GITAM University Marine Biotechnology Syllabus

GITAM University Marine Biotechnology Syllabus

 B.Tech Biotechnology VII Semester
EURBT723: Departmental Elective: MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
Course Code : EURBT 723 Category: DE
Credits: 3 Hours : 3 per week
UNIT I:
Historical background, Overview of the present status of marine biotechnology, Classification of marine organisms. Marine ecosystem – intertidal zone, inhabitants and ecology of estuaries, salt marshes, mangrove swamps, coral reefs and the deep sea,Plankton, nekton and benthos.

UNIT II:

Marine biodiversity, defining and measuring diversity, molecular methodologies, Maintenance of biodiversity and conservation applications from both the biology and policy perspectives (e.g. endangered species, captive breedings, habitat fragmentation, ecosystem restoration, rehabilitation. Marine food web dynamics – primary, secondary and tertiary production. Living resources of Indian Sea.

UNIT III:

Introduction to tides and waves. Currents and water masses. Winds and general oceanic circulation. ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation). Major and minor elements in the sea water. Importance of micronutrient elements and dissolved oxygen in biogeochemical cycles in the ocean. Global climatic change and potential effects on coral breaching eutrophication & coral diseases.

UNIT IV:

Marine natural products, valuable chemicals, bioactive compounds from microalgae, macro-algae, aquaculture, algal production in real sector. Commercial important enzymes from marine microorganisms: Xylanase, agarase, proteases, chitinases. Marine organism as a source of Polysaccharides. Marine food analysis – spoilage,quality control ISO standard keeping export in consideration. Biodegradation.

UNIT V:

Marine biotechnology for economic development and environmental problem solving, Marine bio-film and bio-remediation, marine bio-sensor and transgenic marine organisms. Biofouling and prevention. Sea weeds for removal of metal pollutants. Probiotic bacteria and their importance in acquaculture. PCR and other techniques for identification of bacterial and viral pathogen in aquaculture. Vaccines for aquaculture, Transgenic Fish.

REFERENCES

1. Biological Oceanography.(1999). Lalli, C.M.
2. Text book of Marine Ecology.(1989). Nair N.B. & Thampy, D.M.
3. Ecology of Coastal water.(1988). Mann, K.H.
4. An introduction to Marine Sciences.(1988). Meadows, P.S. & Campbell J.J.
5. General Oceanography – An introduction.(1980). Dietrich, G., Kalle, K, Krauss, W.& Siedler G.
6. Recent Advances in Marine Biotechnology. Vol.2 (1998) Fingerman, M., Nagabushanam, R. Thompson, M.
7. Biotechnology in the marine sciences: Proceedings of the first annual MIT sea grant lecture & seminar. (1984). Colwell, R.D.(Ed)
8. Methods of Sea Water Analysis. (1995). Grasshoff,K., Ehrhardt,M. & Kremling,K.
9. Quantitative Ecology Ecology & Marine Biology. (1990). Bakus,G.J.
10. Methods of study of Marine Benthos. (1984). Holme,N.A. & McIntyre, A.D.

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