AIIMS Syllabus for Physiology – PART II
AIIMS Physiology Syllabus – PART II
- Preparation and examination of peripheral blood smear and determination of differential leucocyte count
- Determination of total red blood cell count
- Determination of total leucocyte count
- Determination of platelet count
- Determination of reticulocyte count
- Determination of eosinophil count
- Determination of osmotic fragility of erythrocytes
- Determination of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, packed cell volume and calculation of the absolute values
- Determination of hemoglobin concentration of blood
- Determination of ABO and Rh blood groups
- Determination of bleeding time, clotting time and plasma prothrombin time
- Examination of bone marrow smear
- Estimation of blood volume by dye dilution technique
Nerve and Muscle
- Study of salient features of electromyography
- Estimation of conduction velocity of human ulnar nerve and calculation of conduction velocity
- Study of phenomenon of human fatigue : (i) Mosso’s ergograph , and (ii) Handgrip dynamometer/ erograph for isometric work
- To measure the mechanical efficiency at different grades of exercise
- Study of excitable and contractile properties of a nerve-muscle preparation. Demonstration of (i) effect of sub-threshold, threshold, and supra-threshold stimuli, (ii) Isotonic contraction, (iii) Effect of two or more stimuli, (iv) Isometric contraction, (v) Length-tension relationship
- Demonstration of work performed by skeletal muscle in vitro under (i)After loaded conditions, and
(ii) Free loaded conditions
- Demonstration of muscle fatigue and neuromuscular transmission in an amphibian model
- Demonstration of compound action potential in a frog’s sciatic nerve
- Determination of strength-duration curve in frog’s nerve and muscle
- Recording and analysis of 12 lead electrocardiogram and to measure the mean electrical axis of heart
- Determination of the effect of posture on blood pressure
- Determination of physical fitness of a subject using screening tests
- Measurement of blood flow in the forearm by venous occlusion plethysmography and to demonstrate the effect of (a) Exercise, (b) Arterial occlusion, and (c) Temperature
- Clinical examination of the human cardiovascular system (CVS)
- Demonstration of the properties of cardiac muscle in the frog
- Study of the factors controlling inotropic and chronotropic functions in isolated perfused frog’s heart
- Demonstration of exercise stress test Respiration
- Determination of various lung volumes and lung capacities and calculation of maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and forced expiratory volume (FEV) by spirometry
- Recording of chest movements by a stethograph and to study the effects of Speech, swallowing, coughing, breath-holding and hyperventilation
- Examination of human respiratory system
- Measurement of respiratory dead space
G.I.T. and Metabolism
- Determination of resting metabolic rate in human
- Clinical examination of the abdomen
- Study of the movements of isolated segment of mammalian small intestine and the effects of:
(a) ions, (ii) neurotransmitters, and (iii) cold in vitro
- Changes in vaginal exfoliation cytology and cervical secretion during different phases of reproductive cycles in human and in rat.
- Pregnancy tests.
- Determination of sperm count, motility and morphology in a human Sample Environmental physiology
Study of the effects of exposure to hot and cold environment on human Subject
- Examination of nervous system including cranial nerves
- Human electroencephalography: Methods of recording and identification of different types of EEG waves.
- Ingestive behaviour and its nervous control
- To determine the reaction time in a human subject
- Demonstration of non-invasive assessment of autonomic nervous functions
- Determination of visual acuity
- Clinical assessment of colour vision
- Perimetry: Mapping of visual field
- Blind spot in the field of vision
- Demonstration of the principles of optics in the eye using a model of eye
- Demonstration of audiometry
- Demonstration of vestibulo-ocular reflex (V.O.R.) by caloric stimulation
- Tutorial and Seminars on selected topics.
- Practical demonstrations and individual practical.
- Audiovisual presentations (e.g. video films) on selected topics.
- Problem based Learning on selected topics.
TEXT BOOKS RECOMMENDED
- Understanding Medical Physiology by R.L. Bijlani
- Review of Medical Physiology by W.F. Ganong
- Textbook of Medical Physiology by A.C. Guyton
EXAMINATION PATTERN WITH MARKS DISTRIBUTION
Total Marks 300
Internal Assessment 150
Professional Examination 150
Internal Assessment: Three assessments in theory and practical are held as given below
|I Semester||Mid Term|
|II Semester||Mid Term|
Paper I Paper II
Practicals Viva Paper I
General Physiology, Nerve-Muscle Physiology, Neurophysiology- General, sensory, Motor, Special Senses, Physiology of Yoga, Reproduction.
Blood, Respiration, Cardiovascular Physiology, Nutrition, Gastrointestinal Physiology, Environmental Physiology, Renal Physiology.
Theory Papers: Comprise of various types of MCQs (single response, Multiple true-false, Reason- Assertion) and Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
Practicals: Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE).