Biomedical Instrumentation EC Syllabus
for NIT Jalandhar
EC-355 Biomedical Instrumentation [3 0 0 3]
Physiological Systems of The Body: Brief description of neuronal, cardiovascular and respiratory systems; their electrical, mechanical and chemical activities.
Electrodes, Sensors and Transducers: Bioelectric signals, Electrodes for biophysical sensing; surface electrodes; microelectrodes; review of transducers and other sensors for bio-medical applications.
The Heart System and Measurements: The heart; electro conduction system of the heart; the heart as a potential source; the ECG waveform; the standard lead system; the ECG preamplifier; ECG machines.
Physiological Pressure and Other Cardiovascular Measurements and Devices: Physiological pressures; blood pressure measurements; sphygmo manometers; oscillometric and ultrasonic methods; direct methods:
manometers; pressure transducers; pressure amplifiers; typical calibration methods; systolic, diastolic and mean pressure detector circuits; pressure differentiation (dp/dt) circuits; automatic zero circuits; practical problems in pressure monitoring; cardiac output measurement; plethysmography; blood flow measurements; phonocardiography; vectorcardiography; defibrillators circuits; pacemakers; heartlung machines.
The Human Respiratory System and Its Measurement: Internal (cellular) and external (lung) respiration; organs of respiration; mechanics of breathing; parameters of respiration; regulation of respiration; unbalanced and diseased states; environmental threats to the respiratory system; respiratory system measurements; respiratory transducers and instruments; spirometers; Respirator.
Measurement of Electrical Activity in Neuromuscular System and Brain: Neuron potential; muscle
potential; electromyography (EMG); electroencephalography (EEG); EEG electrodes and the 10-20 system; EEG amplitude and frequency bands; the EEG system – simplified block diagram; preamplifiers and EEG system specifications; EEG diagnostic uses and sleep patterns; visual and auditory evoked potential recordings; EEG system artifacts.
Advances In Bio-Medical Instrumentation: Computer Tomography; Magnetic Resonance imaging; X-ray; Nuclear medicine; Ultrasound; lasers; Electromagnetic interference; Electrical safety; Bedside monitor.
1. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”, 4th ed., Singapore: Pearson Education, Inc., (2001). (ISBN 81-7808- 327-2)
2. Cromwell L., Weibell F. J. and Pfeiffer E. A., “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements”, 2nd ed. Singapore: Pearson Education, Inc., (2003). (ISBN 812970028X)
3. Webster J. G. (ed.), “Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation”, Vols. 1-4, New York: Wiley (1988).
4. Bronzino J. D. (ed.), “The Biomedical Engineering Handbook”, FL: CRC Press (1995).
5. Khandpur R S, “Handbook on Biomedical Instrumentation”, TMGH, (1998), 13th reprint.
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