GITAM University Fundamentals of Biology I Syllabus
B.Tech. (BT)First Semester
Bridge Course – I (MPC Stream)
EURBT106: FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY-I
Code: EURBT 106 Category : BC
Credits: 3 Hours : 4 per week
The aim of the Course is to impart knowledge in Basic Concepts of Biology relevant
to Biotechnological applications.
Cell Biology: (7 hours)
Structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Cell organelles – Cell
membrane, Chloroplast, Mitochondria, Golgi complex, Endoplasmic reticulum,
Lysosomes, Ribosomes and Nucleus, Chromosome structure, Mitosis and Meiosis.
Anatomy: (8 hours)
Structure and function of xylem and phloem, internal structure of dicot root, stem and
leaf, monocot root, stem and leaf, Secondary growth of dicot stem.
Parts of Flowering Plant: (2 hours)
Flower – Structure of a typical flower, outline description of floral parts – Perianth,
Embryology: (4 hours)
Structure of anther, microsporogenesis and development of male gametophyte.
Structure of ovule, megasporogenesis, development of embryo-sac, Fertilization and
process of fertilization. Post fertilization changes.
Plant Breeding: (4 hours)
Method of Plant Breeding – Selection, Hybridization, Hybrid vigour and Mutation breeding.
Plant Physiology: (8 hours)
Water relations of plants: Absorption of water by plants, diffusion, water potential,
osmosis, plasmolysis, imbibition, active and passive absorption.
Mineral nutrition: Criteria for essentiality, macroelements (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and
Potassium) and microelements.
Plant Growth Regulators: (3 hours)
Auxins, Gibberlins, Cytokinins, Abscic acid and Ethylene.
Photosynthesis: (6 hours)
Photosynthetic pigments, light reaction – Emerson enhancement effect, Photosystem I
and II, Photolysis of water, Photophosphorylation, CO2 fixation – C3 C4 and CAM
pathway, Photorespiration, Factors affecting photosynthesis – Blackman’s Law of
Nitrogen Metabolism: (3 hours)
Introduction, nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Text Books Prescribed :
1. Biology text book for class XI and XII, NCERT.
2. Text book for Botany and Zoology at Intermediate. AP Academy
1. Biology – Raven and Johnson, Mc. Graw Hill.
2. Biology – The Network of life, M.C.Mix, P. Farber & K.I.King Harper Collins
3. Biology Schaum series George H.Fried Mc. Graw Hill
Note: The figures in parentheses indicate approximate number of expected hours of