Surveying I Syllabus
Chain Survey: Classification of surveying-Principles of Surveying-Linear measurements, Direct
measurement. Problems on Base line measurement- -Offsets-Basic problems in chaining-obstacles
Compass Survey: (a) Introduction to compass survey Definitions of Bearing. True bearing, True
meridian, Magnetic Meridian, Magnetic bearing. F.B. & B.B of lines – Designation of bearings –
W.C.B. & R.B. – related problems. Theory of Magnetic compass (i.e. Prismatic compass) –
Magnetic dip-Description of Prismatic Temporary adjustments of compass-Magnetic Declination –
Local attraction-Related Problems-Errors in compass survey.
Plane table surveying: Introduction-Advantages accessories-Temporary adjustment. Methods of
plane tabling-Plane table traversing-Three point problem – Mechanical method – Two point
problem-Errors in plane tabling.
Levelling: Definitions of terms-Methods of levelling-Uses and adjustments of dumpy level-
Temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level leveling, Differential leveling, profile
leveling, Reciprocal leveling, H.I. method-Rise and fall method-Checks-Related problems-
Reciprocal levelling-Related problems-L.S & C.S Levelling-Problems in levelling-Errors in
Contouring: Definitions-Interval, Characteristics of contours-methods of locating contours-Direct
and indirect methods-Interpolation of contours-Contour gradient-Uses of contour maps.
Introduction to Auto Level.
Minor instruments : Uses and adjustments of the following minor instruments (i) Line Ranger,
Optical Square, Abney level, Clinometer, Ceylon Ghattracer, Pantagraph, Sextant and Planimeter.
1. Dr. K.R. Arora, Surveying Vo.I, Standard Book House, 6th edition, 2000
2. Punmia, Surveying Vol.I, Standard Book House, 9th edition, 1985
3. S.K.Duggal, Surveying Vol.I, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 2nd edition.