Fundamentals of Biology Syllabus for JNTU
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
I Year B. Tech. Biotech L T/P/D C
3 1/-/- 6
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY
UNIT I: INTRODUCTION TO MICROORGANISMS
Diversity in biological systems, Cell biology and cell structure, Difference between Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes. Kingdom systems. Five-kingdom classification General characters, Brief account on Ecology, Morphology, Nutrition, Locomotion and Reproduction, useful and harmful effects of Bacteria, Viruses, Algae, Fungi and Protozoans.
UNIT II: PLANT BIOLOGY
Classification of Plant Kingdom. Concepts of Growth, Meristems. Development of different plant organs;
Plant growth regulators; Economic Importance of Plants, Biology of Pests in relation to Rice, Cotton,
Sugarcane and Groundnut.
UNIT III: ANIMAL BIOLOGY
Classification of Animal Kingdom, Functions, morphology, growth and Reproduction, economic importance.
Phylogeny of Invertebrate & Vertebrate Phyla, Concepts of Species & Ecosystem. Protozoan Parasites –
two important forms in man
( Plasmodium, Entamoeba histolytica), Helminthes ( Fasciotopsis buski, Taenia solium, Ascaris, Wucheria
UNIT IV: BASIC MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Genetics: DNA as genetic material, Structure of DNA, DNA replication, Transcription, Translation, Genes to
proteins to protein function, Gene expression and regulation, Recombinant DNA technology.
UNIT V: HUMAN BIOLOGY I
Introduction of body as a whole, Cells and Tissue Organization, Electrolytes and Body fluids. Physiology of
Blood. Digestive system, Respiratory system and Endocrine system.
UNIT VI: HUMAN BIOLOGY II
Human Physiology: Biological axons and neurons, Neuromuscular and synaptic junctions, Sensory systems
– hearing, taste, smell and visual receptors.
UNIT VII: PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Bacterial & Plant photosynthesis; oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis; chlorophyll as trapper of solar
energy, photosynthetic reaction centres, Hill reaction, PS I & PS II, Photophosphorylation – cyclic & noncyclic;
Dark reaction & CO2 fixation.
UNIT VIII : APPLICATIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY: BASIC CONCEPTS
Drugs and Chemicals from Plants & Animals, Definition and importance (in general) of Biofuels,
Biofertilizers, Biopesticides, Bioindicators and Biosensors, Microbial Enzymes, Single Cell Protein (SCP),
Monoclonal Antibodies, Introduction to Transgenic Plants & Animals.
1. H.G. Rehen and G.Reed, biotechnology Volume I & 2
2. Basic Biotechnology, Second Edition, by Colin Ratledge and Bjorm Kristiansen, Cambridge
3. Anatomy and Physiology In Health and Disease,K. J.W. Wilison and A. Waugh, Churchill &
1) Plant Physiology F.B Salisbury & C.W. Ross 4th edition Thomson Wadsworth
2) Dr. C.C. Chatterjee, Human Physiology (11th Edition) Vol I and II, Medical Allied Agency, Kolkata,
3) Introduction to biology and biotechnology, second edition, K.Vaitaidyanath, K. Pratap Reddy, and
K.Satya Prasad, BS Publication.