CA Final Exam Papers Group I Management Accounting and Financial Analysis November 2005

CA Final Exam Papers Group I

Management Accounting and Financial Analysis Nov 2005

This Paper has 17 answerable questions with 0 answered.


Total No. of Questions— 6]
Time Allowed : 3 Hours

Maximum Marks : 100
Answers to questions are to be given only in English except in the cases of candidates who have opted for Hindi medium. If a candidate who has not opted for Hindi medium, answers in Hindi, his answers in Hindi will not be valued.
Question No. 1 is compulsory.
Answer any four Questions from the rest.
Figures in the margin indicate marks allotted to each question.
Working notes should form part of the answer.
Marks
1. (a) Engineers Ltd. is in the business of manufacturing nut bolts. Some more product lines are being planned to be added to the existing system. The machinery required may be bought or may be taken on lease. The cost of machine is Rs. 20,00,000 having a useful life 5 years with the salvage value of Rs. 4,00,000 (consider short term capital loss/gain for the Income tax). The full purchase value of machine can be financed by bank loan at the rate of 20% interest repayable in five equal installments falling due at the end of each year. Alternatively, the machine can be procured on a 5 years lease, year–end lease rentals being Rs. 6,00,000 per annum. The Company follows the written down value method of depreciation at the rate of 25 per cent. Company’s tax rate is 35 per cent and cost of capital is 14 per cent.
(i) Advise the company which option it should choose–lease or borrow.
(ii) Assess the proposal from the lessor’s point of view examining whether leasing the machine is financially viable at 14 per cent cost of capital.
Detailed working notes should be given.

14 (0)
(b) Determine the risk adjusted net present value of the following projects :

Net cash outlays (Rs.)
Project life
Annual Cash inflow (Rs.)
Coefficient of variation X
2,10,000
5 years
70,000
1.2 Y
1,20,000
5 years
42,000
0.8 Z
1,00,000
5 years
30,000
0.4
The Company selects the risk-adjusted rate of discount on the basis of the coefficient of variation :

Coefficient of Variation

0.0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
More than 2.0 Risk-Adjusted
Rate of Return

10%
12%
14%
16%
18%
22%
25% P.V. Factor 1 to 5 years
At risk adjusted rate of
discount
3.791
3.605
3.433
3.274
3.127
2.864
2.689
6 (0)
2. (a) Sun Moon Mutual Fund (Approved Mutual Fund) sponsored open–ended equity oriented scheme “Chanakya Opportunity Fund”. There were three plans viz. ’A’ — Dividend Re–investment Plan, ’B’ — Bonus Plan & ’C’ — Growth Plan.
At the time of Initial Public Offer on 1–4–1995, Mr. Anand, Mr. Bacchan & Mrs. Charu, three investors invested Rs. 1,00,000 each & chosen ’B’, ’C’ & ’A’ Plan respectively.
The History of the Fund is as follows :

Date
Dividend
% Bonus
Ratio Net Asset Value per Unit
(F.V. Rs. 10)

20–07–1999
31–03–2000
31–10–2003
15–03–2004
31–03–2004
24–03–2005
31–7–2005
20
70
40
25

40

5 : 4

1 : 3
1 : 4
Plan A
30.70
58.42
42.18
46.45
42.18
48.10
53.75 Plan B
31.40
31.05
25.02
29.10
20.05
19.95
22.98 Plan C
33.42
70.05
56.15
64.28
60.12
72.40
82.07
On 31st July all three investors redeemed all the balance units.

Calculate annual rate of return to each of the investors.
Consider :
1. Long–term Capital Gain is exempt from Income tax.
2. Short–term Capital Gain is subject to 10% Income tax.
3. Security Transaction Tax 0.2 percent only on sale/redemption of units
4. Ignore Education Cess.

12 (0)
(b) Following information is available in respect of dividend, market price and market condition after one year.
Market condition

Good
Normal
Bad Probability

0.25
0.50
0.25 Market Price
Rs.
115
107
97 Dividend per share
Rs.
9
5
3
The existing market price of an equity share is Rs. 106 (F.V. Re. 1), which is cum 10% bonus debenture of Rs. 6 each, per share. M/s. X Finance Company Ltd. has offered the buy–back of debentures at face value.

Find out the expected return and variability of returns of the equity shares.
And also Advise–Whether to accept buy back offer?

8 (0)
3. (a) (i) What is interest rate risk, reinvestment risk & default risk & what are the types of risk involved in investments in G–Sec.? 5 (0)
(ii) What is a Repo and a Reverse Repo? (0)
(b) You as a dealer in foreign exchange have the following position in Swiss Francs on 31st October, 2004 :

Balance in the Nostro A/c Credit
Opening Position Overbought
Purchased a bill on Zurich
Sold forward TT
Forward purchase contract cancelled
Remitted by TT
Draft on Zurich cancelled Sw. Fcs.
1,00,000
50,000
80,000
60,000
30,000
75,000
30,000
What steps would you take, if you are required to maintain a credit Balance of Sw. Fcs. 30,000 in the Nostro A/c and keep as overbought position on Sw. Fcs. 10,000?

7 (0)
(c) The following information relating to Fortune India Ltd. having two divisions, viz. Pharma Division and Fast Moving Consumer Goods Division (FMCG Division). Paid up share capital of Fortune India Ltd. is consisting of 3,000 Lakhs equity shares of Re. 1 each. Fortune India Ltd. decided to de–merge Pharma Division as Fortune Pharma Ltd. w.e.f. 1–4–2005. Details of Fortune India Ltd. as on 31–3–2005 and of Fortune Pharma Ltd. as on 1–4–2005 are given below :
Particulars
Fortune Pharma Ltd
Rs. Fortune India Ltd.
Rs.
Outside Liabilities
Secured Loans
Unsecured Loans
Current Liabilities & Provisions
Assets
Fixed Assets
Investments
Current Assets
Loans & Advances
Deferred tax/Misc. Exps.
400 lakh
2,400 lakh
1,300 lakh

7,740 lakh
7,600 lakh
8,800 lakh
900 lakh
60 lakh
3,000 lakh
800 lakh
21,200 lakh

20,400 lakh
12,300 lakh
30,200 lakh
7,300 lakh
(200) lakh
Board of Directors of the Company have decided to issue necessary equity shares of Fortune Pharma Ltd. of Re. 1 each, without any consideration to the shareholders of Fortune India Ltd. For that purpose following points are to be considered :

1. Transfer of Liabilities & Assets at Book value.
2. Estimated Profit for the year 2005–06 is Rs. 11,400 Lakh for Fortune India Ltd. & Rs. 1,470 lakhs for Fortune Pharma Ltd.
3. Estimated Market Price of Fortune Pharma Ltd. is Rs. 24.50 per share.
4. Average P/E Ratio of FMCG sector is 42 & Pharma sector is 25, which is to be expected for both the companies.
Calculate :

1. The Ratio in which shares of Fortune Pharma are to be issued to the shareholders of Fortune India Ltd.
2. Expected Market price of Fortune India Ltd.
3. Book value per share of both the Companies immediately after Demerger.
8 (0)
4. (a) What are the investors’ rights & obligations under the Mutual Fund Regulations? Explain different methods for evaluating the performance of Mutual Fund. 8 (0)
(b) The Investment portfolio of a bank is as follows :
Government Bond

G.O.I. 2006
G.O.I. 2010
G.O.I. 2015
G.O.I. 2022
G.O.I. 2032 Coupon
Rate
11.68
7.55
7.38
8.35
7.95 Purchase rate
(F.V. Rs. 100 per Bond)
106.50
105.00
105.00
110.00
101.00 Duration
(Years)
3.50
6.50
7.50
8.75
13.00
Face value of total Investment is Rs. 5 crores in each Government Bond.
Calculate actual Investment in portfolio.

What is a suitable action to churn out investment portfolio in the following scenario?
1. Interest rates are expected to lower by 25 basis points
2. Interest rates are expected to raise by 75 basis points

Also calculate the revised duration of investment portfolio in each scenario.

8 (0)
(c) You sold Hong Kong Dollar 1,00,00,000 value spot to your customer at Rs. 5.70 & covered yourself in London market on the same day, when the exchange rates were
US$1 = H.K.$ 7.5880 7.5920
Local inter bank market rates for US$ were
Spot US$1 = Rs. 42.70 42.85
Calculate cover rate & ascertain the profit or loss in the transaction ignore brokerage.

4 (0)
5. (a) The following data are available for a bond
Face value
Coupon Rate
Years to Maturity
Redemption value
Yield to maturity Rs. 1,000
16%
6
Rs. 1,000
17%
What is the current market price, duration and volatility of this bond? Calculate the expected market price, if increase in required yield by 75 basis points.

8 (0)
(b) Explain the terms ESOS and ESPS with reference to the SEBI guidelines for The Employees Stock Option Plans (ESOPs). 4 (0)
(c) Your client is holding the following securities :
Particulars of Securities

Equity Shares :
Gold Ltd.
Silver Ltd.
Bronze Ltd.
GOI Bonds Cost
Rs.

10,000
15,000
14,000
36,000 Dividends/Interest
Rs.

1,725
1,000
700
3,600 Market price
Rs.

9,800
16,200
20,000
34,500 Beta

0.6
0.8
0.6
1.0
Average return of the portfolio is 15.7%, calculate :

(i) Expected rate of return in each, using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
(ii) Risk free rate of return.
8 (0)
6. (a) What is Securitisation? What are its various instruments? 5 (0)
(b) M/s. Transindia Ltd. is contemplating calling Rs. 3 crores of 30 year’s, Rs. 1,000 bond issued 5 years ago with a coupon interest rate of 14 percent. The bonds have a call price of Rs. 1,140 and had initially collected proceeds of Rs. 2.91 crores due to a discount of Rs. 30 per bond. The initial floating cost was Rs. 3,60,000. The Company intends to sell Rs. 3 crores of 12 per cent coupon rate, 25 years bonds to raise funds for retiring the old bonds. It proposes to sell the new bonds at their par value of Rs. 1,000. The estimated floatation cost is Rs. 4,00,000. The company is paying 40% tax and its after cost of debt is 8 per cent. As the new bonds must first be sold and their proceeds, then used to retire old bonds, the company expects a two months period of overlapping interest during which interest must be paid on both the old and new bonds. What is the feasibility of refunding bonds? 10 (0)
(c) Write a brief note on external Commercial borrowings. 5 (0)

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