AIIMS Syllabus for Physiology – PART II

AIIMS Physiology Syllabus – PART II

Practicals Blood

  1. Preparation and examination of peripheral blood smear and determination of differential leucocyte count
  2. Determination of total red blood cell count
  3. Determination of total leucocyte count
  4. Determination of platelet count
  5. Determination of reticulocyte count
  6. Determination of eosinophil count
  7. Determination of osmotic fragility of erythrocytes
  8. Determination of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, packed cell volume and calculation of the absolute values
  9. Determination of hemoglobin concentration of blood
  10. Determination of ABO and Rh blood groups
  11. Determination of bleeding time, clotting time and plasma prothrombin time
  12. Examination of bone marrow smear
  13. Estimation of blood volume by dye dilution technique

Nerve and Muscle

  1. Study of salient features of electromyography
  2. Estimation of conduction velocity of human ulnar nerve and calculation of conduction velocity
  3. Study of phenomenon of human fatigue : (i) Mosso’s ergograph , and (ii) Handgrip dynamometer/ erograph for isometric work
  4. To measure the mechanical efficiency at different grades of exercise
  5. Study of excitable and contractile properties of a nerve-muscle preparation. Demonstration of (i) effect of sub-threshold, threshold, and supra-threshold stimuli, (ii) Isotonic contraction, (iii) Effect of two or more stimuli, (iv) Isometric contraction, (v) Length-tension relationship
  6. Demonstration of work performed by skeletal muscle in vitro under (i)After loaded conditions, and

(ii)     Free loaded conditions

  1. Demonstration of muscle fatigue and neuromuscular transmission in an amphibian model
  2. Demonstration of compound action potential in a frog’s sciatic nerve
  3. Determination of strength-duration curve in frog’s nerve and muscle

Cardiovascular System

  1. Recording and analysis of 12 lead electrocardiogram and to measure the mean electrical axis of heart
  2. Determination of the effect of posture on blood pressure
  3. Determination of physical fitness of a subject using screening tests
  4. Measurement of blood flow in the forearm by venous occlusion plethysmography and to demonstrate the effect of (a) Exercise, (b) Arterial occlusion, and (c) Temperature
  5. Clinical examination of the human cardiovascular system (CVS)
  6. Demonstration of the properties of cardiac muscle in the frog
  7. Study of the factors controlling inotropic and chronotropic functions in isolated perfused frog’s heart
  8. Demonstration of exercise stress test Respiration
    1. Determination of various lung volumes and lung capacities and calculation of maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and forced expiratory volume (FEV) by spirometry
    2. Recording of chest movements by a stethograph and to study the effects of Speech, swallowing, coughing, breath-holding and hyperventilation
    3. Examination of human respiratory system
    4. Measurement of respiratory dead space

G.I.T. and Metabolism

  1. Determination of resting metabolic rate in human
  2. Clinical examination of the abdomen
  3. Study of the movements of isolated segment of mammalian small intestine and the effects of:

(a)     ions, (ii) neurotransmitters, and (iii) cold in vitro

Reproduction

  1. Changes in vaginal exfoliation cytology and cervical secretion during different phases of reproductive cycles in human and in rat.
  2. Pregnancy tests.
  3. Determination of sperm count, motility and morphology in a human Sample Environmental physiology

Study of the effects of exposure to hot and cold environment on human Subject

Neurophysiology

  1. Examination of nervous system including cranial nerves
  2. Human electroencephalography: Methods of recording and identification of different types of EEG waves.
  3. Ingestive behaviour and its nervous control
  4. To determine the reaction time in a human subject
  5. Demonstration of non-invasive assessment of autonomic nervous functions

Special senses

  1. Determination of visual acuity
  2. Clinical assessment of colour vision
  3. Perimetry: Mapping of visual field
  4. Blind spot in the field of vision
  5. Demonstration of the principles of optics in the eye using a model of eye
  6. Demonstration of audiometry
  7. Demonstration of vestibulo-ocular reflex (V.O.R.) by caloric stimulation

TEACHING-LEARNING METHODOLOGY

  1. Lectures.
  2. Tutorial and Seminars on selected topics.
  3. Practical demonstrations and individual practical.
  4. Audiovisual presentations (e.g. video films) on selected topics.
  5. Problem based Learning on selected topics.

TEXT BOOKS RECOMMENDED

  1. Understanding Medical Physiology by R.L. Bijlani
  2. Review of Medical Physiology by W.F. Ganong
  3. Textbook of Medical Physiology by A.C. Guyton

EXAMINATION PATTERN WITH MARKS DISTRIBUTION

Total Marks       300

Internal Assessment     150

Professional Examination 150

Internal Assessment: Three assessments in theory and practical are held as given below

     

Theory

Practical &Viva

I Semester Mid Term

50

25

25
  End Term

50

25

25
II Semester Mid Term

50

25

25

 

Professional Examination

Paper I Paper II

Practicals Viva Paper I

General Physiology, Nerve-Muscle Physiology, Neurophysiology- General, sensory, Motor, Special Senses, Physiology of Yoga, Reproduction.

Paper II

Blood, Respiration, Cardiovascular Physiology, Nutrition, Gastrointestinal Physiology, Environmental Physiology, Renal Physiology.

Theory Papers: Comprise of various types of MCQs (single response, Multiple true-false, Reason- Assertion) and Short Answer Questions (SAQ)

Practicals: Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE).

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